epigenetic cancer therapy

Epigenetic Cancer Therapy
Author: Steven Gray
Publisher: Academic Press
Release Date: 2015-07-01
Pages: 748
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Epigenetic Cancer Therapy unites issues central to a translational audience actively seeking to understand the topic. It is ideal for cancer specialists, including oncologists and clinicians, but also provides valuable information for researchers, academics, students, governments, and decision-makers in the healthcare sector. The text covers the basic background of the epigenome, aberrant epigenetics, and its potential as a target for cancer therapy, and includes individual chapters on the state of epigenome knowledge in specific cancers (including lung, breast, prostate, liver). The book encompasses both large-scale intergovernmental initiatives as well as recent findings across cancer stem cells, rational drug design, clinical trials, and chemopreventative strategies. As a whole, the work articulates and raises the profile of epigenetics as a therapeutic option in the future management of cancer. Concisely summarizes the therapeutic implications of recent, large-scale epigenome studies, including the cancer epigenome atlas Discusses targeted isoform specific versus pan-specific inhibitors, a rational drug design approach to epigenetics relevant to pharmacoepigenetic clinical applications Covers new findings in the interplay between cancer stem cells (CSCs) and drug resistance, demonstrating that epigenetic machinery is a candidate target for the eradication of these CSCs

DNA Methylation And Cancer Therapy
Author: Moshe Szyf
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2007-04-03
Pages: 239
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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NA methylation has bewildered molecular biologists since Hotchkiss discovered it almost six decades ago (Hotchkiss RDJ. Biol Cem 1948; 175:315-332). The fact that the chemical structure of our D genome consists of two components that are covalently bound, the genetic information that is replicated by the DNA replication machinery ana DNA methylation that is maintainea by independent enzymatic machinery, has redictably stimulated the imagination and curiosity of generations of mo Edular biologists. An obvious question was whether DNA methylation was a bearer of additional information to the genetic information and what was the nature of this information? It was tempting to speculate that DNA me thylation applied some form of control over programming of the genome s expression profile. Once techniques to probe the methylation profile of whole genomes as well as specific genes became available, it became clear that DNA methylation patterns are gene and tissue specific and that patterns of gene expression correlate with patterns of methylation. DNA methylation pat terns emerged as the only component of the chemical structure of DNA that exhibited tissue and cell specificity. This data seemingly provided an attrac tively simple explanation for the longstanding dilemma of how could one identical genome manifest itself in so many different forms in multicellular organisms? The DNA methylation pattern has thus become the only known factor to confer upon DNA a unique cellular identity.

Epigenetic Therapy Of Cancer
Author: Michael Lübbert
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2013-12-12
Pages: 325
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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The growing knowledge about disturbances of epigenetic gene regulation in hematopoietic stem cell disorders is now being translated into treatment approaches that target the epigenetic defects pharmacologically. This book first presents the latest evidence regarding the epigenetic regulation of hematopoietic stem cell differentiation and hemoglobin production. The significance of DNA methylation abnormalities in hematopoietic disorders and of epigenetic disturbances in lung cancer and other solid tumors is then discussed. A major part of the book, however, relates specifically to the translation of basic research and drug development to clinical applications, and in this context both present and future clinical strategies are considered. Individual chapters are devoted to the use of DNA hypomethylating agents and chromatin-modifying agents, and the treatment of hematologic malignancies and solid tumors by means of epigenetic agents is discussed in detail.

Cancer Epigenetics
Author: Trygve Tollefsbol
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date: 2019-08-30
Pages: 472
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

During the past few decades, it has become increasingly apparent that heredity is not the sole determining factor in disease development, such as cancer. This landmark work covers a wide array of aspects in the relatively new area of epigenetics, ranging from its role in the basic mechanisms of tumorigenesis, to the newest epigenetic drugs being developed and used for cancer therapy. Cancer Epigenetics presents in-depth discussions of DNA methylation alterations, histone and RNA modifications, and nucleosome remodeling, which are all intimately involved in the formation of tumors. It also analyzes metabolic influences on cancer epigenetics and advances in epigenetic cancer gene therapy. Discusses the Latest Advances in the Role of Epigenetics in Tumor Initiation, Progression, and Metastasis With stand-alone chapters written by research pioneers in the field, this definitive resource covers-- DNA methylation and cancer Histone modifications in cancer Emerging areas of cancer epigenetics Epigenetics in the diagnosis, prognosis, and therapy of cancer Future directions in epigenetic cancer research Bringing together different topics into a single compilation, this text is a prime resource for those with interests ranging from the basic mechanisms of tumor biology to cancer therapy. It also serves as a core textbook for advanced courses with a focus on genetic diseases, molecular biology, and/or cancer. This seminal work answers the call for a thorough and authoritative reference that covers the critical and contemporary aspects of this revolutionary field.

Exam Prep For  Epigenetic Cancer Therapy
Author:
Publisher:
Release Date:
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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The Histone Code And Beyond
Author: Shelley L. Berger
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2007-01-19
Pages: 215
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Methylation of DNA at cytosine residues as well as post-translational modifications of histones, including phosphorylation, acetylation, methylation and ubiquitylation, contribute to the epigenetic information carried by chromatin. These changes play an important role in the regulation of gene expression by modulating the access of regulatory factors to the DNA. The use of a combination of biochemical, genetic and structural approaches has allowed demonstration of the role of chromatin structure in transcriptional control. The structure of nucleosomes has been elucidated and enzymes involved in DNA or histone modifications have been extensively characterized. Since deregulation of epigenetic marks has been reported in many cancers, a better understanding of the underlying molecular mechanisms bears the promise that new drug targets may soon be found. The newest developments in this quickly developing field are presented in this book.

Novel Approaches And Strategies For Biologics  Vaccines And Cancer Therapies
Author: Manmohan Singh
Publisher: Academic Press
Release Date: 2014-12-30
Pages: 520
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Novel Approaches and Strategies for Biologics, Vaccines and Cancer Therapies takes a look at the current strategies, successes and challenges involved with the development of novel formulations of biologics, vaccines and cancer therapy. This thorough reference on the latest trends in the development of diverse modalities will appeal to a broad community of scientists, students and clinicians. Written by leading authors across academia and industry, this book covers important topics such as unique drug delivery devices, non-parenteral delivery trends, novel approaches to the treatment of cancer, immunotherapy and more. It includes real-world cases and examples which highlight formulations with therapeutic proteins, monoclonal antibodies, peptides and biobetters, as well as cases on novel vaccines formulations including evolving pathogens, novel modalities of vaccines, universal vaccines. This book is a thorough and useful resource on the development of novel biologics, vaccines and cancer therapies. Provides strategies for the development of safe and efficacious novel formulations for various modalities of biologics, vaccines and for cancer therapy Highlights novel cases from current clinical trials as well as marketed products Reviews overall successes and challenges in the development of novel formulations, including new molecular targets for the treatment of diseases, design of target-specific therapies, regulatory considerations, individualized therapies

Epigenetics In Cancer
Author: Junjiang Fu
Publisher: Alpha Science International, Limited
Release Date: 2019-04-30
Pages: 364
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

As the second leading cause of death, cancer has cast an overwhelming shadow on millions of lives worldwide. Everyone is affected in some way, if not by having the disease themselves, then by witnessing it in friends or loved ones. Epigenetics is a rapidly-growing field and a fascinating area of cancer research. The book addresses the importance of fighting cancers with an epigenetics approach. Specifically, the following topics are reviewed: - (1) DNA methylation and cancer. - (2) Non-coding RNAs in cancer. - (3) Epigenetics in the diagnosis, prognosis, and therapy of cancer. - (4) Epigenetic effects of environmental and dietary factors in cancer. The book also includes a chapter that provides short but practical protocols widely used in epigenetics research. Finally, it provides insight into future directions in cancer epigenetics research. Thus, this book covers a wide range of topics, from general mechanisms of cancer epigenetics to cancer therapy. This book will be helpful to improve the understanding of epigenetics and cancer who are interested in cancer epigenetics and the development of anticancer drugs at various levels, including students in medical and biological fields, postdoctoral fellows, university researchers, and/or educators.

Impact Of Genetic Targets On Cancer Therapy
Author: Wafik S El-Deiry
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2013-01-05
Pages: 448
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

​​​The volume provides a forum for original peer-reviewed short communications, full-length research and review articles on new research findings and developments on the topic of genetic targets on cancer therapies. As the field is highly important it requires co-operation between research communities from all over the world to share their knowledge and experience in order to move the field forward. Each chapter includes a discussion of the impact of the tumor microenvironment and cancer stem cells and cover current knowledge in this area as it pertains to the disease, including emerging therapy targeting the microenvironment and/or cancer stem cells.

Epigenetics In Biology And Medicine
Author: Manel Esteller
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date: 2008-09-17
Pages: 312
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Anomalous epigenetic patterns touch many areas of study including biomedical, scientific, and industrial. With perspectives from international experts, this resource offers an all-inclusive overview of epigenetics, which bridge DNA information and function by regulating gene expression without modifying the DNA sequence itself. Epigenetics, in its

Human Epigenetics  How Science Works
Author: Carsten Carlberg
Publisher: Springer Nature
Release Date: 2019-09-24
Pages: 153
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

The view “It’s all in our genes and we cannot change it” developed in the past 150 years since Gregor Mendel’s experiments with flowering pea plants. However, there is a special form of genetics, referred to as epigenetics, which does not involve any change of our genes but regulates how and when they are used. In the cell nucleus our genes are packed into chromatin, which is a complex of histone proteins and genomic DNA, representing the molecular basis of epigenetics. Our environment and lifestyle decisions influence the epigenetics of our cells and organs, i.e. epigenetics changes dynamically throughout our whole life. Thus, we have the chance to change our epigenetics in a positive as well as negative way and present the onset of diseases, such a type 2 diabetes or cancer. This textbook provides a molecular explanation how our genome is connected with environmental signals. It outlines that epigenetic programming is a learning process that results in epigenetic memory in each of the cells of our body. The central importance of epigenetics during embryogenesis and cellular differentiation as well as in the process of aging and the risk for the development of cancer are discussed. Moreover, the role of the epigenome as a molecular storage of cellular events not only in the brain but also in metabolic organs and in the immune system is described. The book represents an updated but simplified version of our textbook “Human Epigenomics” (ISBN 978-981-10-7614-8). The first five chapters explain the molecular basis of epigenetics, while the following seven chapters provide examples for the impact of epigenetics in human health and disease.

Epigenetics Of Cancer Prevention
Author: Anupam Bishayee
Publisher: Academic Press
Release Date: 2018-11-27
Pages: 442
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Epigenetics of Cancer Prevention, Volume Ten is the first to look at epigenetics and chemoprevention together. Although there is numerous scientific data available on how epigenetics can lead to cancer and how chemoprevention can be beneficial in the treatment of, or improvement of quality of life, together they will set an advanced understanding for the reader in this upcoming field of chemoprevention influencing epigenetics. This book discusses molecular epigenetic targets of natural products, such as green tea polyphenols, curcumin and resveratrol, and organ specific epigenetic targets related to diverse types of cancer, for example prostate, colorectal, breast, lung and skin cancers. Additionally, it encompasses a discussion on research methods and limitations to study epigenetics and epigenomics of chemopreventive drugs and personalized cancer treatment with phytochemicals. The book is ideal for cancer researchers, health care professionals and all individuals who are interested in cancer prevention research and its clinical applications, especially in natural remedies. Lists natural agents, including nutraceuticals, and their effects on normal or tumor genome Addresses various epigenetic systems and mechanisms in the regulation and support of the mammalian genome Discusses how various parts of dietary phytochemicals can influence or modify epigenetic mechanisms in several types of cancer

Epigenetics In Human Disease
Author: Trygve O. Tollefsbol
Publisher: Academic Press
Release Date: 2012
Pages: 577
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Epigenetics is one of the fastest growing fields of sciences, illuminating studies of human diseases by looking beyond genetic make-up and acknowledging that outside factors play a role in gene expression. The goal of this volume is to highlight those diseases or conditions for which we have advanced knowledge of epigenetic factors such as cancer, autoimmune disorders and aging as well as those that are yielding exciting breakthroughs in epigenetics such as diabetes, neurobiological disorders and cardiovascular disease. Where applicable, attempts are made to not only detail the role of epigenetics in the etiology, progression, diagnosis and prognosis of these diseases, but also novel epigenetic approaches to the treatment of these diseases. Chapters are also presented on human imprinting disorders, respiratory diseases, infectious diseases and gynecological and reproductive diseases. Since epigenetics plays a major role in the aging process, advances in the epigenetics of aging are highly relevant to many age-related human diseases. Therefore, this volume closes with chapters on aging epigenetics and breakthroughs that have been made to delay the aging process through epigenetic approaches. With its translational focus, this book will serve as valuable reference for both basic scientists and clinicians alike. Comprehensive coverage of fundamental and emergent science and clinical usage Side-by-side coverage of the basis of epigenetic diseases and their treatments Evaluation of recent epigenetic clinical breakthroughs

Drug Discovery In Cancer Epigenetics
Author: Gerda Egger
Publisher: Academic Press
Release Date: 2015-11-19
Pages: 498
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Drug Discovery in Cancer Epigenetics is a practical resource for scientists involved in the discovery, testing, and development of epigenetic cancer drugs. Epigenetic modifications can have significant implications for translational science as biomarkers for diagnosis, prognosis or therapy prediction. Most importantly, epigenetic modifications are reversible and epigenetic players are found mutated in different cancers; therefore, they provide attractive therapeutic targets. There has been great interest in developing and testing epigenetic drugs, which inhibit DNA methyltransferases, histone modifying enzymes or chromatin reader proteins. The first few drugs are already FDA approved and have made their way into clinical settings. This book provides a comprehensive summary of the epigenetic drugs currently available and aims to increase awareness in this area to foster more rapid translation of epigenetic drugs into the clinic. Highlights the potential of epigenetic alterations in cancer for drug development Covers the tools and methods for epigenetic drug discovery, preclinical and clinical testing, and clinical implications of epigenetic therapy Provides important information regarding putative epigenetic targets, epigenetic technologies, networks and consortia for epigenetic drug discovery and routes for translation

Identification Of The Specific Epigenetic Alterations Associated With Chemo Resistance Via Reprogramming Of Cancer Cells
Author:
Publisher:
Release Date: 2015
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Abstract: Background: Chemo-resistance is the main obstacle in cancer therapy, limiting the effectiveness of drug treatment. Epigenetics-mediated changes are suggested as a critical factor paying the chemo-resistance phenotype. Since epigenetic modulations are a reversible phenomenon, reversion of epigenetic changes represents a promising therapeutic approach for cancer. However, heterogeneity in epigenetic marks in tumor cells makes it difficult to identify the specific epigenetic aberrations contributing to chemo-resistance. Our hypothesis aimed to explore this issue to add therapeutic options for cancer. Presentation of the hypothesis: Epigenetic alterations, the main mediator of cellular reprogramming, occur rapidly upon exposure to chemotherapy. Recent studies have demonstrated that reprogramming resets/erases the epigenetic marks established during differentiation to specific somatic cell types. To overcome the heterogeneous nature of cancer cells, we will attempt to make homogenous cancer cell colonies by reprogramming. Comparison of the drug-resistant cancer cells obtained from these colonies to parent cancer cells and reprogrammed cancer cells is an effective way to determine the precise epigenetic alterations underlying specific chemo-resistance. Testing the hypothesis: Cellular reprogramming of cancer cells led to generation of homogenous colonies. Following lineage specification and long term drug treatment, the obtained drug resistance cells will be compared with parent cancer cells for whole genome epigenetic signature. Implications of the hypothesis: A key implication of this hypothesis is that determination of the usefulness of cellular reprogramming of cancer cells enabling the identification of specific epigenetic modulation associated with particular drug resistance will enable exploration of new research avenues for cancer treatment.

Epigenetics
Author: C. David Allis
Publisher: CSHL Press
Release Date: 2007-01
Pages: 502
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

The regulation of gene expression in many biological processes involves epigenetic mechanisms. In this new volume, 24 chapters written by experts in the field discuss epigenetic effects from many perspectives. There are chapters on the basic molecular mechanisms underpinning epigenetic regulation, discussion of cellular processes that rely on this kind of regulation, and surveys of organisms in which it has been most studied. Thus, there are chapters on histone and DNA methylation, siRNAs and gene silencing; X-chromosome inactivation, dosage compensation and imprinting; and discussion of epigenetics in microbes, plants, insects, and mammals. The last part of the book looks at how epigenetic mechanisms act in cell division and differentiation, and how errors in these pathways contribute to cancer and other human diseases. Also discussed are consequences of epigenetics in attempts to clone animals. This book is a major resource for those working in the field, as well as being a suitable text for advanced undergraduate and graduate courses on gene regulation.

Epigenetic Gene Expression And Regulation
Author: Suming Huang
Publisher: Academic Press
Release Date: 2015-10-19
Pages: 482
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Epigenetic Gene Expression and Regulation reviews current knowledge on the heritable molecular mechanisms that regulate gene expression, contribute to disease susceptibility, and point to potential treatment in future therapies. The book shows how these heritable mechanisms allow individual cells to establish stable and unique patterns of gene expression that can be passed through cell divisions without DNA mutations, thereby establishing how different heritable patterns of gene regulation control cell differentiation and organogenesis, resulting in a distinct human organism with a variety of differing cellular functions and tissues. The work begins with basic biology, encompasses methods, cellular and tissue organization, topical issues in epigenetic evolution and environmental epigenesis, and lastly clinical disease discovery and treatment. Each highly illustrated chapter is organized to briefly summarize current research, provide appropriate pedagogical guidance, pertinent methods, relevant model organisms, and clinical examples. Reviews current knowledge on the heritable molecular mechanisms that regulate gene expression, contribute to disease susceptibility, and point to potential treatment in future therapies Helps readers understand how epigenetic marks are targeted, and to what extent transgenerational epigenetic changes are instilled and possibly passed onto offspring Chapters are replete with clinical examples to empower the basic biology with translational significance Offers more than 100 illustrations to distill key concepts and decipher complex science

Epigenetics Territory And Cancer
Author: Parvin Mehdipour
Publisher: Springer
Release Date: 2015-03-18
Pages: 539
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

This book explores epigenetic strategies, bridging fundamental cancer epigenetics, different paradigms in tumor genetics and translational understanding for both the clinic and improved lifestyles. The work provides target-based insights for treating different types of cancers and presents research on evolutionary epigenetics, introducing ‘Medical Epi- Anthropology’ and ‘Cancer Epi-Anthropology’. Translating multi-disciplinary research into therapeutic design is at the core of this book. Readers may explore how cancer management involves unmasking the involved networks and the interactive status of different genes to achieve the appropriate methylome based therapy. Early chapters explore fundamental aspects and brain tumours, whilst later chapters investigate breast cancer and various other cancers, and the final chapter presents an evolutionary insight in cancer epigenetics, considering that the epigene is beyond DNA methylation, RNA interference and histone modification in cancer development. This book will be of interest to researchers in different medical and scientific fields, including clinical management (diagnosis, prognosis, prediction, prevention, and guidelines), genetic education, nutrition and nutrigenomics, industrial chemistry, and drug innovation. Because of the unique bridging between science and medicine this book will also be useful as an educational and translational research package.

Cancer Epigenetics
Author: Antonio Giordano
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2011-05-04
Pages: 448
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Cancer Epigenetics: Biomolecular Therapeutics in Human Cancer is the only resource to focus on biomolecular approaches to cancer therapy. Its presentation of the latest research in cancer biology reflects the interdisciplinary nature of the field and aims to facilitate collaboration between the basic, translational, and clinical sciences.

Epigenetic Regulation And Epigenomics
Author: Robert A. Meyers
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2012-05-29
Pages: 1254
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Epigenetics is a term in biology referring to heritable traits that do not involve changes in the underlying DNA sequence of the organism. Epigenetic traits exist on top of or in addition to the traditional molecular basis for inheritance. The "epigenome" is a parallel to the word "genome," and refers to the overall epigenetic state of a cell. Cancer and stem cell research have gradually focused attention on these genome modifications. The molecular basis of epigenetics involves modifications to DNA and the chromatin proteins that associate with it. Methylation, for example, can silence a nearby gene and seems to be involved in some cancers. Epigenetics is beginning to form and take shape as a new scientific discipline, which will have a major impact on Medicine and essentially all fields of biology. Increasingly, researchers are unearthing links between epigenetics and a number of diseases. Although in recent years cancer has been the main focus of epigenetics, recent data suggests that epigenetic plays a critical role in psychology and psychopathology. It is being realized that normal behaviors such as maternal care and pathologies such as Schizophrenia and Alzheimer's might have an epigenetic basis. It is also becoming clear that nutrition and life experiences have epigenetic consequences. Discover more online content in the Encyclopedia of Molecular Cell Biology and Molecular Medicine.