phenotyping crop plants for physiological and biochemical traits

Phenotyping Crop Plants For Physiological And Biochemical Traits
Author: P. Sudhakar
Publisher: Academic Press
Release Date: 2016-04-05
Pages: 194
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Phenotyping Crop Plants for Physiological and Biochemical Traits presents a proven range of methodologies and practices for effective, efficient, and appropriate typing of crop plants. By addressing the basic principles and precautions needed when conducting crop-based experiments, this book guides the reader in selecting the appropriate method based on the growing environment, whether greenhouse, pot, field, or liquid (hydroponic). By addressing the quantification of seed traits related to growth experiments, including their viability and vigor, this book presents methodology options for optimum yield based on potential abiotic stresses. Discusses various methods that can contribute to phenotyping of crop plants for various physiological and biochemical traits Presents reliable techniques for phenotyping or quantifying plant characters during varied climatic conditions Provides insights for selecting appropriate methodologies for specific crop growing situations Identifies the most appropriate protocols and methods for analyzing crop traits

Phenomics In Crop Plants  Trends  Options And Limitations
Author: Jitendra Kumar
Publisher: Springer
Release Date: 2015-03-05
Pages: 296
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Identification of desirable genotypes with traits of interest is discernible for making genetic improvement of crop plants. In this direction, screening of a large number of germplasm for desirable traits and transfer of identified traits into agronomic backgrounds through recombination breeding is the common breeding approach. Although visual screening is easier for qualitative traits, its use is not much effective for quantitative traits and also for those, which are difficult to score visually. Therefore, it is imperative to phenotype the germplasm accessions and breeding materials precisely using high throughput phenomics tools for challenging and complex traits under natural, controlled and harsh environmental conditions. Realizing the importance of phenotyping data towards identification and utilization of a germplasm as donors, global scientific community has exerted increased focus on advancing phenomics in crop plants leading to development of a number of techniques and methodologies for screening of agronomic, physiological, and biochemical traits. These technologies have now become much advanced and entered the era of digital science. This book provides exhaustive information on various aspects related to phenotyping of crop plants and offers a most comprehensive reference on the developments made in traditional and high throughput phenotyping of agricultural crops.

Biotic And Abiotic Stress Tolerance In Plants
Author: Sharad Vats
Publisher: Springer
Release Date: 2018-06-11
Pages: 386
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

This book highlights some of the most important biochemical, physiological and molecular aspects of plant stress, together with the latest updates. It is divided into 14 chapters, written by eminent experts from around the globe and highlighting the effects of plant stress (biotic and abiotic) on the photosynthetic apparatus, metabolites, programmed cell death, germination etc. In turn, the role of beneficial elements, glutathione-S-transferase, phosphite and nitric oxide in the adaptive response of plants under stress and as a stimulator of better plant performance is also discussed. A dedicated chapter addresses research advances in connection with Capsicum, a commercially important plant, and stress tolerance, from classical breeding to the recent use of large-scale transcriptome and genome sequencing technologies. The book also explores the significance of the liliputians of the plant kingdom (Bryophytes) as biomonitors/bioindicators, and general and specialized bioinformatics resources that can benefit anyone working in the field of plant stress biology. Given the information compiled here, the book will offer a valuable guide for students and researchers of plant molecular biology and stress physiology alike.

Intelligent Image Analysis For Plant Phenotyping
Author: Ashok Samal
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date: 2020-10-21
Pages: 326
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Domesticated crops are the result of artificial selection for particular phenotypes or, in some cases, natural selection for an adaptive trait. Plant traits can be identified through image-based plant phenotyping, a process that was, until recently, strenous and time-consuming. Intelligent Image Analysis for Plant Phenotyping reviews information on time-saving techniques, using computer vision and imaging technologies. These methodologies provide an automated, non-invasive, and scalable mechanism by which to define and collect plant phenotypes. Beautifully illustrated, with numerous color images, the book focuses on phenotypes measured from individual plants under controlled experimental conditions, which are widely available in high-throughput systems. Features: Presents methodologies for image processing, including data-driven and machine learning techniques for plant phenotyping. Features information on advanced techniques for extracting phenotypes through images and image sequences captured in a variety of modalities. Includes real-world scientific problems, including predicting yield by modeling interactions between plant data and environmental information. Discusses the challenge of translating images into biologically informative quantitative phenotypes. A practical resource for students, researchers, and practitioners, this book is invaluable for those working in the emerging fields at the intersection of computer vision and plant sciences.

