trp channels as therapeutic targets

TRP Channels As Therapeutic Targets
Author: Arpad Szallasi
Publisher: Academic Press
Release Date: 2015-04-09
Pages: 536
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

TRP Channels as Therapeutic Targets: From Basic Science to Clinical Use is authored by experts across academia and industry, providing readers with a complete picture of the therapeutic potential and challenges associated with using TRP channels as drug targets. This book offers a unique clinical approach by covering compounds that target TRP channels in pre-clinical and clinical phases, also offering a discussion of TRP channels as biomarkers. An entire section is devoted to the novel and innovative uses of these channels across a variety of diseases, offering strategies that can be used to overcome the adverse effects of first generation TRPV1 antagonists. Intended for all researchers and clinicians working toward the development of successful drugs targeting TRP channels, this book is an essential resource chocked full of the latest clinical data and findings. Contains comprehensive coverage of TRP channels as therapeutic targets, from emerging clinical indications to completed clinical trials Discusses TRP channels as validated targets, ranging from obesity and diabetes through cancer and respiratory disorders, kidney diseases, hypertension, neurodegenerative disorders, and more Provides critical analysis of the complications and side effects that have surfaced during clinical trials, offering evidence-based suggestions for overcoming them

Ion Channels As Therapeutic Targets  Part A
Author:
Publisher: Academic Press
Release Date: 2016-02-23
Pages: 402
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Ion Channels as Therapeutic Targets is the latest volume in the popular Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology series, an essential resource for protein chemists. Each volume brings forth new information about protocols and analysis of proteins, with each thematically organized volume guest edited by leading experts in a broad range of protein-related topics. Provides cutting-edge developments in protein chemistry and structural biology Discusses the use of ion channels as therapeutic targets Chapters are written by authorities in their field Targeted to a wide audience of researchers, specialists, and students

Ion Channels As Therapeutic Targets
Author:
Publisher: Academic Press
Release Date: 2016-03-31
Pages: 466
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

This volume is the second part of the thematic on Ion Channels as Therapeutic Targets. The popular Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology series, an essential resource for protein chemists, brings forth new information about protocols and analysis of proteins, with each thematically organized volume guest edited by leading experts in a broad range of protein-related topics. Provides cutting-edge developments in protein chemistry and structural biology Discusses the use of ion channels as therapeutic targets Chapters are written by authorities in their field Targeted to a wide audience of researchers, specialists, and students

Mammalian TRP Channels As Molecular Targets
Author: Derek J. Chadwick
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2004-08-11
Pages: 286
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

This book brings together contributions from key investigators in the area of Transient Receptor Potential (TRP) channel structure and function. It covers the structure, function and regulation of mammalian TRP channels and mechanisms of signal transduction. The discussions indicate research that would improve understanding of the role of TRP channels in normal cellular physiology, the involvement of TRP channels in disease states and their potential use as molecular targets for novel therapeutic agents.

TRP Channels In Health And Disease
Author: Alexander Dietrich
Publisher: MDPI
Release Date: 2019-06-25
Pages: 266
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Almost 25 years ago, the first mammalian transient receptor potential (TRP) channel was cloned and published. TRP channels now represent an extended family of 28 members fulfilling multiple roles in the living organism. Identified functions include control of body temperature, transmitter release, mineral homeostasis, chemical sensing, and survival mechanisms in a challenging environment. The TRP channel superfamily covers six families: TRPC with C for “canonical”, TRPA with A for “ankyrin”, TRPM with M for “melastatin”, TRPML with ML for “mucolipidin”, TRPP with P for “polycystin”, and TRPV with V for “vanilloid”. Over the last few years, new findings on TRP channels have confirmed their exceptional function as cellular sensors and effectors. This Special Book features a collection of 8 reviews and 7 original articles published in “Cells” summarizing the current state-of-the-art on TRP channel research, with a main focus on TRP channel activation, their physiological and pathophysiological function, and their roles as pharmacological targets for future therapeutic options.

