hazard mitigation in emergency management

Hazard Mitigation In Emergency Management
Author: Tanveer Islam
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Release Date: 2015-08-08
Pages: 458
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Hazard Mitigation in Emergency Management introduces readers to mitigation, one of the four foundational phases of emergency management, and to the hazard mitigation planning process. Authors Islam and Ryan review the hazard mitigation framework in both private sector and governmental agencies, covering the regulatory and legal frameworks for mitigation, as well as risk assessment processes and strategies, and tools and techniques that can prevent, or lessen, the impact of disasters. The book specifically addresses hazards posed by human activity, including cyber threats and nuclear accidents, as well as hurricanes, floods, and earthquakes. Readers will learn about the framework for the mitigation process, hazard identification, risk assessment, and the tools and techniques available for mitigation. Coverage includes both GIS and HAZUS, with tutorials on these technologies, as well as case studies of best practices in the United States and around the world. The text is ideal for students, instructors, and practitioners interested in reducing, or eliminating, the effects of disasters. Takes an all-hazards approach, covering terror attacks and accidents, as well as natural disasters Reviews the hazard mitigation framework in both private sector and governmental agencies, covering the regulatory and legal frameworks for mitigation Provides a step-by-step process for creating a Hazard Mitigation Plan (HMP) Addresses the needs of local, state, and federal emergency management agencies and of the private sector, including IT mitigation

Hazard Mitigation And Preparedness
Author: Anna K. Schwab
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date: 2016-08-05
Pages: 530
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

This book introduces the concept of hazards as part of the earth’s natural systems, in contrast to "disasters," which occur at the intersection of the built and natural environments. The authors emphasize choices made by society that either increase or diminish our level of vulnerability to the impacts of hazards and discusses the role of the emergency manager in how these choices are made and acted upon. The book defines key concepts including mitigation, preparedness, resilience, and vulnerability, and explains the role of the emergency manager in putting these principles into practice.

Natural Hazard Mitigation
Author: Alessandra Jerolleman
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date: 2012-11-26
Pages: 377
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

One of the four core phases of emergency management, hazard mitigation is essential for reducing disaster effects on human populations and making communities more resilient to the impacts of hazards. Presenting an up-to-date look at the changing nature of disasters, Natural Hazard Mitigation offers practical guidance on the implementation and selection of hazard mitigation programs and projects. Based on real-world applications, the book includes case studies that present a thorough explanation of the various issues involved. The contributors describe the value and potential of mitigation efforts and explain how to convince public officials and communities of that value. They also discuss how to better involve the community and uniquely tailor solutions to regional and local situations. The book begins with an overview of the history of hazard mitigation with a focus on the Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000. It examines where hazard mitigation fits into emergency management and addresses some of the challenges that can arise in navigating the various intergovernmental relationships involved in hazard mitigation. The remaining chapters explore: Public-private partnerships for hazard mitigation at the local level The role currently played by the private sector and how communities can best make use of contractors How to maximize the use of the National Flood Insurance Program and the Community Ratings System Risk communications as a key component of encouraging hazard mitigation Legal issues relevant to hazard mitigation Ways to actively engage the community and how to advocate for hazard mitigation policy How state and local governments can promote and fund mitigation without utilizing federal dollars The challenges associated with volunteers and how to best make use of this resource The area analysis as an innovative means of addressing flood risk at the block or neighborhood level The book includes learning objectives, key terms, and end-of-chapter questions to enhance comprehension. It concludes with a discussion of tools that local practitioners can use and provides an appendix with additional links and resources. This volume is an essential reference for both students and professionals in the ongoing effort to better prepare communities against the effects of natural hazards.

Wiley Pathways Hazard Mitigation And Preparedness
Author: Anna K. Schwab
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2007
Pages: 568
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

The book, intended as part of a curriculum for learning emergency management, defines basic terms and concepts, and describes the key features and characteristics of various hazards, both natural and manmade that can affect our communities. It outlines the risk assessment process that is used to determine community vulnerability, and includes an in-depth discussion of hazard mitigation planning. The text also provides examples of various tools and techniques available to emergency managers to prevent or lessen property damage and risk to human life caused by disasters. Several chapters explain the role of the U.S. federal, state and local governments in developing and carrying out hazard mitigation and preparedness policies, as well as the role that the private sector can play in protecting economic vitality. It uses a number of scenarios based on the Hurricane Katrina disaster of 2005.

Natural Hazard Mitigation
Author: David Godschalk
Publisher: Island Press
Release Date: 1998-12-01
Pages: 591
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

The first half of the 1990s saw the largest and most costly floods, hurricanes, and earthquakes in the history of the United States. While natural hazards cannot be prevented, their human impacts can be greatly reduced through advance action that mitigates risks and reduces vulnerability.Natural Hazard Mitigation describes and analyzes the way that hazard mitigation has been carried out in the U.S. under our national disaster law, the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act. It is the first systematic study of the complete intergovernmental system for natural hazard mitigation, including its major elements and the linkages among them.The book: analyzes the effectiveness of the Stafford Act and investigates what is contained in state hazard mitigation plans required by the Act studies how federal hazard mitigation funds have been spent explores what goes into decision making following a major disaster looks at how government mitigation officials rate the effectiveness of the mitigation system suggests changes that could help solve the widely recognized problems with current methods of coping with disasters.Damages from natural disasters are reaching catastrophic proportions, making natural hazard mitigation an important national policy issue. The findings and recommendations presented in this volume should help to strengthen natural hazard mitigation policy and practice, thereby serving to reduce drains on the federal treasury that pay for preventable recovery and relief costs, and to spare residents in areas hit by natural disasters undue suffering and expense. It is an informative and eye-opening study for planners, policymakers, students of planning and geography, and professionals working for government agencies that deal with natural hazards.

Hazard Mitigation Grant Program Desk Reference  FEMA 345
Author: Federal Emergency Management Agency
Publisher: Createspace Independent Pub
Release Date: 2013-02-01
Pages: 236
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

FEMA's Hazard Mitigation Grant Program is a powerful resource in the combined effort by Federal, State, and local government, as well as private industry and homeowners, to end the cycle of repetitive disaster damage. The Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act was passed on November 23, 1988, amending Public Law 93-288, the Disaster Relief Act of 1974. The Stafford Act included Section 404, which established the Hazard Mitigation Grant Program. In 1993, the Hazard Mitigation and Relocation Act amended Section 404 to increase the amount of HMGP funds available and the cost-share to 75 percent Federal. This amendment also encouraged the use of property acquisition and other non-structural flood mitigation measures. In an effort to streamline HMGP delivery, FEMA encourages States to develop their mitigation programs before disaster strikes. States are adopting a more active HMGP management role. Increased capabilities may include: Conducting comprehensive all-hazard mitigation planning prior to disaster events; Providing applicants technical assistance on sound mitigation techniques and hazard mitigation policy and procedures; Coordinating mitigation programs through interagency teams or councils. Conducting benefit-cost analyses; and Preparing National Environmental Policy Act reviews for FEMA approval. States that integrate the HMGP with their frequently updated State Administrative and Hazard Mitigation Plans will create cohesive and effective approaches to loss reduction. This type of coordinated approach minimizes the distinction between “predisaster” and “post-disaster” time periods, and instead produces an ongoing mitigation effort. Hazard mitigation is any sustained action taken to reduce or eliminate long-term risk to people and property from natural hazards and their effects. A key purpose of the HMGP is to ensure that the opportunity to take critical mitigation measures to protect life and property from future disasters is not lost during the recovery and reconstruction process following a disaster. Program grant funds available under Section 404 of the Stafford Act provide States with the incentive and capability to implement mitigation measures that previously may have been infeasible. The purpose of this Desk Reference is to: Provide comprehensive information about FEMA's Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP); Increase awareness of the HMGP as an integral part of statewide hazard mitigation efforts; and Encourage deeper commitments and increased responsibilities on the part of all States and communities to reduce damage and losses from natural disasters. This Desk Reference is organized to simplify program information and assist the reader with practical guidance for successful participation in the program. Lists of program-related acronyms and definitions are included, along with appendices that amplify selected aspects of the HMGP. This Desk Reference is organized into 14 sections, each of which presents a major HMGP subject area. In each section, information is presented on the right side of the page. In several sections, job aids containing supplemental material are provided. The job aids for each section can be found at the end of the section. At the front of each section, there is a detailed table of contents to help you locate specific information.

Exam Prep For  Hazard Mitigation In Emergency Management
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Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Planning For A Sustainable Future
Author:
Publisher:
Release Date: 2000
Pages: 43
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Local Hazard Mitigation Planning Workbook
Author: Michigan. Emergency Management Division
Publisher:
Release Date: 2001
Pages: 155
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Hazard Mitigation Field Book  Roadways
Author: Federal Emergency Management Agency (U.S.)
Publisher: Federal Emergency Management Agency
Release Date: 2012-07-30
Pages: 46
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) continually strives to improve the delivery of disaster assistance to states and local governments. The Hazard Mitigation Field Book (HMFB) for Roadways assists entities directly affected by catastrophic events and disasters by suggesting mitigation measures. The mitigation measures are intended to help in identifying mitigation options and solutions for local jurisdictions and can be used at any time, and not just after a disaster. As disasters have grown in frequency and severity, the costs of response and recovery have escalated to unsustainable levels. Obligations through the Federal Disaster Relief Fund ballooned from 2.8 billion in 1992 to 34.4 billion in 2005 due to damages associated with the 2004 and 2005 hurricane seasons. The most effective way to reduce these excessive losses is through disaster preparedness and mitigation. To best achieve this goal, we need to pursue two objectives: 1) Break the disaster-rebuild disaster cycle. Merely repairing substandard infrastructure and elements to their pre-disaster condition does not protect the community from future disaster damages or reduce long-term costs. Mitigation improvements should always be considered in the rebuilding process, utilizing a multi-hazard approach whenever possible. 2) Ensure that communities address natural hazards. Comprehensive plans should acknowledge all hazards that pose a risk and identify steps to avoid those hazards altogether or incrementally reduce a community’s exposure to its hazards.

Hazard Mitigation Strategy Report And Planning Guidance
Author:
Publisher:
Release Date: 1996
Pages: 34
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Hazard Mitigation Strategy
Author:
Publisher:
Release Date: 2001
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Case Studies In Disaster Mitigation And Prevention
Author: Himanshu Grover
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Release Date: 2020-12-15
Pages: 280
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Case Studies in Disaster Mitigation and Prevention: A Volume in the Disaster and Emergency Management: Case Studies in Adaptation and Innovation series presents cases illustrating efforts to reduce human and material losses associated with disasters. This volume demonstrates that mitigation is an ongoing phase in which communities continually pursue long-term hazard resistance and reduction. Cases illustrate the importance of risk assessment in the development of mitigation strategies through hazard mapping and multi-hazard mitigation planning. Cases also illustrate approaches to reduction risk through structural and non-structural means, giving consideration to benefits or limitations of these strategies in different contexts. The contributions of different mitigation activities to disaster risk reduction efforts are examined using the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction. Presents in-depth cases studies in disaster mitigation, one of the phases of disaster management Unites practice and research from multiple disciplines to highlight the complexity of disaster mitigation, including environmental and earth sciences, engineering, public health, geography, sociology, and anthropology Examines policy and ethical dilemmas faced by decision makers in disaster situations

Wiley Pathways Introduction To Emergency Management
Author: Michael K. Lindell, Ph.D.
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2006-11-03
Pages: 624
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

The recent devastation caused by tsunamis, hurricanes and wildfires highlights the need for highly trained professionals who can develop effective strategies in response to these disasters. This invaluable resource arms readers with the tools to address all phases of emergency management. It covers everything from the social and environmental processes that generate hazards to vulnerability analysis, hazard mitigation, emergency response, and disaster recovery.

Cost Effectiveness Of Hazard Mitigation Spending
Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure. Subcommittee on Oversight, Investigations, and Emergency Management
Publisher:
Release Date: 2001
Pages: 43
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Natural Hazards And Disaster Management
Author: R. B. Singh
Publisher:
Release Date: 2006
Pages: 352
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

"Disaster management is a multidisciplinary area, covering a wide range of issues such as monitoring, forecasting, evacuation, search and rescue, relief, reconstruction and rehabilitation. It also requires multi-sectoral governance as scientists, planners, volunteers and communities all have important roles to play. These roles and activities span the pre-, during and post-disaster phases. Besides, shift of emphasis from disaster response to risk reduction has opened up areas of exploratory research in the subject. Vulnerability refers to the susceptibility of a community to a hazard. Vulnerability analysis seeks to predict disasters by ensuring timely preparedness on the part of people and institutions and concerned government agencies. The emerging arena of disaster mitigation is also becoming an integral aspect of development planning, policy formulation and implementation. This is where this book comes in. It contains 22 chapters in the form of conceptual and empirical case studies from India and other developed countries. The blend of theory, research and policy makes this book eminently worthwhile for anyone interested in disaster vulnerability and mitigation together with monitoring and forecasting and policy perspectives. It would be useful for students, researchers and teachers of geography, environmental studies, disaster management, civil engineering and policy science."

Interagency Hazard Mitigation Team Report
Author:
Publisher:
Release Date: 1993
Pages: 58
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Disaster Mitigation In Asia And The Pacific
Author:
Publisher:
Release Date: 1991
Pages: 392
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

A companion volume to Disaster Management, this book presents the results of an ADB study which represents a pioneering effort in the disaster mitigation field in Asia and the Pacific, with the objective of widening and deepening the pace of disaster mitigation in the region, and thus contributing to the welfare of its people.

Post Event Hazard Mitigation Strategy
Author:
Publisher:
Release Date: 2002
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Iowa Hazard Mitigation Plan
Author:
Publisher:
Release Date: 2004
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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