translational medicine in cns drug development

Translational Medicine In CNS Drug Development
Author: George G. Nomikos
Publisher: Academic Press
Release Date: 2019-06-18
Pages: 458
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Translational Medicine in CNS Drug Development, Volume 29, is the first book of its kind to offer a comprehensive overview of the latest developments in translational medicine and biomarker techniques. With extensive coverage on all aspects of biomarkers and personalized medicine, and numerous chapters devoted to the best strategies for developing drugs that target specific disorders, this book presents an essential reference for researchers in neuroscience and pharmacology who need the most up-to-date techniques for the successful development of drugs to treat central nervous system disorders. Despite increases in the number of individuals suffering from CNS-related disorders, the development and approval of drugs for their treatment have been hampered by inefficiencies in advancing compounds from preclinical discovery to the clinic. However, in the past decades, game-changing strides have been made in our understanding of the pathophysiology of CNS disorders and the relationship of drug exposure in plasma and CNS to pharmacodynamic measures in both animals and humans. Includes comprehensive coverage of biomarker tools and the role of personalized medicine in CNS drug development Discusses strategies for drug development for a full range of CNS indications, with particular attention to neuropsychiatric and neurocognitive disorders Includes chapters written by international experts from industry and academia

Animal And Translational Models For CNS Drug Discovery  Reward Deficit Disorders
Author: Robert A. McArthur
Publisher: Academic Press
Release Date: 2009-02-24
Pages: 432
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Reward Deficit Disorders is written for researchers in both academia and the pharmaceutical industry who use animal models in research and development of drugs for reward deficit disorders such as alcohol dependence, nicotine dependence, heroin and cocaine addiction, obesity, and gambling and impulse control disorders. Reward Deficit Disorders has introductory chapters expressing the view of the role and relevance of animal models for drug discovery and development for the treatment of psychiatric disorders from the perspective of (a) academic basic neuroscientific research, (b) applied pharmaceutical drug discovery and development, and (c) issues of clinical trial design and regulatory agencies limitations. Each volume examines the rationale, use, robustness and limitations of animal models in each therapeutic area covered and discuss the use of animal models for target identification and validation. The clinical relevance of animal models is discussed in terms of major limitations in cross-species comparisons, clinical trial design of drug candidates, and how clinical trial endpoints could be improved. Reward Deficit Disorders also has a section dedicated to the specifics of the regulatory aspects to abuse liability testing. The aim of this series of volumes on Animal and Translational Models for CNS Drug Discovery is to identify and provide common endpoints between species that can serve to inform both the clinic and the bench with the information needed to accelerate clinically-effective CNS drug discovery. This is the third volume in the three volume-set, Animal and Translational Models for CNS Drug Discovery 978-0-12-373861-5, which is also available for purchase individually. Provides clinical, academic, government and industry perspectives fostering integrated communication between principle participants at all stages of the drug discovery process Critical evaluation of animal and translational models improving transition from drug discovery and clinical development Emphasizes what results mean to the overall drug discovery process Explores issues in clinical trial design and conductance in each therapeutic area Neurological Disorders is available for purchase individually.

Translational Neuroimaging
Author: Robert A. McArthur
Publisher: Academic Press
Release Date: 2012-10-05
Pages: 464
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Translational Neuroimaging: Tools for CNS Drug Discovery, Development and Treatment combines the experience of academic, clinical and industrial neuroimagers in a unique collaborative approach to provide an integrated perspective of the use of small animal and human brain imaging in developing and validating translational models and biomarkers for the study and treatment of neuropsychiatric disorders. Translational Neuroimaging: Tools for CNS Drug Discovery, Development and Treatment examines the translational role of neuroimaging in model development from preclinical animal models, to human experimental medicine, and finally to clinical studies. The focus of this book is to identify and provide common endpoints between species that can serve to inform both the clinic and the bench with the information needed to accelerate clinically-effective CNS drug discovery. This book covers methodical issues in human and animal neuroimaging translational research as well as detailed applied examples of the use of neuroimaging in neuropsychiatric disorders and the development of drugs for their treatment. Offering an accompanying website with illustrations and text available for further knowledge and presentations, Translational Neuroimaging: Tools for CNS Drug Discovery, Development and Treatment appeals to non-clinical and clinical neuroscientists working in and studying neuropsychiatric disorders and their treatment as well as providing the novice researcher or researcher outside of his/her expertise the opportunity to understand the background of translational research and the use of imaging in this field. Provides a background to translational research and the use of brain imaging in neuropsychiatric disorders Critical discussion of the potential and limitations of neuroimaging as a translational tool for identifying and validating biomarkers Identifies cross species neurosystems and common endpoints necessary to help accelerate CNS drug discovery and development for the treatment of neuropsychiatric disorders Features an accompanying website with additional images and text

