|Author||: Roberto Mediavilla|
|Release Date||: 2017|
|Available Language||: English, Spanish, And French|
ObjectiveTo test associations between mindful disposition, social cognition, and social functioning, in a sample of people with schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSDs) enrolled in a mindfulness-based social cognition training.BackgroundReal-life outcomes are becoming more relevant as a measure of the effectiveness of interventions. People with SSDs often have difficulties engaging in daily activities and spending time with their peers, which are core elements of social functioning (Palumbo et al., 2015). Social cognition is a core predictor of social functioning (Green et al., 2015), but no mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) targeting aspects of social cognition have been developed for people with psychosis.Materials and MethodsA sample of 30 participants with SSDs was included. Theory of mind was measured with the short version of the Hinting Task and with the Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test (RMET). Attributional Style was measured with the Attribution of Intentions and Hostility Questionnaire (AIHQ). Mindful Attention and Awareness Scale (MAAS) measured mindful disposition. Finally, social functioning was evaluated with Personal and Social Performance (PSP). Results and ConclusionsPearson correlations are shown in Figure 1. In keeping with previous reports, social cognition was moderately associated with social functioning (Couture et al., 2006). Hinting Task and RMET assess mental state attribution, and its association was expected (Browne et al., 2016); on the other hand, they were not associated with attributional style. Further, MAAS was linked to attributional style, but not with mental state attribution. We hypothesized that an MBI should focus on attributional bias rather than theory of mind in order to improve social functioning.ReferencesGreen, M. F., Horan, W. P., & Lee, J. (2015). Social cognition in schizophrenia. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 16(10), 620u2013631. https://doi.org/10.1038/nrn4005Palumbo, C., Volpe, U., Matanov, A., Priebe, S., & Giacco, D. (2015). Social networks of patients with psychosis: A systematic review Psychiatry. BMC Research Notes, 8(1), 1u201312. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13104-015-1528-7Browne, J., Penn, D. L., Raykov, T., Pinkham, A. E., Kelsven, S., Buck, B., & Harvey, P. D. (2016). Social cognition in schizophrenia: Factor structure of emotion processing and theory of mind. Psychiatry Research, 242, 150u2013156. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2016.05.034Couture, S. M., Penn, D. L., & Roberts, D. L. (2006). The functional significance of social cognition in schizophrenia: A review. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 32(SUPPL.1), 44u201363. https://doi.org/10.1093/schbul/sbl029.