managing ocean environments in a changing climate

Managing Ocean Environments In A Changing Climate
Author: Kevin J. Noone
Publisher: Newnes
Release Date: 2013-06-29
Pages: 376
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Managing Ocean Environments in a Changing Climate summarizes the current state of several threats to the global oceans. What distinguishes this book most from previous works is that this book begins with a holistic, global-scale focus for the first several chapters and then provides an example of how this approach can be applied on a regional scale, for the Pacific region. Previous works usually have compiled local studies, which are essentially impossible to properly integrate to the global scale. The editors have engaged leading scientists in a number of areas, such as fisheries and marine ecosystems, ocean chemistry, marine biogeochemical cycling, oceans and climate change, and economics, to examine the threats to the oceans both individually and collectively, provide gross estimates of the economic and societal impacts of these threats, and deliver high-level recommendations. Nominated for a Katerva Award in 2012 in the Economy category State of the science reviews by known marine experts provide a concise, readable presentation written at a level for managers and students Links environmental and economic aspects of ocean threats and provides an economic analysis of action versus inaction Provides recommendations for stakeholders to help stimulate the development of policies that would help move toward sustainable use of marine resources and services

Climate Change And Marine And Freshwater Toxins
Author: Luis M. Botana
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release Date: 2015-09-25
Pages: 508
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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In Climate Change and Marine and Freshwater Toxins the editors have assembled contributions from a team of international experts to expand the framework for an appropriate assessment of climate change impacts on aquatic toxins. While the production of toxins by microalgae has been known for decades, establishing a factual link supported by scientific evidence is a very complex endeavor. The increasing frequency and distribution of toxic blooms for example continue to raise serious concerns regarding seafood and drinking water safety. This book compiles current evidence on the influence of climate change on the spreading of toxin producing species in aquatic systems. The chemistry and biology of toxin production is revised and an outlook on control and prevention of the toxin's impact on human and animal health is given. •Compelling quantitative evidence of complex interactions from primary toxin producers and along the food chain. •Latest advances on prediction and prevention of water toxin threats to human and animal health. •A must read for insights into aquatic toxins and their modification by climatic conditions. About the Editors Luis M. Botana Is a full Professor of Pharmacology at the University of Santiago, from 2004-2012 director of the Department of Pharmacology and former Fogarty Fellow at the School of Medicine of the Johns Hopkins University. He has been director of the European Reference Laboratory for Marine Toxins from 2004 to 2009. He is author of 25 international patents, over 300 scientific papers and editor of 10 international books. M. Carmen Louzao Is a Professor of Pharmacology at the University of Santiago de Compostela since 1997. She was a postdoctoral fellow in the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) from 1994 to 1995. She is author of over 70 scientific publications in the field of Toxicology, Biochemistry, and Immunology and 20 reviews and book chapters. Natalia Vilariño Currently teaches Pharmacology to Veterinary Medicine students and participates actively in the research activities of the Department of Pharmacology, University of Santiago de Compostela, since 2005. She was a postdoctoral fellow at the Johns Hopkins Asthma and Allergy Center for 4 years. She is author of over 50 scientific papers in the fields of Toxicology, Analytical Chemistry and Immunology.

Building A Climate Resilient Economy And Society
Author: K.N. Ninan
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Release Date: 2017-06-30
Pages: 336
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Climate change will have a profound impact on human and natural systems, and will also impede economic growth and sustainable development. In this book, leading experts from around the world discuss the challenges and opportunities in building a climate resilient economy and society. The chapters are organised in three sections. The first part explores vulnerability, adaptation and resilience, whilst Part II examines climate resilience-sectoral perspectives covering different sectors such as agriculture, fisheries, marine ecosystems, cities and urban infrastructure, drought prone areas, and renewable energy. In the final part, the authors look at Incentives, institutions and policy, including topics such as carbon pricing, REDD plus, climate finance, the role of institutions and communities, and climate policies. Combining a global focus with detailed case studies of a cross section of regions, countries and sectors, this book will prove to be an invaluable resource.

Stressors In The Marine Environment
Author: Reader in Ocean and Earth Science Martin Solan
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release Date: 2016-03-10
Pages: 384
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

A multitude of direct and indirect human influences have significantly altered the environmental conditions, composition, and diversity of marine communities. However, understanding and predicting the combined impacts of single and multiple stressors is particularly challenging because observed ecological feedbacks are underpinned by a number of physiological and behavioural responses that reflect stressor type, severity, and timing. Furthermore, integration between the traditional domains of physiology and ecology tends to be fragmented and focused towards the effects of a specific stressor or set of circumstances. This novel volume summarises the latest research in the physiological and ecological responses of marine species to a comprehensive range of marine stressors, including chemical and noise pollution, ocean acidification, hypoxia, UV radiation, thermal and salinity stress before providing a perspective on future outcomes for some of the most pressing environmental issues facing society today. Stressors in the Marine Environment synthesises the combined expertise of a range of international researchers, providing a truly interdisciplinary and accessible summary of the field. It is essential reading for graduate students as well as professional researchers in environmental physiology, ecology, marine biology, conservation biology, and marine resource management. It will also be of particular relevance and use to the regulatory agencies and authorities tasked with managing the marine environment, including social scientists and environmental economists.

Coastal Risk Management In A Changing Climate
Author: Barbara Zanuttigh
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Release Date: 2014-10-28
Pages: 670
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Existing coastal management and defense approaches are not well suited to meet the challenges of climate change and related uncertanities. Professionals in this field need a more dynamic, systematic and multidisciplinary approach. Written by an international group of experts, Coastal Risk Management in a Changing Climate provides innovative, multidisciplinary best practices for mitigating the effects of climate change on coastal structures. Based on the Theseus program, the book includes eight study sites across Europe, with specific attention to the most vulnerable coastal environments such as deltas, estuaries and wetlands, where many large cities and industrial areas are located. Integrated risk assessment tools for considering the effects of climate change and related uncertainties Presents latest insights on coastal engineering defenses Provides integrated guidelines for setting up optimal mitigation measures Provides directly applicable tools for the design of mitigation measures Highlights socio-economic perspectives in coastal mitigation

From Headwaters To The Ocean
Author: Makoto Taniguchi
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date: 2008-09-11
Pages: 696
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

The vulnerability of water resources due to climate change and human activities is globally increasing. The phenomenon of hydrological change is complicated because of the combinations and interactions between natural climate fluctuation, global warming and human activities including changes in land utilization. The impact areas of hydrological changes are also not only within the basin, but reach to the ocean through coastal water exchanges. This book presents contributions focused on integrated water management from headwater to the ocean in a time of climate change and increasing population.

Climate Change And The Oceans
Author: Robin Warner
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Release Date: 2012-01-01
Pages: 274
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Climate Change and the Oceans investigates the effects of climate change on the ocean environment and its implications for maritime activities, both globally and within the Asia Pacific region. This detailed work draws together informed opinion from a range of disciplines to examine the impacts of climate change on marine and coastal areas and review legal and policy responses to the rapidly changing ocean environment. Issues including the effects on fisheries and marine biodiversity in the Asia Pacific region, maritime security, global shipping, marine jurisdiction and marine geo-engineering are also explored. Examining the multiple impacts of climate change on the oceans and ocean based solutions to mitigate the adverse impacts of climate change, this thought-provoking book will prove invaluable to academics, researchers and students in the fields of law, environment, ecology and political science. Oceans and marine environmental policymakers will also find this to be an essential resource.

Asia Pacific Coasts And Their Management
Author: Nobuo Mimura
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2008-01-14
Pages: 367
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

The Asia and Pacific region is home to the world’s largest concentration of coral reefs and mangroves. It accommodates two-thirds of the world’s human population and its economic activities have the highest growth rate in the world. This book gives an overview of the state-of-the-art understanding on the drivers, state, and responses to the coastal environmental changes in the Asia and Pacific region. It provides important perspectives on the subject for researchers.

