Long used in sacred ceremonies and associated with good health, the nutritional and health promoting benefits of olives and olive oils have been proven by an ever-increasing body of science. From cardiovascular benefits to anti-microbial, anti-cancer, antioxidant activity and effects on macrophages and aptoptosis to cellular and pathophysiollogical process, olives and olive oils are proving important in many healthful ways. For example, reactive components in olive oils or olive oil by-products have now been isolated and identified. These include tyrosol, hydroxytyrosol, 3,4-dihydroxyphenyl acetic acid elenolic acid and oleuropein. Oleic acid is the main monosaturated fatty acid of olive oil. These have putative protective effects and modulate the biochemistry of a variety of cell types including those of the vascular system. Some but not all components have been characterised by their putative pharmacological properties. It is possible that usage of these aforementioned products may have beneficial application in other disease. However, in order for this cross-fertilization to take place, a comprehensive understanding of olives and olive oils is required. Finding this knowledge in a single volume provides a key resource for scientists in a variety of food an nutritional roles. Key Features: * Explores olives and olive oil from their general aspects to the detailed level of important micro-and micronutrients * Includes coverage of various methodologies for analysis to help scientists and chemists determine the most appropriate option for their own studies, including those of olive-related compounds in other foods * Relates, in a single volume resource, information for food and nutritional chemists, pharmaceutical scientists, nutritionists and dieticians * Presents information in three key categories: General aspects of olives an olive oils; Nutritional, pharmacological and metabolic properties of olives and olive oil; Specific components of olive oil and their effects on tissue and body systems
olives and olive oil in health and disease prevention
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The market is flooded with products posing as elixirs, supplements, functional foods, and olive oil alternatives containing phenols obtained from multiple olive sources. This technically-oriented book will be of value to nutritionists and researchers in the biosciences. It unravels the body of science pertaining to olive minor constituents in relation to new chemical knowledge, technological innovations, and novel methods of recovery, parallel to toxicology, pharmacology, efficacy, doses, claims, and regulation. Topics include: the biological importance of bioactive compounds present in olive products; developments and innovations to preserve the level of bioactives in table olives and olive oil; and importance of variety, maturity, processing of olives, storage, debittering of olives and table olives as a valuable source of bioactive compounds. Presents detailed information concerning the claimed benefits of olive oil and discusses the permitted health claim to EFSA on oils with natural phenolics Recovery of bioactive constituents from olive waste is comprehensively described Explores the relationship betwen phenolic levels and sensory evaluation Features chapters on the clinical and cellular mechanisms and health effects of olive, important for functional foods research
From beef to baked goods, fish to flour, antioxidants are added to preserve the shelf life of foods and ensure consumer acceptability. These production-added components may also contribute to the overall availability of essential nutrients for intake as well as the prevention of the development of unwelcome product characteristics such as off-flavours or colours. However, there are processes that reduce the amount of naturally occurring antioxidants and awareness of that potential is just as important for those in product research and development. There is a practical need to understand not only the physiological importance of antioxidants in terms of consumer health benefit, but how they may be damaged or enhanced through the processing and packaging phases. This book presents information key to understanding how antioxidants change during production of a wide variety of food products, with a focus toward how this understanding may be translated effectively to other foods as well. Addresses how the composition of food is altered, the analytical techniques used, and the applications to other foods Presents in-chapter summary points and other translational insights into concepts, techniques, findings and approaches to processing of other foods Explores advances in analytical and methodological science within each chapter
Tropical and sub-tropical fruits have gained significant importancein global commerce. This book examines recent developments in thearea of fruit technology including: postharvest physiology andstorage; novel processing technologies applied to fruits; andin-depth coverage on processing, packaging, and nutritional qualityof tropical and sub-tropical fruits. This contemporary handbookuniquely presents current knowledge and practices in the valuechain of tropical and subtropical fruits world-wide, coveringproduction and post-harvest practices, innovative processingtechnologies, packaging, and quality management. Chapters are devoted to each major and minor tropical fruit(mango, pineapple, banana, papaya, date, guava, passion fruit,lychee, coconut, logan, carombola) and each citrus and non-citrussub-tropical fruit (orange, grapefruit, lemon/lime,mandarin/tangerine, melons, avocado, kiwifruit, pomegranate, olive,fig, cherimoya, jackfruit, mangosteen). Topical coverage for eachfruit is extensive, including: current storage and shippingpractices; shelf life extension and quality; microbial issues andfood safety aspects of fresh-cut products; processing operationssuch as grading, cleaning, size-reduction, blanching, filling,canning, freezing, and drying; and effects of processing onnutrients and bioavailability. With chapters compiled from expertsworldwide, this book is an essential reference for allprofessionals in the fruit industry.
The only single-source reference on the science of olives and olive oil nutrition and health benefits Olives and Olive Oil as Functional Foods is the first comprehensive reference on the science of olives and olive oil. While the main focus of the book is on the fruit’s renowned health-sustaining properties, it also provides an in-depth coverage of a wide range of topics of vital concern to producers and researchers, including post-harvest handling, packaging, analysis, sensory evaluation, authentication, waste product utilization, global markets, and much more. People have been cultivating olives for more than six millennia, and olives and olive oil have been celebrated in songs and legends for their life-sustaining properties since antiquity. However, it is only within the last several decades that the unique health benefits of their consumption have become the focus of concerted scientific studies. It is now known that olives and olive oil contain an abundance of phenolic antioxidants, as well as the anti-cancer compounds such as squalene and terpenoids. This centerpiece of the Mediterranean diet has been linked to a greatly reduced risk of heart disease and lowered cancer risk. Bringing together contributions from some of the world’s foremost experts on the subject, this book: Addresses the importance of olives and olive oil for the agricultural economy and the relevance of its bioactive components to human health Explores the role that olive oil plays in reducing oxidative stress in cells-a well-known risk factor in human health Provides important information about new findings on olive oil and lipids which reviews the latest research Explores topics of interest to producers, processors, and researchers, including the fruit’s chemical composition, processing considerations, quality control, safety, traceability, and more Edited by two scientists world-renowned for their pioneering work on olive oil and human health, this book is an indispensable source of timely information and practical insights for agricultural and food scientists, nutritionists, dieticians, physicians, and all those with a professional interest in food, nutrition, and health.
According to European legislation, extra virgin is the top gradeof olive oils. It has a superior level of health properties andflavour compared to virgin and refined olive oils. Mediterraneancountries still produce more than 85% of olive oil globally, butthe constant increase of demand for extra virgin olive oil has ledto new cultivation and production in other areas of the world,including California, Australia, China, South Africa and SouthAmerica. At the same time, olive oil’s sensory properties andhealth benefits are increasingly attracting the attention andinterest of nutritionists, food processors, manufacturers and foodservices. Progress and innovation in olive cultivation, harvestingand milling technologies as well as in oil handling, storage andselling conditions make it possible to achieve even higher qualitylevels than those stipulated for extra virgin oils. As aconsequence, a new segment – excellent extra virgin oliveoils – is increasingly attracting the attention of the marketand earning consumers’ preference. The Extra-Virgin Olive Oil Handbook provides a completeaccount of olive oil’s composition, health properties,quality, and the legal standards surrounding its production. Thebook is divided into convenient sections focusing on extra virginolive oil as a product, the process by which it is made, and theprocess control system through which its quality is assured. Anappendix presents a series of tables and graphs with useful data,including conversion factors, and the chemical and physicalcharacteristics of olive oil. This book is aimed at people involved in the industrial productionas well as in the marketing and use of extra virgin olive oil whoare looking for practical information, which avoids overly academiclanguage, but which is still scientifically and technically sound.The main purpose of the handbook is to guide operators involved inthe extra virgin olive oil chain in making the most appropriatedecisions about product quality and operating conditions in theproduction and distribution processes. To these groups, the mostimportant questions are practical ones of why, how, how often, howmuch will it cost, and so on. The Extra-Virgin Olive OilHandbook will provide the right answers to these key practicalconsiderations, in a simple, clear yet precise and up-to-dateway.
The first edition of Bioactive Compounds from Natural Sources was published in a period of renewed attention to biologically active compounds of natural origin. This trend has continued and intensified—natural products are again under the spotlight, in particular for their possible pharmacological applications. Largely focusing on natural products as lead compounds in drug discovery, Bioactive Compounds from Natural Sources, Second Edition: Natural Products as Lead Compounds in Drug Discovery is actually a completely new volume containing surveys of selected recent advances in an interdisciplinary area covering chemistry of natural products, medicinal chemistry, biochemistry, and other related topics. Written by some of the most reputed scientists in the field, this second edition includes new chapters from authors who contributed to the first edition as well as many chapters compiled by new authors. Introducing the reader to strategies and methods in the search for bioactive natural products, this book covers topics including: Natural sources of bioactive compounds such as aquatic cyanobacteria, filamentous fungi, and tropical plants, The tremendous potentiality of metabolic engineering of natural products biosynthesis The contribution of emerging or developing technologies to the study of bioactive natural compounds, namely computational methods and circular dichroism The potential of natural or natural-derived compounds for specific therapeutic applications: treatment of viral diseases, regulation of hypoxia-inducible factor, antimalarials, modulation of angiogenesis, and antitumor and wound-healing activity Selected examples of natural product families and related synthetic analogues, namely polyphenols and campthotecins Compiled for researchers and Ph.D. students working in interdisciplinary fields, this book will also be appreciated by readers without a background in chemistry interested in bioactive natural products, their biological and pharmacological properties, and their possible use as chemopreventive or chemotherapeutic agents. Conversely, the biological and pharmacological data and methods are accessible by chemists.
Epidemiological studies indicate that the consumption of natural antioxidants from such plant-derived sources as olive oil produces beneficial health effects. Olive Oil: Minor Constituents and Health provides a balanced understanding of the pharmacological properties of phenols and other bioactive ingredients in the composition of olive oil. It discusses recent technological developments to retain optimal levels of bioactive ingredients s well as methodologies for the future study of olive oil's biological effects. The text covers research on the bioavailability of olive oil phenols and addresses the role of olive oil in the prevention of cardiovascular disease and certain types of cancer.
HERBAL MEDICINE FROM A WESTERN POINT OF VIEW Herbal remedies have become a major factor in American health care. Botanicals like Ginseng, Ma Huang, St. John's Wort, and Valerian are now household words throughout the world. Since many of these natural drugs are sold over the counter, often consumers mistakenly assume that they are completely safe. However, serious adverse effects sometimes occur, especially when taken in conjunction with prescription drugs. Conversely, pharmacists, pharmacologists, and physicians are more hesitant to accept the beneficial effects of herbal drugs without seeing scientific evidence. The Pharmacodynamic Basis of Herbal Medicine provides this evidence and addresses other important issues in a clear, easy-to-understand manner. It breaks down herbal medications to their molecular level to show how they bring about both their healing benefits and their side effects. MEDICINAL HERBS ALSO HAVE A USEFULNESS BEYOND WHAT THEIR OVER-THE-COUNTER FORMS PROVIDE. Pharmacodynamic Basis of Herbal Medicine gives you a better understanding of how natural products: Provide a number of extremely useful drugs that are difficult, if not impossible, to produce commercially by synthetic means Supply basic compounds that may be modified slightly to render them more effective or less toxic Are useful as prototypes or models for synthetic drugs possessing physiologic activities similar to the original drug Contain compounds that demonstrate little or no activity themselves but which can be modified by chemical or biological methods to produce potent drugs not easily obtained by other methods REDUCE UNWANTED SIDE EFFECTS AND ENHANCE THERAPEUTIC EFFICACY Whether they take herbal medicine for religious, philosophical, or economic reasons, Western believers are just discovering what Eastern civilizations have known for centuries. As the use of herbal remedies grows exponentially, so too does the necessity for information on how these herbs actually work. Author Manuchair Ebadi, winner of the 2004 University of North Dakota Foundation Thomas J. Clifford Faculty Achievement Award for Excellence in Research, builds the scientific bridge between Eastern and Western medicine. For a multitude of popularly used herbs it demonstrates the beneficial effects and adverse side effects of herbal drugs, showing their actions and effects on organ, tissue, cellular, and subcellular levels. By understanding and applying the information in this book, you will be able to provide safer and more effective therapeutic care.
UNDERSTAND WHAT INGREDIENTS WORK FOR VARIOUS SKIN TYPES AND WHY WITH THE HELP OF THIS UNIQUE TEXT Cosmeceuticals and Cosmetic Ingredients helps skin-care professionals understand topical drug delivery through cosmeceuticals, the scientific basis of cosmetic ingredients, and the challenges of using either in a skin care regimen. The author addresses myths and misconseptions about specific ingredients and carefully details what each can and cannot do. It provides an unbiased brandneutral approach along with detailed information and references to published evidence. Cosmeceuticals and Cosmetic Ingredients is logically divided into ten sections: Cleansing Agents Moisturizing Agents Barrier Repair Ingredients Skin Lightening Agents Antioxidants Vitamins Other Ingredients (Coenzyme Q10, Ginger, Honey, etc.) Anti-Inflammatory Agents Anti-Acne Ingredients Anti-Aging Ingredients