industrial tomography

Industrial Tomography
Author: Mi Wang
Publisher: Elsevier
Release Date: 2015-03-30
Pages: 772
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Industrial Tomography: Systems and Applications thoroughly explores the important tomographic techniques of industrial tomography, also discussing image reconstruction, systems, and applications. The text presents complex processes, including the way three-dimensional imaging is used to create multiple cross-sections, and how computer software helps monitor flows, filtering, mixing, drying processes, and chemical reactions inside vessels and pipelines. Readers will find a comprehensive discussion on the ways tomography systems can be used to optimize the performance of a wide variety of industrial processes. Provides a comprehensive discussion on the different formats of tomography Includes an excellent overview of image reconstruction using a wide range of applications Presents a comprehensive discussion of tomography systems and their application in a wide variety of industrial processes

Industrial Tomography  Systems And Applications
Author:
Publisher:
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Pages:
ISBN:
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Selected Papers From The 9th World Congress On Industrial Process Tomography
Author: Manuchehr Soleimani
Publisher: MDPI
Release Date: 2020-02-21
Pages: 262
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Industrial process tomography (IPT) is becoming an important tool for Industry 4.0. It consists of multidimensional sensor technologies and methods that aim to provide unparalleled internal information on industrial processes used in many sectors. This book showcases a selection of papers at the forefront of the latest developments in such technologies.

Industrial X Ray Computed Tomography
Author: Simone Carmignato
Publisher: Springer
Release Date: 2017-10-18
Pages: 369
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

X-ray computed tomography has been used for several decades as a tool for measuring the three-dimensional geometry of the internal organs in medicine. However, in recent years, we have seen a move in manufacturing industries for the use of X-ray computed tomography; first to give qualitative information about the internal geometry and defects in a component, and more recently, as a fully-quantitative technique for dimensional and materials analysis. This trend is primarily due to the ability of X-ray computed tomography to give a high-density and multi-scale representation of both the external and internal geometry of a component, in a non-destructive, non-contact and relatively fast way. But, due to the complexity of X-ray computed tomography, there are remaining metrological issues to solve and the specification standards are still under development. This book will act as a one-stop-shop resource for students and users of X-ray computed tomography in both academia and industry. It presents the fundamental principles of the technique, detailed descriptions of the various components (hardware and software), current developments in calibration and performance verification and a wealth of example applications. The book will also highlight where there is still work to do, in the perspective that X-ray computed tomography will be an essential part of Industry 4.0.

Imaging Industrial Flows
Author: A Plaskowski
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date: 1995-01-01
Pages: 232
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

The first authoritative account of the industrial potential of tomographic imaging techniques, Imaging Industrial Flows: Applications of Electrical Process Tomography provides an overview of the instrumentation used in process tomography. Assuming only a basic knowledge of instrumentation, electronics, and computing systems, the authors concisely describe the principles behind the operation of image reconstruction techniques and the application of electrical tomography to measuring flows in pipelines and other industrial equipment. This reference will help you improve the efficiency of measurement and control equipment, monitor industrial effluents, and increase the efficiency and safety of process plant equipment, in particular, in the chemical engineering, oil technology, and flow measurement instrumentation industries.

Noise Patterns In Industrial Micro Computed Tomography
Author: Galina Bernhardt
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
Release Date: 2011-03
Pages: 56
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Research Paper from the year 2010 in the subject Computer Science - Technical Computer Science, grade: 1.4, University of Applied Sciences North Rhine-Westphalia Paderborn, language: English, abstract: Computer Tomography (CT) systems are used to produced images that are finding increasing use in medicine and mineralogy as in the Natural History Museum. In order to maximise the system performance, the images or scans, must have high quality. Ideally, the physical CT system should preserve the image quality. However, in reality, various physical processes degrade the quality of these images, producing noise and artefacts. The goal of this work is to understand the noise and artefacts in high-resolution imaging application of micro computer tomography (micro-CT). The project specifically lookedat determining: I. How micro-CT scan parameters be optimised to reduce noise, and II. Which of the many commonly used noise reduction algorithms produce the best results, and III. How current and exposure effect each other. Experiments were carried out to obtain the raw data - images / scans for the study. Theoretical models were then implemented on the raw data to analyse and better understand the noise and artefacts in the images. This work provides a better understanding of both the fundamental performance (i.e. image quality) of the micro-CT system, and the assessment of user-defined parameters that could be used to optimise the performance of the micro-CT systems. These contributions will not only save time, money and resources, which will ultimately lead to better image quality (greater accuracy)

Electrical Impedance Tomography
Author: David S. Holder
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date: 2004-12-31
Pages: 456
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

In recent years, there has been steady progress in the research of electrical impedance tomography (EIT), leading to important developments. These developments have excited interest in practitioners and researchers from a broad range of disciplines, including mathematicians devoted to uniqueness proofs and inverse problems, physicists dealing with bioimpedance, electronic engineerers involved in developing and extending its applications, and clinicians wishing to take advantage of this powerful new imaging method. With contributions from leading international researchers, Electrical Impedance Tomography: Methods, History and Applications provides an up-to-date review of the progress of EIT, the present state of knowledge, and a look at future advances and applications. Divided into four parts, the book presents an interdisciplinary approach. The first part discusses reconstruction algorithms while the second part describes the aspects of EIT instrumentation, including frequencies and electrodes. The third part features various EIT studies, such as breast cancer screening and artificial ventilation in intensive care units. The final part surveys new developments in magnetic induction tomography and magnetic resonance EIT (MREIT) as well as offers insight into three of the most productive and longstanding EIT research groups. The book also includes two nontechnical appendices that provide a brief and simple introduction to bioimpedance and the methods of EIT. Written in a style accessible to all related backgrounds, this reference will be helpful in establishing new methods and experiments of EIT, hopefully leading to radical breakthroughs in mainstream clinical practice.

Discrete Tomography
Author: Gabor T. Herman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Pages: 479
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Goals of the Book Overthelast thirty yearsthere has been arevolutionindiagnostic radiology as a result oftheemergenceofcomputerized tomography (CT), which is the process of obtaining the density distribution within the human body from multiple x-ray projections. Since an enormous variety of possible density values may occur in the body, a large number of projections are necessary to ensure the accurate reconstruction oftheir distribution. There are other situations in which we desire to reconstruct an object from its projections, but in which we know that the object to be recon structed has only a small number of possible values. For example, a large fraction of objects scanned in industrial CT (for the purpose of nonde structive testing or reverse engineering) are made of a single material and so the ideal reconstruction should contain only two values: zero for air and the value associated with the material composing the object. Similar as sumptions may even be made for some specific medical applications; for example, in angiography ofthe heart chambers the value is either zero (in dicating the absence of dye) or the value associated with the dye in the chamber. Another example arises in the electron microscopy of biological macromolecules, where we may assume that the object to be reconstructed is composed of ice, protein, and RNA. One can also apply electron mi croscopy to determine the presenceor absence ofatoms in crystallinestruc tures, which is again a two-valued situation.

Industrial Computerized Tomography
Author:
Publisher: Amer Society for Nondestructive
Release Date: 1989
Pages: 175
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Tomography
Author: Pierre Grangeat
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2013-03-04
Pages: 432
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

The principle of tomography is to explore the structure and composition of objects non-destructively along spatial and temporal dimensions, using penetrating radiation, such as X- and gamma-rays, or waves, such as electromagnetic and acoustic waves. Based on computer-assisted image reconstruction, tomography provides maps of parameters that characterize the emission of the employed radiation or waves, or their interaction with the examined objects, for one or several cross-sections. Thus, it gives access to the inner structure of inert objects and living organisms in their full complexity. In this book, multidisciplinary specialists explain the foundations and principles of tomographic imaging and describe a broad range of applications. The content is organized in five parts, which are dedicated to image reconstruction, microtomography, industrial tomography, morphological medical tomography and functional medical tomography.

X Ray Tomography In Industrial Metrology
Author: Ralf Christoph
Publisher:
Release Date: 2011
Pages: 94
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Frontiers In Industrial Process Tomography
Author: David M. Scott
Publisher:
Release Date: 1995
Pages: 346
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Advances In Computed Tomography For Geomaterials
Author: Khalid A. Alshibli
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2012-12-27
Pages: 448
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

This title discusses a broad range of issues related to the use of computed tomography in geomaterials and geomechanics. The contributions cover a wide range of topics, including deformation and strain localization in soils, rocks and sediments; fracture and damage assessment in rocks, asphalt and concrete; transport in porous media; oil and gas exploration and production; neutron tomography and other novel experimental and analytical techniques; image-based computational modeling; and software and visualization tools. As such, this will be valuable reading for anyone interested in the application of computed tomography to geomaterials from both fundamental and applied perspectives.

Computerized Tomography For Scientists And Engineers
Author: Prabhat Munshi
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date: 2007-01-04
Pages: 229
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Computerized Tomography for Scientists and Engineers is a collection of state-of-the-art articles on computerized tomography (CT). Each article covers a broadband spectrum of CT applications that are related to non-destructive testing (NDT), measurements of solid objects and non-invasive measurements (NIM) in fluids/gases/plasmas. The book addresses essential topics such as: þ Non-destructive testing of solid cross-sections þ Non-invasive measurements in fluid/gas flows/plasmas þ Classical techniques vs. tomographic techniques þ Gamma-ray, X-ray, laser, and ultrasonic tomography þ Data collection techniques þ Tomographic inversion methods þ Error analysis of CT images þ Measurement of density/temperature/time-of-light þ Application of CT in multi-phase flows þ Tomographic extension of classical NDT methods Computerized Tomography for Scientists and Engineers is a thorough, essential reference that provides an excellent account of the present developments in engineering imaging.

McGraw Hill 2003 Yearbook Of Science   Technology
Author: McGraw Hill
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
Release Date: 2003-02-11
Pages: 512
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

* McGraw-Hill's annual publication continues its tradition of making information on the latest advances in science and technology accessible to non-specialists through concise, well-illustrated articles * Approximately 170 articles from leaders in scientific and technical disciplines from astronomy to zoology * Up-to-date coverage in forefront areas such as biotechnology, cosmology, environmental science and technology, information technology, molecular medicine, telecommunications, and theoretical physics * 300 images and two color graphics enhance the text * Features numerous cross-references to the Encyclopedia and bibliographies of key literature after each article * An extensive subject index makes finding information a snap

Process Imaging For Automatic Control
Author: David M. Scott
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date: 2018-10-03
Pages: 439
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

As industrial processes and their corresponding control models increase in complexity, the data provided by traditional point sensors is no longer adequate to ensure product quality and cost-effective operation. Process Imaging for Automatic Control demonstrates how in-process imaging technologies surpass the limitations of traditional monitoring systems by providing real-time multidimensional measurement and control data. Combined with suitable data extraction and control schemes, such systems can optimize the performance of a wide variety of industrial processes. Contributed by leading international experts, Process Imaging for Automatic Control offers authoritative, comprehensive coverage of this new area of process control technology, including: Basic goals of process modeling and their application to automatic control Direct imaging devices and applications, such as machine vision and spatial measurement of flow velocity, pressure, shear, pH, and temperature Various techniques, hardware implementations, and image reconstruction methods for process tomography Image enhancement and restoration State estimation methods State space control system models, control strategies, and implementation issues Five chapters devoted to case studies and advanced applications From theory to practical implementation, this book is the first to treat the entire range of imaging techniques and their application to process control. Supplying broad coverage with more than 270 illustrations and nearly 700 cited references, it presents an accessible introduction to this rapidly growing, interdisciplinary technology.

Applications Of X Ray Computed Tomography In The Geosciences
Author: Florias Mees
Publisher: Geological Society of London
Release Date: 2003
Pages: 243
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

X-ray computed tomography (CT) is a technique that allows non-destructive imaging and quantification of internal features of objects. X-ray CT reveals differences in density and atomic composition and can therefore be used for the study of porosity, the relative distribution of contrasting solid phases and the penetration of injected solutions. In this book, various applications of X-ray CT in the geosciences are illustrated by papers covering a wide range of disciplines, including petrology, soil science, petroleum geology, geomechanics and sedimentology.

Radioisotope Gauges For Industrial Process Measurements
Author: Geir Anton Johansen
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2004-07-02
Pages: 313
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

In order to fully utilise nucleonic measurement principles and their applications, it is important to have an understanding of the underlying physics. Radioisotope Gauges for Industrial Process Measurements combines theoretical background with practical experience in order to present an accessible overview of the use of radioisotopes in industry. This unique book explains the modes of operation of installed gauges and presents nucleonic methods relevant to measurement problems. The first part of the book deals with radiation sources, the interaction of radiation with matter and radiation detectors. The second part explains the different measurement principles used for industrial gauges and the last part of the book covers industrial applications. This book also: Features a concise introduction to atomic and nuclear physics. Presents a range of nucleonic measurement methods and highlights their application to a variety of problems. Contains an overview of electronics, measurement accuracy, safety and standards. Considers processes and demands, design strategies and practical realisation of measurement systems. Provides many practical engineering examples. Offering a comprehensive coverage of engineering applications, this book is an essential tool for electrical, electronic and instrument engineers in the oil and chemicals processing sectors. It is also a valuable reference to graduate students and physicists involved in nuclear radiation measurement, medical applications, radiochemical research, environmental monitoring and chemical engineering.

Real Time Radiologic Imaging  Medical And Industrial Applications
Author: D. A. Garrett
Publisher: ASTM International
Release Date: 1980
Pages: 352
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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The Mathematics Of Reservoir Simulation
Author: Richard E. Ewing
Publisher: SIAM
Release Date: 2014-12-01
Pages: 186
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

This book describes the state of the art of the mathematical theory and numerical analysis of imaging. Some of the applications covered in the book include computerized tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, emission tomography, electron microscopy, ultrasound transmission tomography, industrial tomography, seismic tomography, impedance tomography, and NIR imaging.