magnetism of surfaces interfaces and nanoscale materials

Magnetism Of Surfaces  Interfaces  And Nanoscale Materials
Author: Robert E. Camley
Publisher: Elsevier
Release Date: 2015-10-27
Pages: 476
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

In the past 30 years, magnetic research has been dominated by the question of how surfaces and interfaces influence the magnetic and transport properties of nanostructures, thin films and multilayers. The research has been particularly important in the magnetic recording industry where the giant magnetoresistance effect led to a new generation of storage devices including hand-held memories such as those found in the ipod. More recently, transfer of spin angular momentum across interfaces has opened a new field for high frequency applications. This book gives a comprehensive view of research at the forefront of these fields. The frontier is expanding through dynamic exchange between theory and experiment. Contributions have been chosen to reflect this, giving the reader a unified overview of the topic. Addresses both theory and experiment that are vital for gaining an essential understanding of topics at the interface between magnetism and materials science Chapters written by experts provide great insights into complex material Discusses fundamental background material and state-of-the-art applications, serving as an indispensable guide for students and professionals at all levels of expertise Stresses interdisciplinary aspects of the field, including physics, chemistry, nanocharacterization, and materials science Combines basic materials with applications, thus widening the scope of the book and its readership

Handbook Of Magnetic Materials
Author: K.H.J. Buschow
Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing
Release Date: 2002-10-04
Pages: 434
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Magnetoelectronics is a novel and rapidly developing field. This new field is frequently referred to as spin-electronics or spintronics. It includes spin-utilizing devices that need neither a magnetic field nor magnetic materials. In semiconductor devices, the spin of the carriers has only played a very modest role so far because well established semiconductor devices are non-magnetic and show only negligible effects of spin. Nanoscale thin films and multilayers, nanocrystalline magnetic materials, granular films, and amorphous alloys have attracted much attention in the last few decades, in the field of basic research as well as in the broader field of materials science. Such heterogeneous materials display uncommon magnetic properties that virtually do no occur in bulk materials. This is true, in particular with respect to surface (interface) magnetic anisotropy and surface (interface) magnetostrictive strains and giant magnetoresistance. The local atomic arrangement at the interface differs strongly from that in the bulk. The local symmetry is lowered, so that some interactions are changed or are missing altogether. The interface atoms may envisaged as forming a new phase and some properties characteristic of this phase may become predominant for the entire system. This becomes particularly evident in the case of interfacial magnetostriction which can lead to a decrease (almost to zero) or to an increase(over the bulk value) of the resulting magnetostriction of the nanoscale system. There are various forms of the interplay of magnetism and superconductivity, which can be divided into competition and coexistence phenomena. For instance, a strong competition is found in high-Tc cuprates. In these materials, depending on the doping rate, either Neel-type antiferromagnetism moments (e.g. from 4f-elements) with superconductivity is known to occur in systems where the concentration of these moments is sufficiently small or where they are antiferromagnetically ordered and only weakly coupled to the conduction electrons. During the years, intermetallic gadolinium compounds have adopted a special position in the study of 4f electron magnetism. The reason for this is the fact that the gadolinium moment consists only of a pure spin moment, orbital contributions to the moment being absent. As a consequence, gadolinium compounds have been regarded as ideal test benches for studying exchange interactions, free from complications due to crystal effects. Volume 14 of the Handbook of Magnetic Materials, as the preceding volumes, has a dual purpose. As a textbook it is intended to be of assistance to those who wish to be introduced to a given topic in the field of magnetism without the need to read the vast amount of literature published. As a work of reference it is intended for scientists active in magnetism research. To this dual purpose, volume 14 of the Handbook is composed of topical review articles written by leading authorities. In each of these articles an extensive description is given in graphical as well as tabular form, much emphasis being placed on the discussion of the experimental material in the framework of physics, chemistry and material science.

Nanoscale Materials
Author: Luis M. Liz-Marzán
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2007-05-08
Pages: 500
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Organized nanoassemblies of inorganic nanoparticles and organic molecules are building blocks of nanodevices, whether they are designed to perform molecular level computing, sense the environment or improve the catalytic properties of a material. The key to creation of these hybrid nanostructures lies in understanding the chemistry at a fundamental level. This book serves as a reference book for researchers by providing fundamental understanding of many nanoscopic materials.

Surface Science Tools For Nanomaterials Characterization
Author: Challa S.S.R. Kumar
Publisher: Springer
Release Date: 2015-03-10
Pages: 652
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Fourth volume of a 40volume series on nano science and nanotechnology, edited by the renowned scientist Challa S.S.R. Kumar. This handbook gives a comprehensive overview about Surface Science Tools for Nanomaterials Characterization. Modern applications and state-of-the-art techniques are covered and make this volume an essential reading for research scientists in academia and industry.

