Fundamentals of enzyme activity; Enzymes in the food industry; Food enzymes and the new technology; Enzymes in milk and cheese production; Enzymes in the meat industry; Enzymes in the production of beverages and fruit juices; Enzymes in the starch and sugar industries; Enzymes in the processing of fats and oils; Enzymes as diagnostic tools.
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This book focuses on the most common unit operations utilized in modern food processing operations. It contains both descriptive and quantitative analysis of the typical food processes found in modern food processing plants. The descriptive information provides students with background on the process and the impact of the process on food product quality. The quantitative description assists the student in understanding the ability of the process to achieve the desired result and the consequences of improper operation of the process. Examples utilizing different food commodities are incorporated to ensure that the student gains an appreciation of the relationship between commodities and processes.
The food industry is on the verge of making some serious advances in the food processing sector. If successful, tomorrow’s consumers will have unhindered access to safe, nutritious, and high-quality products via novel food processing technologies. Food Processing Operations Modeling: Design and Analysis, Second Edition demonstrates how to effectively use numerical modeling to predict the effects of food processing on targeted components. This non-destructive testing method virtually eliminates the health risks of under-processed food and maintains high nutritional values that are often lost in overcooked food. Using a task-oriented approach, this second edition discusses basic and advanced modeling tools that allow researchers to predict and prevent worse-case scenarios, perform comprehensive analyses, and optimize system design and efficiency. Contains Selected Applications of Thermal and Non-Thermal Processing Operations NEW TO THIS EDITION: Six new chapters on radio frequency heating, high-pressure processing, pulsed electric field treatment, fouling model on heat exchangers, ozone treatment, and UV radiation Expanded scope to address innovative and up-to-date food processing technologies Numerous real-world case studies Updated information on infrared heating of biological materials and modeling electrical resistance heating of foods Electromagnetic treatments (RF, Infrared, and UV) and fundamentals relative to heat and mass transfer, fluid flow, and stochastic processes Synergistic effect of combined food processing techniques and its numerical simulation Food processing methods are constantly improving in an effort to maintain safe, high-quality, and fresh-tasting products. Providing the theoretical basis for these cutting-edge techniques, this tried-and-tested reference provides indispensable insight into food systems modeling, while exploring applications for further research.
Energy efficiency, environmental protection, and processing waste management continue to attract increased attention in the food processing industry. As with other industrial sectors, reducing costs while also reducing environmental impact and improving overall sustainability is becoming an important part of the business process. Providing practical guidance, Energy Efficiency and Management in Food Processing Facilities explores energy efficiency technologies, emerging energy efficient processes, and methods for converting food processing wastes into energy. Organized around five central themes, the book explores: Fundamentals of energy conservation, analysis, and management Energy conservation technologies as applied to the food processing industry Energy efficiency and conservations in current food processing systems Emerging systems Energy conversion technologies for utilization of food processing wastes Conservation Techniques that Improve the Bottom Line The lack of information on energy conservation and conversion technologies has been a major barrier to energy efficiency improvement and the utilization of processing wastes in the food processing industry. With coverage ranging from basic theory to traditional and alternative energy, this book provides the required skill set for the increased energy conservation and reduced consumption that will positively impact the bottom line in food processing facilities.
This book addresses the future development of ultrasound in food processing, covering both High Power (material altering) and Low Power (non-destructive testing) applications. Leading work is presented for a non-expert audience, so that people in industry and academia can make informed decisions about future research and the adoption of ultrasound techniques. It will be of particular interest to food manufacturing personnel responsible for process development, engineering and research. It will be invaluable for scientists and technologists involved in active ultrasound research and instrument manufacture.
The food world has a number of options available to make the food industry more diverse, competitive, and efficient. Innovations in Food Processing investigates some of these options, alternative technologies, and strategies for properly addressing new challenges facing the food industry. It also provides specific examples on how these alternatives can be utilized in specific food products. This book presents a comprehensive review of new technologies to preserve foods, especially those based on nonthermal techniques. It covers a wide range of methods, including high pressure, pulsed electric fields, and hurdle technologies. Other chapters include information about the trends in emerging technologies over the past 40 years and predictive models that describe microbial growth. Expert contributors present thorough research results and critical reviews of each covered technology. The innovative approaches presented in Innovations in Food Processing will result in sound alternatives for addressing the ever-increasing demand for quality foods at a reasonable cost.
The first edition of Food Processing Technology was quickly adopted as the standard text by many food science and technology courses. While keeping with the practice of covering the wide range of food processing techniques, this new edition has been substantially expanded to take account of the advances in technology that have taken place since the publication of the first edition. The Second Edition includes new chapters on computer control of processing, novel 'minimal' technologies, and Ohmic heating, and an extended chapter on modified atmosphere packaging. It is a comprehensive - yet basic - text that offers an overview of most unit operations, while at the same time providing details of the processing equipment, operating conditions and the effects of processing on the biochemistry of foods. The book is divided into five parts, in which unit operations are grouped according to the nature of the heat transfer that takes place. Each chapter describes the formulae required for calculation of processing parameters, sample problems, and the effects on sensory characteristics and nutritional properties of selected foods. By combining food processing theory and calculations with descriptions of commercial practice and results of scientific studies, Food Processing Technology: Principles and Practice, Second Edition helps readers make attractive saleable products and extend the shelf-life of foods.
Recent publications in food engineering concern mainly food process engi neering, which is related to chemical engineering, and deals primarily with unit operations and unit processes, as applied to the wide variety of food processing operations. Relatively less attention is paid to the design and operation of food processing equipment, which is necessary to carry out all of the food processes in the food plant. Significant technical advances on processing equipment have been made by the manufacturers, as evidenced by the efficient modem food pro cessing plants. There is a need to relate advances in process engineering to proc ess equipment, and vice versa. This book is an attempt to apply the established principles of transport phe nomena and unit operations to the design, selection, and operation of food pro cessing equipment. Since food processing equipment is still designed empiri cally, due to the complexity of the processes and the uncertainty of food properties, description of some typical industrial units is necessary to understand the operating characteristics. Approximate values and data are used for illustra tive purposes, since there is an understandable lack of published industrial data.
Food processing is now the biggest industry in the UK and in many other countries. It is also rapidly changing from what was essentially a craft industry, batch processing relatively small amounts of product, to a very highly automated one with continuously operating high speed production lines. In addition, consumers have developed a greater expectation for consistently high standard products and coupled this with demands for such things as a more natural flavour, lower fat etc. The need for an increased knowledge of the scientific principles behind food processing has never been greater. Within the industry itself, increased automation, company diversification and amalgamations etc. have meant that those working in it have often to change their field of operation. Whereas twenty years ago, someone starting work in one branch of the food industry could expect, if he or she so desired, to work there all their working lives, this is now seldom the case. This means that a basic knowledge of the principles behind food processing is necessary both for the student at university or college, and for those already in the industry. It is hoped, therefore, that this book will appeal to both, and prove to be a useful reference over a wide range of food processing.