negative affective states and cognitive impairments in nicotine dependence

Negative Affective States And Cognitive Impairments In Nicotine Dependence
Author: F. Scott Hall
Publisher: Academic Press
Release Date: 2016-08-17
Pages: 362
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Negative Affective States and Cognitive Impairments in Nicotine Dependence is the only book of its kind that addresses nicotine use and abuse in the context of negative reinforcement mechanisms. Written and edited by leading investigators in addiction, affective, genetic, and cognitive research, it provides researchers and advanced students with an overview of the clinical bases of these effects, allowing them to fully understand the various underlying dysfunctions that drive nicotine use in different individuals. In addition, this book examines animal models that researchers have utilized to investigate the biological bases of these dysfunctions. The combination of clinical and preclinical approaches to understanding nicotine dependence makes this book an invaluable resource for researchers and practitioners seeking to develop targeted treatments aimed at ameliorating symptoms of nicotine dependence, as well as identifying premorbid differences in affective or cognitive function. Provides a unique perspective on nicotine dependence that emphasizes negative reinforcement rather than positive reinforcement Examines psychiatric comorbidities and alleviation of withdrawal states as motivation for continued tobacco use Includes both clinical and preclinical perspectives Includes genetic and multi-neurotransmitter perspectives on nicotine use and withdrawal Emphasizes heterogeneity of underlying reasons for smoking, the need for multiple animal models to understand this heterogeneity, and the expectation of heterogeneous responses to potential treatments, underscoring the need for personalized therapeutics

Sleep And Health
Author: Michael Grandner
Publisher: Academic Press
Release Date: 2019-04-17
Pages: 531
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Sleep and Health provides an accessible yet comprehensive overview of the relationship between sleep and health at the individual, community and population levels, as well as a discussion of the implications for public health, public policy and interventions. Based on a firm foundation in many areas of sleep health research, this text further provides introductions to each sub-area of the field and a summary of the current research for each area. This book serves as a resource for those interested in learning about the growing field of sleep health research, including sections on social determinants, cardiovascular disease, cognitive functioning, health behavior theory, smoking, and more. Highlights the important role of sleep across a wide range of topic areas Addresses important topics such as sleep disparities, sleep and cardiometabolic disease risk, real-world effects of sleep deprivation, and public policy implications of poor sleep Contains accessible reviews that point to relevant literature in often-overlooked areas, serving as a helpful guide to all relevant information on this broad topic area

Memory Systems Of The Addicted Brain  The Underestimated Role Of Drug Induced Cognitive Biases In Addiction And Its Treatment
Author: Vincent David
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Release Date: 2018-06-08
Pages: 163
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Translational Neuropsychopharmacology
Author: Trevor W. Robbins
Publisher: Springer
Release Date: 2016-09-22
Pages: 498
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

This book covers wide areas of animal and human psychopharmacology with clinical utility in the treatment of psychiatric and neurological (e.g Alzheimer's disease) disorders. The main theme is to develop a new paradigm for drug discovery that questions the claim that animal models or assays fail adequately to predict Phase 3 clinical trials. A new paradigm is advocated that stresses the importance of intermediate staging points between these extremes that depend on suitable translation of findings from animal studies to Phase 1 or Phase 2 studies utilising experimental medicine.

Nicotine Addiction
Author: C. Tracy Orleans
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
Release Date: 1993
Pages: 435
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Despite persistent warnings from the medical profession about the health risks involved in cigarette smoking, millions of people continue to smoke cigarettes. With contributions from renowned experts, this ground-breaking work defines and explains nicotine addiction as a primary problem or disease, instead of as a habit or risk factor for other diseases. A comprehensive, clinical text on tobacco dependence, this book provides clinicians with essential information on how to diagnose and treat nicotine addicted patients. It also offers the medical, epidemiological and behavioral science backgrounds necessary for understanding the process and dynamics of tobacco dependence. Following the traditional format of medical texts, the book first covers etiology, pathogenesis and complications, then diagnosis and treatment, and finally public health and prevention. Part One presents an overview of the biological, psychological and social factors that contribute to nicotine dependence, including such topics as a description of nicotine delivery systems, psychopharmacology, economics, natural history and epidemiology, mortality, morbidity, and environmental tobacco smoke exposure. The second part offers practical guidelines and tools for treating nicotine dependence and describes a stepped-care treatment model with brief interventions that can be easily integrated into routine medical practice. This section also covers the role of psychopharmacologic and formal treatment programs, the treatment of smokeless tobacco addiction, and treating nicotine dependence in pregnant women and in people with medical illnesses, other chemical dependencies, or psychiatric disorders. The last section focuses onworksite and community intervention programs and summarizes the research on smoking patterns and history in women, Blacks, Hispanics, youth, and older adults, discussing how intervention and prevention programs could be made more effective in these groups. Written by the nation's leading tobacco control researchers and clinicians, this important work contains new and critical information not previously available.

Substance Abuse
Author: Joyce H. Lowinson
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Release Date: 1997
Pages: 956
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

A textbook for students and comprehensive reference for professionals in any field that deals with substance abuse. Retains chapters from the 1981 and 1992 editions on the sociology, evaluation, and treatment of particular populations; offers new information on the relation of psychopathology, psychiatric diagnoses, and methods and programs for treating patients with dual diagnoses; and adds new chapters on the related addictions of gambling, sex, and cults. Whenever possible, materials on treatment modalities provide process and outcome data to help workers evaluate them and make referrals. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Excerpta Medica
Author:
Publisher:
Release Date: 1990
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Abeloff S Clinical Oncology E Book
Author: John E. Niederhuber
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Release Date: 2013-09-12
Pages: 2224
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Practical and clinically focused, Abeloff’s Clinical Oncology is a trusted medical reference book designed to capture the latest scientific discoveries and their implications for cancer diagnosis and management of cancer in the most accessible manner possible. Abeloff’s equips everyone involved - from radiologists and oncologists to surgeons and nurses - to collaborate effectively and provide the best possible cancer care. Consult this title on your favorite e-reader, conduct rapid searches, and adjust font sizes for optimal readability. Select the most appropriate tests and imaging studies for cancer diagnosis and staging of each type of cancer, and manage your patients in the most effective way possible by using all of the latest techniques and approaches in oncology. Enhance your understanding of complex concepts with a color art program that highlights key points and illustrates relevant scientific and clinical problems. Stay at the forefront of the latest developments in cancer pharmacology, oncology and healthcare policy, survivorship in cancer, and many other timely topics. See how the most recent cancer research applies to practice through an increased emphasis on the relevance of new scientific discoveries and modalities within disease chapters. Streamline clinical decision making with abundant new treatment and diagnostic algorithms as well as concrete management recommendations. Take advantage of the collective wisdom of preeminent multidisciplinary experts in the field of oncology, including previous Abeloff’s editors John E. Niederhuber, James O. Armitage, and Michael B. Kastan as well as new editors James H. Doroshow from the National Cancer Institute and Joel E. Tepper of Gunderson & Tepper: Clinical Radiation Oncology. Quickly and effortlessly access the key information you need with the help of an even more user-friendly, streamlined format. Access the complete contents anytime, anywhere at Expert Consult, and test your mastery of the latest knowledge with 500 online multiple-choice review questions.

