fouling in refineries

Fouling In Refineries
Author: James G. Speight
Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing
Release Date: 2015-05-14
Pages: 538
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Fouling in Refineries is an important and ongoing problem that directly affects energy efficiency resulting in increased costs, production losses, and even unit shutdown, requiring costly expenditures to clean up equipment and return capacity to positive levels. This text addresses this common challenge for the hydrocarbon processing community within each unit of the refinery. As refineries today face a greater challenge of accepting harder to process heavier crudes and the ongoing flow of the lighter shale oil feedstocks, resulting in bigger challenges to balance product stability within their process equipment, this text seeks to inform all relative refinery personnel on how to monitor fouling, characterize the deposits, and follow all available treatments. With basic modeling and chemistry of fouling and each unit covered, users will learn how to operate at maximum production rates and elongate the efficiency of their refinery’s capacity. Presents an understanding of the breakdown of fouling per refinery unit, including distillation and coking units Provides all the factors, crude types, and refining blends that cause fouling, especially the unconventional feedstocks and high acid crudes used today Helps users develop an analysis-based treatment and control strategy that empowers them to operate refinery equipment at a level that prevents fouling from occurring

Multi Scale Modelling Of Refinery Pre Heat Trains Undergoing Fouling For Improved Energy Efficiency
Author: Francesco Coletti
Publisher:
Release Date: 2010
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Fouling in pre-heat trains of refinery crude distillation units causes major energy inefficiencies, resulting in increased costs, greenhouse gas emissions, maintenance efforts and health and safety hazards. Although chemical and physical phenomena underlying fouling deposition are extremely complex and several details remain unknown, the understanding of the fouling process has progressed significantly in the past 40 years. However, this knowledge has so far not been exploited to effectively improve heat exchanger and heat exchanger network design and operation. As a result, old methodologies that neglect the local effects and dynamics of fouling, in favour of lumped, steady-state, heuristic models (e.g. using TEMA fouling factors) are still used. In this thesis a novel mathematical model for pre-heat trains undergoing crude oil fouling was developed, validated with plant data and used to propose mitigation strategies. The model is dynamic, distributed and considers simultaneously several scales of investigation. Key phenomena are captured at the tube level as a function of local conditions. These include the dependence of fouling rate on temperature and velocity, the variation of physical properties, the structural changes of the deposits over time (ageing) and the dynamics of surface roughness. The single tube model was then extended to describe a unit-scale heat exchanger geometry. This has been validated against plant data from four units in two refineries operated by major oil companies. The predicted outlet temperatures over extended periods (i.e. 4-16 months) are accurate within ±1% for the tube-side and ± 2% for the shell-side. Model simulations were then used to assist the retrofit of one particular unit for which it was possible to save ca. 22% of the energy losses (not including pumping power) produced by fouling over ca. a year of operation. Finally, the interconnection of single heat exchangers in a network allowed the simulation of the fouling behaviour of two existing pre-heat trains. To systematically assess the impact of fouling on refinery economics, a set of key performance indicators (KPIs) was proposed. Network-level simulations were used in conjunction with the KPIs to unveil complex interactions and propose network retrofit arrangements that improve energy recovery over time whilst reducing fouling. It is concluded that the model can be used with confidence to predict fouling and assist monitoring, design and retrofit of refinery heat exchangers and heat exchanger networks. The results shown indicate that the approach proposed can lead to substantial benefits.

Quantifying Petroleum Fouling Of Refining Heat Exchangers
Author: Gregory Mark Jones
Publisher:
Release Date: 1999
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Fouling In Refinery Equipment
Author: Harald K. Lemke
Publisher:
Release Date: 1999
Pages: 7
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Crude Oil Fouling
Author: Francesco Coletti
Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing
Release Date: 2014-11-20
Pages: 360
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

With production from unconventional rigs continuing to escalate and refineries grappling with the challenges of shale and heavier oil feedstocks, petroleum engineers and refinery managers must ensure that equipment used with today’s crude oil is protected from fouling deposits Crude Oil Fouling addresses this overarching challenge for the petroleum community with clear explanations on what causes fouling, current models and new approaches to evaluate and study the formation of deposits, and how today’s models could be applied from lab experiment to onsite field usability for not just the refinery, but for the rig, platform, or pipeline. Crude Oil Fouling is a must-have reference for every petroleum engineer’s library that gives the basic framework needed to analyze, model, and integrate the best fouling strategies and operations for crude oil systems. Defines the most critical variables and events that cause fouling Explains the consequences of fouling and its impact on operations, safety, and economics Provides the technical models available to better predict and eliminate the potential for fouling in any crude system

Fouling Of Crude Oil Refinery Preheat Exchangers
Author: Imelda Louise Downey
Publisher:
Release Date: 1993
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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10th International Symposium On Process Systems Engineering
Author: Rita Maria de Brito Alves
Publisher: Elsevier
Release Date: 2009
Pages: 1224
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

The 10th International Symposium on Process Systems Engineering, PSE'09, will be held in Salvador-Bahia, Brazil on August 16-20, 2009. The special focus of PSE 2009 is Sustainability, Energy and Engineering. PSE 2009 is the tenth in the triennial series of international symposia on process systems engineering initiated in 1982. The meeting is brings together the worldwide PSE community of researchers and practitioners who are involved in the creation and application of computing-based methodologies for planning, design, operation, control and maintenance of chemical and petrochemical process industries. PSE'09 will look at how the PSE methods and tools can support sustainable resource systems and emerging technologies in the areas of green engineering: environmentally conscious design of industrial processes. PSE methods and tools support: - sustainable resource systems - emerging technologies in the areas of green engineering - environmentally conscious design of industrial processes

Process Chemistry Of Petroleum Macromolecules
Author: Irwin A. Wiehe
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date: 2008-06-20
Pages: 456
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Although there is a shortage of light petroleum, there is plenty of heavy petroleum rich in macromolecules available, creating an increasing interest for processes that can convert heavy oils to light oils. Process Chemistry of Petroleum Macromolecules provides the scientific basis for such processes, presenting methods to determine improvement potential. Topics include characterization, thermal kinetics, phase behavior, and separation. Revealing that the science of petroleum macromolecules is simpler and more exciting than imagined, it also discusses macromolecules that self-associate, liquid crystalline phases, reactions triggered by phase separation, and both dispersed and dissolved solutes.

Guide To The Practical Use Of Chemicals In Refineries And Pipelines
Author: Johannes Karl Fink
Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing
Release Date: 2016-05-09
Pages: 266
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Guide to Practical Use of Chemicals in Refineries and Pipelines delivers a well-rounded collection of content, references, and patents to show all the practical chemical choices available for refinery and pipeline usage, along with their purposes, benefits, and general characteristics. Covering the full spectrum of downstream operations, this reference solves the many problems that engineers and managers currently face, including corrosion, leakage in pipelines, and pretreatment of heavy oil feedstocks, something that is of growing interest with today's unconventional activity. Additional coverage on special refinery additives and justification on why they react the way they do with other chemicals and feedstocks is included, along with a reference list of acronyms and an index of chemicals that will give engineers and managers the opportunity to recognize new chemical solutions that can be used in the downstream industry. Presents tactics practitioners can use to effectively locate and utilize the right chemical application specific to their refinery or pipeline operation Includes information on how to safely perform operations with coverage on environmental issues and safety, including waste stream treatment and sulfur removal Helps readers understand the composition and applications of chemicals used in oil and gas refineries and pipelines, along with where they should be applied, and how their structure interacts when mixed at the refinery

Corrosion Problems And Solutions In Oil Refining And Petrochemical Industry
Author: Alec Groysman
Publisher: Springer
Release Date: 2016-10-24
Pages: 356
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