Translational Medicine And Drug Discovery
Author: Bruce H. Littman
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release Date: 2011-01-31
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

This book, edited by two innovative leaders in the field, focuses on the new discipline of translational medicine as it pertains to drug development within the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industry. Translational medicine seeks to translate biological and molecular knowledge of disease and how drugs work into innovative development strategies that reduce the cost and increase the speed of delivering new medicines for patients. This book outlines general strategies, biomarker development, imaging tools, translational human models and examples of their application to real drug development. The latest thinking is presented by researchers from many of the world's leading drug development companies, including Pfizer, Merck, Eli Lilly, Abbott and Novartis, as well as academic institutions and public-private partnerships that support translational research. This book is essential for anyone interested in translational medicine from a variety of backgrounds: university institutes, medical schools, pharmaceutical companies and drug development researchers and decision-makers.

Imaging In CNS Drug Discovery And Development
Author: David Borsook
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2010-03-10
Pages: 396
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Drug development today needs to balance agility, speed, and risk in defining probability of success for molecules, mechanisms, and therapeutic concepts. New techniques such as fMRI promise to be part of a sequence that could transform drug development. Although numerous review articles exist that discuss the use of imaging in drug development, no one source is available that combines the various techniques and includes a discussion of disease mapping. Imaging in CNS Drug Discovery and Development, Implications for Disease and Therapy will serve to distill the most salient developments in the use of imaging in drug development and disease mapping. It will launch evolving concepts that integrate new imaging technologies and paradigms with molecular medicine and molecular profiling ("monics") as well as consider the ethical issues that arise as a result of disease or state diagnosis and the use of imaging in the public eye.

Translational Medicine
Author: James Mittra
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date: 2016-04-19
Pages: 294
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

This book brings together a range of academic, industry and practitioner perspectives on translational medicine (TM). It enhances conceptual and practical understanding of the emergence and progress of the field and its potential impact on basic research, therapeutic development, and institutional infrastructure. In recognition of the various implications TM has for public health policy and commercial innovation, the book addresses the major systemic aspects of the field. The contributors explore the dynamic interactions and key challenges in translating new science into viable therapies for the clinic, which includes recognizing the importance of social, commercial, and regulatory environments in addition to good science.

Animal And Translational Models For CNS Drug Discovery  Neurological Disorders
Author: Robert A. McArthur
Publisher: Academic Press
Release Date: 2008-11-18
Pages: 416
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Neurological Disorders is written for researchers in both academia and the pharmaceutical industry who use animal models in research and development of drugs for neurological disorders such as neurofibromatosis, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, Huntington disease, ALS, and the epilepsies. Neurological Disorders has introductory chapters expressing the view of the role and relevance of animal models for drug discovery and development for the treatment of psychiatric disorders from the perspective of (a) academic basic neuroscientific research, (b) applied pharmaceutical drug discovery and development, and (c) issues of clinical trial design and regulatory agencies limitations. Each volume examines the rationale, use, robustness and limitations of animal models in each therapeutic area covered and discuss the use of animal models for target identification and validation. The clinical relevance of animal models is discussed in terms of major limitations in cross-species comparisons, clinical trial design of drug candidates, and how clinical trial endpoints could be improved. The aim of this series of volumes on Animal and Translational Models for CNS Drug Discovery is to identify and provide common endpoints between species that can serve to inform both the clinic and the bench with the information needed to accelerate clinically-effective CNS drug discovery. This is the second volume in the three volume-set, Animal and Translational Models for CNS Drug Discovery 978-0-12-373861-5, which is also available for purchase individually. Clinical, academic, government and industry perspectives fostering integrated communication between principle participants at all stages of the drug discovery process Critical evaluation of animal and translational models improving transition from drug discovery and clinical development Emphasis on what results mean to the overall drug discovery process Exploration of issues in clinical trial design and conductance in each therapeutic area

Animal And Translational Models For CNS Drug Discovery  Psychiatric Disorders
Author: Robert A. McArthur
Publisher: Academic Press
Release Date: 2008-11-17
Pages: 528
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Psychiatric Disorders is written for researchers in both academia and the pharmaceutical industry who use animal models in research and development of drugs for psychiatric disorders such as anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder, depression, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, ADHD, and autistic spectrum disorder. Psychiatric Disorders has introductory chapters expressing the view of the role and relevance of animal models for drug discovery and development for the treatment of psychiatric disorders from the perspective of (a) academic basic neuroscientific research, (b) applied pharmaceutical drug discovery and development, and (c) issues of clinical trial design and regulatory agencies limitations. Each volume examines the rationale, use, robustness and limitations of animal models in each therapeutic area covered and discuss the use of animal models for target identification and validation. The clinical relevance of animal models is discussed in terms of major limitations in cross-species comparisons, clinical trial design of drug candidates, and how clinical trial endpoints could be improved. The aim of this series of volumes on Animal and Translational Models for CNS Drug Discovery is to identify and provide common endpoints between species that can serve to inform both the clinic and the bench with the information needed to accelerate clinically-effective CNS drug discovery. This is the first volume in the three volume-set, Animal and Translational Models for CNS Drug Discovery 978-0-12-373861-5, and is also available for purchase individually. Provides clinical, academic, government and industry perspectives fostering integrated communication between principle participants at all stages of the drug discovery process Critical evaluation of animal and translational models improving transition from drug discovery and clinical development Emphasizes what results mean to the overall drug discovery process Explores issues in clinical trial design and conductance in each therapeutic area Psychiatric Disorders is available for purchase individually.

Pharmaceutical Medicine And Translational Clinical Research
Author: Divya Vohora
Publisher: Academic Press
Release Date: 2017-11-14
Pages: 526
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Pharmaceutical Medicine and Translational Clinical Research covers clinical testing of medicines and the translation of pharmaceutical drug research into new medicines, also focusing on the need to understand the safety profile of medicine and the benefit-risk balance. Pharmacoeconomics and the social impact of healthcare on patients and public health are also featured. It is written in a clear and straightforward manner to enable rapid review and assimilation of complex information and contains reader-friendly features. As a greater understanding of these aspects is critical for students in the areas of pharmaceutical medicine, clinical research, pharmacology and pharmacy, as well as professionals working in the pharmaceutical industry, this book is an ideal resource. Includes detailed coverage of current trends and key topics in pharmaceutical medicine, including biosimilars, biobetters, super generics, and Provides a comprehensive look at current and important aspects of the science and regulation of drug and biologics discovery

Modern CNS Drug Discovery
Author: Rudy Schreiber
Publisher: Springer
Release Date: 2021-03-13
Pages: 340
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

This textbook provides a comprehensive overview of the currently used concepts, approaches and technologies in the discovery and development of new treatments for the full spectrum of disorders of the central nervous system. It guides the reader through all essential steps, from finding an innovative idea, to the registration of a new drug. Divided into four sections, the book starts by presenting a broad perspective on current approaches in central nervous system (CNS) drug discovery. The second section addresses the generation of ideas for the identification of targets and novel treatment strategies; covers core functions in early discovery, and provides an example of a novel treatment paradigm: brain stimulation. The third section highlights strategies and technologies in translational CNS drug discovery. In an effort to bridge the gap between discovery and clinical development, it also covers brain imaging, EEG and cognitive testing approaches. The fourth section extensively discusses the clinical phase of drug development, covering the basics of early clinical testing for psychopharmacological drugs. The book’s final chapter addresses the registration for newly developed drugs. Written by experts from academia and industry, the book covers important basics and best practices, as well as recent developments in drug discovery. Offering in-depth insights into the world of drug development, it represents essential reading for early researchers who want to prepare for a career in drug discovery in academia or industry.

Neurotherapeutics In The Era Of Translational Medicine
Author: Richard A. Smith
Publisher: Academic Press
Release Date: 2020-12-09
Pages: 518
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

For the first time in history, there is now hope for treating neurological disorders that had previously been considered untreatable. The remarkable confluence of events that has heralded this is the focus of Neurotherapeutics in the Era of Translational Medicine. This anthology, written by many of the prominent scientists and researchers in the field of biotechnology, recounts the breathtaking advances that are revolutionizing treatment for disorders such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis‎, spinal muscular atrophy, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, myasthenia gravis, migraine, and glioblastoma. The "story behind the story" of these translational efforts is told, with authors depicting the ups and downs encountered on the path of their drug discovery and development effort. In parallel with this path, advances in identifying novel biomarkers and disease models are summarized, as are contemporary issues focusing on clinical trial design, bioethics, innovative funding strategies, and collaborations between government and academia in an effort to facilitate breakthrough treatments. The book is written by members of the biotech and pharmaceutical ecosystem for those who belong to it and aspire to become part of it. Comprehensive review on the progress of translational research in neurotherapeutics for neurologic disorders Discusses important issues in clinical trials such as design and ethical issues Written for neuroscientists, neurologists and pharmacologists

Molecular Imaging For Integrated Medical Therapy And Drug Development
Author: Nagara Tamaki
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2009-12-10
Pages: 303
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Molecular imaging plays an important role in drug discovery and advanced medical practice. A symposium of world leaders in drug research and development, molecular imaging, and medical therapy including regenerative treatment and radiation therapy has led to the publication of this book. Based on the proceedings of the symposium, many excellent ideas and valuable discussions are introduced that will guide the reader toward new advances in photon detection and protein modification as well as new developments in molecular imaging itself. Both protein modification and photon detection are emerging technologies that hold forth the promise of innovative strategies for drug discovery and medical care. The publication of these proceedings is a timely means of sharing significant experience and knowledge with many specialists all over the world. This book will be of great value to a wide variety of researchers in the fields of drug development and molecular imaging technologies, leading to integrated medical therapy and progress in human health.

Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
Author: Carlos A. Guzmán
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2010-01-01
Pages: 276
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Pharmaceutical Biotechnology is a unique compilation of reviews addressing frontiers in biologicals as a rich source for innovative medicines. This book fulfills the needs of a broad community of scientists interested in biologicals from diverse perspectives—basic research, biotechnology, protein engineering, protein delivery, medicines, pharmaceuticals and vaccinology. The diverse topics range from advanced biotechnologies aimed to introduce novel, potent engineered vaccines of unprecedented efficacy and safety for a wide scope of human diseases to natural products, small peptides and polypeptides engineered for discrete prophylaxis and therapeutic purposes. Modern biologicals promise to dramatically expand the scope of preventive medicine beyond the infectious disease arena into broad applications in immune and cancer treatment, as exemplified by anti-EGFR receptors antibodies for the treatment of breast cancer. The exponential growth in biologicals such as engineered proteins and vaccines has been boosted by unprecedented scientific breakthroughs made in the past decades culminating in an in-depth fundamental understanding of the scientific underpinnings of immune mechanisms together with knowledge of protein and peptide scaffolds that can be deliberately manipulated. This has in turn led to new strategies and processes. Deciphering the human, mammalian and numerous pathogens’ genomes provides opportunities that never before have been available—identification of discrete antigens (genomes and antigenomes) that lend themselves to considerably improved antigens and monoclonal antibodies, which with more sophisticated engineered adjuvants and agonists of pattern recognition receptors present in immune cells, deliver unprecedented safety and efficacy. Technological development such a nanobiotechnologies (dendrimers, nanobodies and fullerenes), biological particles (viral-like particles and bacterial ghosts) and innovative vectors (replication-competent attenuated, replication-incompetent recombinant and defective helper-dependent vectors) fulfill a broad range of cutting-edge research, drug discovery and delivery applications. Most recent examples of breakthrough biologicals include the human papilloma virus vaccine (HPV, prevention of women genital cancer) and the multivalent Pneumoccocal vaccines, which has virtually eradicated in some populations a most prevalent bacterial ear infection (i.e., otitis media). It is expected that in the years to come similar success will be obtained in the development of vaccines for diseases which still represent major threats for human health, such as AIDS, as well as for the generation of improved vaccines against diseases like pandemic flu for which vaccines are currently available. Furthermore, advances in comparative immunology and innate immunity revealed opportunities for innovative strategies for ever smaller biologicals and vaccines derived from species such as llama and sharks, which carry tremendous potential for innovative biologicals already in development stages in many pharmaceutical companies. Such recent discoveries and knowledge exploitations hold the promise for breakthrough biologicals, with the coming decade. Finally, this book caters to individuals not directly engaged in the pharmaceutical drug discovery process via a chapter outlining discovery, preclinical development, clinical development and translational medicine issues that are critical the drug development process. The authors and editors hope that this compilation of reviews will help readers rapidly and completely update knowledge and understanding of the frontiers in pharmaceutical biotechnologies.

