surface modification of magnesium and its alloys for biomedical applications

Surface Modification Of Magnesium And Its Alloys For Biomedical Applications
Author: T.S.N. Sankara Narayanan
Publisher: Elsevier
Release Date: 2015-01-30
Pages: 460
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

The development of biodegradable implants which can remain in the human body to fix a problem and subsequently dissolve, or be absorbed, consumed or excreted, without warranting a secondary surgery, is very appealing to scientists. Due to their excellent biocompatibility and biodegradability, magnesium implants provide a viable option many problems associated with permanent metallic implants such as, restenosis, thrombosis, permanent physical irritation, and inability to adapt to growth and changes in human body. Volume 2 of this important new book explores practical issues of magnesium and magnesium alloys, physical and mechanical modification and coatings to enhance this material for biomedical applications. Includes expert analysis on chemical solution deposition of hydroxyapatite (HAp) and octacalcium (OCP) phosphate coatings for magnesium Comprehensive coverage of biomimetic modifications, surface functionalization of biomolecules, natural, conducting and biodegradable polymeric coatings Lucid dissection of chemical, physical, mechanical and electromechanical modifications of magnesium and its alloys for biomedical applications

Surface Modification Of Magnesium And Its Alloys Using Anodization For Orthopedic Implant Application
Author: Hamouda M. Mousa
Publisher:
Release Date: 2017
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Magnesium (Mg) as a biodegradable implant brings a revolution in medical field application, especially in bone implant and stent application. Biodegradability of Mg has attracted attentions of researchers to avoid secondary surgery to remove the implant materials after healing process. Various advantages of Mg make it suitable for medical application such as density, good mechanical properties and biodegradation. However, Mg biodegradability must be controlled to meet tissue-healing period of time because of the high degradation in a physiological environment. Fast corrosion and high alkalinity due to hydrogen release induce tissue inflammation, which limits its clinical applications. Many techniques are applied to the Mg surface to improve surface biocompatibility and control its biodegradability. This chapter focuses on anodization of Mg and its alloys to improve corrosion resistance and biocompatibility for orthopedic application. Mg coating with thin film apatite could enhance the biocompatibility and increase osseointegration formation in the bone fracture side. Evaluation of the required anodized film discussed in the chapter such as chemical composition, biodegradability and biocompatibility.

Surface Modification Of Magnesium And Its Alloys For Biomedical Applications
Author: T.S.N. Sankara Narayanan
Publisher: Elsevier
Release Date: 2015-01-08
Pages: 380
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Surface modification of magnesium and its alloys for biomedical applications: Biological interactions, mechanical properties and testing, the first of two volumes, is an essential guide on the use of magnesium as a degradable implant material. Due to their excellent biocompatibility and biodegradability, magnesium based degradable implants provide a viable option for the permanent metallic implants. This volume focuses on the fundamental concepts of surface modification of magnesium, its biological interactions, mechanical properties and, in vitro and in vivo testing. The contents of volume 1 is organized and presented in three parts. Part 1 reviews the fundamental aspects of surface modification of magnesium, including surface design, opportunities, challenges and its role in revolutionizing biodegradable biomaterials. Part 2 addresses the biological and mechanical properties covering an in vivo approach to the bioabsorbable behavior of magnesium alloys, mechanical integrity and, the effects of amino acids and proteins on the performance of surface modified magnesium. Part 3 delves in to testing and characterization, exploring the biocompatibility and effects on fatigue life alongside the primary characteristics of surface modified magnesium. All chapters are written by experts, this two volume series provides systematic and thorough coverage of all major modification technologies and coating types of magnesium and its alloys for biomedical applications. Expert analysis of the fundamentals in surface modification of magnesium and its alloys for biomedical applications Includes biological interactions and mechanical properties Focuses on testing and characterisation, as well as biocompatibility

Laser Surface Modification Of Biomaterials
Author: Rui Vilar
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
Release Date: 2016-04-15
Pages: 350
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Laser Surface Modification of Biomaterials: Techniques and Applications covers this expanding field, which has many potential applications, including biomaterials. Laser surface modification of biomaterials enables the production of hybrid materials with different functionality in the bulk as well as the thin, sub-micrometer surface layer. This book will provide readers with a comprehensive review of the technology and its applications. Chapters in Part 1 look at the techniques and considerations of laser surface modification, while Part 2 reviews laser surface modification techniques of the most important classes of biomaterials, with a final set of chapters discussing application specific laser surface modification. Offers a comprehensive review of laser surface modification techniques Presents recent developments, fundamentals, and progress in laser surface modification Reviews laser surface modification applications across a range of materials Emphasizes applications in biomaterials

Magnesium Technology 2016
Author: Alok Singh
Publisher: Springer
Release Date: 2016-12-12
Pages: 402
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

The Magnesium Technology Symposium, the event on which this collection is based, is one of the largest yearly gatherings of magnesium specialists in the world. Papers represent all aspects of the field, ranging from primary production to applications to recycling. Moreover, papers explore everything from basic research findings to industrialization. Magnesium Technology 2016 covers a broad spectrum of current topics, including alloys and their properties; cast products and processing; wrought products and processing; forming, joining, and machining; corrosion and surface finishing; ecology; and structural applications. In addition, there is coverage of new and emerging applications.

Magnesium Alloys
Author: Frank Czerwinski
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date: 2011-01-14
Pages: 358
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

A resistance of magnesium alloys to surface degradation is paramount for their applications in automotive, aerospace, consumer electronics and general-purpose markets. An emphasis of this book is on oxidation, corrosion and surface modifications, designed to enhance the alloy surface stability. It covers a nature of oxides grown at elevated temperatures and oxidation characteristics of selected alloys along with elements of general and electrochemical corrosion. Medical applications are considered that explore bio-compatibility of magnesium alloys. Also techniques of surface modifications, designed to improve not only corrosion resistance but also corrosion fatigue, wear and other behaviors, are described. The book represents a valuable resource for scientists and engineers from academia and industry.

Magnesium And Its Alloys
Author: Leszek A. Dobrzanski
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date: 2019-08-01
Pages: 570
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Magnesium and Its Alloys: Technology and Applications covers a wide scope of topics related to magnesium science and engineering, from manufacturing and production to finishing and applications. This handbook contains thirteen chapters, each contributed by experts in their respective fields, and presents a broad spectrum of new information on pure magnesium, magnesium alloys, and magnesium matrix MgMCs composites. It covers such topics as computational thermodynamics, modern Mg-alloys with enhanced creep or fatigue properties, cutting-edge approaches to melt treating (grain refinement, micro-alloying, and the resulting solidification and growth), coatings, surface engineering, environmental protection (recycling and green energy storage and production), as well as biomedical applications. Aimed at researchers, professionals, and graduate students, the book conveys comprehensive and cutting-edge knowledge on magnesium alloys. It is especially useful to those in the fields of materials engineering, mechanical engineering, manufacturing engineering, and metallurgy.

Magnesium Alloys
Author: Alano Riley
Publisher:
Release Date: 2016-08-01
Pages: 290
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Metallic materials continue to play an essential role as biomaterials to assist with the repair or replacement of bone tissue that has become diseased or damaged. Metals are more suitable for load-bearing applications compared with ceramics or polymeric materials due to their combination of high mechanical strength and fracture toughness. Currently approved and commonly used metallic biomaterials include stainless steels, titanium, and cobalt-chromium-based alloys. A limitation of these current metallic biomaterials is the possible release of toxic metallic ions and/or particles through corrosion or wear processes that lead to inflammatory cascades which reduce biocompatibility and cause tissue loss. A resistance of magnesium alloys to surface degradation is paramount for their applications in automotive, aerospace, consumer electronics and general-purpose markets. The book places emphasis on oxidation, corrosion and surface modifications, designed to enhance the alloy surface stability. It covers a nature of oxides grown at elevated temperatures and oxidation characteristics of selected alloys in consort with elements of general and electrochemical corrosion. Medical applications are reflected that explore biocompatibility of magnesium alloys. Also techniques of surface modifications, designed to improve not only corrosion resistance but also corrosion fatigue, wear and other behaviors, are described. It will be a valuable resource for scientists and engineers from academia and industry. Magnesium is most commonly alloyed with other metals when being used in structural applications. Magnesium and its alloys which are chemically active can degrade naturally in the physiological environment by corrosion and are potential candidates in biodegradable hard-tissue implants. Magnesium alloys are mixtures of magnesium with other metals (called an alloy), often aluminum, zinc, manganese, silicon, copper, rare earths and zirconium. Magnesium is the lightest structural metal. Magnesium alloys have a hexagonal lattice structure, which affects the fundamental properties of these alloys.

Corrosion Prevention Of Magnesium Alloys
Author: Guang-Ling Song
Publisher: Elsevier
Release Date: 2013-02-22
Pages: 582
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Magnesium (Mg) alloys are receiving increasing attention due to their abundance, light weight, castability, formability, mechanical properties and corrosion performance. By selecting the appropriate combination of materials, coatings and surface modifications, their corrosion resistance can be greatly enhanced. Corrosion prevention of magnesium alloys is a comprehensive guide to the effective prevention of corrosion in these important light metals. Part one discusses alloying, inhibition and prevention strategies for magnesium alloys as well as corrosion and prevention principles. Part two reviews surface treatment and conversion. Beginning with an overview of surface cleaning and pre-conditioning, the book goes on to discuss the use of surface processing and alloying, laser treatments, chemical conversion and electrochemical anodization to improve the corrosion resistance of magnesium alloys. Coatings are then the focus of part three, including varied plating techniques, cold spray coatings, gel and electroless electrophoresis coatings. Finally, the book concludes in part four with a selection of case studies investigating the application of preventative techniques for both automotive and medical applications. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Corrosion prevention of magnesium alloys is a key reference tool for all those working with magnesium and its alloys, including scientists, engineers, metallurgists, aerospace and automotive professionals, and academics interested in this field. Chapters provide an overview of surface cleaning and pre-conditioning Examines processes to improve the corrosion resistance of magnesium alloys, including laser treatments and chemical conversion and electrochemical anodization Discusses cold spray, sol-gel and electrophoretic coatings

Surface Engineering Of Light Alloys
Author: Hanshan Dong
Publisher: Elsevier
Release Date: 2010-05-24
Pages: 680
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

The growing use of light alloys in industries such as aerospace, sports equipment and biomedical devices is driving research into surface engineering technologies to enhance their properties for the desired end use. Surface engineering of light alloys: Aluminium, magnesium and titanium alloys provides a comprehensive review of the latest technologies for modifying the surfaces of light alloys to improve their corrosion, wear and tribological properties. Part one discusses surface degradation of light alloys with chapters on corrosion behaviour of magnesium alloys and protection techniques, wear properties of aluminium-based alloys and tribological behaviour of titanium alloys. Part two reviews surface engineering technologies for light alloys including anodising, plasma electrolytic oxidation, thermal spraying, cold spraying, physical vapour deposition, plasma assisted surface treatment, PIII/PSII treatments, laser surface modification, ceramic conversion and duplex treatments. Part three covers applications for surface engineered light alloys including sports equipment, biomedical devices and plasma electrolytic oxidation and anodised aluminium alloys for spacecraft applications. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Surface engineering of light alloys: Aluminium, magnesium and titanium alloys is a standard reference for engineers, metallurgists and materials scientists looking for a comprehensive source of information on surface engineering of aluminium, magnesium and titanium alloys. Discusses surface degradation of light alloys considering corrosion behaviour and wear and tribological properties Examines surface engineering technologies and modification featuring plasma electrolytic oxidation treatments and both thermal and cold spraying Reviews applications for engineered light alloys in sports equipment, biomedical devices and spacecraft

Light Metals Technology 2009
Author: Matthew S. Dargusch
Publisher: Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release Date: 2009-04-17
Pages: 670
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). The aim of this special collection was to provide an opportunity for companies, academic institutions and government research agencies to share, in a collaborative manner, their new research and development work.The main focus was light metals and their applications. It is to be noted that there was a significant number of papers related to titanium research: due to the extended range of applications of titanium components and the growth in end-user demands for affordable manufacturing. As a result, the collection is truly representative of the three light metals: aluminium, magnesium and titanium; with a similar number of papers concerning each metal.

Surface Coating And Modification Of Metallic Biomaterials
Author: Cuie Wen
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
Release Date: 2015-03-31
Pages: 448
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Despite advances in alternative materials, metals are still the biomaterial of choice for a number of clinical applications such as dental, orthopedic and cardiac implants. However, there are a number of intrinsic problems associated with implanting metal in the biological environment, such as wear, corrosion, biocompatibility and toxicity, which must be addressed. Modern technology has enabled scientists to modify metal surfaces or apply special coatings to metals to improve their performance safety. Surface Coating and Modification of Metallic Biomaterials will discuss the most important modification techniques and coatings for metals, first covering the fundamentals of metals as a biomaterial and then exploring surface modification techniques and coatings. An expansive overview of surface modification techniques for biomedical use In-depth exploration of issues arising from metal biomaterial use Includes examples of applications in a clinical setting

Materials Research
Author: Zhong Wei Gu
Publisher: Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release Date: 2009-01-02
Pages: 1450
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). This collection of 258 peer-reviewed papers focuses on the topics of eco/environmental materials, energy materials, magnesium, aerospace materials and biomaterials for medical applications.

Mg Alloys Development And Surface Modification For Biomedical Application
Author: Shaokang Guan
Publisher:
Release Date: 2011
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Mg Alloys Development and Surface Modification for Biomedical Application.

THERMEC 2013
Author: B. Mishra
Publisher: Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release Date: 2014-05-23
Pages: 2938
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Collection of selected, peer reviewed papers from THERMEC 2013, 8th International Conference on PROCESSING & MANUFACTURING OF ADVANCED MATERIALS Processing, Fabrication, Properties, Applications, December 2-6, 2013, Las Vegas, USA. The 470 papers are grouped as follows: Chapter 1: Al Alloys, Chapter 2: Mg Alloys (Prof Karl U. Kainer Symposium), Chapter 3: Ti Alloys/ Aerospace Structural Metallic Materials, Chapter 4: Steels, Chapter 5: TMP Microalloyed Steels (Prof. A. J. DeArdo Symposium), Chapter 6: High & Ultra High Temperature Materials, Chapter 7: Bio Materials, Chapter 8: Advanced Protective Coatings/Surface Engineering, Chapter 9: Composites (MMC, CMC)/ Nanocomposites/ Synthetic & Foams), Chapter 10: Interfaces & Grain Boundaries, Chapter 11: Fuel Cells, Hydrogen Storage Technologies, Batteries, Supercapacitors & Thermoelectric Materials, Chapter 12: Friction Stir Processing/Welding, Chapter 13: Materials Under Extreme Conditions, Chapter 14: Metallic Glasses/ Bulk Metallic Amorphous Materials, Chapter 15: Nanomaterials for Structural & Energy Applications, Chapter 16: Neutron Scattering & X-Ray Studies of Advanced Materials, Chapter 17: Modelling & Simulation, Chapter 18: Materials Performance, Chapter 19: Smart/Intelligent Materials & Processes, Chapter 20: Texture of Materials (Prof. G. Gottstein Symposium), Chapter 21: Ultra-Fine – Grained Materials (Prof. T. G. Langdon Symposium), Chapter 22: Welding & Joining of Advanced and Special Materials

Progress In Light Metals  Aerospace Materials And Superconductors
Author: Ya Fang Han
Publisher: Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release Date: 2007-05-15
Pages: 2420
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

This immense 4 volume set comprises 495 peer-reviewed papers, divided into four parts: Magnesium (Part 1), Aluminum Alloys (Part 2), Aerospace Materials (Part 3) and Superconducting and Functional Materials (Part 4).

THERMEC 2016
Author: C. Sommitsch
Publisher: Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release Date: 2016-11-15
Pages: 2720
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

This book presents the proceedings of the 9-th International Conference on Processing and Manufacturing of Advanced Materials – THERMEC’2016, which took place between May 29 and June 3, 2016 in Graz, Austria, under the co-sponsorship of The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society (TMS), USA. The Conference was also under the international auspices of professional organizations from Japan, Korea, France, Italy, The Netherlands, Germany, Brazil, Austria, India, and Canada. The Conference was intended to bring together the researchers and engineers/technologists working in different aspects of processing, fabrication, structure/property evaluation and applications of both ferrous and nonferrous materials including biomaterials, and smart/intelligent materials as well as the advanced characterisation techniques. In addition to the contributed papers, the conference committee included in the final program the invited presentations by active researchers from various countries in several topic areas covered at THERMEC’2016.

Surface Engineering Of Light Alloys
Author: H. Dong
Publisher:
Release Date: 2010
Pages: 680
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Annotation This authoritative book provides a comprehensive review of the various surface engineering techniques employed to improve the properties of light alloys, focussing on titanium, magnesium and aluminium alloys. It reviews surface related degradation of light alloys and covers surface engineering technologies in detail. The book includes chapters on corrosion behaviour of Mg alloys, anodising treatments of Mg alloys, micro-arc oxidation of light alloys, physical vapour deposition of light alloys, PIII/PSII of light alloys; laser surface modification of Ti alloys, plasma nitriding of Ti and Al alloys, duplex surface treatments of light alloys and biomedical devices using Ti alloys.

Magnesium Biomaterials
Author: Nicholas Travis Kirkland
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2013-10-12
Pages: 132
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Magnesium Biomaterials provides a succinct up-to-date overview of Magnesium biomaterial development, critically examines the types of in vitro experiments that may be performed, and investigates the numerous variables that affect Magnesium biodegradation when undertaking these experiments. This work also discusses the direction in which current Magnesium biomaterial development is heading and the necessary steps for future development of this field. Information is drawn from numerous multi-disciplinary sources to provide a coherent and critical overview. Magnesium Biomaterials is ideal for researchers in the area of bio-Mg, companies interested in exploring their own alloys, and for researchers working with other biodegradable materials who are seeking a cross-platform understanding of material performance.

Advanced Manufacturing Technology  ADME 2011
Author: Jian Gao
Publisher: Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release Date: 2011-08-16
Pages: 2740
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

This collection of peer-reviewed papers covers the subject areas of surface engineering/coatings, modeling, analysis and simulation of manufacturing processes, materials processing technology, mechanical behavior and fracture, computer-aided materials design, tooling testing and evaluation of materials, thermal engineering theory and applications, CAM/CAE, high-speed/precision machining and inspection technology, micro-machining technology, laser processing technology, bionic mechanisms and bio-manufacturing, digital manufacture and management, and other related topics. The work thus provides a thorough and up-to-date coverage of the topics. Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS).