social aspects of drug discovery development and commercialization

Social Aspects Of Drug Discovery  Development And Commercialization
Author: Odilia Osakwe
Publisher: Academic Press
Release Date: 2016-02-18
Pages: 324
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Social Aspects of Drug Discovery, Development and Commercialization provides an insightful analysis of the drug discovery and development landscape as it relates to society. This book examines the scientific, legal, philosophical, economic, political, ethical and cultural factors that contribute to drug development. The pharmaceutical industry is under scrutiny to develop safer and more effective drugs in a quicker and more affordable manner. Recent criticism and debates have emphasized varying opinions on the issues concerning the drug discovery and development process. This book provides thoughtful and valuable discussions and analysis of the social challenges and potential opportunities through all stages of the pharmaceutical process, from inception through marketing. With a unique focus on the social factors that increasingly play a role in how drug development is planned, structured, and executed throughout the drug product lifecycle, this is an essential resource for students, professors, and researchers who seek a better understanding of the interface between the pharmaceutical industry, health care systems, and society. Organized in a sequence of interrelated theories and principles that provide the foundation for increased understanding of the relevant social aspects Includes analysis of important new advances, key scientific and strategic issues, and overviews of recent progress in drug development Provides a global perspective with examples from developed areas, such as the US, Japan, Canada and Europe, as well as faster-growing and emerging economies including Brazil, Russia, India, and China Serves as an essential resource for students, professors, and researchers who seek a better understanding of the interface between the pharmaceutical industry, health care systems, and society

Advertising Theory
Author: Shelly Rodgers
Publisher: Routledge
Release Date: 2019-04-15
Pages: 548
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Advertising Theory provides detailed and current explorations of key theories in the advertising discipline. The volume gives a working knowledge of the primary theoretical approaches of advertising, offering a comprehensive synthesis of the vast literature in the area. Editors Shelly Rodgers and Esther Thorson have developed this volume as a forum in which to compare, contrast, and evaluate advertising theories in a comprehensive and structured presentation. With new chapters on forms of advertising, theories, and concepts, and an emphasis on the role of new technology, this new edition is uniquely positioned to provide detailed overviews of advertising theory. Utilizing McGuire’s persuasion matrix as the structural model for each chapter, the text offers a wider lens through which to view the phenomenon of advertising as it operates within various environments. Within each area of advertising theory—and across advertising contexts—both traditional and non-traditional approaches are addressed, including electronic word-of-mouth advertising, user-generated advertising, and social media advertising contexts. This new edition includes a balance of theory and practice that will help provide a working knowledge of the primary theoretical approaches and will help readers synthesize the vast literature on advertising with the in-depth understanding of practical case studies and examples within every chapter. It also looks at mobile advertising in a broader context beyond the classroom and explores new areas such as native advertising, political advertising, mobile advertising, and digital video gaming.

Nucleic Acids As Gene Anticancer Drug Delivery Therapy
Author: Loutfy H. Madkour
Publisher: Academic Press
Release Date: 2019-08-27
Pages: 650
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Nucleic Acids as Gene Anticancer Drug Delivery Therapy highlights the most recent developments in cancer treatment using nucleic acids, nanoparticles and polymer nanoparticles for genomic nanocarriers as drug delivery, including promising opportunities for targeted and combination therapy. The development of a wide spectrum of nanoscale technologies is beginning to change the scientific landscape in terms of disease diagnosis, treatment, and prevention. This book presents the use of nanotechnology for medical applications, focusing on its use for anticancer drug delivery. Various intelligent drug delivery systems such as inorganic nanoparticles and polymer-based drug delivery are discussed. The use of smart drug delivery systems seems to be a promising approach for developing intelligent therapeutic systems for cancer immunotherapies and is discussed in detail along with nucleic acid-targeted drug delivery combination therapy for cancer. Nucleic Acids as Gene Anticancer Drug Delivery Therapy will be a useful reference for pharmaceutical scientists, pharmacologiests, and those involved in nanotechnology and cancer research. Discusses intelligent drug delivery systems such as inorganic nanoparticles and polymer-based drug delivery Contains a comprehensive comparison of various delivery systems, listing their advantages and limitations Presents combination therapy as a new hope for enhancing current gene-based treatment efficacy

Report Of The International Narcotics Control Board For 2018
Author: International Narcotics Control Board
Publisher: United Nations
Release Date: 2019-07-23
Pages: 140
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

This annual report prepared by The Board provides a comprehensive account of the global drug situation, analyses trends in drug abuse and drug trafficking and suggests necessary remedial action. Divided into four parts, it covers the following topics: drugs and corruption, functioning of the international drug control system, analysis of the world situation and finally, a set of recommendations to governments, the United Nations and other relevant international and regional organizations. A set of Annexes follows.

Innovation And Marketing In The Pharmaceutical Industry
Author: Min Ding
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2013-10-31
Pages: 768
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

The pharmaceutical industry is one of today’s most dynamic and complex industries, involving commercialization of cutting-edge scientific research, a huge web of stakeholders (from investors to doctors), multi-stage supply chains, fierce competition in the race to market, and a challenging regulatory environment. The stakes are high, with each new product raising the prospect of spectacular success—or failure. Worldwide revenues are approaching $1 trillion; in the U.S. alone, marketing for pharmaceutical products is, itself, a multi-billion dollar industry. In this volume, the editors showcase contributions from experts around the world to capture the state of the art in research, analysis, and practice, and covering the full spectrum of topics relating to innovation and marketing, including R&D, promotion, pricing, branding, competitive strategy, and portfolio management. Chapters include such features as: · An extensive literature review, including coverage of research from fields other than marketing · an overview of how practitioners have addressed the topic · introduction of relevant analytical tools, such as statistics and ethnographic studies · suggestions for further research by scholars and students The result is a comprehensive, state-of-the-art resource that will be of interest to researchers, policymakers, and practitioners, alike.

The Commercial Use Of Biodiversity
Author: Kerry Ten Kate
Publisher: Routledge
Release Date: 2019-09-18
Pages: 414
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Originally published in 1999 The Commercial Use of Biodiversity examines how biodiversity and the genetic material it contains are now as valuable resources. Access to genetic resources and their commercial development involve a wide range of parties such as conservation and research institutes, local communities, government agencies and companies. Equitable partnerships are not only crucial to conservation and economic development but are also in the interests of business and often required by law. In this authoritative and comprehensive volume, the authors explain the provisions of the Convention on Biological Diversity on access and benefit-sharing, the effect of national laws to implement these, and aspects of typical contracts for the transfer of materials. They provide a unique sector-by-sector analysis of how genetic resources are used, the scientific, technological and regulatory trends and the different markets in Pharmaceuticals, Botanical Medicines, Crop Development, Horticulture, Crop Protection, Biotechnology (in fields other than healthcare and agriculture) and Personal Care and Cosmetics Products. This will be an essential sourcebook for all those in the commercial chain, from raw material collection to product discovery, development and marketing, for governments and policy-makers drafting laws on access and for all the institutions, communities and individuals involved in the conservation, use, study and commercialisation of genetic resources.

Drug Discovery And Development   E Book
Author: Raymond G Hill
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Release Date: 2012-07-20
Pages: 368
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

