modeling neuropsychiatric disorders in laboratory animals

Modeling Neuropsychiatric Disorders In Laboratory Animals
Author: Kurt Leroy Hoffman
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
Release Date: 2015-08-28
Pages: 324
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Modeling Neuropsychiatric Disorders in Laboratory Animals serves as a guide for students and basic investigators in the fields of behavioral sciences, psychology, neuroscience, psychiatry, and other professionals interested in the use of animal models in preclinical research related to human neuropsychiatric disorders. The text focuses on the rationale and theory of using animal behavior, both pathological and normal, as a tool for understanding the neural underpinnings of neuropsychiatric disorders. Chapters contain discussions on both classical and modern views on the validation of animal models for neuropsychiatric disorders, also discussing the utility of endophenotypes in modeling neuropsychiatric disease. Subsequent chapters deal with four specific classes of disorders, including anxiety disorders, depressive disorders, obsessive-compulsive and related disorders. Final sections discuss the future for the development, validation, and use of animal models in basic and preclinical research. Focuses on the rationale and theory of using animal behavior, both pathological and normal, as a tool for understanding the neural underpinnings of neuropsychiatric disorders Serves as a guide for students and basic investigators in the fields of behavioral sciences, psychology, neuroscience, psychiatry, and other professionals Discusses specific classes of disorders, including anxiety disorders, depressive disorders, obsessive-compulsive and related disorders

Stress And Mental Disorders
Author: Richard McCarty
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Release Date: 2020
Pages: 672
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Stress has been recognized as an important factor in the development or recurrence of various mental disorders, from major depressive disorder to bipolar disorder to anxiety disorders. Stressful stimuli also appear to exert their effects by acting upon individuals with susceptible genotypes. Over the past 50 years, animal models have been developed to study these dynamic interactions between stressful stimuli and genetically susceptible individuals during prenatal and postnatal development and into adulthood. Stress and Mental Disorders: Insights from Animal Models begins with a discussion of the history of psychiatric diagnosis and the recent goal of moving toward precision psychiatry, followed by a review of clinical research on connections between stressful stimuli and the development of psychiatric disorders. Chapters are also included on neuroendocrine, immune, and brain systems involved in responses to stress. Additional chapters focus on the development of animal models in psychiatry and the susceptibility of the developing organism to stressful stimuli. Subsequent chapters are devoted to animal models of specific stress-sensitive psychiatric disorders, including schizophrenia, autism spectrum disorders, bipolar disorder, anxiety disorders, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder. These chapters also focus on identification of promising molecular targets for development of new drug therapies. The section concludes with a chapter on animal models of resilience to stress-induced behavioral alterations as a newer approach to understanding why some animals are susceptible to stress and others are resilient, even though they are essentially genetically identical. The final chapter discusses how these basic laboratory studies are providing promising leads for future breakthroughs in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental disorders.

New Animal Models Of Human Neurological Diseases
Author: Philippe Poindron
Publisher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
Release Date: 2008-01-01
Pages: 100
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

This publication describes in detail some animal models of outstanding importance for the study of human neurological diseases. An introductory article provides a definition of animal models, looks at the history and ethics of their use, and highlights the reasons why animal models are so useful in scientific research. The following chapters present some of the newer models which play a key role in the study of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, multiple sclerosis, stroke and peripheral neuropathy. Their specific features are detailed in the method section of each paper, and their application to the study of human neurological diseases is discussed in a comprehensive manner, i.e. limits and challenges posed by these models are evaluated and potential improvements suggested. A valuable single source of information, this book is recommended reading for neuroscientists as well as for neurologists and neurosurgeons interested in preclinical research on human neurological diseases.

Animal Models Of Neurological Disorders
Author: Puneet Kumar Bansal
Publisher: Springer
Release Date: 2018-01-17
Pages: 343
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

This book introduces undergraduate, postgraduate and research students and scientists to animal models of neurological disorders, along with their working principle and brief procedures. Addressing all the disorders related to the central nervous system (CNS) in a single platform, on the basis of various literature surveys it describes different procedures to induce a single disease with the help of toxins/chemicals. It also includes numerous protocols for inducing single neurological diseases, thus fulfilling an urgent need for a book that makes specific procedures for neurological disorders available, so that specific disease can be induced in laboratories according to the availability of resources. Further, it acquaints readers with the pathological changes that occur in a particular neurological disorder, which reflect specific signs and symptoms of any particular disease, and examines how they affect everyday life. It is a valuable resource for researchers aiming to eradicate or improve neurological disorders by testing the benefits of different drugs.

Handbook Of Medical Psychiatry
Author: Jair C. Soares
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date: 2003-03-19
Pages: 973
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

This volume examines attempts to identify genetic risk factors and environmental components contributing to the development of psychiatric disorders. It explores the symptoms, courses, outcomes, treatment responses and aetiologies of a range of psychiatric illnesses to improve disease classification schemes.

Animal Models Of Neurological Disease II
Author: Alan A. Boulton
Publisher: Springer
Release Date: 1992
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

The use of animal models continues to be the most reliable way of studying pathophysiologic mechanisms as well as treatments for neurological disorders. In two companion volumes, Animal Models of Neurological Disease highlights new information and techniques available in this rapidly growing area. This volume of Neuromethods - the second of a two-volume set on Animal Models of Neurological Disease - presents forefront techniques for studying a variety of seizure disorders and metabolic diseases affecting the CNS. Contributions have been gleaned from a panel of experts in several areas, including: human stroke focal and global ischemia brain hypoxia in vivo and in vitro Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome chemically induced and genetic-based seizures the kindling model of epilepsy hepatic encephalopathies vitamin deficiency syndromes hereditary hyperammonemias. Boulton, Baker, and Butterworth's important new set on Animal Models of Neurological Disease is an outstanding guide for all researchers striving to better understand neurological disease.

Transgenic And Knockout Models Of Neuropsychiatric Disorders
Author: Gene S. Fisch
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2007-11-06
Pages: 296
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

In this up-to-date survey and critical assessment of transgenic and knockout models in neuropsychiatry and behavior, a panel of leading researchers comprehensively assesses how and whether the genetic abnormalities produced from these models manifest the neuropsychiatric disorders to which they correspond. The authors focus on transgenic and knockout models of neurocognitive dysfunction and neuropsychiatric dysfunction. The discussion of neurobiological problems covers mental retardation, polyglutamate, and speech disorders, as well as disorders that involve cognitive, social, speech, and language dysfunction. The neuropsychiatric dysfunctions examined include psychosis and schizophrenia, anxiety, depression, and bipolar disorder.

Hormones  Brain And Behavior
Author:
Publisher: Academic Press
Release Date: 2016-11-09
Pages: 2474
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Hormones, Brain and Behavior, Third Edition offers a state-of-the-art overview of hormonally-mediated behaviors, including an extensive discussion of the effects of hormones on insects, fish, amphibians, birds, rodents, and humans. Entries have been carefully designed to provide a valuable source of information for students and researchers in neuroendocrinology and those working in related areas, such as biology, psychology, psychiatry, and neurology. This third edition has been substantially restructured to include both foundational information and recent developments in the field. Continuing the emphasis on interdisciplinary research and practical applications, the book includes articles aligned in five main subject sections, with new chapters included on genetic and genomic techniques and clinical investigations. This reference provides unique treatment of all major vertebrate and invertebrate model systems with excellent opportunities for relating behavior to molecular genetics. The topics cover an unusual breadth (from molecules to ecophysiology), ranging from basic science to clinical research, making this reference of interest to a broad range of scientists in a variety of fields. Comprehensive and updated coverage of a rapidly growing field of research Unique treatment of all major vertebrate and invertebrate model systems with excellent opportunities for relating behavior to molecular genetics Covers an unusual breadth of topics and subject fields, ranging from molecules to ecophysiology, and from basic science to clinical research Ideal resource for interdisciplinary learning and understanding in the fields of hormones and behavior

