fundamentals and sensing applications of 2d materials

Fundamentals And Sensing Applications Of 2D Materials
Author: Chandra Sekhar Rout
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
Release Date: 2019-06-15
Pages: 512
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Fundamentals and Sensing Applications of 2D Materials provides a comprehensive understanding of a wide range of 2D materials. Examples of fundamental topics include: defect and vacancy engineering, doping and advantages of 2D materials for sensing, 2D materials and composites for sensing, and 2D materials in biosystems. A wide range of applications are addressed, such as gas sensors based on 2D materials, electrochemical glucose sensors, biosensors (enzymatic and non-enzymatic), and printed, stretchable, wearable and flexible biosensors. Due to their sub-nanometer thickness, 2D materials have a high packing density, thus making them suitable for the fabrication of thin film based sensor devices. Benefiting from their unique physical and chemical properties (e.g. strong mechanical strength, high surface area, unparalleled thermal conductivity, remarkable biocompatibility and ease of functionalization), 2D layered nanomaterials have shown great potential in designing high performance sensor devices. Provides a comprehensive overview of 2D materials systems that are relevant to sensing, including transition metal dichalcogenides, metal oxides, graphene and other 2D materials system Includes information on potential applications, such as flexible sensors, biosensors, optical sensors, electrochemical sensors, and more Discusses graphene in terms of the lessons learned from this material for sensing applications and how these lessons can be applied to other 2D materials

2D Materials
Author: Craig E. Banks
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date: 2018-06-27
Pages: 236
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Most reference texts covering two-dimensional materials focus specifically on graphene, when in reality, there are a host of new two-dimensional materials poised to overtake graphene. This book provides an authoritative source of information on twodimensional materials covering a plethora of fields and subjects and outlining all two-dimensional materials in terms of their fundamental understanding, synthesis, and applications.

Fundamentals And Supercapacitor Applications Of 2D Materials
Author: Chandra Sekhar Rout
Publisher: Elsevier
Release Date: 2021-06-15
Pages: 512
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Due to their sub-nanometer thickness, 2D materials have a high packing density, which is suitable for the fabrication of highly-packed energy supplier/storage devices with enhanced energy and power density. The flexibility of 2D materials, good mechanical properties and high packing densities make them suitable for the development of thin, flexible and wearable devices. Fundamentals and Applications of Supercapacitor 2D Materials covers different aspects of 2D materials including their important properties and synthesis, as well as mechanisms of supercapacitor and the recent developments on supercapacitor applications of engineered 2D materials. In addition, theoretical investigations and various types of supercapacitors based on 2D materials such as symmetric, asymmetric, flexible, and micro-supercapacitors are covered. This book will be a useful resource for research scientists, engineers and students in the fields of supercapacitors, 2D nanomaterials and energy storage devices. Explores recent developments and looks at the importance of 2D materials in energy storage technologies Presents both the theoretical and DFT related studies Discusses the impact on performance of various operating conditions Includes a brief overview of the applications of supercapacitors in various industries including aerospace, defense, biomedical, environmental, energy, and automotive

2D Nanoscale Heterostructured Materials
Author: Satyabrata Jit
Publisher:
Release Date: 2020-03
Pages: 400
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

2D Nanoscale Heterostructured Materials: Synthesis, Properties, and Applications assesses the current status and future prospects for 2D materials other than graphene (e.g., BN nanosheets, MoS2, NbSe2, WS2, etc.) that have already been contemplated for both low-end and high-end technological applications. The book offers an overview of the different synthesis techniques for 2D materials and their heterostructures, with a detailed explanation of the many potential future applications. It provides an informed overview and fundamentals properties related to the 2D Transition metal dichalcogenide materials and their heterostructures. The book helps researchers to understand the progress of this field and points the way to future research in this area.

MXenes  Fundamentals And Applications
Author: Abdullah M. Asiri
Publisher: Materials Research Forum LLC
Release Date: 2019-06-20
Pages: 222
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

This is the very first book on the highly promising topic of MXenes; focusing on their fundamental characteristics and properties, fabrication techniques and applications. MXenes are two-dimensional materials consisting of few atoms thick layers of transition metal carbides or nitrides. These are characterized by high electrical conductivity, good hydrophilicity, chemical stability, and ultrathin 2D sheet-like morphology. Applications in the energy, environmental, biomedical and electronic industries include catalysis, membrane separation, supercapacitors, hybrid-ion capacitors, batteries, flexible electronics, hydrogen storage, nanoelectronics, and sensors.

Ferroic Materials For Smart Systems
Author: Jiyan Dai
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2020-02-25
Pages: 262
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Presents state-of-the-art knowledge?from basic insights to applications?on ferroic materials-based devices This book covers the fundamental physics, fabrication methods, and applications of ferroic materials and covers bulk, thin films, and nanomaterials. It provides a thorough overview of smart materials and systems involving the interplays among the mechanical strain, electrical polarization, magnetization, as well as heat and light. Materials presented include ferroelectric, multiferroic, piezoelectric, electrostrictive, magnetostrictive, and shape memory materials as well as their composites. The book also introduces various sensor and transducer applications, such as ultrasonic transducers, surface acoustic wave devices, microwave devices, magneto-electric devices, infrared detectors and memories. Ferroic Materials for Smart Systems: Fabrication, Devices and Applications introduces advanced measurement and testing techniques in ferroelectrics, including FeRAM and ferroelectric tunnelling based resistive switching. It also looks at ferroelectricity in emerging materials, such as 2D materials and high-k gate dielectric material HfO2. Engineering considerations for device design and fabrication are examined, as well as applications for magnetostrictive devices. Multiferroics of materials possessing both ferromagnetic and ferroelectric orders is covered, along with ferroelastic materials represented by shape memory alloy and magnetic shape memory alloys. -Brings together physics, fabrication, and applications of ferroic materials in a coherent manner -Discusses recent advances in ferroic materials technology and applications -Covers dielectric, ferroelectric, pyroelectric and piezoelectric materials -Introduces electrostrictive materials and magnetostrictive materials -Examines shape memory alloys and magneto-shape-memory alloys -Introduces devices based on the integration of ferroelectric and ferromagnetic materials such as multiferroic memory device and ME coupling device for sensor applications Ferroic Materials for Smart Systems: Fabrication, Devices and Applications will appeal to a wide variety of researchers and developers in physics, materials science and engineering.

GraphITA
Author: Vittorio Morandi
Publisher: Springer
Release Date: 2017-09-27
Pages: 221
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

This book presents selected papers from the fourth edition of the GraphX conference series, GraphITA 2015. Its content range from fundamentals to applications of graphene and other 2D material such as silicene, BN and MoS2. The newest technological challenges in the field are described in this book, written by worldwide known scientists working with 2D materials.The chapter 'Morphing Graphene-Based Systems for Applications: Perspectives from Simulations' is published open access under a CC BY 4.0 license.

Emerging 2D Materials And Devices For The Internet Of Things
Author: Li Tao
Publisher: Elsevier
Release Date: 2020-06-12
Pages: 348
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Emerging 2D Materials and Devices for the Internet of Things: Information, Sensing and Energy Applications summarizes state-of-the-art technologies in applying 2D layered materials, discusses energy and sensing device applications as essential infrastructure solutions, and explores designs that will make internet-of-things devices faster, more reliable and more accessible for the creation of mass-market products. The book focuses on information, energy and sensing applications, showing how different types of 2D materials are being used to create a new generation of products and devices that harness the capabilities of wireless technology in an eco-efficient, reliable way. This book is an important resource for both materials scientists and engineers, who are designing new wireless products in a variety of industry sectors. Explores how 2D materials are being used to create faster and more reliable wireless network solutions Discusses how graphene-based nanocomposites are being used for energy harvesting and storage applications Outlines the major challenges for integrating 2D materials in electronic sensing devices

Nanoelectronic Materials
Author: Loutfy H. Madkour
Publisher: Springer
Release Date: 2019-06-27
Pages: 783
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

This book presents synthesis techniques for the preparation of low-dimensional nanomaterials including 0D (quantum dots), 1D (nanowires, nanotubes) and 2D (thin films, few layers), as well as their potential applications in nanoelectronic systems. It focuses on the size effects involved in the transition from bulk materials to nanomaterials; the electronic properties of nanoscale devices; and different classes of nanomaterials from microelectronics to nanoelectronics, to molecular electronics. Furthermore, it demonstrates the structural stability, physical, chemical, magnetic, optical, electrical, thermal, electronic and mechanical properties of the nanomaterials. Subsequent chapters address their characterization, fabrication techniques from lab-scale to mass production, and functionality. In turn, the book considers the environmental impact of nanotechnology and novel applications in the mechanical industries, energy harvesting, clean energy, manufacturing materials, electronics, transistors, health and medical therapy. In closing, it addresses the combination of biological systems with nanoelectronics and highlights examples of nanoelectronic–cell interfaces and other advanced medical applications. The book answers the following questions: • What is different at the nanoscale? • What is new about nanoscience? • What are nanomaterials (NMs)? • What are the fundamental issues in nanomaterials? • Where are nanomaterials found? • What nanomaterials exist in nature? • What is the importance of NMs in our lives? • Why so much interest in nanomaterials? • What is at nanoscale in nanomaterials? • What is graphene? • Are pure low-dimensional systems interesting and worth pursuing? • Are nanotechnology products currently available? • What are sensors? • How can Artificial Intelligence (AI) and nanotechnology work together? • What are the recent advances in nanoelectronic materials? • What are the latest applications of NMs?

Smart Sensors For Environmental And Medical Applications
Author: Hamida Hallil
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2020-06-03
Pages: 220
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Provides an introduction to the topic of smart chemical sensors, along with an overview of the state of the art based on potential applications This book presents a comprehensive overview of chemical sensors, ranging from the choice of material to sensor validation, modeling, simulation, and manufacturing. It discusses the process of data collection by intelligent techniques such as deep learning, multivariate analysis, and others. It also incorporates different types of smart chemical sensors and discusses each under a common set of sub-sections so that readers can fully understand the advantages and disadvantages of the relevant transducers—depending on the design, transduction mode, and final applications. Smart Sensors for Environmental and Medical Applications covers all major aspects of the field of smart chemical sensors, including working principle and related theory, sensor materials, classification of respective transducer type, relevant fabrication processes, methods for data analysis, and suitable applications. Chapters address field effect transistors technologies for biological and chemical sensors, mammalian cell–based electrochemical sensors for label-free monitoring of analytes, electronic tongues, chemical sensors based on metal oxides, metal oxide (MOX) gas sensor electronic interfaces, and more. Addressing the limitations and challenges in obtaining state-of-the-art smart biochemical sensors, this book: Balances the fundamentals of sensor design, fabrication, characterization, and analysis with advanced methods Categorizes sensors into sub-types and describes their working, focusing on prominent applications Describes instrumentation and IoT networking methods of chemical transducers that can be used for inexpensive, accurate detection in commercialized smart chemical sensors Covers monitoring of food spoilage using polydiacetylene- and liposome-based sensors; smart and intelligent E-nose for sensitive and selective chemical sensing applications; odor sensing system; and microwave chemical sensors Smart Sensors for Environmental and Medical Applications is an important book for senior-level undergraduate and graduate students learning about this high-performance technology and its many applications. It will also inform practitioners and researchers involved in the creation and use of smart sensors.

Introduction To Sensors
Author: John Vetelino
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date: 2010-08-02
Pages: 210
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

The need for new types of sensors is more critical than ever. This is due to the emergence of increasingly complex technologies, health and security concerns of a burgeoning world population, and the emergence of terrorist activities, among other factors. Depending on their application, the design, fabrication, testing, and use of sensors, all require various kinds of both technical and nontechnical expertise. With this in mind, Introduction to Sensors examines the theoretical foundations and practical applications of electrochemical, piezoelectric, fiber optic, thermal, and magnetic sensors and their use in the modern era. Incorporating information from sensor-based industries to review current developments in the field, this book: Presents a complete sensor system that includes the preparation phase, the sensing element and platform, and appropriate electronics resulting in a digital readout Discusses solid-state electronic sensors, such as the metal oxide semiconductor (MOS) capacitor, the micromachined capacitive polymer, and the Schottky diode sensors Uses the two-dimensional hexagonal lattice as an example to detail the basic theory associated with piezoelectricity Explores the fundamental relationship between stress, strain, electric field, and electric displacement The magnetic sensors presented are used to determine measurands such as the magnetic field and semiconductor properties, including carrier concentration and mobility. Offering the human body and the automobile as examples of entities that rely on a multiplicity of sensors, the authors address the application of various types of sensors, as well as the theory and background information associated with their development and the materials used in their design. The coverage in this book reveals the underlying rationale for the application of different sensors while also defining the properties and characteristics of each.

Inorganic Nanosheets And Nanosheet Based Materials
Author: Teruyuki Nakato
Publisher: Springer
Release Date: 2017-04-18
Pages: 542
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

This book focuses on inorganic nanosheets, including various oxides, chalcogenides, and graphenes, that provide two-dimensional (2D) media to develop materials chemistry in broad fields such as electronics, photonics, environmental science, and biology. The application area of nanosheets and nanosheet-based materials covers the analytical, photochemical, optical, biological, energetic, and environmental research fields. All of these applications come from the low dimensionality of the nanosheets, which anisotropically regulate structures of solids, microspaces, and fluids. Understanding nanosheets from chemical, structural, and application aspects in relation to their "fully nanoscopic" characters will help materials scientists to develop novel advanced materials. This is the first book that accurately and concisely summarizes this field including exfoliation and intercalation chemistries of layered crystals. The book provides perspective on the materials chemistry of inorganic nanosheets. The first section describes fundamental aspects of nanosheets common to diverse applications: how unique structures and properties are obtained from nanosheets based on low dimensionality. The second section presents state-of-the-art descriptions of how the 2D nature of nanosheets is utilized in each application of the materials that are developed.

Printing Of Graphene And Related 2D Materials
Author: Leonard W. T. Ng
Publisher: Springer
Release Date: 2018-07-24
Pages: 220
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

This book discusses the functional ink systems of graphene and related two-dimensional (2D) layered materials in the context of their formulation and potential for various applications, including in electronics, optoelectronics, energy, sensing, and composites using conventional graphics and 3D printing technologies. The authors explore the economic landscape of 2D materials and introduce readers to fundamental properties and production technologies. They also discuss major graphics printing technologies and conventional commercial printing processes that can be used for printing 2D material inks, as well as their specific strengths and weaknesses as manufacturing platforms. Special attention is also paid to scalable production methods for ink formulation, making this an ideal book for students and researchers in academia or industry, who work with functional graphene and other 2D material ink systems and their applications. Explains the state-of-the-art 2D material production technologies that can be manufactured at the industrial scale for functional ink formulation; Provides starting formulation examples of 2D material, functional inks for specific printing methods and their characterization techniques; Reviews existing demonstrations of applications related to printed 2D materials and provides possible future development directions while highlighting current knowledge gaps; Gives a snapshot and forecast of the commercial market for printed GRMs based on the current state of technologies and existing patents.

Fundamentals  Sensor Systems  Spectral Libraries  And Data Mining For Vegetation
Author: Prasad S. Thenkabail
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date: 2018-12-07
Pages: 449
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Written by leading global experts, including pioneers in the field, the four-volume set on Hyperspectral Remote Sensing of Vegetation, Second Edition, reviews existing state-of-the-art knowledge, highlights advances made in different areas, and provides guidance for the appropriate use of hyperspectral data in the study and management of agricultural crops and natural vegetation. Volume I, Fundamentals, Sensor Systems, Spectral Libraries, and Data Mining for Vegetation introduces the fundamentals of hyperspectral or imaging spectroscopy data, including hyperspectral data processes, sensor systems, spectral libraries, and data mining and analysis, covering both the strengths and limitations of these topics. This book also presents and discusses hyperspectral narrowband data acquired in numerous unique spectral bands in the entire length of the spectrum from various ground-based, airborne, and spaceborne platforms. The concluding chapter provides readers with useful guidance on the highlights and essence of Volume I through the editors’ perspective. Key Features of Volume I: Provides the fundamentals of hyperspectral remote sensing used in agricultural crops and vegetation studies. Discusses the latest advances in hyperspectral remote sensing of ecosystems and croplands. Develops online hyperspectral libraries, proximal sensing and phenotyping for understanding, modeling, mapping, and monitoring crop and vegetation traits. Implements reflectance spectroscopy of soils and vegetation. Enumerates hyperspectral data mining and data processing methods, approaches, and machine learning algorithms. Explores methods and approaches for data mining and overcoming data redundancy; Highlights the advanced methods for hyperspectral data processing steps by developing or implementing appropriate algorithms and coding the same for processing on a cloud computing platform like the Google Earth Engine. Integrates hyperspectral with other data, such as the LiDAR data, in the study of vegetation. Includes best global expertise on hyperspectral remote sensing of agriculture, crop water use, plant species detection, crop productivity and water productivity mapping, and modeling.

Photonic Materials For Sensing  Biosensing And Display Devices
Author: Michael Serpe
Publisher: Springer
Release Date: 2015-12-28
Pages: 364
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

This book presents the basics and applications of photonic materials. It focuses on the utility of these devices for sensing, biosensing, and displays. The book includes fundamental aspects with a particular focus on the application of photonic materials. The field of photonic materials is both a burgeoning, and mature field. There are new advances being made on a daily basis, all based on the fundamental roots set by work by those like Ozin, Thomas, Asher, and others.

Japanese Technical Abstracts
Author:
Publisher:
Release Date: 1988
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Japanese Technical Periodical Index
Author:
Publisher:
Release Date: 1987
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Advances In The Application Of Lasers In Materials Science
Author: Paolo M. Ossi
Publisher: Springer
Release Date: 2018-10-01
Pages: 395
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

The book covers recent advances and progress in understanding both the fundamental science of lasers interactions in materials science, as well as a special emphasis on emerging applications enabled by the irradiation of materials by pulsed laser systems. The different chapters illustrate how, by careful control of the processing conditions, laser irradiation can result in efficient material synthesis, characterization, and fabrication at various length scales from atomically-thin 2D materials to microstructured periodic surface structures. This book serves as an excellent resource for all who employ lasers in materials science, spanning such different disciplines as photonics, photovoltaics, and sensing, to biomedical applications.

Graphene Materials
Author: Ashutosh Tiwari
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2015-04-20
Pages: 424
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Graphene Materials: Fundamentals and EmergingApplications brings together innovative methodologies withresearch and development strategies to provide a detailedstate-of-the-art overview of the processing, properties, andtechnology developments of graphene materials and theirwide-ranging applications. The applications areas covered arebiosensing, energy storage, environmental monitoring, andhealth. The book discusses the various methods that have been developedfor the preparation and functionalization of single-layeredgraphene nanosheets. These form the essential building blocks forthe bottom-up architecture of various graphene materials becausethey possess unique physico-chemical properties such as largesurface areas, good conductivity and mechanical strength, highthermal stability and desirable flexibility. The electronicbehavior in graphene, such as dirac fermions obtained due to theinteraction with the ions of the lattice, has led to the discoveryof novel miracles like Klein tunneling in carbon-based solid statesystems and the so-called half-integer quantum Hall effect. Thecombination of these properties makes graphene a highly desirablematerial for applications. In particular, Graphene Materials: Fundamentals and EmergingApplications has chapters covering: • Graphene and related two-dimensional nanomaterials • Surface functionalization of graphene • Functional three-dimensional graphene networks • Covalent graphene-polymer nanocomposites • Magnesium matrix composites reinforced with graphenenanoplatelets • Graphene derivatives for energy storage • Graphene nanocomposite for high performance supercapacitors • Graphene nanocomposite-based bulk hetro-junction solar cells • Graphene bimetallic nanocatalysts foam for energy storage andbiosensing • Graphene nanocomposites-based for electrochemical sensors • Graphene electrodes for health and environmental monitoring

Engineering Epitaxial Graphene Based 2D Heterojunctions For Electronic And Optoelectronic Applications
Author: Shruti Subramanian
Publisher:
Release Date: 2020
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Two-dimensional (2D) materials have exhibited great promise for several electronic and optoelectronic applications. Depending on the complexity of the technology, they lie on various sections of the Gartner Hype cycle. With the famous pencil and scotch tape success story, graphene was the first of this family of van der Waals materials to open up a forte of either 2D-based or 2D-enabled technologies. The combination of different 2D materials allows the construction of vertical and lateral 2D heterostructures. The work presented in this dissertation focuses on epitaxial graphene-based heterostructures for electronic and optoelectronic applications. Chapter 1 presents the motivation of the dissertation study from the key technology drivers identified from the United States Grand Challenges. Before delving into the discussion of the results presented in this dissertation, Chapter 2 lays down the necessary basics of 2D materials and devices. It ranges from explaining graphene, its physics, synthesis and intercalation to transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs), their physics and synthesis. An introduction to the electronic devices used in this dissertation follows next along with the basics of device fabrication and ends with the fundamentals of ellipsometry. Chapter 3 gets more specific and outlines all the experimental procedures used during the course of this dissertation including the microscopy and spectroscopy techniques used to understand the complex heterostructure systems synthesized. 2D materials are finding a niche spot in high-performance and energy-efficient computing, but fundamental problems arise due to contacts, which are connections between the 2D material and the 3D world. Chapter 4 of this dissertation focuses on developing a technique to synthesize seed-free selected-area lateral heterostructures with an as-grown graphene contact to TMDs like MoS2. 2D-only or 2D-enabled architectures are finding a place in the development of photovoltaics for economical solar energy. Chapter 5 of this dissertation focuses on understanding the photocurrent generation and subsequent dissociation of charge carriers at heterostructure interfaces in large-area scalable graphene/MoS2 architectures. The in-depth understanding of optoelectronic properties of heterostructure interfaces allows for expansion to application-specific engineering of heterostructure interfaces with improved contacts and extraction of photogenerated current. Atomically thin electronic materials are finding niche applications in electronics, sensors, and transmitters, and coatings among several other technologies, furthering the next technology driver - the Internet of Things. Chapter 6 of this dissertation focuses on as-grown graphene contacts to MoS2 and utilizes a unique property of enabling electrostatic modulation of the intrinsic doping of epitaxially grown graphene on SiC from n- to p-type, providing an additional knob for tuning 2D heterojunctions. Intercalation of metals between the graphene and SiC is yet another route for tuning and an excellent platform for biosensing applications; it further allows for the exploration of novel 2D metals. Chapter 7 of this dissertation is focused on understanding the optical properties of these novel 2D metals to integrate them into functional heterostructures. An outlook is presented in Chapter 8 along with future directions that can be explored within the realm of the work presented in this dissertation. The future directions are presented in the same format as the motivation, tying the two ends of this dissertation together. The works of this dissertation were primarily funded by National Science Foundation's CAREER (Award: 1453924). The findings and conclusions of this dissertation work does not necessarily reflect the view of the National Science Foundation.