The modern pharmacopeia has enormous power to alleviate disease, and owes its existence almost entirely to the work of the pharmaceutical industry. This book provides an introduction to the way the industry goes about the discovery and development of new drugs. The first part gives a brief historical account from its origins in the mediaeval apothecaries’ trade, and discusses the changing understanding of what we mean by disease, and what therapy aims to achieve, as well as summarising case histories of the discovery and development of some important drugs. The second part focuses on the science and technology involved in the discovery process: the stages by which a promising new chemical entity is identified, from the starting point of a medical need and an idea for addressing it. A chapter on biopharmaceuticals, whose discovery and development tend to follow routes somewhat different from synthetic compounds, is included here, as well as accounts of patent issues that arise in the discovery phase, and a chapter on research management in this environment. The third section of the book deals with drug development: the work that has to be undertaken to turn the drug candidate that emerges from the discovery process into a product on the market. The definitive introduction to how a pharmaceutical company goes about its business of discovering and developing drugs. The second edition has a new editor: Professor Raymond Hill ● non-executive director of Addex Pharmaceuticals, Covagen and of Orexo AB ● Visiting Industrial Professor of Pharmacology in the University of Bristol ● Visiting Professor in the School of Medical and Health Sciences at the University of Surrey ● Visiting Professor in Physiology and Pharmacology at the University of Strathclyde ● President and Chair of the Council of the British Pharmacological Society ● member of the Nuffield Council on Bioethics and the Advisory Council on Misuse of Drugs. New to this edition: Completely rewritten chapter on The Role of Medicinal Chemistry in the Drug Discovery Process. New topic - DMPK Optimization Strategy in drug discovery. New chapter on Scaffolds: Small globular proteins as antibody substitutes. Totally updated chapters on Intellectual Property and Marketing 50 new illustrations in full colour Features Accessible, general guide to pharmaceutical research and development. Examines the interfaces between cost and social benefit, quality control and mass production, regulatory bodies, patent management, and all interdisciplinary intersections essential to effective drug development. Written by a strong team of scientists with long experience in the pharmaceutical industry. Solid overview of all the steps from lab bench to market in an easy-to-understand way which will be accessible to non-specialists. From customer reviews of the previous edition: ‘... it will have everything you need to know on this module. Deeply referenced and, thus, deeply reliable. Highly Commended in the medicine category of the BMA 2006 medical book competition Winner of the Royal Society of Medicine Library Prize for Medical Book of the Year

Issues In Pharmacology  Pharmacy  Drug Research  And Drug Innovation  2011 Edition
Author:
Publisher: ScholarlyEditions
Release Date: 2012-01-09
Pages: 4229
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Issues in Pharmacology, Pharmacy, Drug Research, and Drug Innovation: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Pharmacology, Pharmacy, Drug Research, and Drug Innovation. The editors have built Issues in Pharmacology, Pharmacy, Drug Research, and Drug Innovation: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Pharmacology, Pharmacy, Drug Research, and Drug Innovation in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Pharmacology, Pharmacy, Drug Research, and Drug Innovation: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Intellectual Property  Entrepreneurship And Social Justice
Author: Lateef Mtima
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Release Date: 2015-02-27
Pages: 320
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

In the Information Age, historically marginalized groups and developing nations continue to strive for socio-economic empowerment within the global community. Their ultimate success largely depends upon their ability to develop, protect, and exploit th

Encyclopaedia Of Occupational Health And Safety
Author: Jeanne Mager Stellman
Publisher: International Labour Organization
Release Date: 1998
Pages: 1253
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Incentives For Global Public Health
Author: Thomas Pogge
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release Date: 2010-06-24
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

This portrait of the global debate over patent law and access to essential medicines focuses on public health concerns about HIV/AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis, the SARS virus, influenza, and diseases of poverty. The essays explore the diplomatic negotiations and disputes in key international fora, such as the World Trade Organization, the World Health Organization and the World Intellectual Property Organization. Drawing upon international trade law, innovation policy, intellectual property law, health law, human rights and philosophy, the authors seek to canvass policy solutions which encourage and reward worthwhile pharmaceutical innovation while ensuring affordable access to advanced medicines. A number of creative policy options are critically assessed, including the development of a Health Impact Fund, prizes for medical innovation, the use of patent pools, open-source drug development and forms of 'creative capitalism'.

Backpacker Tourism And Economic Development
Author: Mark P. Hampton
Publisher: Routledge
Release Date: 2013-07-18
Pages: 166
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

There has been a phenomenal growth of backpacker tourism from the overland routes to India in the 1960s, to present-day backpacker tourism across the less developed world. As a result there has been significant economic development impacts of backpacker tourism upon local communities especially in areas with the largest concentrations of backpackers (South and South-East Asia particularly Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia and India), as well as increasingly in Latin America. This volume provides a focused review of the economic development impacts of backpacker tourism in developing regions furthering knowledge on how backpacker tourism can play a crucial role in development strategies in these areas. First, it reviews the origins of the backpackers with a detailed examination of their "hippy" predecessors on the overland trail, before discussing the emergence of modern backpackers including social and cultural aspects, and how new technologies are changing their experience. It then analyses the powerful economic development impacts of backpackers on local host communities in cities and rural areas with a special focus on coastal destinations. Extensive case study material is used from backpacker destinations across Asia, Latin America and Africa. In doing so the book provides original insights into how backpacker tourism is highly significant for poverty alleviation and effective local development since it has strong linkages to the local economy, and less economic leakage than conventional tourism. Written by a leading academic in this area, this volume will be of interest to students of Tourism and Development Studies.

Progress In Drug Research
Author:
Publisher:
Release Date: 1968
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Social Aspects Of The Medical Use Of Psychotropic Drugs
Author: Addiction Research Foundation of Ontario
Publisher: Alcoholism and Drug Addiction Research Foundation
Release Date: 1974
Pages: 179
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Ethnomedicine And Drug Discovery
Author: M.M. Iwu
Publisher: Elsevier
Release Date: 2002-03-01
Pages: 344
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

The emergence of new infectious, chronic and drug resistant diseases have prompted scientists to look towards medicinal plants as agents for treatment and prevention. This book provides an interphase between ethnomedical and ethnobotanical approaches to new drug discovery and advances in biotechnology and molecular science that has made it increasingly feasible to transform traditional medicines into modern drugs. These novel approaches also raise new issues and the volume explores economic, ethical and policy considerations of drug development based on indigenous knowledge or traditional medicine. This work also features standardization and development of phytomedicines for major therapeutic indications, including emerging infectious diseases affecting developing and developed countries. The publication provides state-of-the-art information on the most innovative science, the research, the industry, the market, and the future of ethnomedicine and drug discovery.

Social Marketing And Public Health
Author: Jeff French
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release Date: 2010
Pages: 351
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Social marketing uses established commercial marketing tools and principles to influence behaviour change, and is increasingly becoming a major tool in health promotion. This book will provide an international account of the theory and practice behind social marketing.

Abstracts On Rural Development In The Tropics
Author:
Publisher:
Release Date: 1994
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Federal Funding Sources For Rural Areas  1998
Author: M. Louise Reynnells
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Release Date: 1997-06
Pages: 128
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Lists federal funding programs available to rural areas which were selected from the Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance 1997. Provides extensive listings of federal assistance programs; national, regional, and local office contacts; and grant application procedures, from: the Appalachian Regional Comm.; Depts. of Agriculture, Commerce, Defense, Education, and Energy; EPA; FEMA; Depts. of Health and Human Services, Justice, Labor, Interior, and Transportation; HUD; NEA; National Foundation on the Arts and the Humanities; SBA; TVA; and the Corporation for National and Community Service.

The Times Of India Directory And Year Book Including Who S Who
Author:
Publisher:
Release Date: 1983
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Poor People S Knowledge
Author: J. Michael Finger
Publisher: World Bank Publications
Release Date: 2004-01-29
Pages: 300
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

How can we help poor people earn more from their knowledge rather than from their sweat and muscle alone? This book is about increasing the earnings of poor people in poor countries from their innovation, knowledge, and creative skills. Case studies look at the African music industry; traditional crafts and ways to prevent counterfeit crafts designs; the activities of fair trade organizations; biopiracy and the commercialization of ethnobotanical knowledge; the use of intellectual property laws and other tools to protect traditional knowledge. The contributors' motivation is sometimes to maintain the art and culture of poor people, but they recognize that except in a museum setting, no traditional skill can live on unless it has a viable market. Culture and commerce more often complement than conflict in the cases reviewed here. The book calls attention to the unwritten half of the World Trade Organization's Agreement on the Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property (TRIPS). TRIPS is about knowledge that industrial countries own, and which poor people buy. This book is about knowledge that poor people in poor countries generate and have to sell. It will be of interest to students and scholars of international trade and law, and to anyone with an interest in ways developing countries can find markets for cultural, intellectual, and traditional knowledge.