Fritz Hollings National Ocean Policy And Leadership Act
Author:
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Release Date:
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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America S Living Oceans
Author: Leon E. Panetta
Publisher:
Release Date: 2003
Pages: 144
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Remote Sensing Of Ocean And Coastal Environments
Author: Meenu Rani
Publisher: Elsevier
Release Date: 2020-09-27
Pages: 426
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Remote Sensing of Ocean and Coastal Environments advances the scientific understanding and application of technologies to address a variety of areas relating to sustainable development, including environmental systems analysis, environmental management, clean processes, green chemistry and green engineering. Through each contributed chapter, the book covers ocean remote sensing, ocean color monitoring, modeling biomass and the carbon of oceanic ecosystems, sea surface temperature (SST) and sea surface salinity, ocean monitoring for oil spills and pollutions, coastal erosion and accretion measurement. This book is aimed at those with a common interest in oceanography techniques, sustainable development and other diverse backgrounds within earth and ocean science fields. This book is ideal for academicians, scientists, environmentalists, meteorologists, environmental consultants and computing experts working in the areas of earth and ocean sciences. Provides a comprehensive assessment of various ocean processes and their relative phenomena Includes graphical abstract and photosets in each chapter Presents literature reviews, case studies and applications

Applied Studies In Climate Adaptation
Author: Jean P. Palutikof
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2014-10-27
Pages: 496
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

The book advances knowledge about climate change adaptationpractices through a series of case studies. It presents importantevidence about adaptation practices in agriculture, businesses, thecoastal zone, community services, disaster management, ecosystems,indigneous populations, and settlements and infrastructure. Inaddition to 38 case studies across these sectors, the book containshorizon-scoping essays from international experts in adaptationresearch, including Hallie Eakin, Susanne Moser, Jonathon Overpeck,Bill Solecki, and Gary Yohe. Australia’s social-ecological systems have a long historyof adapting to climate variability and change, and in recentdecades has been a world-leader in implementing and researchingadaptation, making this book of universal relevance to all thoseworking to adapt our environment and societies to climatechange.

Addressing Climate Change   Issues And Solutions From Around The World
Author:
Publisher: IUCN
Release Date: 2010
Pages: 42
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Coral Reefs And Climate Change
Author: JonathanT. Phinney
Publisher: American Geophysical Union
Release Date: 2006-01-10
Pages: 244
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Coastal and Estuarine Studies, Volume 61. The effects of increased atmospheric carbon dioxide and related climate change on shallow coral reefs are gaining considerable attention for scientific and economic reasons worldwide. Although increased scientific research has improved our understanding of the response of coral reefs to climate change, we still lack key information that can help guide reef management. Research and monitoring of coral reef ecosystems over the past few decades have documented two major threats related to increasing concentrations of atmospheric CO2: (1) increased sea surface temperatures and (2) increased seawater acidity (lower pH). Higher atmospheric CO2 levels have resulted in rising sea surface temperatures and proven to be an acute threat to corals and other reef-dwelling organisms. Short periods (days) of elevated sea surface temperatures by as little as 1–2°C above the normal maximum temperature has led to more frequent and more widespread episodes of coral bleaching-the expulsion of symbiotic algae. A more chronic consequence of increasing atmospheric CO2 is the lowering of pH of surface waters, which affects the rate at which corals and other reef organisms secrete and build their calcium carbonate skeletons. Average pH of the surface ocean has already decreased by an estimated 0.1 unit since preindustrial times, and will continue to decline in concert with rising atmospheric CO2. These climate-related Stressors combined with other direct anthropogenic assaults, such as overfishing and pollution, weaken reef organisms and increase their susceptibility to disease.

Integrated Coastal Zone Management
Author: Erlend Moksness
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2009-07-31
Pages: 376
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Coastal waters around the globe suffer from strain due to a widerange of human activities. The situation calls for a holisticapproach, combining expertise from nature and social science, toreach a balanced and sustainable development of the coastal zone. This important book comprises the proceedings of TheInternational Symposium on Integrated Coastal Zone Management,which took place in Arendal, Norway between 11-14 June 2007. The main objective of the Symposium was to present currentknowledge and to address issues on advice and management related tothe coastal zone. The major themes of papers included in this bookare: Coastal habitats Impacts on coastal systems Integrated Coastal Zone Management Coastal governance Comprising a huge wealth of information, this timely and welledited volume is essential reading for all those involved incoastal zone management around the globe. All libraries in researchestablishments and universities where fisheries and aquaticsciences are studied and taught will need copies of this importantvolume on their shelves.

The Ecology Of Transportation  Managing Mobility For The Environment
Author: John Davenport
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2006-06-30
Pages: 393
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

This volume reviews the ecological effects of road, rail, marine and air transport. The focus ranges from identification of threats and repair of damaging effects to design of future transport systems that minimize environmental degradation. The scope of coverage extends from small ecosystems to the planet as a whole. Experts from a variety of disciplines address the topic, expressing views across the spectrum from deep pessimism to cautious optimism.

Toward The 2002 World Summit On Sustainable Development  Johannesburg
Author: Patricio Arturo Bernal
Publisher:
Release Date: 2002
Pages: 38
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Waters In Peril
Author: Leah Bendell-Young
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2001-11-30
Pages: 248
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Waters in Peril presents the most recent scientific evidence produced by internationally renowned ocean scientists on the current state of ocean ecosystems, globally. Covering over seventy percent of the earth's surface, the ocean is the world's largest common property resource, jointly owned by over six billion humans. It is the foundation for life on earth as we know it. The content ranges from the movement of essential nutrients in the sea to the loss of diversity as a consequence of overharvesting practices and habitat loss. Essential to the maintenance of complex ecosystems is the proper functioning of biogeochemical cycles within the oceans. Waters in Peril addresses this topic by detailing behavior of the essential nutrients, nitrogen and phosphorus, and discussing how these cycles are being altered so as to compromise the function of ocean ecosystems. Issues regarding how man-made activities are further altering the structure of oceanic systems are also discussed. In addition, the mechanism for and consequences of the loss of biodiversity are described, with issues such as overfishing, the invasion of exotic species, and the loss of ocean habitat being presented in such a way that the average reader can readily grasp the concepts. Rather than end on a negative `Doomsday' note, the final chapters provide recommendations and directions for solutions as to how to reverse these human-induced trends.

Coral Reefs  Climate Change And Resilience   An Agenda For Action From The IUCN World Conservation Congress In Barcelona  Spain
Author:
Publisher: IUCN
Release Date:
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Real Time Coastal Observing Systems For Marine Ecosystem Dynamics And Harmful Algal Blooms
Author: Babin, Marcel
Publisher: UNESCO
Release Date: 2008-06-05
Pages: 880
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

The proliferation of harmful phytoplankton in marine ecosystems can cause massive fish kills, contaminate seafood with toxins, impact local and regional economies and dramatically affect ecological balance. Real-time observations are essential for effective short-term operational forecasting, but observation and modelling systems are still being developed. This volume provides guidance for developing real-time and near real-time sensing systems for observing and predicting plankton dynamics, including harmful algal blooms, in coastal waters. The underlying theory is explained and current trends in research and monitoring are discussed.Topics covered include: coastal ecosystems and dynamics of harmful algal blooms; theory and practical applications of in situ and remotely sensed optical detection of microalgal distributions and composition; theory and practical applications of in situ biological and chemical sensors for targeted species and toxin detection; integrated observing systems and platforms for detection; diagnostic and predictive modelling of ecosystems and harmful algal blooms, including data assimilation techniques; observational needs for the public and government; and future directions for research and operations.