Siegel's close analysis of the original texts - with careful attention to the equations as well as to the words - reveals that mechanical modeling played a crucial role in Maxwell's initial conceptualizations of the displacement current and the electromagnetic character of light.
innovation in maxwell s electromagnetic theory
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Modern physics and mathematics are so closely associated that mathematics has long been regarded as the tool and language for physics. This book chronicles the development of this mathematical integration by physicists. Beginning with the mathematical giants of the 18th century, Garber convincingly demonstrates that the essential tools employed by 20th century theoretical physicists were in place by the year 1870.
Important new insights into how various components and systemsevolved Premised on the idea that one cannot know a science withoutknowing its history, History of Wireless offers a lively newtreatment that introduces previously unacknowledged pioneers anddevelopments, setting a new standard for understanding theevolution of this important technology. Starting with the background-magnetism, electricity, light, andMaxwell's Electromagnetic Theory-this book offers new insights intothe initial theory and experimental exploration of wireless. Inaddition to the well-known contributions of Maxwell, Hertz, andMarconi, it examines work done by Heaviside, Tesla, and passionateamateurs such as the Kentucky melon farmer Nathan Stubblefield andthe unsung hero Antonio Meucci. Looking at the story frommathematical, physics, technical, and other perspectives, theclearly written text describes the development of wireless within avivid scientific milieu. History of Wireless also goes into other key areas,including: The work of J. C. Bose and J. A. Fleming German, Japanese, and Soviet contributions to physics andapplications of electromagnetic oscillations and waves Wireless telegraphic and telephonic development and attempts toachieve transatlantic wireless communications Wireless telegraphy in South Africa in the early twentiethcentury Antenna development in Japan: past and present Soviet quasi-optics at near-mm and sub-mm wavelengths The evolution of electromagnetic waveguides The history of phased array antennas Augmenting the typical, Marconi-centered approach, History ofWireless fills in the conventionally accepted story withattention to more specific, less-known discoveries and individuals,and challenges traditional assumptions about the origins and growthof wireless. This allows for a more comprehensive understanding ofhow various components and systems evolved. Written in a clear tonewith a broad scientific audience in mind, this exciting andthorough treatment is sure to become a classic in the field.
This is the third and final volume in the study and publication of James Clerk Maxwell's work in gas theory, molecules, and thermodynamics. The nineteenth-century Scottish physicist derived his ideas on thermodynamics from an interest in theories of matter, not contemporary concerns with heat engines and engineering. The manuscripts and papers presented here reveal the development of his ideas and the uniqueness of his interpretations of mechanics, the necessity of a statistical interpretation of the second law of thermodynamics, and his understanding of the dynamics of rare gases. They also reveal the context of a well-developed discipline and professional community to which Maxwell reacted and to whom he needed to respond. These papers shed light on the formation of Maxwell's ideas and theories within the structure of a professional scientific discipline, physics, that had only recently taken shape. While Maxwell responded to and relied on the work of his colleagues, his interpretations often placed his work apart from theirs, to be exploited by later generations of physicists.
James Clerk Maxwell (1831-1879) had a relatively brief, but remarkable life, lived in his beloved rural home of Glenlair, and variously in Edinburgh, Aberdeen, London and Cambridge. His scholarship also ranged wide - covering all the major aspects of Victorian natural philosophy. He was one of the most important mathematical physicists of all time, coming only after Newton and Einstein. In scientific terms his immortality is enshrined in electromagnetism and Maxwell's equations, but as this book shows, there was much more to Maxwell than electromagnetism, both in terms of his science and his wider life. Maxwell's life and contributions to science are so rich that they demand the expertise of a range of academics - physicists, mathematicians, and historians of science and literature - to do him justice. The various chapters will enable Maxwell to be seen from a range of perspectives. Chapters 1 to 4 deal with wider aspects of his life in time and place, at Aberdeen, King's College London and the Cavendish Laboratory. Chapters 5 to 12 go on to look in more detail at his wide ranging contributions to science: optics and colour, the dynamics of the rings of Saturn, kinetic theory, thermodynamics, electricity, magnetism and electromagnetism with the concluding chapters on Maxwell's poetry and Christian faith.
Australia and New Zealand boast an active community of scholars working in the field of history, philosophy and social studies of science. Australasian Studies in History and Philosophy of Science aims to provide a distinctive publication outlet for their work. Each volume comprises a group of thematically-connected essays edited by scholars based in Australia or New Zealand with special expertise in that particular area. In each volume, a majority ofthe contributors are from Australia or New Zealand. Contributions from elsewhere are by no means ruled out, however, and are actively encouraged wherever appropriate to the balance of the volume in question. Earlier volumes in the series have been welcomed for significantly advancing the discussion of the topics they have dealt with. I believe that the present volume will be greeted equally enthusiastically by readers in many parts of the world. R. W. Home General Editor Australasian Studies in History And Philosophy of Science viii ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The majority of the papers in this collection had their origin in the 2001 Australasian Association for History, Philosophy, and Social Studies of Science annual conference, held at the University of Melbourne, where streams of papers on the themes of scientific realism and commonsense were organised.
This first volume of Facets of Faith and Science explores the specific roles of metaphysical and religious beliefs in explanation and theory construction in the natural sciences. The contributors survey modes of interaction between religion and science with special attention for the sensitivities required for their historiography. Historical studies are used to construct models integrating religion and science, and reasons are offered why religion and science should or should not interact. Chapters Include: Religious Belief and the Natural Sciences: Mapping the Historical Landscape; Scientific Work and Its Theological Dimensions: Towards a Theology of Natural Science. Co-published with The Pascal Centre for Advanced Studies in Faith and Science.
"Highly recommended."--Choice: Current Reviews for Academic Libraries This handbook is the definitive resource for scholars and students interested in how research and theory within each of the major domains of psychologyódevelopmental, cognitive, personality, and socialóhave been applied to understand the nature of scientific thought and behavior. Edited by two esteemed pioneers in the emerging discipline of the psychology of science, it is the first empirically based compendium of its time. The handbook provides a comprehensive examination of how scientific thinking is learned and evolves from infancy to adolescence and adulthood, and combines developmental and cognitive approaches to show the categorical similarities and differences in thinking between children, adolescents, adults, and scientists. Chapters highlight the breadth and depth of psychological perspectives in the studies of science, from creativity and genius, gender, and conflict and cooperation, to postmodernism and psychobiography. A section on applications offers findings and ideas that can be put to use by educators, policymakers, and science administrators. Contributors examine the importance of mental models in solving difficult technical problems, and the significance of leadership and organizational structure in successful innovation. The final section of the book is devoted to the future of this new field, focusing on how to continue to develop a healthy psychology of science. Key Features: Presents the only empirically based compendium of current knowledge about the psychology of scientific thought and behavior Edited by two pioneers in the discipline of psychology of science Describes how scientific thinking is learned and changes throughout the life span Addresses creativity and genius, gender, conflict and cooperation, postmodernism, and psychobiography Covers applications of the psychology of science that can be used by educators, policymakers, and science administrators