Phenomics
Author: John Doonan
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Release Date: 2018-11-08
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

"Phenomics" is an emerging area of research whose aspiration is the systematic measurement of the physical, physiological and biochemical traits (the phenome) belonging to a given individual or collection of individuals. Non-destructive or minimally invasive techniques allow repeated measurements across time to follow phenotypes as a function of developmental time. These longitudinal traits promise new insights into the ways in which crops respond to their environment including how they are managed. To maximize the benefit, these approaches should ideally be scalable so that large populations in multiple environments can be sampled repeatedly at reasonable cost. Thus, the development and validation of non-contact sensing technologies remains an area of intensive activity that ranges from Remote Sensing of crops within the landscape to high resolution at the subcellular level. Integration of this potentially highly dimensional data and linking it with variation at the genetic level is an ongoing challenge that promises to release the potential of both established and under-exploited crops.

Crop Breeding For Drought Resistance
Author: Lijun Luo
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Release Date: 2019-07-12
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Genetic Engineering Of Crop Plants For Abiotic Stress
Author:
Publisher:
Release Date: 2002
Pages: 98
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Crop Responses To Global Warming
Author: Dinesh Chandra Uprety
Publisher: Springer
Release Date: 2016-09-13
Pages: 125
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

The monograph entitled “Crop responses to Global warming” describes the normal historical shifts in the earth’s atmospheric temperature and weighs the evidence concerning anthropogenic induced changes in the level of temperature. The unprecedented increase in the earth’s temperature after pre industrial period has been possibly related to the anthropogenic activities. This monograph will give an overview of the global as well as Indian crops productivity in relation to the rise in the earth’s surface temperature. A chapter in this monograph is on the technologies to study the response of crop plants to the elevated temperature. The impact assessment analysis of rising temperature on crops such as wheat, rice, maize, soybean, cotton and brassica are described, reviewed and discussed in separate chapters as case studies. The responses of physiological processes and biochemical reactions to the elevated temperature in crop plants are described crop wise. The monograph also includes the impact of elevating temperature on crop weed interaction, pest and diseases and soil dynamics for each crop species independently. The mitigation technologies to counter the adverse effect of high temperature stress are described for each crop according to their cultivation and climatic conditions. The future research strategies for each crop to meet the threat of elevating temperature on crop productivity and food security is described and discussed. The description of temperature enrichment technologies will help researchers and scientists to study the responses of biological materials to rising temperature. The monograph will be the main text for teaching climate change, global warming and environmental botany as no such book is currently available relating to the rising atmospheric temperature on crop plants. Therefore, the monograph will be highly useful for students of global climate change, environmental botany and agricultural sciences, scientists, researchers, farmers and policy makers

Forage Legumes For Energy Efficient Animal Production
Author: Robert F. Barnes
Publisher:
Release Date: 1985
Pages: 323
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Physiology And Biotechnology Integration For Plant Breeding
Author: Henry T. Nguyen
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date: 2004-01-14
Pages: 700
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Global demand for wheat, rice, corn, and other essential grains is expected to steadily rise over the next twenty years. Meeting this demand by increasing production through increased land use is not very likely; and while better crop management may make a marginal difference, most agriculture experts agree that this anticipated deficit must be made up through increased crop yields. The first resource of its kind, Physiology and Biotechnology Integration for Plant Breeding assembles current research in crop plant physiology, plant biotechnology, and plant breeding that is aimed toward improving crop plants genetically while supporting a productive agriculture ecosystem. Highly comprehensive, this reference provides access to the most innovative perspectives in crop physiology – with a special emphasis on molecular approaches – aimed at the formulation of those crop cultivars that offer the greatest potential to increase crop yields in stress environments. Surveys the current state of the field, as well as modern options and avenues for plant breeders and biotechnologists interested in augmenting crop yield and stability With the contributions of plant scientists from all corners of the globe who are actively involved in meeting this important challenge, Physiology and Biotechnology Integration for Plant Breeding provides readers with the background information needed to understand this cutting-edge work, as well as detailed information on present and potential applications. While the first half of the book establishes and fully explains the link between crop physiology and molecular biology, the second part explores the application of biotechnology in the effective delivery of the high yield and environmentally stable crop plants needed to avert the very real possibility of worldwide hunger.

Environmental Stress In Crop Plants
Author: G. S. Dhaliwal
Publisher: Commonwealth Publishers (India)
Release Date: 1999
Pages: 315
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Advances In Plant Physiology  Vol  17
Author: A. Hemantaranjan
Publisher: Scientific Publishers
Release Date: 2017-04-01
Pages: 466
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

The conception of Volume 17 of the International Treatise Series on Advances in Plant Physiology has been made possible entirely due to worthy contributions from World Scientists, teachers and researchers of eminence in unequivocal fields. Scientists are well in search of specific and complete literature pertaining to meaningful research for the holistic development of agriculture. The undertaking of this Treatise Series on Plant Physiology is to genuinely categorize the insufficiencies in view of mounting consequential researches for increasing productivity, prosperity and sustainability of agriculture through influential and developing technologies for restructuring metabolic limitations most responsive to abiotic stress factors. Certainly, our idea is to recognize innovative science of value across the broad disciplinary range of the treatise. The aim is to make stronger the distinctive outcome of conscientious research in some of the very sensitive areas of Plant Physiology-Plant Molecular Physiology/ Molecular Biology that broadly highlights the recent developments and mechanisms underlying plant resilience to changing environments. This volume brings collectively much needed twenty-one review articles by fifty-one dedicated contributors for this volume assorted into five relevant sections, viz., Section I: Abiotic Stresses & Plant Productivity: Physiological & Molecular Perspectives; Section II:Plant Trace Elements in Plant Physiology; Section III: Plant Functions Research in Agricultural Progression; Section IV: Physiological Basis of Yield; Section V: Nutraceuticals, Medicinal & Aromatic Plant Wealth. This is commendable that the Volume 17 deals with challenges of ongoing international concern over the abiotic stresses under changing climate besides vital aspects related to image-based plant phenotyping; phenomics and its application in physiological breeding; trace elements; plant functions; physiological basis of yield variation; medicinal and aromatic plants and so on. Apart from fulfilling the acute need of this kind of select edition in different volumes for research teams and scientists engaged in various facets of plant sciences research in traditional and agricultural universities, institutes and research laboratories throughout the world, it would be extremely a constructive book and a voluminous reference material for acquiring advanced knowledge by post-graduate and Ph.D. scholars in response to the innovative courses in Plant Physiology, Plant Biochemistry, Plant Molecular Biology, Plant Biotechnology, Environmental Sciences, Plant Pathology, Microbiology, Soil Science & Agricultural Chemistry, Agronomy, Horticulture, and Botany.

Advances In Molecular Breeding Toward Drought And Salt Tolerant Crops
Author: Matthew A. Jenks
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2009-05-07
Pages: 817
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

With near-comprehensive coverage of new advances in crop breeding for drought and salinity stress tolerance, this timely work seeks to integrate the most recent findings about key biological determinants of plant stress tolerance with modern crop improvement strategies. This volume is unique because is provides exceptionally wide coverage of current knowledge and expertise being applied in drought and salt tolerance research.

Bibliography Of Agriculture
Author:
Publisher:
Release Date: 1985
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Indian Coffee
Author:
Publisher:
Release Date: 1990
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Molecular Basis Of Cytoplasmic Male Sterlity In Crop Plants
Author: S. S. Mehetre
Publisher:
Release Date: 1995
Pages: 196
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Current Topics In Plant Biochemistry And Physiology
Author:
Publisher:
Release Date: 1983
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Scale And Complexity In Plant Systems Research
Author: J.H.J. Spiertz
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Release Date: 2007-04-24
Pages: 329
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Despite remarkable advances in knowledge of plant genes and gene networks, the application of genomics and recombinant-DNA technology has made relatively little impact on crop improvement. This book presents and discusses new directions in plant systems research to bridge knowledge from the gene to the plant, crop and agro-ecosystem levels and to assist in solving problems in production ecology and resource use by identifying and applying new research methods.

Crop Physiology Abstracts
Author:
Publisher:
Release Date: 1999
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Crop Systems Biology
Author: Xinyou Yin
Publisher: Springer
Release Date: 2015-11-11
Pages: 233
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

The sequencing of genomes has been completed for an increasing number of crop species, and researchers have now succeeded in isolating and characterising many important QTLs/genes. High expectations from genomics, however, are waving back toward the recognition that crop physiology is also important for realistic improvement of crop productivity. Complex processes and networks along various hierarchical levels of crop growth and development can be thoroughly understood with the help of their mathematical description – modelling. The further practical application of these understandings also requires quantitative predictions. In order to better support design, engineering and breeding for new crops and cultivars for improving agricultural production under global warming and climate change, there is an increasing call for an interdisciplinary research approach, which combines modern genetics and genomics, traditional physiology and biochemistry, and advanced bioinformatics and modelling. Such an interdisciplinary approach has been practised in various research groups for many years. However, it does not seem to be fully covered in the format of book publications. We want to initiate a book project on crop systems biology - narrowing the gaps between genotypes and phenotypes and the gaps between crop modelling and genetics/genomics, for publication in 2013/2014. The book will be meant for those scientists and graduate students from fundamental plant biology and applied crop science who are interested in bridging the gap between these two fields. We have invited a group of scientists (who have very good track records in publishing excellent papers in this field or in a closely related area) to contribute chapters to this new book, and they have agreed to do so.​