Animal And Translational Models For CNS Drug Discovery  Psychiatric Disorders
Author: Robert A. McArthur
Publisher: Academic Press
Release Date: 2008-11-17
Pages: 528
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Psychiatric Disorders is written for researchers in both academia and the pharmaceutical industry who use animal models in research and development of drugs for psychiatric disorders such as anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder, depression, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, ADHD, and autistic spectrum disorder. Psychiatric Disorders has introductory chapters expressing the view of the role and relevance of animal models for drug discovery and development for the treatment of psychiatric disorders from the perspective of (a) academic basic neuroscientific research, (b) applied pharmaceutical drug discovery and development, and (c) issues of clinical trial design and regulatory agencies limitations. Each volume examines the rationale, use, robustness and limitations of animal models in each therapeutic area covered and discuss the use of animal models for target identification and validation. The clinical relevance of animal models is discussed in terms of major limitations in cross-species comparisons, clinical trial design of drug candidates, and how clinical trial endpoints could be improved. The aim of this series of volumes on Animal and Translational Models for CNS Drug Discovery is to identify and provide common endpoints between species that can serve to inform both the clinic and the bench with the information needed to accelerate clinically-effective CNS drug discovery. This is the first volume in the three volume-set, Animal and Translational Models for CNS Drug Discovery 978-0-12-373861-5, and is also available for purchase individually. Provides clinical, academic, government and industry perspectives fostering integrated communication between principle participants at all stages of the drug discovery process Critical evaluation of animal and translational models improving transition from drug discovery and clinical development Emphasizes what results mean to the overall drug discovery process Explores issues in clinical trial design and conductance in each therapeutic area Psychiatric Disorders is available for purchase individually.

Experimental Animal Models In Neurobehavioral Research
Author: Allan V. Kalueff
Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated
Release Date: 2009
Pages: 185
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Behavioural research has been an exciting staple of the neuroscientific community's efforts in combating the rising challenges of mental healthcare. New innovations are bringing a greater understanding of the pathogenic mechanisms behind the disorders and allowing for progress towards their remedies. this translational approach, using newly developed animal modes, is of critical importance for the study of neuropsychiatric disorders. While the differences between the subjects of clinical research and basic research are obvious, there are many neurobiological similarities that allow for the possibility of creating an accurate animal analogue of a human disorder. These tools contribute to translational research and are the best hope for countering the challenges facing the field of mental health. This book provides chapters on a range of issues in biopsychology and behavioural neuroscience. It offers innovative methodological and conceptual advances regarding topics such as sleep, depression, and anxiety, as well as how these domains interact. All authors of the book are recognised experts in the field, and have written their chapters for an international audience of basic and clinical neuroscientists who are interested in behavioural neurophenotyping. The writing will also be accessible to students at the undergraduate level, while still providing an important update to graduate students and professional researchers in the disciplines of psychology, biology, and neuroscience on this rapidly developing field.

Psychiatry
Author: Allan Tasman
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2015-01-29
Pages: 2768
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Now in a new Fourth Edition, Psychiatry remains the leading reference on all aspects of the current practice and latest developments in psychiatry. From an international team of recognised expert editors and contributors, Psychiatry provides a truly comprehensive overview of the entire field of psychiatry in 132 chapters across two volumes. It includes two new sections, on psychosomatic medicine and collaborative care, and on emergency psychiatry, and compares Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-5) and International Classification of Diseases (ICD10) classifications for every psychiatric disorder. Psychiatry, Fourth Edition is an essential reference for psychiatrists in clinical practice and clinical research, residents in training, and for all those involved in the treatment psychiatric disorders. Includes a a companion website at www.tasmanpsychiatry.com featuring PDFs of each chapter and downloadable images

Neurological And Psychiatric Disorders
Author: Frank I. Tarazi
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2007-11-17
Pages: 264
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

A comprehensive, systematic, and advanced review of the scientific, preclinical, and clinical aspects of several major mental illnesses. The illnesses covered range from neurological disorders including Alzheimer's disease, Huntington's disease, and Parkinson's disease, to psychiatric disorders including schizophrenia, autism spectrum disorders, Tourette's syndrome and tic disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder, unipolar depression, bipolar disorder, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. For each disorder, the authors uniformly discuss its incidence and prevalence, etiology, molecular targets and mechanisms of action, brain structures and pathways, animal models, signs and symptoms, genetics, treatments, and related medical terminology.

Behavioral Models In Stress Research
Author: Allan V. Kalueff
Publisher: Nova Publishers
Release Date: 2008
Pages: 226
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Stress is an adaptive response that has developed throughout evolution, and is associated with multiple changes in the biochemistry, histology and physiology of an organism. As stress may induce or contribute to multiple neuropsychiatric disorders, the rigorous investigation of the neural substrates of stress has become a critical endeavour of contemporary biomedical science. This book explores the physiological responses that researchers have attempted to assess in stress-evoked behavioural changes, using both human and animal "experimental" models in clinical and non-clinical research. Though all aspects of the field have their challenges, animal experimental research of stress is a particularly difficult but meaningful task. This book provides succinct and relevant summaries of progress in the area of assessing stress response and the conditions contributing to it.

Standards Of Mouse Model Phenotyping
Author: Martin Hrabé de Angelis
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2009-09-03
Pages: 358
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

This is the first book in the field of mouse genetics to provide comprehensive and standardized methods for the characterization of laboratory mice. The editor is Director of the German Mouse Clinic and member of the Project Committee of the German National Genome Research Network and provides here a brief introduction to the mouse as a model for diseases and functional analysis of genes and proteins. Throughout, he focuses on the characterization of mouse models using the latest phenotyping methods, with the different areas presented in a clearly structured and easily accessible manner.

Anxiety Disorders
Author: Helen Blair Simpson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release Date: 2010-08-26
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Anxiety disorders are amongst the most common of all mental health problems. Research in this field has exploded over recent years, yielding a wealth of new information in domains ranging from neurobiology to cultural anthropology to evidence-based treatment of specific disorders. This book offers a variety of perspectives on new developments and important controversies relevant to the theory, research, and clinical treatment of this class of disorders. Clinicians will find reviews of state-of-the-art treatments for panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, phobias, obsessive-compulsive disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and post-traumatic stress disorder, as well as controversies over diagnostic and treatment issues. Researchers will find in-depth consideration of important selected topics, including genetics, neuroimaging, animal models, contemporary psychoanalytic theory, and the impact of stressors. This book illustrates the enormous advances that have occurred in anxiety research and describes the evolving multi-disciplinary efforts that will shape the future of the field.

Molecular And Functional Models In Neuropsychiatry
Author: Jim J. Hagan
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2011-04-02
Pages: 394
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

The development of more effective treatments for neuropsychiatric disorders requires scientific progress on a broad front. Animal models have a vital role to play in advancing the field. When deployed in conjunction with detailed study of these diseases in man they bring the power to make controlled experimental interventions which allow the functional consequences of genetic variations and polymorphisms to be understood in terms of their cellular, systems and behavioural effects. Further, they provide a means by which complex cognitive and behavioural phenomena may be dissected and understood. Finally, they provide a bridge to understanding the effects of drugs on the functioning of the central nervous system, thereby improving our understanding of the actions of those drugs in man.