Mindfulness Related Treatments And Addiction Recovery
Author: Marianne Marcus
Publisher: Routledge
Release Date: 2013-09-13
Pages: 136
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

While mindfulness meditation has been used in clinical settings as an adjunctive treatment for substance use disorders for some time, there has been limited empirical evidence to support this practice. Mindfulness-Related Treatments and Addiction Recovery bridges this gap by reporting the findings of studies in which mindfulness practice has been combined with other behavioural treatments and/or adapted to meet the needs of a variety of client populations in recovery. Therapies used as interventions in the described studies include Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR), Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT), Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT), Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention (MBRP), and Mindfulness-Based Therapeutic Community (MBTC) treatment. The book offers a glimpse into the many ways in which mindfulness strategies have been applied to various facets of the recovery process including stress, craving, anxiety, and other relapse related factors. Preliminary evidence, while not conclusive, suggests that mindfulness-based therapies are effective, safe, satisfying to clients, and that an individual, at-home mindfulness practice can be potentially sustained over time, beyond the intervention duration. This book was originally published as a special issue of Substance Abuse.

Encyclopedia Of Behavioral Neuroscience
Author:
Publisher: Elsevier
Release Date: 2010-06-03
Pages: 1816
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Behavioral Neuroscientists study the behavior of animals and humans and the neurobiological and physiological processes that control it. Behavior is the ultimate function of the nervous system, and the study of it is very multidisciplinary. Disorders of behavior in humans touch millions of people’s lives significantly, and it is of paramount importance to understand pathological conditions such as addictions, anxiety, depression, schizophrenia, autism among others, in order to be able to develop new treatment possibilities. Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience is the first and only multi-volume reference to comprehensively cover the foundation knowledge in the field. This three volume work is edited by world renowned behavioral neuroscientists George F. Koob, The Scripps Research Institute, Michel Le Moal, Université Bordeaux, and Richard F. Thompson, University of Southern California and written by a premier selection of the leading scientists in their respective fields. Each section is edited by a specialist in the relevant area. The important research in all areas of Behavioral Neuroscience is covered in a total of 210 chapters on topics ranging from neuroethology and learning and memory, to behavioral disorders and psychiatric diseases. The only comprehensive Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience on the market Addresses all recent advances in the field Written and edited by an international group of leading researchers, truly representative of the behavioral neuroscience community Includes many entries on the advances in our knowledge of the neurobiological basis of complex behavioral, psychiatric, and neurological disorders Richly illustrated in full color Extensively cross referenced to serve as the go-to reference for students and researchers alike The online version features full searching, navigation, and linking functionality An essential resource for libraries serving neuroscientists, psychologists, neuropharmacologists, and psychiatrists

Adolescent Brain Development
Author: Ronald E. Dahl
Publisher:
Release Date: 2004
Pages: 472
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Adolescent development involves complex changes in neurobehavioral systems underpinning the control of emotion and behavior. The adolescent transition is often difficult - morbidity and mortality increase 300 per cent during adolescence with the majority of the serious health problems related to difficulties with the control of behavior and emotions (e.g., suicide, homicide, depression, alcohol, nicotine, and other substance abuse). A critical gap in advancing research is the general lack of basic knowledge about human brain development during puberty and adolescence. In recent years, however, there have been several areas of research progress, and what is critically needed is better integration across disciplines with a specific focus on the neurobehavioral changes during normal adolescent development that contribute to increased risk-taking and/or reward seeking.

Society For Neuroscience Abstracts
Author: Society for Neuroscience. Meeting
Publisher:
Release Date: 2001
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Compendium Of Awards
Author: Tobacco-Related Disease Research Program (University of California (System))
Publisher:
Release Date: 2002
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Preventive Cardiology  A Companion To Braunwald S Heart Disease E Book
Author: Roger Blumenthal
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Release Date: 2011-02-25
Pages: 632
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Endorsed by the American Society for Preventive Cardiology! Preventive Cardiology - a new Companion to Braunwald’s Heart Disease - addresses the prevention and risk stratification of cardiovascular disease so that you can delay the onset of disease and moderate the effects and complications. Drs. Roger Blumenthal, JoAnne Foody, and Nathan Wong discuss the full range of relevant considerations, including the epidemiology of heart disease, risk assessment, risk factors, multiple risk factor-based prevention strategies, and developments in genetics and personalized medicine. This authoritative reference gives you the clinically relevant information you need for the effective prevention of cardiovascular disease. Recognize the factors for prevention and risk stratification around cardiovascular disease and effectively delay the onset of disease and moderate the effects and complications, even for individual who are genetically predisposed. Effectively navigate full range of considerations in prevention from epidemiology of heart disease, biology of atherosclerosis and myocardial infraction, risk assessment—established risk factors and emerging risk factors, multiple risk factor-based prevention strategies, and future directions—through genetics, personalized medicine, and much more. Tap into the expertise of prominent leaders in cardiovascular disease prevention with guidance from Drs. Roger Blumenthal—longtime director of the Framingham Heart Study—JoAnne Foody, and Nathan Wong. Gain a deeper understanding of the pathogenesis of disease and the rationale for management through discussions of basic science. Apply current clinical practice guidelines to ensure optimal outcomes in both primary and secondary prevention.

Health Consequences Of Smoking
Author: C. Everett Koop, M.D.
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Release Date: 1988-09-01
Pages: 639
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Examines the scientific evidence that cigarettes and other forms of tobacco are addicting. Concludes that processes that determine tobacco addiction are similar to those that determine addiction to other drugs such as heroin and cocaine. Tables and figures. Bibliography. Index.

Nicotine Psychopharmacology
Author: S. Wonnacott
Publisher: Oxford Science Publications
Release Date: 1990
Pages: 427
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

This book consists of invited reviews from a variety of experts in this area. They integrate the present state of knowledge and explore molecular, biochemical, neurophysiological, and behavioural approaches to studying nicotine and central nicotinic receptors.

Brain Reward   Stress Systems In Addiction
Author: Nicholas W Gilpin
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Release Date: 2015-03-26
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Addiction to drugs and alcohol is a dynamic and multi-faceted disease process in humans, with devastating health and financial consequences for the individual and society-at-large. In humans, drug and alcohol use disorders (i.e., abuse and dependence) are defined by clusters of behavioral symptoms that can be modeled to various degrees in animals. Hallmark behavioral symptoms associated with drug and alcohol dependence are compulsive drug use, loss of control during episodes of drug use, the emergence of a negative emotional state in the absence of the drug, and chronic relapse vulnerability during drug abstinence. The transition to drug dependence is defined by neuroadaptations in brain circuits that, in the absence of drugs, mediate a variety of critical behavioral and physiological processes including natural reward, positive and negative emotional states, nociception, and feeding. Chronic drug exposure during the transition to dependence spurs (1) within-systems changes in neural circuits that contribute to the acute rewarding effects of the drug and (2) recruitment of brain stress systems (neuroendocrine and extra-hypothalamic). There are substantial genetic contributions to the propensity to use and abuse drugs, and drug abuse is highly co-morbid with various other psychiatric conditions (e.g., anxiety disorders, major depressive disorder) that may precede or follow the development of drug use problems. Across drugs of abuse, there are overlapping and dissociable aspects of the behavioral and neural changes that define the transition to dependence. Even within a single drug, people abuse drugs for a variety of reasons. The picture is further complicated by the fact that humans often abuse more than one drug concurrently. Even in the face of these challenges, pre-clinical and clinical research is making exponential gains into understanding the neurobiology of drug addiction. With the advent of new technologies and their combination with traditional approaches, the field is able to ask and answer addiction-related research questions in increasingly sophisticated ways. Here, we hope to assemble a collection of articles that provide an up-to-the-moment snapshot of the prevailing empirical, theoretical and technical directions in the addiction research field. We encourage submissions from all investigators working to understand the neurobiology of addiction, especially as it pertains to reward and stress pathways in the brain.

Dissertation Abstracts International
Author:
Publisher:
Release Date: 2008
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Understanding Abnormal Behavior
Author: David Sue
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin
Release Date: 1997
Pages: 651
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Stages Of Change Among Substance Abuse Clients
Author: Elizabeth Da Silva Cardoso
Publisher:
Release Date: 1997
Pages: 230
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS: