JPMorgan Chase & Company is the largest financial holding company in the United States, with $2.4 trillion in assets. It is also the largest derivatives dealer in the world and the largest single participant in world credit derivatives markets. JPMorgan Chase has consistently portrayed itself as an expert in risk management with a "fortress balance sheet" that ensures taxpayers have nothing to fear from its banking activities, including its extensive dealing in derivatives. But in early 2012, the bank's Chief Investment Office (CIO), which is charged with managing $350 billion in excess deposits, placed a massive bet on a complex set of synthetic credit derivatives that, in 2012, lost at least $6.2 billion. The CIO's losses were the result of the so-called "London Whale" trades executed by traders in its London office; trades so large in size that they roiled world credit markets. This book provides an overview and background of the investigation of derivatives risks and abuses relating to the JPMorgan Chase Whale traders with accompanying testimony given before the Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations.
jpmorgan chase whale trades
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|Book Title||: JPMorgan Chase Whale Trades|
|Author||: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs. Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations|
|Release Date||: 2013|
|Available Language||: English, Spanish, And French|
"The JPMorgan Chase whale trades provide a startling and instructive case history of how synthetic credit derivatives have become a multi-billion dollar source of risk within the U.S. banking system. They also demonstrate how inadequate derivative valuation practices enabled traders to hide substantial losses for months at a time; lax hedging practices obscured whether derivatives were being used to offset risk or take risk; risk limit breaches were routinely disregarded; risk evaluation models were manipulated to downplay risk; inadequate regulatory oversight was too easily dodged or stonewalled; and derivative trading and financial results were misrepresented to investors, regulators, policymakers, and the taxpaying public who, when banks lose big, may be required to finance multi-billion-dollar bailouts"--Pg. 7.
Ever since civilised society began, we have felt the need to classify, categorise and specialise. It can make things more efficient, and help give the leaders of any organisation a sense of confidence that they have the right people focusing on the right tasks. But it can also be catastrophic, leading to tunnel vision and tribalism. Most importantly it can create a structural fog, with the full picture of where an organisation is heading hidden from view. It is incredibly widespread: the chances are these 'silos' are rife in any organisation or profession, whether your business, or your local school or hospital. Across industries and cultures, as this brilliant and penetrating book shows, silos have the power to collapse companies and destabilise financial markets, yet they still dominate the workplace. They blind and confuse us, often making modern institutions act in risky, silly and damaging ways. Gillian Tett has spent years covering financial markets and business, but she's also a trained anthropologist, having completed a doctorate at Cambridge University and conducted field work in Tibet and Tajikistan. She's no stranger to questioning the assumptions and practices of a culture. Those in question - financial trading desks, urban police forces, surgical teams within medical clinics, software debuggers and consumer product engineers - have practices and rituals as ordered and intricate as those of any far-flung tribe. In The Silo Effect, she uses an anthropological lens to explore how individuals, teams and whole organisations often work in silos of thought, process and product. With examples drawn from a range of fascinating areas - the New York Fire Department and Facebook to the Bank of England and Sony - these narratives illustrate not just how foolishly people can behave when they are mastered by silos but also how the brightest institutions and individuals can master them. The Silo Effect is a sharp, visionary and inspiring work with the insight, prescriptions and power to remove our organisational blinders and transform the way we think for the better.
Dramatic failures in individual markets and institutions sparked a global financial crisis that resulted in political, social, and economic unrest. In the United States, a host of legislative acts have completely reshaped the regulatory landscape. Capital Markets, Derivatives and the Law: Positivity and Preparation investigates the impact of the financial crisis on capital markets and regulation. With an emphasis on the structure and the workings of financial instruments, it considers market evolution after the crisis and the impact of Central Bank policy. In doing so, it provides the reader with the tools to recognize vulnerabilities in capital market trading activities. This edition serves as an essential guide to better understand the legal and business considerations of capital market participation. With useful definitions, case law examples, and expert insight into structures, regulation, and litigation strategies, Capital Markets, Derivatives and the Law: Positivity and Preparation offers readers invaluable tools to make prudent, well-informed decisions.
