engineering thermodynamics 2nd ed
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This book offers a full account of thermodynamic systems in chemical engineering. It provides a solid understanding of the basic concepts of the laws of thermodynamics as well as their applications with a thorough discussion of phase and chemical reaction equilibria. At the outset the text explains the various key terms of thermodynamics with suitable examples and then thoroughly deals with the virial and cubic equations of state by showing the P-V-T (pressure, molar volume and temperature) relation of fluids. It elaborates on the first and second laws of thermodynamics and their applications with the help of numerous engineering examples. The text further discusses the concepts of exergy, standard property changes of chemical reactions, thermodynamic property relations and fugacity. The book also includes detailed discussions on residual and excess properties of mixtures, various activity coefficient models, local composition models, and group contribution methods. In addition, the text focuses on vapour-liquid and other phase equilibrium calculations, and analyzes chemical reaction equilibria and adiabatic reaction temperature for systems with complete and incomplete conversion of reactants. key Features Includes a large number of fully worked-out examples to help students master the concepts discussed. Provides well-graded problems with answers at the end of each chapter to test and foster students’ conceptual understanding of the subject. The total number of solved examples and end-chapter exercises in the book are over 600. Contains chapter summaries that review the major concepts covered. The book is primarily designed for the undergraduate students of chemical engineering and its related disciplines such as petroleum engineering and polymer engineering. It can also be useful to professionals. The Solution Manual containing the complete worked-out solutions to chapter-end exercises and problems is available for instructors.
Building on the last edition, (dedicated to exploring alternatives to coal- and oil-based energy conversion methods and published more than ten years ago), Thermodynamics and Heat Power, Eighth Edition updates the status of existing direct energy conversion methods as described in the previous work. Offering a systems approach to the analysis of energy conversion methods, this text focuses on the fundamentals involved in thermodynamics, and further explores concepts in the areas of ideal gas flow, engine analysis, air conditioning, and heat transfer. It examines energy, heat, and work in relation to thermodynamics, and also explores the properties of temperature and pressures. The book emphasizes practical mechanical systems, and incorporates problems at the end of the chapters to advance the application of the material. What’s New in the Eighth Edition: An emphasis on a systems approach to problems More discussion of the types of heat and of entropy Added explanations for understanding pound mass and the mole Analysis of steady flow gas processes, replacing the compressible flow section The concept of paddle work to illustrate how frictional effects can be analyzed A clearer discussion of the psychrometric chart and its usage in analyzing air conditioning systems Updates of the status of direct energy conversion systems A description of how the cooling tower is utilized in high-rise buildings Practical automotive engine analysis Expanded Brayton cycle analysis including intercooling, reheat, and regeneration and their effect on gas turbine efficiency A description of fins and how they improve heat transfer rates Added illustrative problems and new homework problems Availability of a publisher’s website for fluid properties and other reference materials Properties of the latest in commercial refrigerants This text presents an understanding of basic concepts on the subject of thermodynamics and is a definitive resource for undergraduate students in engineering programs, most specifically, students studying engineering technology.
Updated and enhanced with numerous worked-out examples and exercises, this Second Edition continues to present a thorough, concise and accurate discussion of fundamentals and principles of thermodynamics. It focuses on practical applications of theory and equips students with sound techniques for solving engineering problems. The treatment of the subject matter emphasizes the phenomena which are associated with the various thermodynamic processes. The topics covered are supported by an extensive set of example problems to enhance the student's understanding of the concepts introduced. The end-of-chapter problems serve to aid the learning process, and extend the material covered in the text by including problems characteristic of engineering design. The book is designed to serve as a text for undergraduate engineering students for a course in thermodynamics.
This book, now in its second edition, continues to provide a comprehensive introduction to the principles of chemical engineering thermodynamics and also introduces the student to the application of principles to various practical areas. The book emphasizes the role of the fundamental principles of thermodynamics in the derivation of significant relationships between the various thermodynamic properties. The initial chapter provides an overview of the basic concepts and processes, and discusses the important units and dimensions involved. The ensuing chapters, in a logical presentation, thoroughly cover the first and second laws of thermodynamics, the heat effects, the thermodynamic properties and their relations, refrigeration and liquefaction processes, and the equilibria between phases and in chemical reactions. The book is suitably illustrated with a large number of visuals. In the second edition, new sections on Quasi-Static Process and Entropy Change in Reversible and Irreversible Processes are included. Besides, new Solved Model Question Paper and several new Multiple Choice Questions are also added that help develop the students’ ability and confidence in the application of the underlying concepts. Primarily intended for the undergraduate students of chemical engineering and other related engineering disciplines such as polymer, petroleum and pharmaceutical engineering, the book will also be useful for the postgraduate students of the subject as well as professionals in the relevant fields.
The Subject Of Compressible Flow Or Gas Dynamics Deals With The Thermo-Fluid Dynamic Problems Of Gases And Vapours. It Is Now An Important Part Of The Undergraduate And Postgraduate Curricula. Fundamentals Of Compressible Flow Covers This Subject In Fourteen Well Organised Chapters In A Lucid Style. A Large Mass Of Theoretical Material And Equations Has Been Supported By A Number Of Figures And Graphical Depictions. Author'S Sprawling Teaching Experience In This Subject And Allied Areas Is Reflected In The Clarity, And Systematic And Logical Presentation. Salient Features * Begins With Basic Definitions And Formulas. * Separate Chapters On Adiabatic Flow, Isentropic Flow And Rate Equations. * Li>Includes Basics Of The Atmosphere, And Measuring Techniques.Separate Sections On Wind Tunnels, Laser Techniques, Hot Wires And Flow Measurement. * Discusses Applications In Aircraft And Rocket Propulsion, Space Flights, And Pumping Of Natural Gas. * Contains Large Number Of Solved And Unsolved Problems.The Present Edition Has An Additional Chapter (14) On Miscellaneous Problems In Compressible Flow (Gas Dynamics). This Is Designed To Support The Tutorials, Practice Exercises And Examinations. Problems Have Been Specially Chosen For Students And Engineers In The Areas Of Aerospace, Chemical, Gas And Mechanical Engineering.
In a clear and concise manner, this book explains how to apply concepts in chemical reaction engineering and transport phenomena to the design of catalytic combustion systems. Although there are many textbooks on the subject of chemical reaction engineering, catalytic combustion is mentioned either only briefly or not at all. The authors have chosen three examples where catalytic combustion is utilized as a primary combustion process and natural gas is used as a fuel - stationary gas turbines, process fluid heaters, and radiant heaters; these cover much of the area where research is currently most active. In each of these there are clear environmental benefits to be gained illustrating catalytic combustion as a "cleaner primary combustion process" . The dominant heat transfer processes in each of the applications are different, as are the support systems, flow geometrics and operating conditions.