Animal Models For The Study Of Human Disease
Author: P. Michael Conn
Publisher: Academic Press
Release Date: 2013-05-29
Pages: 1108
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Animal Models for the Study of Human Disease identifies important animal models and assesses the advantages and disadvantages of each model for the study of human disease. The first section addresses how to locate resources, animal alternatives, animal ethics and related issues, much needed information for researchers across the biological sciences and biomedicine.The next sections of the work offers models for disease-oriented topics, including cardiac and pulmonary diseases, aging, infectious diseases, obesity, diabetes, neurological diseases, joint diseases, visual disorders, cancer, hypertension, genetic diseases, and diseases of abuse. Organized by disease orientation for ease of searchability Provides information on locating resources, animal alternatives and animal ethics Covers a broad range of animal models used in research for human disease

Neurobiology Of Psychiatric Disorders
Author: Thomas E Schlaepfer
Publisher: Elsevier
Release Date: 2012-09-01
Pages: 762
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

This new volume in the Handbook of Clinical Neurology presents a comprehensive review of the fundamental science and clinical treatment of psychiatric disorders. Advances in neuroscience have allowed for dramatic advances in the understanding of psychiatric disorders and treatment. Brain disorders, such as depression and schizophrenia, are the leading cause of disability worldwide. It is estimated that over 25% of the adult population in North America are diagnosed yearly with at least one mental disorder and similar results hold for Europe. Now that neurology and psychiatry agree that all mental disorders are in fact, "brain diseases," this volume provides a foundational introduction to the science defining these disorders and details best practices for psychiatric treatment. Provides a comprehensive review of the scientific foundations of psychiatric disorders and psychiatric treatment Includes detailed results from genetics, molecular biology, brain imaging, and neuropathological, immunological, epidemiological, metabolic, therapeutic and historical aspects of the major psychiatric disorders A "must have" reference and resource for neuroscientists, neurologists, psychiatrists, and clinical psychologists as well as all research scientists investigating disorders of the brain

Encyclopedia Of Behavioral Neuroscience
Author:
Publisher: Elsevier
Release Date: 2010-04-16
Pages: 1816
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Behavioral Neuroscientists study the behavior of animals and humans and the neurobiological and physiological processes that control it. Behavior is the ultimate function of the nervous system, and the study of it is very multidisciplinary. Disorders of behavior in humans touch millions of people’s lives significantly, and it is of paramount importance to understand pathological conditions such as addictions, anxiety, depression, schizophrenia, autism among others, in order to be able to develop new treatment possibilities. Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience is the first and only multi-volume reference to comprehensively cover the foundation knowledge in the field. This three volume work is edited by world renowned behavioral neuroscientists George F. Koob, The Scripps Research Institute, Michel Le Moal, Université Bordeaux, and Richard F. Thompson, University of Southern California and written by a premier selection of the leading scientists in their respective fields. Each section is edited by a specialist in the relevant area. The important research in all areas of Behavioral Neuroscience is covered in a total of 210 chapters on topics ranging from neuroethology and learning and memory, to behavioral disorders and psychiatric diseases. The only comprehensive Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience on the market Addresses all recent advances in the field Written and edited by an international group of leading researchers, truly representative of the behavioral neuroscience community Includes many entries on the advances in our knowledge of the neurobiological basis of complex behavioral, psychiatric, and neurological disorders Richly illustrated in full color Extensively cross referenced to serve as the go-to reference for students and researchers alike The online version features full searching, navigation, and linking functionality An essential resource for libraries serving neuroscientists, psychologists, neuropharmacologists, and psychiatrists

Contemporary Issues In Modeling Psychopathology
Author: Michael S. Myslobodsky
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2013-03-09
Pages: 317
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Despite considerable progress in clinical and basic neurosciences, the cure of psychiatric disorders is still remote, little is known about their prevention, and the etiology and molecular mechanisms of mental disorders are still obscure. Diagnoses are still guided by patients' stories. The mission of animal models is to bridge the gap between `the story and the synapse.' Contemporary Issues in Modeling of Psychopathology attempts to do this by examining such questions as `What good might come from such a model? Are we wasting our time? How far can we carry results from model animals, such as rats and mice, without causing a highly distorted view of the field and its goals?' This book serves as the opening volume for a new series, Neurobiological Foundation of Aberrant Behaviors.