This book addresses corrosion problems and their solutions at facilities in the oil refining and petrochemical industry, including cooling water and boiler feed water units. Further, it describes and analyzes corrosion control actions, corrosion monitoring, and corrosion management. Corrosion problems are a perennial issue in the oil refining and petrochemical industry, as they lead to a deterioration of the functional properties of metallic equipment and harm the environment – both of which need to be protected for the sake of current and future generations. Accordingly, this book examines and analyzes typical and atypical corrosion failure cases and their prevention at refineries and petrochemical facilities, including problems with: pipelines, tanks, furnaces, distillation columns, absorbers, heat exchangers, and pumps. In addition, it describes naphthenic acid corrosion, stress corrosion cracking, hydrogen damages, sulfidic corrosion, microbiologically induced corrosion, erosion-corrosion, and corrosion fatigue occurring at refinery units. At last, fouling, corrosion and cleaning are discussed in this book.

An Investigation Of The Fouling Of 19 Fin Per Inch Admiralty Tubes In Three Heat Transfer Units Located At The Aurora Gasoline Company Refinery
Author: edwin h young
Publisher:
Release Date: 1936
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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A Practical Approach To Fouling Mitigation In Refinery Units
Author: Claude A. Baudelet
Publisher:
Release Date: 1999
Pages: 6
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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10th International Symposium On Process Systems Engineering   PSE2009
Author: Rita Maria de Brito Alves
Publisher: Elsevier
Release Date: 2009-08-05
Pages: 2165
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

This book contains the proceedings of the 10e of a series of international symposia on process systems engineering (PSE) initiated in 1982. The special focus of PSE09 is how PSE methods can support sustainable resource systems and emerging technologies in the areas of green engineering. * Contains fully searchable CD of all printed contributions * Focus on sustainable green engineering * 9 Plenary papers, 21 Keynote lectures by leading experts in the field

Membranes And Membrane Technologies
Author: Stanislav Kolisnychenko
Publisher: Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release Date: 2019-04-22
Pages: 2002
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

The topic collection “Membranes and Membrane Technologies” consists of papers published by Trans Tech Publications Inc. from 2012 up to 2017 and it covers a wide range of engineering solutions in the field of properties research, development, and production of various types of membranes and their use in the technologies for the treatment of the drink water and wastewater, gas separation, bioindustry, etc. We hope this collection will be useful and interesting to a broad audience of researchers and engineers.

Hydrocarbon Processing
Author:
Publisher:
Release Date: 1987
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Fouling Of Heat Exchangers
Author: T.R. Bott
Publisher: Elsevier
Release Date: 1995-04-13
Pages: 546
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

This unique and comprehensive text considers all aspects of heat exchanger fouling from the basic science of how surfaces become fouled to very practical ways of mitigating the problem and from mathematical modelling of different fouling mechanisms to practical methods of heat exchanger cleaning. The problems that restrict the efficient operation of equipment are described and the costs, some of them hidden costs, that are associated with the fouling of heat exchangers are discussed. Some simple concepts and models of the fouling processes are presented as part of the introduction to the subject. Advice on the selection, design, installation and commissioning of heat exchangers to minimise fouling is given. A large part of the text is devoted to the use of chemical and other additives to reduce or eliminate the problem of fouling. Another large section is designed to give information on both on-line and off-line cleaning of heat exchangers. One of the difficulties faced by designers and operators of heat exchangers is anticipating the likely extent of fouling problems to be encountered with different flow streams. Another large section addresses the question and describes methods that have been used in attempting to define fouling potential. The book concludes with a chapter on how fouling information can be obtained using plant data, field tests and laboratory studies.

The Oil And Gas Journal
Author:
Publisher:
Release Date: 1961
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Hydrocarbon Processing   Petroleum Refiner
Author:
Publisher:
Release Date: 1962-07
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Fouling In Heat Exchange Equipment
Author: James M. Chenoweth
Publisher:
Release Date: 1981
Pages: 105
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Investigation And Analysis Of Fired Heater Fouling In A Refinery Coking Unit
Author: Richard J. Nyberg
Publisher:
Release Date: 2006
Pages: 68
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS: