In this compelling volume, distinguished educators tackle a frequently asked question about multicultural education: How do I teach about racial and cultural diversity if all my students are white? The authors propose seven learning themes to help young white children resist messages of racism and build identity and skills for thriving in a multicultural country and world. The text includes strategies, resources, and classroom examples for implementing the learning themes in early childhood settings. Taking multicultural education to a new level, this practical guide places the development of white children's racial identity in the context of the historical construction of "whiteness" and racism in America, and suggests strategies for nurturing a new white identity as the starting place for anti-bias/multicultural work with children. It includes activities for families and staff, reflection questions, a review of white anti-racism activists, lists of suggested children's books, and organizational and website resources.
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Exploring one of the most dynamic and contested regions of the world, this series includes works on political, economic, cultural, and social changes in modern and contemporary Asia and the Pacific.
Thought experimentation has been a staple of philosophical methodology since classical antiquity, when Xenophanes of Colophon speculated that if horses had gods, they would be equine in form. Nicholas Rescher's What If? undertakes a systematic survey of the role and utility of thought experiments in philosophy. After surveying the historical issues, Rescher examines the principles involved, and explains the conditions under which thought experimentation can validly yield instructive results in philosophy. The reader gains understanding of the differences between scientific and philosophical experiments. What If? begins by examining the nature of thought experiments. It presents an overview of how thought experiments have figured in natural science and in historical studies, before moving on to examine how they function as an instrument of philosophical inquiry. After examining thought experiments from the pre-Socratics to the present day, Rescher turns from history to analysis, and examines the modes of reasoning involved in the use of speculative hypotheses in philosophical problem solving. He shows the limitations of speculative ontology, showing that thought experimentation can lead readily to paradox in a way that increasingly diminishes its usefulness. The book concludes by arguing and illustrating how and when it becomes pointless to push speculation, or thought experimentation beyond the limits of intelligibility and cogent sense. Among the principal features of Rescher's book is its elaborate analysis of the appropriate conditions for philosophical thought experimentation. Its cardinal thesis is that there indeed are limits to the appropriateness of this important methodological resource and that transgressing these limits destroys the prospect of drawing any valid lessons for the philosophical enterprise. What If? will be of interest to philosophers, students of philosophy, and theorists of logic and reasoning. Nicholas Rescher is University Professor of Philosophy at the University of Pittsburgh. He is the author of numerous philosophical works and holds six honorary degrees from universities on three continents. He has served as a president of the American Philosophical Association, the American Metaphilosophical Society, and the American Catholic Philosophical Association.
Follows the chain reaction of losing one animal species, bees, to the grassland ecosystem.
With its in-depth reflections on the monumental events of the past, this amazing book of essays ponders what might have been if things had gone differently in history. Featuring Stephen J. Ambrose, John Keegan, and many others.
What if you had an awakening? What if you had the experience through channeling to speak to your higher self? Or perhaps a higher entity? Brad Wallis has had such an experience. Through a car accident that caused brain injury or perhaps we should say, an awakening to his higher soul and raising of his frequency, he finally became aware of communications that had been happening his whole life. Through the use of a “channel” and through extraordinary conversations, Brad began to ask some questions that he had always thought of, and he got answers. This book has some of those questions and some of those conversations. What if you could ask and get answers to your innermost questions? Let’s begin and see how it was done. These conversations will show you that you can ask the question, “What if?”
What if Lincoln didn't abolish slavery? What if an assassin succeeded in killing FDR in 1933? This volume presents 25 intriguing "what if..." scenarios by some of today's greatest historical minds-including James Bradley, Caleb Carr, James Chace, Theodore F. Cook, Jr., Carlos M.N. Eire, George Feifer, Thomas Fleming, Richard B. Frank, Victor Davis Hanson, Cecelia Holland, Alistair Horne, David Kahn, Robert Katz, John Lukacs, William H. McNeill, Lance Morrow, Williamson Murray, Josiah Ober, Robert L. O'Connell, Geoffrey Parker, Theodore K. Rabb, Andrew Roberts, Roger Spiller, Geoffrey C. Ward, and Tom Wicker.
Every month, millions of people enter the term ‘what if’ on Google and other online search engines. What do they expect to find? The answer is something like the information you’ll find in this collection of trivia, witticisms, and plain old useful information. Author Knut Olsen addresses questions like these: What if Adam had been gay? What if nobody drank alcohol? What if you could call God? A: The phone operator would probably charge you a fortune. What if you put all the condoms in the world on top of each other? What if you fired a gun on a train moving as fast as a bullet? What if we knew how much Governments around the world waste of taxpayers’ money? You’ll discover the answers to these and more than one thousand other “what if” questions on a wide range of topics, including family, religion, music, sex, politics and much more. As you read the questions and answers, you’ll think, laugh, and often be surprised. We are surrounded by what-ifs, and some of them are so serious that you might not be prepared to consider them. While some are unthinkable or unrealistic, many are fun. Either way, sit back and enjoy the ride!
What If is a small, but powerful, controversial presentation that is intended to incite profitable thought into 2012 American presidential politics by asking and answering a series of what-if political questions that lead to a better understanding of our financial mess and a simple health-care solution that could provide more jobs and reduce our national debt.