nervous system drug delivery

Liposomal Drug Delivery To The Central Nervous System
Author: Rita Nieto Montesinos
Publisher:
Release Date: 2017
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Central nervous system diseases represent a huge world of burden of human suffering with negative economic results. Most therapeutic compounds cannot attain the brain because of the blood-brain barrier and its expression of efflux transporters. Among them, the P-glycoprotein plays a significant role leading to failure of various clinical treatments. A non-invasive strategy to circumvent the blood-brain barrier and P-glycoprotein emphasizes on the encapsulation and therefore masking of therapeutic compounds in drug delivery systems. Up to now, liposomes are the most widely studied drug delivery systems due to their biocompatibility, biodegradability, and less toxicity. The incorporation of polyethylene glycol-lipid derivatives within the bilayer of conventional liposomes significantly prolongs liposomal cargo half-life by steric stabilization. Interestingly, an increased brain accumulation of liposomal cargo is achieved by coupling targeting moieties on liposomes surface. These targeting moieties such as peptides or monoclonal antibodies recognize the biochemical transport systems at the blood-brain barrier and mediate the transport of liposomes and their cargo across this barrier. Moreover, stimuli-sensitive liposomes are programmed for cargo release when exposed to a particular microenvironment. Hence, this chapter highlights the potential liposomal applications for delivery of therapeutic compounds as well as diagnostic tools or both, in major central nervous system diseases.

Nervous System Drug Delivery
Author: Russell R. Lonser
Publisher: Academic Press
Release Date: 2019-06-25
Pages: 556
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Nervous System Drug Delivery: Principles and Practice helps users understand the nervous system physiology affecting drug delivery, the principles that underlie various drug delivery methods, and the appropriate application of drug delivery methods for drug- and disease-specific treatments. Researchers developing nervous system putative therapeutic agents will use this book to optimize drug delivery during preclinical assessment and to prepare for regulatory advancement of new agents. Clinicians will gain direct insights into pathophysiologic alterations that impact drug delivery and students and trainees will find this a critical resource for understanding and applying nervous system drug delivery techniques. Offers an up-to-date, comprehensive resource on drug delivery to the nervous system Provides a bridge for understanding across nervous system delivery-related physiology, drug delivery principles. and the methodologies that underlie the various methods of drug distribution (with clinical application) Written for a broad audience of researchers, clinicians and advanced graduate students in neuroscience, neurology, neurosurgery, pharmacology, radiology and psychiatry

Drug Delivery To The Central Nervous System
Author: Kewal K. Jain
Publisher: Humana Press
Release Date: 2009-12-21
Pages: 324
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Playing an important role in the treatment of neurological disorders, the delivery of drugs to central nervous system (CNS), both administered directly and administered systematically for targeted action, encounters a major challenge in the form of the blood-brain barrier (BBB), which limits the access of drugs to the brain substance. In Drug Delivery to the Central Nervous System, experts in the field present essential methods used to deliver therapeutics across the BBB, both in experimental animals and in humans. In addition to those methods, several overviews of innovative methods and their applications are presented in order to give a glimpse of the future of this research. As a volume in the successful Neuromethods series, this book presents its protocols with the kind of detailed description and implementation advice that is crucial for getting optimal results. Authoritative and cutting-edge, Drug Delivery to the Central Nervous System serves as an ideal guide to scientists continuing to pursue knowledge of the delicate interactions between pharmaceuticals and the brain.

