design of solar thermal power plants

Design Of Solar Thermal Power Plants
Author: Zhifeng Wang
Publisher: Academic Press
Release Date: 2019-02-22
Pages: 490
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Design of Solar Thermal Power Plants introduces the basic design methods of solar thermal power plants for technicians engaged in solar thermal power generation engineering. This book includes the author’s theoretical investigation and study findings in solar heat concentrators, a performance evaluation of solar thermal collectors, a numerical simulation of the heat transfer process between complex geometrics, heat transfer through radiation, and more. Containing theoretical descriptions of solar concentrators and receivers, practical engineering examples, and detailed descriptions of site selections for solar thermal power plants, this book has a strong theoretical and practical value for readers. Contains practical guidance and applications, making it more useful and user-friendly for CSP engineers Includes theoretical investigation in solar heat concentrators, performance evaluation of solar thermal collectors, and the numerical simulation of heat transfer between complex geometrics with practical applications

Design Of Solar Thermal Power Plants
Author: 王志峰
Publisher:
Release Date: 2019
Pages: 475
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

The IEA SSPS Solar Thermal Power Plants
Author: Paul Kesselring
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Pages: 192
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

The Project's origin As a consequence of the so-called "first oil crisis", the interest in solar electricity generation rose sharply after 1973. The solar ther mal way of solving the problem was attractive because the main task was simply to replace the fossil fuel by a "solar fuel" in an other wise conventional thermal power plant -that was at least what many thought at that time. Thus more than half a dozen of solar thermal plant projects were created in the mid-seventies. One of them is the Small Solar Power Systems (SSPS) Project of the International Energy Agency (lEA). It consists of the design, development, construction, operation, test and evaluation of two dissimilar small solar thermal electric power systems each at a nominal power of 500 kW . e ITET and TOAB In order to assist the Operating Agent (DFVLR - Deutsche Forschungs und Versuchsanstalt fUr Luft- und Raumfahrt e. V. ) in managing the project, the Executive Committee (EC) created two bodies called the "International Test and Evaluation Team" (ITET) and the "Test and Operation Advisory Board" (TOAB). The latter consisted of a group of experts from the different participating countries, meeting three to four times a year to articulate i. a. the technical interests and expectations of the different parties in the project. It was the TOAB that formulated e. g.

Techno Economic Design Optimization Of Solar Thermal Power Plants
Author: Gabriel Morin
Publisher:
Release Date: 2011
Pages: 163
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Thermocline Thermal Storage Test For Large Scale Solar Thermal Power Plants
Author:
Publisher:
Release Date: 2000
Pages: 17
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Solar thermal-to-electric power plants have been tested and investigated at Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) since the late 1970s, and thermal storage has always been an area of key study because it affords an economical method of delivering solar-electricity during non-daylight hours. This paper describes the design considerations of a new, single-tank, thermal storage system and details the benefits of employing this technology in large-scale (10MW to 100MW) solar thermal power plants. Since December 1999, solar engineers at Sandia National Laboratories' National Solar Thermal Test Facility (NSTTF) have designed and are constructing a thermal storage test called the thermocline system. This technology, which employs a single thermocline tank, has the potential to replace the traditional and more expensive two-tank storage systems. The thermocline tank approach uses a mixture of silica sand and quartzite rock to displace a significant portion of the volume in the tank. Then it is filled with the heat transfer fluid, a molten nitrate salt. A thermal gradient separates the hot and cold salt. Loading the tank with the combination of sand, rock, and molten salt instead of just molten salt dramatically reduces the system cost. The typical cost of the molten nitrate salt is $800 per ton versus the cost of the sand and rock portion at $70 per ton. Construction of the thermocline system will be completed in August 2000, and testing will run for two to three months. The testing results will be used to determine the economic viability of the single-tank (thermocline) storage technology for large-scale solar thermal power plants. Also discussed in this paper are the safety issues involving molten nitrate salts and other heat transfer fluids, such as synthetic heat transfer oils, and the impact of these issues on the system design.

The IEA SSPS Solar Thermal Power Plants      Facts And Figures     Final Report Of The International Test And Evaluation Team  ITET
Author: Paul Kesselring
Publisher: Springer
Release Date: 1986-02-01
Pages: 510
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

The Project's origin As a consequence of the so-called "first oil crisis", the interest in solar electricity generation rose sharply after 1973. The solar ther mal way of solving the problem was attractive because the main task was simply to replace the fossil fuel by a "solar fuel" in an other power plant -that was at least what many wise conventional thermal thought at that time. Thus more than half a dozen of solar thermal plant projects were created in the mid-seventies. One of them is the Small Solar Power Systems (SSPS) Project of the International Energy Agency (lEA). It consists of the design, development, construction, operation, test and evaluation of two dissimilar small solar thermal electric power systems each at a nominal power of 500 kW . e ITET and TOAB In order to assist the Operating Agent (DFVLR - Deutsche Forschungs und Versuchsanstalt fUr Luft- und Raumfahrt e. V. ) in managing the project, the Executive Committee (EC) created two bodies called the "International Test and Evaluation Team" (ITET) and the "Test and Operation Advisory Board" (TOAB). The latter consisted of a group of experts from the different participating countries, meeting three to four times a year to articulate i. a. the technical interests and expectations of the different parties in the project. It was the TOAB that formulated e. g.

Solar Thermal Electricity Plant
Author: Zhifeng Wang
Publisher: de Gruyter
Release Date: 2017-09-15
Pages: 310
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Concentrating solar thermal power (CSP) techniques can be easily coupled with thermal energy storage, and other energy sources, making it a good supplement to conventional generators. This book illustrates the theoretical way to design CSP plants and their main modules for sunlight concentration, heat absorption, thermal energy storage and power blocking with abundant project data, providing references for researchers and engineers.

Concentrated Solar Thermal Energy Technologies
Author: Laltu Chandra
Publisher: Springer
Release Date: 2017-10-04
Pages: 276
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

The proceedings entitled “Concentrated Solar Thermal Technologies: Recent Trends and Applications” includes the peer-reviewed selected papers those are presented during NCSTET 2016. The sub-topics under concentrated solar thermal technologies and applications included in the book are Solar Field; Receiver and Heat Exchanger; Coating; Thermal Energy Storage; Cooling; Process Heat; and Smart Grid and Policy Research. The domains mentioned cover topics from resource-assessment, collection to conversion of solar energy for applications, like, heating, cooling and electricity. The proceedings also include invited lectures from domain experts. The edited work will be useful for beginners and for the advanced level researchers in the field of concentrated solar thermal technologies and their applications.

Solar Energy Update
Author:
Publisher:
Release Date: 1982
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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ERDA Energy Research Abstracts
Author: United States. Energy Research and Development Administration
Publisher:
Release Date: 1976
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Radiation Heat Transfer For Spacecraft And Solar Power Plant Design
Author: Frank Kreith
Publisher:
Release Date: 1962
Pages: 236
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Solar Thermal Power Systems Program
Author: United States. Department of Energy. Division of Solar Energy
Publisher:
Release Date: 1978
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Environmental Development Plan  EDP
Author: United States. Department of Energy. Office of Energy Technology
Publisher:
Release Date: 1978
Pages: 58
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Design   Optimization Of Organic Rankine Cycle Solar Thermal Powerplants
Author: Andrew C. McMahan
Publisher:
Release Date: 2006
Pages: 193
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Proceedings Of The 7th International Conference On Advances In Energy Research
Author: Manaswita Bose
Publisher: Springer Nature
Release Date:
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Solar Thermal Power Systems
Author: United States. Department of Energy. Office of Solar, Geothermal, Electric, and Storage Systems
Publisher:
Release Date: 1978
Pages: 275
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Solar Power Plants
Author: C.-J. Winter
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Pages: 425
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

In the introductory and concluding chapters this book strive to satisfy the needs of the interested lay reader by addressing the potential, advantages, and costs of solar power plants. For the interested student, scientist, or technically oriented lay person the physical principles of insolation, its variability, concentration, and most efficient use are developed in some detail. Finally, experimental and theoretical developments in the recently created field of solar driven chemistry (via thermal, quantum, or electrical excitation) are described. The contributions in this book are written by leading solar scientists and engineering experts whose extensive background and experience in solar energy lend authenticity and completeness to the book. Design aspects of, and results from large experimental and demonstration plants are described by individuals who were directly involved in the design and testing of many of these plants. Consideration of the viability and future economics of large-scale solar power generation provides an outlook on the energy contributions which can be expected from an optional future supply of abundant and renewable energy, having little impact on the environment. This provides the rationale for the continued commitment to the development of solar power technologies by researchers, engineers, and industry. The eventual depletion of, or future political attacks on our energy supply will have less serious impact once this renewable option is in place.

Central Receiver Solar Thermal Power System
Author: United States. Energy Research and Development Administration
Publisher:
Release Date: 1976
Pages: 28
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Solar Thermal Collectors For Use In Hybrid Solar Biomass Power Plants In India
Author: Jonathan Nixon
Publisher:
Release Date: 2012
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

This thesis examined solar thermal collectors for use in alternative hybrid solar-biomass power plant applications in Gujarat, India. Following a preliminary review, the cost-effective selection and design of the solar thermal field were identified as critical factors underlying the success of hybrid plants. Consequently, the existing solar thermal technologies were reviewed and ranked for use in India by means of a multi-criteria decision-making method, the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP). Informed by the outcome of the AHP, the thesis went on to pursue the Linear Fresnel Reflector (LFR), the design of which was optimised with the help of ray-tracing. To further enhance collector performance, LFR concepts incorporating novel mirror spacing and drive mechanisms were evaluated. Subsequently, a new variant, termed the Elevation Linear Fresnel Reflector (ELFR) was designed, constructed and tested at Aston University, UK, therefore allowing theoretical models for the performance of a solar thermal field to be verified. Based on the resulting characteristics of the LFR, and data gathered for the other hybrid system components, models of hybrid LFR- and ELFR-biomass power plants were developed and analysed in TRNSYS®. The techno-economic and environmental consequences of varying the size of the solar field in relation to the total plant capacity were modelled for a series of case studies to evaluate different applications: tri-generation (electricity, ice and heat), electricity-only generation, and process heat. The case studies also encompassed varying site locations, capacities, operational conditions and financial situations. In the case of a hybrid tri-generation plant in Gujarat, it was recommended to use an LFR solar thermal field of 14,000 m2 aperture with a 3 tonne biomass boiler, generating 815 MWh per annum of electricity for nearby villages and 12,450 tonnes of ice per annum for local fisheries and food industries. However, at the expense of a 0.3 ¢/kWh increase in levelised energy costs, the ELFR increased saving of biomass (100 t/a) and land (9 ha/a). For solar thermal applications in areas with high land cost, the ELFR reduced levelised energy costs. It was determined that off-grid hybrid plants for tri-generation were the most feasible application in India. Whereas biomass-only plants were found to be more economically viable, it was concluded that hybrid systems will soon become cost competitive and can considerably improve current energy security and biomass supply chain issues in India.

Renewable Energy
Author: Martin Kaltschmitt
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2007-06-03
Pages: 564
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

The utilisation of renewable energies is not at all new; in the history of mankind renewable energies have for a long time been the primary possibility of generating energy. This only changed with industrial revolution when lignite and hard coal became increasingly more important. Later on, also crude oil gained importance. Offering the advantages of easy transportation and processing also as a raw material, crude oil has become one of the prime energy carriers applied today. Moreover, natural gas used for space heating and power provision as well as a transportation fuel has become increasingly important, as it is abundantly available and only requires low investments in terms of energy conversion facilities. As fossil energy carriers were increasingly used for energy generation, at least by the industrialised countries, the application of renewable energies decreased in absolute and relative terms; besides a few exceptions, renewable energies are of secondary importance with regard to overall energy generation.