The Global Financial Crisis has re-ordered how the EU intervenes in the EU financial market, both with respect to regulation and with respect to supervision. After 5 years of a behemoth reform agenda, the new landscape is now clear. Rule-making power has decisively moved to the EU and radical reforms have been made to the organization of supervision. EU Securities and Financial Markets Regulation provides the first comprehensive, critical, and contextual account of the vast new rule-book which now applies to the EU financial market in the aftermath of the seismic reforms which have followed the financial crisis. Topics covered in-depth include the AIFMD, EMIR, the Short Selling Regulation, the new market abuse and transparency regimes, the rating agency regime, the UCITS IV-VI reforms, and MiFID II/MiFIR; the analysis is wide-reaching, extending to secondary legislation and relevant soft law. The book also examines the far-reaching institutional changes which have followed and considers in detail the role and impact of the European Securities and Markets Authority and the potential impact of the Single Supervisory Mechanism for euro area banks on the supervision of the EU financial market. EU Securities and Financial Markets Regulation is the third edition of the highly successful and authoritative monograph first published as EC Securities Regulation. Almost entirely recast and re-written from the 2008 second edition to reflect the changes wrought by the Global Financial Crisis, it adopts the in-depth contextual and analytical approach of earlier editions and so considers the market, political, international, institutional, and constitutional context of the new regulatory and supervisory regime, and the underlying forces which have (and will continue to) shape it.
Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 27. Chapters: 2011 UBS rogue trader scandal, 2012 JPMorgan Chase trading loss, Anthony Elgindy, Brian Hunter (trader), Bruno Iksil, Jerome Kerviel, John Rusnak, List of trading losses, Nick Leeson, Robert Citron, Sumitomo copper affair, Toshihide Iguchi, Yasuo Hamanaka. Excerpt: In April and May 2012 large trading losses occurred at JPMorgan's Chief Investment Office, based on transactions booked through its London branch. The unit was run by Chief Investment Officer Ina Drew who has since stepped down. A series of derivative transactions involving credit default swaps (CDS) were entered into, reportedly as part of the bank's "hedging" strategy. Trader Bruno Iksil, nicknamed the London Whale, accumulated outsized CDS positions in the market. The original estimated trading loss of $2 billion was announced, with the final actual loss expected to be substantially larger. A number of investigations will examine the firm's risk-management system and its internal controls. In February 2012, hedge fund insiders such as Boaz Weinstein of Saba Capital Management became aware that the market in credit default swaps was possibly being affected by aggressive trading activities. The source of the unusual activity turned out to be Bruno Iksil, a trader for JPMorgan Chase & Co. and referred to as "the London Whale" in reference to the huge positions he was taking. Heavy opposing bets to his positions are known to have been made by traders, including another branch of JPMorgan, who purchased the derivatives JPMorgan was selling in such high volume. Early reports were denied and minimized by the firm in an attempt to minimize exposure. Major losses, $2 billion, were reported by the firm in May, 2012 in relationship to these trades; on July 13, 2012 the total loss was updated to $5.8 billion with the addition of a $4.4 billion loss in the second...
|Book Title||: Reauthorization of the Commodity Futures Trading Commission|
|Author||: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry|
|Release Date||: 2014|
|Available Language||: English, Spanish, And French|
The authoritative guide to investment banking—updated and revised for the new financial landscape What is investment banking? How do investment bankers generate profit for their clients? What is the function of each specialty? How has the industry changed in the past decade? Investment Banking Explained answers these questions—and offers a complete overview of this complex industry. Written in accessible, easy-to-understand language, Investment Banking Explained provides everything you need to identify structures, strategies, and operational aspects of investment banking, and it offers thorough examinations of the operations of the world's most successful firms. With every chapter updated and revised, this peerless work also includes need-to-know information on all-new topics, including developing strategic relationships with large corporate clients, understanding the role of technology, finding the keys for a successful IPO, how to successfully advise a client in mergers and acquisitions, the strategies for value creation in asset management, and startup financing. The only book of its kind written by a seasoned investment banking practitioner, Investment Banking Explained delivers a complete overview of investment banking in its modern form. Whether you’re in the business or planning to launch an investment banking career, this comprehensive guide provides everything you need to succeed.
An exploration of both classic and contemporary conceptions of leadership, focusing on social psychological approaches to central questions such as the way people think about leaders and leadership, the personality attributes of leaders, power and influence, trust, and the qualities that sustain positive relationships between leaders and followers.
With rapid globalization, the world is more deeply interconnected than ever before. While this has its advantages, it also brings with it systemic risks that are only just being identified and understood. Rapid urbanization, together with technological leaps, such as the Internet, mean that we are now physically and virtually closer than ever in humanity's history. We face a number of international challenges - climate change, pandemics, cyber security, and migration - which spill over national boundaries. It is becoming increasingly apparent that the UN, the IMF, the World Bank - bodies created in a very different world, more than 60 years ago - are inadequate for the task of managing such risk in the 21st century. Ian Goldin explores whether the answer is to reform the existing structures, or to consider a new and radical approach. By setting out the nature of the problems and the various approaches to global governance, Goldin highlights the challenges that we are to overcome and considers a road map for the future.