Drug Delivery To The Brain
Author: Margareta Hammarlund-Udenaes
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2013-12-03
Pages: 731
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

The development of new CNS drugs is notoriously difficult. Drugs must reach CNS target sites for action and these sites are protected by a number of barriers, the most important being the blood –brain barrier (BBB). Many factors are therefore critical to consider for CNS drug delivery, e.g. active/passive transport across the BBB, intra-brain distribution, and central/systemic pharmacokinetics, to name a few. Neurological disease and trauma conditions add further complexity because CNS barriers, drug distribution and pharmacokinetics are dynamic and often changed by disease/trauma. Knowledge of all these factors and their interplay in different conditions is of utmost importance for proper CNS drug development and disease treatment. In recent years much information has become available for a better understanding of the many factors important for CNS drug delivery and how they interact to affect drug action. This book describes small and large drug delivery to the brain with an emphasis on the physiology of the BBB and the principles and concepts for drug delivery across the BBB and distribution within the brain. It contains methods descriptions for studying drug delivery, routes and approaches of administering drugs into the brain, the influence of disease, and drug industry perspectives. Therewith, it contributes to an in-depth understanding of the interplay between brain (patho)-physiology and drug characteristics. Furthermore, the content is designed to be both cutting-edge and educational, so that the book can be used in high-level training of academic and industry scientists with full references to original publications. ​

Selective Drug Delivery Approaches To Lesioned Brain Through Blood Brain Barrier Disruption
Author:
Publisher:
Release Date: 2018
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

ABSTRACT: Introduction : The development of therapeutics for central nervous system (CNS) disorders is still considered a challenging area in drug development due to insufficient translocation through the blood-brain barrier (BBB). Under normal conditions, BBB restrict the penetration of more than 98% of blood-borne molecules including drugs to the CNS. However, recent research findings have proven that the nature of the BBB is altered in several neurological conditions. This complexity encourages revisiting drug delivery strategies to the CNS as this can give a wide range of opportunities for CNS drug development. Areas covered : This review focuses on nanotechnology-based drug delivery platforms designed for selective recruitment into the lesioned brain by taking advantages of BBB disruption that is associated with certain neurological conditions. Expert opinion : Current CNS therapeutic strategies do not fully address the pathophysiological adaptation of BBB in their design. The lack of selective delivery to the brain lesions has been the culprit behind the failure of many CNS therapeutics. This highlighted the need for smart designs of advanced drug delivery systems that take advantage of BBB structural changes in CNS diseases. Recently, promising examples have been reported in this area, however, more work is still required beyond the preclinical testing.

Peptide Transport And Delivery Into The Central Nervous System
Author: Laszlo Prokai
Publisher: Birkhäuser
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Pages: 245
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Hypo- or hypersecretion, alteration in storage, release, catabolism, and post-translational processing of neuropeptides are associated with the etiology of many diseases affecting the central nervous system (CNS). Various peptides native to the brain and the spinal cord, as well as various synthetic peptides, peptide analogues and peptidomimetics developed as their agonists or antagonists could be useful in the treatment of these CNS maladies. However, peptides face a formidable obstacle in reaching the intended site of action due to the existence of the blood-brain barrier (BBB), a vital element in the regulation of the internal environment of the brain and the spinal cord. After reviews on the role and neuropharmaceutical potential of peptides, properties of the BBB in the context of peptide transport in the CNS and potential transport mechanisms to cross the BBB, this volume discusses the development, present state-of-the-art and future trends of various strategies to overcome this major obstacle to peptide pharmacotherapy involving the CNS. Chapters are devoted to cover invasive approaches that circumvent the BBB by direct administration into the brain or the spinal cord and by transiently opening the tight junctions of or permeabilizing the endothelial cells separating the systemic circulation from the interstitial fluid of the CNS. Subsequently, physiologically based strategies that utilize biological carriers to gain access to the CNS are discussed in detail, followed by methods encompassing prodrug and chemical delivery/targeting strategies, which aim at altering the properties of the peptide to enhance BBB transport, and drug delivery strategies based on peptide vectors. Finally, a comparative evaluation on the present status and perspectives of the techniques is presented.

Emerging Nanotechnologies For Diagnostics  Drug Delivery And Medical Devices
Author: Ashim K Mitra
Publisher: William Andrew
Release Date: 2017-02-13
Pages: 416
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Emerging Nanotechnologies for Diagnostics, Drug Delivery and Medical Devices covers the modern micro and nanotechnologies used for diagnosis, drug delivery, and theranostics using micro, nano, and implantable systems. In-depth coverage of all aspects of disease treatment is included. In addition, the book covers cutting-edge research and technology that will help readers gain knowledge of novel approaches and their applications to improve drug/agent specificity for diagnosis and efficient disease treatment. It is a comprehensive guide for medical specialists, the pharmaceutical-industry, and academic researchers discussing the impact of nanotechnology on diagnosis, drug delivery, and theranostics. Gives readers working in immunology, drug delivery, and medicine a greater awareness on how novel nanotechnology orientated methods can help improve treatment Provides readers with backgrounds in nanotechnology, chemistry, and materials science an understanding on how nanotechnology is used in immunology and drug delivery Includes focused coverage of the use of nanodevices in diagnostics, therapeutics, and theranostics not offered by other books

Drug Delivery Systems
Author: Kewal K. Jain
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2008-03-07
Pages: 251
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

In this concise and systematic book, a team of experts select the most important, cutting-edge technologies used in drug delivery systems. They take into account significant drugs, new technologies such as nanoparticles, and therapeutic applications. The chapters present step-by-step laboratory protocols following the highly successful Methods in Molecular BiologyTM series format, offering readily reproducible results vital for pharmaceutical physicians and scientists.

Nanoparticulate Drug Delivery Systems
Author: Deepak Thassu
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date: 2007-03-30
Pages: 376
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

With the advent of analytical techniques and capabilities to measure particle sizes in nanometer ranges, there has been tremendous interest in the use of nanoparticles for more efficient methods of drug delivery. Nanoparticulate Drug Delivery Systems addresses the scientific methodologies, formulation, processing, applications, recent trends, and e

Multifunctional Nanoparticles For Successful Targeted Drug Delivery Across The Blood Brain Barrier
Author: Débora Braga Vieira
Publisher:
Release Date: 2018
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

The blood-brain barrier (BBB) is the major problem for the treatment of brain diseases because we need to be able to deliver drugs from the vascular system into the central nervous system (CNS). There are no drug therapies for a wide range of CNS diseases and these include neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases and cerebral ischemia. Therefore, the focus of this chapter is to discuss how nanoparticles (NPs) can be modified to transport different drug molecules for the treatment of brain diseases. In essence, NPs' surface can be functionalized with molecules such as peptides, antibodies and RNA aptamers and these macromolecules can be attached to the receptors present at the BBB endothelial cell surface, which allows the NPs cross the barrier and subsequently deliver pharmaceuticals to the brain for the therapeutic and/or imaging of neurological disorders. In fact, part of the difficulty in finding an effective treatment for these CNS disorders is that there is not yet an efficient delivery method for drug delivery across the BBB. However, over the last several years, researches have started to understand some of the design rules to efficiently deliver NPs to the brain.

Ansel S Pharmaceutical Dosage Forms And Drug Delivery Systems
Author: Loyd Allen
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Release Date: 2014-01-30
Pages: 832
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Long established as a trusted core text for pharmaceutics courses, this gold standard book is the most comprehensive source on pharmaceutical dosage forms and drug delivery systems available today. Reflecting the CAPE, APhA, and NAPLEX® competencies, Ansel’s Pharmaceutical Dosage Forms and Drug Delivery Systems covers physical pharmacy, pharmacy practice, pharmaceutics, compounding, and dosage forms, as well as the clinical application of the various dosing forms in patient care. This Tenth Edition has been fully updated to reflect new USP standards and features a dynamic new full color design, new coverage of prescription flavoring, and increased coverage of expiration dates.

Advanced Drug Formulation Design To Optimize Therapeutic Outcomes
Author: Robert O. Williams
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date: 2007-09-25
Pages: 536
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

This title demonstrates how advanced formulation designs and delivery technologies can be used to improve drug efficacy and treatment outcomes in particular therapeutic categories or disease states. It discusses nanoparticle systems for cancer treatments, and also presents cutting edge immono-regulation agents for transplantation and the local targeting of drugs, especially poorly water soluble drugs to provide enhanced therapeutic outcomes. In addition, this title highlights areas of therapy showing the most promise for improvement in clinical outcomes via advanced formulation design.

The Nasal Pathway For Drug Delivery To The Central Nervous System
Author: Robert G. Thorne
Publisher:
Release Date: 2002
Pages: 588
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Advanced Drug Delivery
Author: Ashim Mitra
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2013-08-26
Pages: 530
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Provides both fundamentals and new and emerging applications Advanced Drug Delivery brings readers fully up to datewith the state of the science, presenting the basics, formulationstrategies, and therapeutic applications of advanced drug delivery.The book demonstrates how core concepts of pharmaceutical sciences,chemistry, and molecular biology can be combined and applied inorder to spark novel ideas to design and develop advanced drugdelivery systems for the treatment of a broad range of humandiseases. Advanced Drug Delivery features contributions from aninternational team of pharmaceutical scientists. Chapters reflect athorough review and analysis of the literature as well as theauthors' firsthand experience developing drug delivery systems. Thebook is divided into four parts: Part I, Introduction and Basics of Advanced DrugDelivery, explores physiological barriers, stability,transporters, and biomaterials in drug delivery Part II, Strategies for Advanced Drug Delivery, offerstested and proven strategies for advanced delivery of both smallmolecules and macromolecules Part III, Translational Research of Advanced DrugDelivery, focuses on regulatory considerations andtranslational applications of advanced drug delivery systems forthe treatment of cardiovascular diseases, cancer, sexuallytransmitted diseases, ophthalmic diseases, and brain diseases Part IV, Future Applications of Advanced Drug Delivery inEmerging Research Areas, examines stem cell research,cell-based therapeutics, tissue engineering, and molecularimaging Each chapter provides objectives and assessment questions tohelp readers grasp key concepts and assess their knowledge as theyprogress through the book. Advanced Drug Delivery is recommended for graduates andupper-level undergraduates in the pharmaceutical sciences who needa solid foundation in the basics. It is also recommended forpharmaceutical professionals who want to take advantage of new andemerging applications in advanced drug delivery systems.

The Blood Brain Barrier And Drug Delivery To The Cns
Author: Michael Bradbury
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date: 2019-08-30
Pages: 264
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

This timely and compact monograph addresses how to determine drug permeability across the blood-brain barrier more effectively. Focusing on the physiological mechanisms that influence the passage of agents into the brain, the book covers the latest research on the blood-brain barrier, the current problems of and solutions to drug delivery to the central nervous system (CNS), existing strategies, and prospects for future research. Avoid excessive in vivo experimentation and utilize timesaving in vitro techniques. A concise reference with reviews from nearly 40 international specialists in diverse fields, The Blood-Brain Barrier and Drug Delivery to the CNS assesses the properties of the blood-brain barrier to determine and measure drug permeability in animals and humans presents techniques to predict successful drug uptake through in vitro systems or by computation of physicochemical parameters examines the multidrug resistance protein P-glycoprotein as a natural transporter analyzes current drug designs to known requirements for transport looks at drug delivery systems for the brain and much more! Densely packed with over 800 literature references, drawings, photographs, x-rays, tables, and equations, The Blood-Brain Barrier and Drug Delivery to the CNS is a vital addition to the bookshelves of biochemists, pharmacists, clinical and research pharmacologists, neuroscientists and neurologists, and graduate and medical school students in these disciplines.

Drug Delivery
Author: W. Mark Saltzman
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release Date: 2001-03-15
Pages: 384
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Synthetic materials are a tremendous potential resource for treating human disease. For the rational design of many of these biomaterials it is necessary to have an understanding of polymer chemistry and polymer physics. Equally important to those two fields is a quantitative understanding of the principles that govern rates of drug transport, reaction, and disappearance in physiological and pathological situations. This book is a synthesis of these principles, providing a working foundation for those in the field of drug delivery. It covers advanced drug delivery and contemporary biomaterials.

Drug Addiction
Author: Rao S. Rapaka
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2008-06-19
Pages: 782
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

This book provides a comprehensive overview of physiological, biochemical, and genetic pathways underlying drug addiction, and resultant efforts to develop novel treatment strategies dealing with drug addiction and other CNS disorders where the neurophysiological processes overlap, such as treatment of pain. The volume focuses on the translation of fundamental addiction research to a variety of treatments and brings together scientists with wide ranging expertise.

Drug Delivery
Author: Binghe Wang
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2005-04-29
Pages: 464
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

An indispensable tool for those working at the front lines of new drug development Written for busy professionals at the forefront of new drug development, Drug Delivery gets readers quickly up to speed on both the principles and latest applications in the increasingly important field of drug delivery. Recent developments in such areas as combinatorial chemistry, proteomics, and genomics have revolutionized researchers' ability to rapidly identify and synthesize new pharmacological compounds. However, delivery-related properties remain a significant reason for clinical trial failures. Bringing together contributions by leading international experts, Drug Delivery covers the entire field in a systematic but concise way. It begins with an in-depth review of key fundamentals, such as physiochemical and biological barriers; drug delivery pathways; metabolism; drug formulation; pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic issues; and more. The remainder of the book is devoted to the systematic examination-including overviews, timely examples, and extensive references-of a host of specific subjects, including: * Receptor-mediated drug delivery * Prodrug delivery approaches * Oral protein and peptide drug delivery * Gene therapy and gene delivery * Ultrasound-mediated drug delivery * Polycationic peptides and proteins in drug delivery * Pulmonary drug delivery * Antibody-directed drug delivery * Efflux transporters in drug excretion * Intellectual property issues in drug delivery

Drug Delivery In Oncology
Author: Felix Kratz
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2013-09-30
Pages: 1822
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

In this first authoritative overview on modern cancer chemotherapy 121 international specialists have contributed their experience and recent data for what is likely to become the gold standard in the field. The authors summarize knowledge gained over the past decade, from basic concepts to successful applications in the clinic, covering active and passive targeting strategies as well as tissue-specific approaches. All current and future targeted delivery systems are discussed, from ligand-based to antibody-based polymer-based systems, right up to micro- and nanoparticulate systems. A special section covers the delivery of nucleic acid therapeutics, such as siRNA, miRNA and antisense nucleotides. In each case, a description of the basic technique is followed by a discussion of the latest preclinical and clinical developments in the field. By virtue of its clear and didactic structure, rich illustrative material and summary chapters, this handbook and ready reference enables the efficient transfer of knowledge between different disciplines, from basic research to the clinician and vice versa. It is equally well suited for professionals, researchers and students in medical oncology and cancer biology, and is also excellent for teaching medical students the foundations of 21st century cancer chemotherapy.

Drug Delivery In Oncology  3 Volume Set
Author: Felix Kratz
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2011-11-30
Pages: 1822
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

In this first authoritative overview on modern cancer chemotherapy 121 international specialists have contributed their experience and recent data for what is likely to become the gold standard in the field. The authors summarize knowledge gained over the past decade, from basic concepts to successful applications in the clinic, covering active and passive targeting strategies as well as tissue-specific approaches. All current and future targeted delivery systems are discussed, from ligand-based to antibody-based polymer-based systems, right up to micro- and nanoparticulate systems. A special section covers the delivery of nucleic acid therapeutics, such as siRNA, miRNA and antisense nucleotides. In each case, a description of the basic technique is followed by a discussion of the latest preclinical and clinical developments in the field. By virtue of its clear and didactic structure, rich illustrative material and summary chapters, this handbook and ready reference enables the efficient transfer of knowledge between different disciplines, from basic research to the clinician and vice versa. It is equally well suited for professionals, researchers and students in medical oncology and cancer biology, and is also excellent for teaching medical students the foundations of 21st century cancer chemotherapy.