Anthony Gottlieb’s landmark The Dream of Reason and its sequel challenge Bertrand Russell’s classic as the definitive history of Western philosophy. Western philosophy is now two and a half millennia old, but much of it came in just two staccato bursts, each lasting only about 150 years. In his landmark survey of Western philosophy from the Greeks to the Renaissance, The Dream of Reason, Anthony Gottlieb documented the first burst, which came in the Athens of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. Now, in his sequel, The Dream of Enlightenment, Gottlieb expertly navigates a second great explosion of thought, taking us to northern Europe in the wake of its wars of religion and the rise of Galilean science. In a relatively short period—from the early 1640s to the eve of the French Revolution—Descartes, Hobbes, Spinoza, Locke, Leibniz, and Hume all made their mark. The Dream of Enlightenment tells their story and that of the birth of modern philosophy. As Gottlieb explains, all these men were amateurs: none had much to do with any university. They tried to fathom the implications of the new science and of religious upheaval, which led them to question traditional teachings and attitudes. What does the advance of science entail for our understanding of ourselves and for our ideas of God? How should a government deal with religious diversity—and what, actually, is government for? Such questions remain our questions, which is why Descartes, Hobbes, and the others are still pondered today. Yet it is because we still want to hear them that we can easily get these philosophers wrong. It is tempting to think they speak our language and live in our world; but to understand them properly, we must step back into their shoes. Gottlieb puts readers in the minds of these frequently misinterpreted figures, elucidating the history of their times and the development of scientific ideas while engagingly explaining their arguments and assessing their legacy in lively prose. With chapters focusing on Descartes, Hobbes, Spinoza, Locke, Pierre Bayle, Leibniz, Hume, Rousseau, and Voltaire—and many walk-on parts—The Dream of Enlightenment creates a sweeping account of what the Enlightenment amounted to, and why we are still in its debt.
the dream of enlightenment
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Fictions of Enlightenment is the first book to examine the fascinating and intricate relationship between Buddhism and the development of Chinese vernacular fiction. Qiancheng Li brings Buddhist models to bear on the vision, structure, and narrative form of three classics of late imperial literatureJourney to the West, Tower of Myriad Mirrors, and Dream of the Red Chamberarguing that by fashioning their plots after the narratives of certain Mah?y?na sutras, the novelists transformed Buddhist concepts into narrative structures. Within the traditional Chinese novel Li even defines a new genre: the fiction of enlightenment.
A MASTERPIECE of illuminative writing, Spiritual Enlightenment: The Damnedest Thing is mandatory reading for anyone following a spiritual path. Part exposé and part how-to manual, this is the first book to explain why failure seems to be the rule in the search for enlightenment, and how the rule can be broken. :: Book One of Jed McKenna's Enlightenment Trilogy. Contains Bonus Material.
Can you be on a spiritual path and run a money-making business? Yes! When you align your business with your purpose, its easy to pursue both. Purpose-driven entrepreneurs desire to make the world a more peaceful and loving place through their work. They are not just focused on profits. Irina Benedicts Entrepreneur Enlightenment philosophy combines practical business principles with spirituality and love, teaching how to transcend your ego and fears and thrive as a result. Find out how you can achieve enlightenment through entrepreneurship: Discover your lifes purpose and turn it into a successful business Develop your marketing and sales materials and get clients Release the fears of receiving money and set your prices right Relieve financial pressures to change your energy Establish yourself as a leader for yourself and your clients From clarifying your purpose to defining your niche and learning to love marketing and sales, this book is a unique take on creating a winning business.
Against the backdrop of ever-increasing nationalist violence during the last decade of the twentieth century, this book challenges standard analyses of nation formation by elaborating on the nations dream-like hold over the modern social imagination. The author argues that the national fantasy lies at the core of the Enlightenment imaginary, embodying its central paradox: the intertwining of anthropological universality with the primacy of a cultural ideal. Crucial to the operation of this paradox and fundamental in its ambiguity is the figure of Greece, the universal alibi and cultural predicate behind national-cultural consolidation throughout colonialist Europe. The largely unpredictable institution of a modern Greek nation in 1830 undoes the interweaving of Enlightenment and Philhellenism, whose centrifugal strands continue to unravel the certainty of European history, down to the current internal predicaments of the European Community or the tragedy of the Balkan conflicts.
Hartmut Böhme’s study of fetishism spans all the way from Christian image magic in the Middle Ages to fetishistic practices in fashion, advertising, sport and popular culture today. In it he provides a thorough exploration of religion, magic, idolatry, sexuality and consumption, charting the mental, scientific and artistic processes through which fetishism became a central category in European culture’s account of itself.
From the origins of modern copyright in early eighteenth-century culture to the efforts to represent nature and death in postmodern fiction, this pioneering book explores a series of problems regarding the containment of representation. Stewart focuses on specific cases of "crimes of writing"--the forgeries of George Psalmanazar, the production of "fakelore," the "ballad scandals" of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, the imposture of Thomas Chatterton, and contemporary legislation regarding graffiti and pornography. In this way, she emphasizes the issues which arise once language is seen as a matter of property and authorship is viewed as a matter of originality. Finally, Stewart demonstrates that crimes of writing are delineated by the law because they specifically undermine the status of the law itself: the crimes illuminate the irreducible fact that law is written and therefore subject to temporality and interpretation.
The Concept of Enlightenment is an attempt to describe the indescribable - consciousness without an object. It reveals how most religions and spiritual activities are in fact just adding more and more momentum to the thought realm matrix, the sphere of internal dialog most of us believe is reality. Only by discovering the silence of "No-Mind" can one be freed from the mind's constant self-referencing mechanism that creates the illusion of a separate self. In embracing silence, one encounters the possibility of accessing the energy necessary to trigger transformation, awaken from the dream, and discover "what is."
In Spiritual Enlightenment: Awakening to the Supreme Reality, Dr. Robert Puff explores how we can open the door to who we are and start the exciting journey of living lives that are spiritually awakened. In this book, Dr. Puff covers a variety of fascinating aspects relating to enlightenment, such as the power of silence and meditation; how to discover your real self; what being enlightened means for how we interact with the world; as well as how to find peace in the here and now. The issues the book deals with pinpoint many problems we face in our current day, such as how to be happier/more peaceful/more spiritual. It answers these questions in an insightful way that enables us to understand how to go about achieving them as well as how to have more enlightened lives. Dr. Puff provides you with practical advice that you can use to help you start your amazing journey towards enlightenment. With this book, enlightenment is no longer an overwhelming concept, but rather it becomes a tangible gift that can revolutionize your existence on earth.
What is it to listen? How do we hear? How do we allow meanings to emerge between each other? 'This book is about what Freud called "freely" or "evenly suspended attention", a form of listening, a kind of receptive incomprehension, which is fundamental and mandatory for the practice of psychoanalysis and psychotherapy. The author steps outside the usual parameters of psychoanalytic writing and explores how works of art and literature which elicit and require such listening began to appear in Europe, in abundance, from the late eighteenth-century onwards. Uncertainties, Mysteries, Doubts is a timely reminder, in the present era of audit and manualisation, of some of psychoanalysis's deep and living cultural roots. It hopes- by immersing the reader in the emotional, critical and contextual worlds of some artists and poets of Romanticism- to help psychotherapists, psychoanalysts, and counsellors in the endless challenge of staying open to their clients and patients, faced as we all are, therapists and clients alike, by multiple pressures to knowledgeable closure.