Ethnic rebellions continually disrupted the Pax Colonial, Spain's three-hundred-year rule over the Native peoples of Mexico. Although these uprisings varied considerably in cause, duration, consequences, and scale, they collectively served as a constant source of worry for the Spanish authorities. This meticulously researched volume provides both a valuable overview of Native uprisings in New Spain and a stimulating reevaluation of their significance. Running counter to the prevailing scholarly tendency to emphasize similarities among ethnic revolts, the seven contributors examine episodes of rebellion that are distinguished by their ethnic, geographical, and historical diversity, ranging culturally and geographically across colonial New Spain and spanning the last two centuries of Spanish rule. Unparalleled access to colonial archival sources also enables the writers to more fully consider indigenous perspectives on resistance and explore in greater detail than before the precipitating factors and effects of different forms of protest. A provocative concluding essay balances this line of inquiry by investigating how a shared cultural disposition toward violence in colonial New Spain contributed to the atmosphere of ethnic tension and rebellion. Susan Schroeder is a professor of history at Loyola University. She is the author of Chimalpahin and the Kingdom of Chalco and the coeditor of the forthcoming Indian Women in Early Mexico.
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In September 2002, a young twenty-nine-year-old Iraqi architect calling himself Salam Pax began posting in English daily accounts of everyday life in Baghdad onto the Internet. Salam Pax attracted a huge worldwide readership for his incisive and sharply funny Web postings, which provided a unique account of the anticipation, resentment, amusement, and sheer terror felt by an ordinary man living through the final days of a long dictatorship, and the chaos that followed its destruction. Bringing these writings together for the first time, Salam Pax: The Clandestine Diary of an Ordinary Iraqi provides one of the most gripping accounts of the Iraqi conflict.
Perhaps in defiance of expectations, Roman peace (pax) was a difficult concept that resisted any straightforward definition: not merely denoting the absence or aftermath of war, it consisted of many layers and associations and formed part of a much greater discourse on the nature of power and how Rome saw her place in the world. During the period from 50 BC to AD 75 - covering the collapse of the Republic, the subsequent civil wars, and the dawn of the Principate-the traditional meaning and language of peace came under extreme pressure as pax was co-opted to serve different strands of political discourse. This volume argues for its fundamental centrality in understanding the changing dynamics of the state and the creation of a new political system in the Roman Empire, moving from the debates over the content of the concept in the dying Republic to discussion of its deployment in the legitimization of the Augustan regime, first through the creation of an authorized version controlled by the princeps and then the ultimate crystallization of the pax augusta as the first wholly imperial concept of peace. Examining the nuances in the various meanings, applications, and contexts of Roman discourse on peace allows us valuable insight into the ways in which the dynamics of power were understood and how these were contingent on the political structures of the day. However it also demonstrates that although the idea of peace came to dominate imperial Rome's self-representation, such discourse was nevertheless only part of a wider discussion on the way in which the Empire conceptualized itself.
Fresh from his latest escapade, the benevolent spirit known as Bean is back in a new endeavor. But this time he is faced with what could be the end of humanity as we know it ... After his successful intervention in the life and family of an autistic child, Bean meets up with an acquaintance from the past. Called Leader, this acquaintance is the entity-in-charge for billions of blood-sucking creatures. He's also on the verge of changing his lifestyle, leaving his plasmaholic followers in need of management. Leader turns to Bean for help. But in their quest, Leader and Bean meet the epitome of evil in the cradle of Western civilization: Lili-It, and her henchman, Whoever. This duo wants nothing less than the complete annihilation of civilization in preparation for the rebirth of immorality. It falls upon Bean and Leader to thwart those insidious plans. Together, with a cadre of determined allies, both human and spirit, Bean and Leader prepare to meet Lili-It in a final conflict, where a fusion of physical and spiritual forces join in a place called Armageddon. And in this battle, there can be only one winner ... "PAX" expands the boundaries of human imagination and creates an intriguing and altogether fascinating alternate world.
A two-bit con-man is thrown in at the deep end as a desperate hunt takes place in Oxford, in this gripping tale the thrilling climax of which takes place in the vaults of the Bodleian Library.
What if the peacemakers became the peacebreakers? What if a future organization, dedicated to maintaining international peace, became the greatest threat to it? That is the premise for the first novel in a military/science fiction series entitled PAX. The series begins with, PAX: The Millennium Alliance, and is set in the year 2031. It is a time when PAX, the multicultural, multinational, successor to the United Nations and N.A.T.O., patrols the world's oceans in quarter-mile long submersible command ships. Led by the brilliant and charismatic Chairman Julius Petrain, PAX has kept the peace for fourteen years, but the have done their job too well. Lulled into a false sense of security, PAX's international sponsors have allowed their individual militaries to wane, opening the door for Petrain's ruthless grab for worldwide power. All that stands in his way is Jeffrey Speares, the American captain of PAX's newest and largest command ship, a man desperately trying to fit into this new geopolitical reality. With the help of loyal officers like Rachel Velasquez, one of PAX's leading fighter aces, he battles the powerful forces arrayed against him, and ultimately thwarts Petrain's plan of military conquest. Victory however, comes at a very high price.
This book by world-expert Barry Gough examines the period of Pax Britannica , in the century before World War I. Following events of those 100 years, the book follows how the British failed to maintain their global hegemony of sea power in the face of continental challenges.
'The boat appeared when I didn't expect or, frankly, need her. My bucket list was empty. Life was full...But sailing towards me was a boat that would stir the waters, waking decades of loss, revealing history untold, and restoring a legacy that was lost in the wind. For her and for me, I had to wade into that water. I had to go, to search, to find.' Having fallen hopelessly in love with a 1930s Danish spidsgatter, a beautifully constructed 25 ft wooden double-ender, Kaci embarks on an international search to unravel the mystery of the boat's past, and discovers the many lives Pax touched since she first hit the water in 1936. Kaci Cronkhite's seven year search for Pax's history is an elegant little gem, taking the reader aboard not only for sublime, wind-filled sails but also to eavesdrop the conversations and relationships that are built as she learns more about Pax's past, whilst hugely enjoying her present. Finding Pax is a story of discovery and reconnection like no other. The writing is poetic, spare, and full of wisdom: 'In sailing, in weather, in life and death, answers are not endings and questions are not to be feared. The unknowns keep us moving forward.'