Nanoscale Materials In Chemistry
Author: Kenneth J. Klabunde
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2004-08-13
Pages: 292
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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In recent years, interest in the preparation and characterization of nanostructured materials has grown due to their distinctive properties and potential technological applications. Nanoscale materials represent a new realm of matter and offer widespread possibilities for contributions to science and technology. Nanoscale Materials in Chemistry explores the vast potential of nanomaterials and serves as essential reading for the entire science community. The extensive coverage of Nanoscale Materials in Chemistry presents a thorough introduction to the field of nanostructured materials, including chemical synthesis methods, bonding theories, and applications. Because nanomaterials are finding more applications in the real world, this text contains up-to-date treatment of such topics as: Metals, semiconductor nanocrystals, and ceramics Double layers, optical properties, and the electrochemistry of metal nanoparticles Chemical and catalytic aspects of nanocrystals Specific heats and melting points of nanocrystalline materials Authored by world-renowned experts in the field of nanotechnology, Nanoscale Materials in Chemistry is suitable as a primary text for graduate courses and is a reliable resource for scientists.

Magnetic Characterization Techniques For Nanomaterials
Author: Challa S.S.R. Kumar
Publisher: Springer
Release Date: 2017-04-24
Pages: 566
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Sixth volume of a 40 volume series on nanoscience and nanotechnology, edited by the renowned scientist Challa S.S.R. Kumar. This handbook gives a comprehensive overview about Magnetic Characterization Techniques for Nanomaterials. Modern applications and state-of-the-art techniques are covered and make this volume an essential reading for research scientists in academia and industry.

Nanomaterials And Nanochemistry
Author: C. Bréchignac
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2008-01-01
Pages: 747
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Here is a brilliant book that covers the major aspects of nanomaterials production. It integrates the many and varied chemical, material and thermo-dynamical facets of production, offering readers a new and unique approach to the subject. The mechanical, optical, and magnetic characteristics of nanomaterials are also presented in detail. Nanomaterials are a fast developing field of research and this book serves as both a reference work for researchers and a textbook for graduate students.

Fundamentals And Applications Of Magnetic Materials
Author: Kannan M. Krishnan
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release Date: 2016-10-06
Pages: 816
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Students and researchers looking for a comprehensive textbook on magnetism, magnetic materials and related applications will find in this book an excellent explanation of the field. Chapters progress logically from the physics of magnetism, to magnetic phenomena in materials, to size and dimensionality effects, to applications. Beginning with a description of magnetic phenomena and measurements on a macroscopic scale, the book then presents discussions of intrinsic and phenomenological concepts of magnetism such as electronic magnetic moments and classical, quantum, and band theories of magnetic behavior. It then covers ordered magnetic materials (emphasizing their structure-sensitive properties) and magnetic phenomena, including magnetic anisotropy, magnetostriction, and magnetic domain structures and dynamics. What follows is a comprehensive description of imaging methods to resolve magnetic microstructures (domains) along with an introduction to micromagnetic modeling. The book then explores in detail size (small particles) and dimensionality (surface and interfaces) effects — the underpinnings of nanoscience and nanotechnology that are brought into sharp focus by magnetism. The hallmark of modern science is its interdisciplinarity, and the second half of the book offers interdisciplinary discussions of information technology, magnetoelectronics and the future of biomedicine via recent developments in magnetism. Modern materials with tailored properties require careful synthetic and characterization strategies. The book also includes relevant details of the chemical synthesis of small particles and the physical deposition of ultra thin films. In addition, the book presents details of state-of-the-art characterization methods and summaries of representative families of materials, including tables of properties. CGS equivalents (to SI) are included.

Nanostructured Magnetic Materials And Their Applications
Author: Bekir Aktas
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2004-07-27
Pages: 443
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop, Istanbul, Turkey, 1-4 July 2003

Nanomaterials Imaging Techniques  Surface Studies  And Applications
Author: Olena Fesenko
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2013-08-13
Pages: 372
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

This book presents cutting-edge research on a wide range of nanotechnology techniques and applications. It features contributions from scientists who participated in the International Summer School “Nanotechnology: From Fundamental Research to Innovations” in Bukovel, Ukraine on August 26 – September 2, 2012 funded by the European Commission FP7 project Nanotwinning implemented by the Institute of Physics of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and partner institutions: University of Tartu (Estonia), European Profiles A.E. (Greece), University of Turin (Italy) and Université Pierre et Marie Curie (France). Worldwide experts present the latest results on such key topics as microscopy of nanostructures; nanocomposites; nanostructured interfaces and surfaces; nanooptics; nanoplasmonics; and enhanced vibrational spectroscopy. Imaging technique coverage ranges from atomic force microscopy and spectroscopy, multiphoton imagery, and laser diagnostics of nanomaterials and nanostructures, to resonance Raman and SERS for surface characterization, and scanning tunneling microscopy of organic molecules. The breadth of topics highlights the exciting variety of research currently being undertaken in this field and suggests new opportunities for interdisciplinary collaboration and future research.

Magnetic Properties Of Antiferromagnetic Oxide Materials
Author: Lamberto Duò
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2010-04-16
Pages: 362
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

This first focused treatment on a hot topic highlights fundamental aspects as well as technological applications arising from a fascinating area of condensed matter physics. The editors have excellent track records and, in light of the broadness of the topic, retain the focus on antiferromagnetic oxides. They thus cover such topics as dichroism in x-ray absorption, non-magnetic substrates, exchange bias, ferromagnetic-antiferromagnetic interface coupling and oxide multilayers, as well as imaging using soft x-ray microscopy. The result is a very timely monograph for solid state physicists and chemists, materials scientists, electrical engineers, physicists in industry, physical laboratory technicians, and suppliers of sensors.

Handbook Of Thin Film Materials  Nanomaterials And Magnetic Thin Films
Author: Hari Singh Nalwa
Publisher:
Release Date: 2002
Pages: 633
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Vol.1: Deposition and processing of thin films; Vol.2: Characterization and spectroscopy of thin films; Vol.3: Ferroelectric and dielectric thin films; Vol.4: Semiconductor and superconductor thin films; Vol.5: Nanomaterials and magnetic thin flims

Nanoscale Characterization Of Surfaces And Interfaces
Author: N. John DiNardo
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2008-09-26
Pages: 173
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Derived from the highly acclaimed series Materials Science and Technology, this book provides in-depth coverage of STM, AFM, and related non-contact nanoscale probes along with detailed applications, such as the manipulation of atoms and clusters on a nanometer scale. The methods are described in terms of the physics and the technology of the methods and many high-quality images demonstrate the power of these techniques in the investigation of surfaces and the processes which occur on them. Topics include: Semiconductor Surfaces and Interfaces * Insulators * Layered Compounds * Charge Density Wave Systems * Superconductors * Electrochemisty at Liquid-Solid Interfaces * Biological Systems * Metrological Applications * Nanoscale Surface Forces * Nanotribology * Manipulation on the Nanoscale Materials scientists, surface scientists, electrochemists, as well as scientists working in catalysis and microelectronics will find this book an invaluable source of information

Handbook Of Innovative Nanomaterials
Author: Xiaosheng Fang
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date: 2012-07-05
Pages: 960
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Nowadays, not only is the research on nanoscale is among the most active fields in current science, but it is also being gradually introduced into our daily lives. The purpose of this book is to provide the readers with a comprehensive review of the state-of-the-art research activities in the field of innovative nanomaterials. This book is a compre

Solid Surfaces  Interfaces And Thin Films
Author: Hans Lüth
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2010-09-02
Pages: 580
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Solid Surfaces, Interfaces and Thin Films examines both experimental and theoretical aspects of surface, interface and thin film physics. Coverage of magnetic thin films has been expanded, and now includes giant magnetoresistance and the spin-transfer torque mechanism.

Magnetism
Author: Joachim Stöhr
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2007-01-19
Pages: 822
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

This text book gives a comprehensive account of magnetism, one of the oldest yet most vibrant fields of physics. It spans the historical development, the physical foundations and the continuing research underlying the subject. The book covers both the classical and quantum mechanical aspects of magnetism and novel experimental techniques. Perhaps uniquely, it discusses spin transport and magnetization dynamics phenomena associated with atomically and spin engineered nano-structures against the backdrop of spintronics and magnetic storage and memory applications. The book is for students, and serves as a reference for scientists in academia and research laboratories.

Nanomaterials
Author: A.S Edelstein
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date: 1998-01-01
Pages: 616
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Nanomaterials: Synthesis, Properties and Applications provides a comprehensive introduction to nanomaterials, from how to make them to example properties, processing techniques, and applications. Contributions by leading international researchers and teachers in academic, government, and industrial institutions in nanomaterials provide an accessible guide for newcomers to the field. The coverage ranges from isolated clusters and small particles to nanostructured materials, multilayers, and nanoelectronics. The book contains a wealth of references for further reading. Individual chapters deal with relevant aspects of the underlying physics, materials science, and physical chemistry.

Nanoscale Devices   Fundamentals And Applications
Author: Rudolf Gross
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2007-05-16
Pages: 378
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

This book collects papers on the fundamentals and applications of nanoscale devices, first presented at the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Nanoscale Devices – Fundamentals and Applications held in Kishinev, Moldova, in September 2004. The focus is on the synthesis and characterization of nanoscale magnetic materials; fundamental physics and materials aspects of solid-state nanostructures; development of novel device concepts and design principles for nanoscale devices; and on applications in electronics with emphasis on defence against the threat of terrorism.

Energy Materials Coordinating Committe  EMaCC   Fiscal Year 2004 Annual Technical Report
Author:
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Release Date:
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Author: Sellmyer
Publisher: 清华大学出版社有限公司
Release Date: 2005
Pages: 395
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

本书共分四卷,第一卷集中论述一个具体的研究领域。每一章首先对该章的基本概念和重要观念进行阐述,然后从实验和理论方面进行详细的说明,最后介绍该领域的发展前景以及新的思想。