Translational Neuroscience
Author: James E. Barrett
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release Date: 2012-06-28
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Translational neuroscience is at the heart of clinical advancement in the fields of psychiatry, neurology and neurodevelopmental disorders. Written and edited by leading scientists and clinicians, this is a comprehensive and authoritative analysis of this emerging strategy for developing more effective treatments for brain disorders. Introductory chapters bring together perspectives from both academia and industry, while subsequent sections focus on disease groups, including bipolar disorder and depression, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, substance abuse, autism, Alzheimer's disease, pain, epilepsy, Parkinson's disease and multiple sclerosis. Each section includes topical introductory and summary chapters, providing an overview and synthesis of the field. Translational Neuroscience: Applications in Psychiatry, Neurology, and Neurodevelopmental Disorders is an important text for clinicians, scientists and students in academic settings, government agencies and industry, as well as those working in the fields of public health and the behavioural sciences.

Drug Discovery For Nervous System Diseases
Author: Franz Hefti
Publisher: Wiley-Liss
Release Date: 2005
Pages: 319
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

The neurosciences have been an especially difficult field for drug discovery. Because of the huge complexity of the nervous system and poor understanding of most psychiatric and neurological diseases, most drugs currently available are the result of chance observations rather than a truly comprehensive approach. However, this situation has begun to change. Enormous progress in molecular biology has yielded breakthrough discoveries of the causes of nervous system diseases, opening the door for better-targeted and entirely novel therapies. Reflecting these recent advances, Drug Discovery for Nervous System Diseases presents the latest techniques and approaches for drug discovery, organizing them according to diseases rather than classes of drugs or drug targets, as past books have done. Written with optimistic anticipation of great progress still to come, this text provides both a guide to present realities and a look to future possibilities in this burgeoning field. Coverage in Drug Discovery for Nervous System Diseases includes: Fundamentals of drug discovery—receptors, target selection, and drug development Schizophrenia Depression Anxiety disorders Alzheimer's disease Parkinson's disease Ischemic stroke, brain, and spinal cord injury Other neurodegenerative diseases Sleep disorders Epilepsy Pain This practical handbook features a uniform presentation for each chapter, with a brief description of existing drugs leading to recent molecular biological and genetic findings, translational research and the interface to clinical trials, and finally an outlook on future drug targets. Rich illustrations—schematic diagrams and tables—provide a dynamic visual experience throughout the text. A unique and up-to-date guide to a field currently undergoing a major growth spurt, Drug Discovery for Nervous System Diseases offers both practitioners and advanced students an unparalleled resource.

From Molecules To Minds
Author: Institute of Medicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
Release Date: 2008-11-07
Pages: 90
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Neuroscience has made phenomenal advances over the past 50 years and the pace of discovery continues to accelerate. On June 25, 2008, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) Forum on Neuroscience and Nervous System Disorders hosted more than 70 of the leading neuroscientists in the world, for a workshop titled "From Molecules to Minds: Challenges for the 21st Century." The objective of the workshop was to explore a set of common goals or "Grand Challenges" posed by participants that could inspire and rally both the scientific community and the public to consider the possibilities for neuroscience in the 21st century. The progress of the past in combination with new tools and techniques, such as neuroimaging and molecular biology, has positioned neuroscience on the cusp of even greater transformational progress in our understanding of the brain and how its inner workings result in mental activity. This workshop summary highlights the important issues and challenges facing the field of neuroscience as presented to those in attendance at the workshop, as well as the subsequent discussion that resulted. As a result, three overarching Grand Challenges emerged: How does the brain work and produce mental activity? How does physical activity in the brain give rise to thought, emotion, and behavior? How does the interplay of biology and experience shape our brains and make us who we are today? How do we keep our brains healthy? How do we protect, restore, or enhance the functioning of our brains as we age?

Blood Brain Barrier In Drug Discovery
Author: Li Di
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2015-02-02
Pages: 600
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Focused on central nervous system (CNS) drug discovery efforts, this book educates drug researchers about the blood-brain barrier (BBB) so they can affect important improvements in one of the most significant – and most challenging – areas of drug discovery. • Written by world experts to provide practical solutions to increase brain penetration or minimize CNS side-effects • Reviews state-of-the-art in silico, in vitro, and in vivo tools to assess brain penetration and advanced CNS drug delivery strategies • Covers BBB physiology, medicinal chemistry design principles, free drug hypothesis for the BBB, and transport mechanisms including passive diffusion, uptake/efflux transporters, and receptor-mediated processes • Highlights the advances in modelling BBB pharmacokinetics and dynamics relationships (PK/PD) and physiologically-based pharmacokinetics (PBPK) • Discusses case studies of successful CNS and non-CNS drugs, lessons learned and paths to the market

Phenotypic Screening In The 21st Century
Author: Gul Erdemli
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Release Date: 2015-04-21
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

In the genomic era of 1990s-2000s, pharmaceutical research moved to target-based drug discovery which enabled development of a number of small molecule drugs against a wide range of diseases. In many cases however, drugs that arose from genomics failed, questioning the validity of the targets and the suitability of target-based drug discovery as an optimal strategy for all disease states. For monogenic diseases, target-based approaches may be well-suited to the identification of novel therapies. Most diseases, however, are caused by a combination of several genetic and environmental factors and are likely to require simultaneous modulation of multiple molecular targets/pathways for successful treatment. For such diseases, reductionist approaches focusing on individual targets rather than biological networks are unlikely to succeed and new drug development strategies are required. In search of more successful approaches, the pharmaceutical industry is moving towards phenotypic screening beyond individual genes/targets. However, this requires rethinking of diseases and drug discovery approaches from a network and systems biology perspective. Since returning to the pre-genomics era of screening drug candidates in laborious animal models is not a feasible solution, the industry needs to evolve a new paradigm of phenotypic drug discovery within the context of systems biology. Such a paradigm must combine physiologically and disease relevant biological substrates with sufficient throughput, operational simplicity and statistical vigour. Biomarker strategies for translational medicine, as well as preclinical safety and selectivity assessments, would also need to be revised to adapt to the target agnostic style. This focused issue aims to discuss strategies, key concepts and technologies related to systems-based approaches in drug development. Design and implementation of innovative biological assays, featuring multiple target strategies, and rational drug design in the absence of target knowledge during the early drug discovery are illustrated with examples. Specific topics include: • The need for systems-based approaches in drug development • Phenotypic screening strategies • Compound libraries (natural product inspired compound collections) • Target deconvolution and identification • Target agnostic lead discovery and optimization • Multi-target approaches and decoding the phenotype (understanding biological interactions and multiscale systems modelling) • Translational aspects • Early evaluation of selectivity and safety in a target agnostic manner

Drug Delivery To The Brain
Author: Margareta Hammarlund-Udenaes
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2013-12-03
Pages: 731
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

The development of new CNS drugs is notoriously difficult. Drugs must reach CNS target sites for action and these sites are protected by a number of barriers, the most important being the blood –brain barrier (BBB). Many factors are therefore critical to consider for CNS drug delivery, e.g. active/passive transport across the BBB, intra-brain distribution, and central/systemic pharmacokinetics, to name a few. Neurological disease and trauma conditions add further complexity because CNS barriers, drug distribution and pharmacokinetics are dynamic and often changed by disease/trauma. Knowledge of all these factors and their interplay in different conditions is of utmost importance for proper CNS drug development and disease treatment. In recent years much information has become available for a better understanding of the many factors important for CNS drug delivery and how they interact to affect drug action. This book describes small and large drug delivery to the brain with an emphasis on the physiology of the BBB and the principles and concepts for drug delivery across the BBB and distribution within the brain. It contains methods descriptions for studying drug delivery, routes and approaches of administering drugs into the brain, the influence of disease, and drug industry perspectives. Therewith, it contributes to an in-depth understanding of the interplay between brain (patho)-physiology and drug characteristics. Furthermore, the content is designed to be both cutting-edge and educational, so that the book can be used in high-level training of academic and industry scientists with full references to original publications. ​

Therapeutic Development In The Absence Of Predictive Animal Models Of Nervous System Disorders
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
Release Date: 2017-05-24
Pages: 94
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Compared with other disease areas, central nervous system (CNS) disorders have had the highest failure rate for new compounds in advanced clinical trials. Most CNS drugs fail because of efficacy, and the core issue underlying these problems is a poor understanding of disease biology. Concern about the poor productivity in neuroscience drug development has gained intensity over the past decade, amplified by a retraction in investment from the pharmaceutical industry. This retreat by industry has been fueled by the high failure rate of compounds in advanced clinical trials for nervous system disorders. In response to the de-emphasis of CNS disorders in therapeutic development relative to other disease areas such as cancer, metabolism, and autoimmunity, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine initiated a series of workshops in 2012 to address the challenges that have slowed drug development for nervous system disorders. Motivated by the notion that advances in genetics and other new technologies are beginning to bring forth new molecular targets and identify new biomarkers, the Academies hosted the third workshop in this series in September 2016. Participants discussed opportunities to accelerate early stages of drug development for nervous system disorders in the absence of animal models that reflect disease and predict efficacy. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.