The earliest of the four Hindu religious scriptures known as the Vedas, and the first extensive composition to survive in any Indo-European language, the Rig Veda (c. 1200-900 BC) is a collection of over 1,000 individual Sanskrit hymns. A work of intricate beauty, it provides a unique insight into early Indian mythology, religion and culture. This selection of 108 of the hymns, chosen for their eloquence and wisdom, focuses on the enduring themes of creation, sacrifice, death, women, the sacred plant soma and the gods. Inspirational and profound, it provides a fascinating introduction to one of the founding texts of Hindu scripture - an awesome and venerable ancient work of Vedic ritual, prayer, philosophy, legend and faith.
the rig veda
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The Vedas are ancient books of hymns. There are four—the Rig Veda, Sama Veda, Yajur Veda and Atharva Veda—and they are the primary texts of Hinduism. They had an enormous influence also on Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism. According to Hindus, the text of the Vedas is as old as the universe itself. Scholars have determined that the Rig Veda, the oldest of the four, was composed sometime between 1700 and 1100 B.C.E., codified about 600 B.C.E., and was finally committed to writing around 300 B.C.E. The Rig Veda, composed of ten books, or Mandalas, each of which is a collection of hymns (s?ktas), is one of these “great books,” but most people—even the well-educated—have never read it. It is very long and the previous translations are unsatisfactory. This book is an attempt to offer a succinct, accurate and readable translation.
This book reconstructs the original and origins of the Rig Veda, (between 5.000 to 2.500 B.C, ) the first Indo-European written document ever to show the origin of cultures and the power of music in the recitation and construction of the original hymns. Here we find the original geometries, original forms, original sacrifice of any form to claim supremacy over the others and the continued movement of human life. This book brings together early humans with modern neurobiological discoveries and shows the origins of multiple centers of knowing (the gods), the movement of the singer and the song in a world that avoids idolatry of substances by insisting in the constant movement of singer, song, and music. If you thought you knew all there is to know about the language you use, read this book and find out the idolatry of its imagery and the possible sacrifice needed for a happy, communal and divine life.
The book attempts to clarify the historical aspects of the Rig Veda through examination of its kings,rishies and peoples.It makes many new points of literary interpretation not only of the Rig Veda but also of the other Vedas ,Brahamanas , Puranas ,Mahabharta and Ramayana .
232p (Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht 1983)
Apart for its mythological and philosophical significance Vedas have high literary values which demand in depth studies. Being the oldest among all, Veda, as literature, attained great aesthetic height and this critical analysis of the poems/ hymns/ suktas of the first four books of Rig Veda by Shri. Mukhopadhyay, a triple M.A. , M.Phil and Ph.D with various literary accomplishments, certainly is first ever work in the study of literature on Vedas as a book of Literature. The study is a difficult one as the exact date of composition is unknown. The very fact that it is handed down from generation to generation by verbal transmission, sruti , only. The beautiful part that it is still sung which perhaps acts as the most reliable tests whereby we could landed upon the hypothesis that the Vedas are worthwhile for study as literature