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In this engaging and accessibly written book, Population Health in America weaves demographic data with social theory and research to help students understand health patterns and trends in the U.S. population. While life expectancy was estimated to be just 37 years in the United States in 1870, today it is more than twice as long, at over 78 years. Yet today, life expectancy in the U.S. lags behind almost all other wealthy countries. Within the U.S., there are substantial social inequalities in health and mortality: women live longer but less healthier lives than men; African Americans and Native Americans live far shorter lives than Asian Americans and White Americans; and socioeconomic inequalities in health have been widening over the past 20 years. What accounts for these population health patterns and trends? Inviting students to delve into population health trends and disparities, demographers Robert Hummer and Erin Hamilton provide an easily understandable historical and contemporary portrait of U.S. population health. Perfect for courses such as population health, medical or health sociology, social epidemiology, health disparities, demography, and others, as well as for academic researchers and lay persons interested in better understanding the overall health of the country, Population Health in America also challenges students, academics, and the public to understand current health policy priorities and to ask whether considerably different directions are needed.
POPULATION HEALTH SCIENCE formalizes an emerging discipline at the crossroads of social and medical sciences, demography, and economics--an emerging approach to population studies that represents a seismic shift in how traditional health sciences measure and observe health events. Bringing together theories and methods from diverse fields, this text provides grounding in the factors that shape population health. The overall approach is one of consequentialist science: designing creative studies that identify causal factors in health with multidisciplinary rigor. Distilled into nine foundational principles, this book guides readers through population science studies that strategically incorporate: · macrosocial factors · multilevel, lifecourse, and systems theories · prevention science fundamentals · return on investment · equity and efficiency Harnessing the power of scientific inquiry and codifying the knowledge base for a burgeoning field, POPULATION HEALTH SCIENCE arms readers with tools to shift the curve of population health.
This issue of Primary Care: Clinics in Office Practice, guest edited by Drs. Anthony J. Viera and Devdutta Sangvai, is devoted to Population Health. Articles in this issue include: What is Population Health?; Measuring Health; Prevention as a Population Health Strategy; Value-Based Care; The Business Case for Population Health Management; Primary Care Transformation; Patient Engagement; Quality Improvement Principles and Practice; Lean Management; Population Health and AMCs: High cost meets high efficiency; Models of Population Health Management; Tools for Population Health Management; Clinically Integrated Networks; Assessing and Addressing Social Determinants of Health; and Population Health Policies.
Instructor Resources: Test bank; presentation PowerPoint slides, answer guides to discussion questions, exercises, and assignments, and resource lists. The field of population health examines a diverse range of environmental, physical, and cultural conditions that occur within populations; considers the health outcomes influenced by these conditions; and seeks the development of policies and interventions to improve health and minimize health inequities in an efficient and affordable manner. Population Health: Principles and Applications for Management provides the building blocks for taking a population health approach, which represents a new way of promoting health, preventing disease, and navigating public health and healthcare challenges in an ever-changing environment. The book explains the key principles, skills, and applications of public health; describes how a healthcare administrator can use epidemiology, the basic science of public health, to understand and address the needs of communities; and then synthesizes this information to provide an introduction to population health management. Key topics include the following: The core functions of public health Public health system organization Descriptive and analytic epidemiology Health determinants and their impacts Methods for assessing the health of a community Applications of managerial epidemiology Elements of a data-driven approach to population health Bolstered by a variety of case studies and exercises, this book provides students with a conceptual framework that can be further developed and expanded through subsequent experiences in the workplace. Although the specific public health and healthcare issues facing communities will inevitably change over time, this framework will remain essential to efforts to improve the health of populations.
Population Health is an integrated book that makes use of principles and concepts from the fields of epidemiology, demography, sociology, and anthropology. It arose from a graduate course on the principles of epidemiology that the author taught over the past decade. It is organized around the key objectives of measuring the health status of populations, assessing population health risks and inferring causation, and planning and evaluating population health interventions. The text emphasizes basic concepts and methods and makes use of case studies, exercises, and boxes to introduce students to the full range of population health issues seen in the literature. It is designed for use in introductory/intermediate courses in epidemiology, public health, and health policy and management.
Population health encompasses traditional public health and preventive medicine but emphasizes the full range of health determinants affecting the entire population rather than only ill or high-risk individuals. The population health approach integrates the social and biological, the quantitative and qualitative, recognizing the importance of social and cultural factors in practice and research. This text is organized around the logical sequence of studying and attempting to improve the health of populations; measuring health status and disease burden, identifying and modeling health determinants, assessing health risks and inferring causation, designing research studies, planning interventions, and evaluating health programs. The second edition incorporates many new topics that reflect changes in contemporary public health concerns and our response to them; as well as shifts in research directions. These include lifecourse approaches to health, gene-environment interactions, emergent infections, and bioterrorism. Among the specific changes are new or expanded discussions of confidence intervals for commonly used rates, the impact of population aging on mortality trends, health survey questionnaires, summary measures of population health, the new International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, migrant studies, race and ethinicity, psychoneuroendocrine pathways, social epidemiology, risk perception, communicating the SARS epidemic, ecologic studies, the odds radio, paticipatory research, suicide, evidence-based community interventions, evaluation methods and health economics, the Cochrane Collaboration, and systemic reviews. The many positive features of the first edition have been retained, such as the extensive use of boxes, case studies, and exercises; the selection of examples representing a variety of health problems, geographic regions, and historical periods; and a multidisciplinary orientation bridging the quantitative and qualitative, the social and biomedical sciences. The book aims to spark a new kind of broad-based training for researchers and practitioners of population health.
In October 2016, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine's Roundtable on Population Health Improvement hosted a workshop to explore sustainable financing structures that reflect a recognition of the health and non-health factors that shape the well-being of U.S. communities. The goals of the workshop were to learn from the long-term, sustainable financing strategies used in other sectors, to explore how those approaches could be applied to population health, and to consider structures that work across sectors. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.
Provider-Led Population Health Management: Key Healthcare Strategies in the Cognitive Era, Second Edition draws connections among the new care-delivery models, the components of population health management, and the types of health IT that are required to support those components. The key concept that ties all of this together is that PHM requires a high degree of automation to reach everyone in a population, engage those patients in self-care, and maximize the chance that they will receive the proper preventive, chronic, and acute care. While this book is intended for healthcare executives and policy experts, anyone who is interested in health care can learn something from its exploration of the major issues that are stirring health care today. In the end, the momentous changes going on in health care will affect us all.