Transient Receptor Potential  TRP  Channels In Drug Discovery  Old Concepts   New Thoughts
Author: Arpad Szallasi
Publisher: MDPI
Release Date: 2018-06-22
Pages: 246
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Transient Receptor Potential (TRP) Channels in Drug Discovery: Old Concepts & New Thoughts" that was published in Pharmaceuticals

Membrane Transporters And Channels As Targets For Drugs
Author: Graça Soveral
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Release Date: 2020-01-03
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Transporters and channels are membrane proteins that mediate the traffic of metabolites, water and ions across biological membranes. Membrane transport proteins are crucial to maintain homeostasis and assure cell survival upon intracellular or environmental stress. A failure of any of these transport systems may have dramatic consequences for cell function. There is increasing evidence that membrane transport proteins play important functions in healthy conditions and that their absence or dysfunction may cause diseases. In recent years much attention has been paid to diseases resulting from defective transporters (“carrier diseases”) and ion channels (“channelopathies”). Very interestingly, altered expression of transporters has been described in several human pathologies. On this basis, many transport proteins are well acknowledged targets for drugs. Many others are involved in drug delivery and disposition and/or are considered potential targets. Others are off-targets for drugs and then, are responsible for side effects. Thus, membrane protein drug discovery is now an emerging field where the search for physiological mechanisms of regulation and for chemical compounds as modulators of transport activity, present new opportunities for drug development and for new therapies. This Research Topic addresses the latest research advances in membrane transport proteins, stimulating future research on these important protein families.

Pathologies Of Calcium Channels
Author: Norbert Weiss
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2013-11-09
Pages: 731
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Calcium ions represent Mother Nature’s ‘ion-of-choice’ for regulating fundamental physiological functions, as they initiate a new life at the time of fertilization and guide subsequent developmental and physiological functions of the human body. Calcium channels, which act as gated pathways for the movement of calcium ions across the membranes, play a central part in the initiation of calcium signals, and defects in calcium channel function have been found to result in a plethora of human diseases, referred to as the calcium channelopathies. Pathologies of Calcium Channels brings together leading international experts to discuss our current understanding of human diseases associated with the various calcium channels, from their molecular basis to potential future therapeutic targeting of calcium channels.

Transient Receptor Potential Channels
Author: Md. Shahidul Islam
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2011-02-04
Pages: 1095
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Transient Receptor Potential Channels offers a unique blend of thoughtfully selected topics ranging from the structural biology of this fascinating group of ion channels to their emerging roles in human diseases. This single book covers TRP channels of yeasts, flies, fishes frogs and humans. And from the biophysics of primary thermo-sensory events in cells to the thermosensation at whole organism level, from physiology of pain to the development of pain-killers, from psychiatric illnesses to cancers, from skin cells to sperms, from taste buds to testes, from established facts to heated debates, this book contains something for every TRP enthusiasts, beginner and expert alike. It includes crucial background information, critical analysis of cutting edge research, and ideas and thoughts for numerous testable hypotheses. It also shows directions for future research in this highly dynamic field. It is a book readers will be just as eager to give to others as keep for themselves.

Membrane Receptors  Channels And Transporters In Pulmonary Circulation
Author: Jason X. -J. Yuan
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2010-03-10
Pages: 501
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Membrane Receptors, Channels and Transporters in Pulmonary Circulation is a proceeding of the 2008 Grover Conference (Lost Valley Ranch and Conference Center, Sedalia, Colorado; September 3-7, 2008), which provided a forum for experts in the fields of those receptors, channels and transporters that have been identified as playing key roles in the physiology and pathophysiology of the pulmonary circulation. The book rigorously addresses: i) recent advances in our knowledge of receptors, channels and transporters and their role in regulation of pulmonary vascular function; ii) how modulation of expression and function of receptors, channels and transporters and their interrelationships contribute to the pathogenesis of pulmonary vascular disease; and iii) the therapeutic opportunities that may be revealed by enhancing our understanding of this area. The overall goal was to explore the mechanisms by which specific receptors, channels and transporters contribute to pulmonary vascular function in both health and disease, and how this knowledge may lead to novel interventions in lung dysplasia, pulmonary edema, lung injury, and pulmonary and systemic hypertension to reduce and prevent death from lung disease. Membrane Receptors, Channels and Transporters in Pulmonary Circulation is divided into six parts. Part 1 (Ion Channels in the Pulmonary Vasculature: Basics and New Findings) is designated for basic knowledge and recent findings in the research field of ion channels in pulmonary circulation. There are five chapters in Part I discussing the function, expression, distribution and regulation of various ion channels present in pulmonary vascular smooth muscle cells and how these channels are integrated to regulate intracellular Ca2+ and cell functions. Part II (TRP Channels in the Pulmonary Vasculature: Basics and New Findings) is composed of five chapters that are exclusively designed to discuss the role of a recently identified family of cation channels, transient receptor potential (TRP) channels, in the regulation of pulmonary vascular tone and arterial structure. Part III (Pathogenic Role of Ion Channels in Pulmonary Vascular Disease) includes four chapters that discuss how abnormal function and expression of various ion channels contribute to changes in cell functions and the development of pulmonary hypertension. Part IV (Receptors and Signaling Cascades in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension) consists of five chapters devoted to the role of bone morphogenetic protein receptors, Notch receptors, serotonin receptors, Rho kinase and vascular endothelial growth factor receptors in the development of pulmonary arterial hypertension. Part V (Receptors and Transporters: Role in Cell Function and Hypoxic Pulmonary Vasoconstriction) includes four chapters designed to illustrate the potential mechanisms involved in oxygen sensing and hypoxia-induced pulmonary vasoconstriction and hypertension. Part VI (Targeting Ion Channels and Membrane Receptors in Developing Novel Therapeutic Approaches for Pulmonary Vascular Disease) consists five chapters which discuss the translational research involving on membrane receptors, channels and transporters, including their potential as novel drug targets. We hope that Membrane Receptors, Channels and Transporters in Pulmonary Circulation will allow readers to foster new concepts and new collaborations and cooperations among investigators so as to further understand the role of receptors, channels and transporters in lung pathophysiology. The ultimate goal is to identify new mechanisms of disease, as well as new therapeutic targets for pulmonary vascular diseases. An additional outcome should be enhanced understanding of the role of these entities in systemic vascular pathophysiology, since the conference will include researchers and clinicians with interests in both pulmonary and systemic circulations.

Functional Studies Of Thermosensitive Transient Receptor Potential  TRP  Ion Channel Regulation
Author: Jacob Kenneth Hilton
Publisher:
Release Date: 2019
Pages: 188
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

All organisms need to be able to sense and respond to their environment. Much of this process takes place via proteins embedded in the cell membrane, the border between a living thing and the external world. Transient receptor potential (TRP) ion channels are a superfamily of membrane proteins that play diverse roles in physiology. Among the 27 TRP channels found in humans and other animals, TRP melastatin 8 (TRPM8) and TRP vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) are the primary sensors of cold and hot temperatures, respectively. They underlie the molecular basis of somatic temperature sensation, but beyond this are also known to be involved in body temperature and weight regulation, inflammation, migraine, nociception, and some types of cancer. Because of their broad physiological roles, these channels are an attractive target for potential therapeutic interventions. This dissertation presents experimental studies to elucidate the mechanisms underlying TRPM8 and TRPV1 function and regulation. Electrophysiology experiments show that modulation of TRPM8 activity by phosphoinositide interacting regulator of TRP (PIRT), a small membrane protein, is species dependent; human PIRT attenuates TRPM8 activity, whereas mouse PIRT potentiates the channel. Direct binding experiments and chimeric mouse-human TRPM8 channels reveal that this regulation takes place via the transmembrane domain of the channel. Ligand activation of TRPM8 is also investigated. A mutation in the linker between the S4 and S5 helices is found to generally decrease TRPM8 currents, and to specifically abrogate functional response to the potent agonist icilin without affecting icilin binding. The heat activation thermodynamics of TRPV1 are also probed using temperature-controlled electrophysiology. The magnitude of the gating enthalpy of human TRPV1 is found to be similar to other species reported in the literature. Human TRPV1 also features an apparent heat inactivation process that results in reduced heat sensitivity after exposure to elevated temperatures. The work presented in this dissertation sheds light on the varied mechanisms of thermosensitive TRP channel function and regulation.

Molecular Neuropharmacology  A Foundation For Clinical Neuroscience  Fourth Edition
Author: Eric J. Nestler
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
Release Date: 2020-09-05
Pages: 592
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Publisher's Note: Products purchased from Third Party sellers are not guaranteed by the publisher for quality, authenticity, or access to any online entitlements included with the product. The definitive guide to treating neurologic and psychiatric disorders with drugs and other approaches Fully updated with the latest research and drugs, Nestler, Hyman, & Malenka’s Molecular Neuropharmacology, Fourth Edition, is the leading guide to molecular neuroscience. Providing an in-depth look at the neuropharmacological fundamentals of the nervous system, it delivers the knowledge and insight you need to master the pathophysiology of neurologic and psychiatric disorders. Complete with tables, diagrams, and figures clearly illustrating the intricacies of neurochemistry and molecular neuroscience, this peerless guide reviews the effects of drug action (organized by drug category) to enhance your understanding of major disease mechanisms, and it explains the pathophysiology and neuropharmacology of all major neurologic and psychiatric disorders. Concise overviews of the effects of drugs and other treatment approaches are presented in a way that boosts your understanding and retention of critical concepts. Nestler, Hyman, & Malenka’s Molecular Neuropharmacology provides a deep dive into: General principles of neurophar¬macology Nervous system function Drugs that act on neuronal and glial function Major neurotrans¬mitter systems in the brain and spinal cord Atypical neurotransmitters, including peptides, growth factors, and cytokines Major brain and spinal cord systems at the molecular, cellular, and circuit levels in health and disease

High Throughput Screening
Author: William P. Janzen
Publisher: Humana
Release Date: 2009-07-09
Pages: 268
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Featuring new screening technologies as well as many well established methods, this book offers comprehensive treatment of the activities directly related to High Throughput Screening (HTS), such as compound library management, data handling, and robotics.

Cough  An Interdisciplinary Problem  An Issue Of Otolaryngologic Clinics   E Book
Author: Kenneth W. Altman
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Release Date: 2010-03-17
Pages: 237
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Both acute and chronic cough are responsible for a significant number of ambulatory medical visits annually. The recent comprehensive understanding that “cough is a reflection of underlying disease pays tribute to the multifactorial causes, as well recognition of the respiratory and upper digestive tract as a “physiologic unit. This publication highlights the advances made in managing cough and brings these to otolaryngology practitioners in a concise forum, as well as presenting issues of special interest to laryngologists such as paradoxical vocal fold motion, disordered breathing, irritable larynx, evolution of the vagus as a protective circuit, the importance of cough in deglutition, and surgical interventions. Some of the topics include: The cough reflex, sensory receptors, and neurogenic mediators; Mucus and mucins; Cough and Swallowing dysfunction; Cough due to asthma, cough-variant asthma, and nonasthmatic eosinophilic bronchitis; Occupational, environmental, and irritant induced cough; Pharmacologic management; Unexplained cough; Cough in the pediatric population; and Rhinogenic laryngitis, cough and the unified airway; among others.

Proceedings Of The 11th World Congress On Pain
Author: Herta Flor
Publisher: International Assn for the Study of Pain
Release Date: 2006
Pages: 882
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Handbook Of Cell Signaling
Author: Ralph A. Bradshaw
Publisher: Academic Press
Release Date: 2010
Pages: 3047
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

KEY FEATURES: * Contains over 350 chapters of comprehensive coverage on cell signaling * Includes discussion on topics from ligand/receptor interactions to organ/organism responses * Provides user-friendly, well-illustrated, reputable content by experts in the field DESCRIPTION: Handbook of Cell Signaling, Three-Volume Set, 2e, is a comprehensive work covering all aspects of intracellular signal processing, including extra/intracellular membrane receptors, signal transduction, gene expression/translation, and cellular/organotypic signal responses. The second edition is an up-to-date, expanded reference with each section edited by a recognized expert in the field. Tabular and well illustrated, the Handbook will serve as an in-depth reference for this complex and evolving field. Handbook of Cell Signaling, 2/e will appeal to a broad, cross-disciplinary audience interested in the structure, biochemistry, molecular biology and pathology of cellular effectors.

Mechanically Gated Channels And Their Regulation
Author: Andre Kamkin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2012-12-05
Pages: 432
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

The volume dwells on the major issues of mechanical stress influencing the ion channels and intracellular signaling pathways. This book is a unique collection of reviews outlining current knowledge and future developments in this rapidly growing field. In our opinion the book presents not only the latest achievements in the field but also brings the problem closer to the experts in related medical and biological sciences as well as practicing doctors. Knowledge of the mechanisms which underlie these processes is necessary for understanding of the normal functioning of different living organs and tissues and allows to predict changes, which arise due to alterations of their environment, and possibly will allow to develop new methods of artificial intervention. We also hope that presenting the problem will attract more attention to it both from researchers and practitioners and will assist to efficiently introduce it into the practical medicine.

Handbook Of Cannabis
Author: Roger Pertwee
Publisher: OUP Oxford
Release Date: 2014-08-21
Pages: 632
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Truly global in scope and with contributions from leading researchers around the world, The Handbook of Cannabis is the definitive resource on this fascinating drug. Combining scientific perspectives and clinical applications, it covers a vast array of topics, from why over the centuries cannabis has been used as a medicine, through the regulations facing those wishing to self-administer cannabis or provide cannabis-based medicines, to the chemical structure of its many constituents and the rapidly growing group of synthetic cannabinoids that are currently being used for 'legal highs'. With each chapter written by a group of one or more internationally recognised subject experts, it provides academics and researchers with authoritative scientific material on the main pharmacological actions and their effects, as well as their pharmacokinetics, metabolism, and forensic detection. In addition it also examines the complex morphology, cultivation, harvesting, and processing of cannabis and the ways in which the plant's chemical composition can be controlled. As well as offering a raft of scientific information there is extensive coverage of cannabinoid-based medicines. Helping readers to identify and evaluate their benefits, chapters explore pharmacological actions and the effects that seem to underlie approved therapeutic uses, how they are currently used to treat certain disorders, and the ever-growing number of wide-ranging potential clinical applications. There is also coverage of both the legal and illegal sources of cannabis, including 'coffee shops' and 'cannabis dispensaries'. The complex issue of 'recreational cannabis' is also tackled. The sought-after and adverse psychological and non-psychological effects are described and discussions are included on how some adverse effects can be lessened by at least one constituent of cannabis, and that it might be possible to reduce the harm that cannabis does to some by changing current regulatory policies. The Handbook of Cannabis is a one-stop reference; essential reading for all clinicians, pharmacologists, psychologists, and psychiatrists interested in this drug, as well as those working in the field of public health.

The Pain System In Normal And Pathological States
Author: Luis Villanueva
Publisher: International Assn for the Study of Pain
Release Date: 2004
Pages: 347
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

The last decade has seen much progress in understanding the mechanisms of pain and advances in basic science have seen translational research leading to volunteer studies and clinical trials. Despite this drawing together of molecules and maladies, the basic science can appear overly complex and impenetrabie for clinicians. This book aims to cover key topical molecular, anantomical, physiological, and pharmacological studies on the basic science in a straightforward and accessible manner for all medical and allied professionals with an interest in pain. The book is dedicatod to lean-Marie Besson, who has always allempted to further dialogus between clinicians and basic scientists.

Handbook Of Ion Channels
Author: Jie Zheng
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date: 2015-02-25
Pages: 691
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

The New Benchmark for Understanding the Latest Developments of Ion Channels Ion channels control the electrical properties of neurons and cardiac cells, mediate the detection and response to sensory stimuli, and regulate the response to physical stimuli. They can often interact with the cellular environment due to their location at the surface of cells. In nonexcitable tissues, they also help regulate basic salt balance critical for homeostasis. All of these features make ion channels important targets for pharmaceuticals. Handbook of Ion Channels illustrates the fundamental importance of these membrane proteins to human health and disease. Renowned researchers from around the world introduce the technical aspects of ion channel research, provide a modern guide to the properties of major ion channels, and present powerful methods for modeling ion channel diseases and performing clinical trials for ion channel drugs. Conveniently divided into five parts, the handbook first describes the basic concepts of permeation and gating mechanisms, balancing classic theories and the latest developments. The second part covers the principles and practical issues of both traditional and new ion channel techniques and their applications to channel research. The third part organizes the material to follow the superfamilies of ion channels. This part focuses on the classification, properties, gating mechanisms, function, and pharmacology of established and novel channel types. The fourth part addresses ion channel regulation as well as trafficking and distribution. The final part examines several ion channel-related diseases, discussing genetics, mechanisms, and pharmaceutical advances.