dark matter

Book Title : Dark matter in the universe
Author : Piero Galeotti
Publisher : Kluwer Academic Pub
Release Date : 1990
Pages : 305
ISBN : UOM:39015018479306
Available Language : English, Spanish, And French
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Book Title : Dark Matter and Dark Energy
Author : Sabino Matarrese
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2011-02-10
Pages : 404
ISBN : 9048186854
Available Language : English, Spanish, And French
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This book brings together reviews from leading international authorities on the developments in the study of dark matter and dark energy, as seen from both their cosmological and particle physics side. Studying the physical and astrophysical properties of the dark components of our Universe is a crucial step towards the ultimate goal of unveiling their nature. The work developed from a doctoral school sponsored by the Italian Society of General Relativity and Gravitation. The book starts with a concise introduction to the standard cosmological model, as well as with a presentation of the theory of linear perturbations around a homogeneous and isotropic background. It covers the particle physics and cosmological aspects of dark matter and (dynamical) dark energy, including a discussion of how modified theories of gravity could provide a possible candidate for dark energy. A detailed presentation is also given of the possible ways of testing the theory in terms of cosmic microwave background, galaxy redshift surveys and weak gravitational lensing observations. Included is a chapter reviewing extensively the direct and indirect methods of detection of the hypothetical dark matter particles. Also included is a self-contained introduction to the techniques and most important results of numerical (e.g. N-body) simulations in cosmology. " This volume will be useful to researchers, PhD and graduate students in Astrophysics, Cosmology Physics and Mathematics, who are interested in cosmology, dark matter and dark energy.

Book Title : Dark Matter
Author : David M. Owen
Publisher : Authors On Line Ltd
Release Date : 2003-06-01
Pages : 260
ISBN : 0755200810
Available Language : English, Spanish, And French
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Rob Marshal is accused of murdering his friend, Petrosian who, shortly before his death, had given him the only copy of his theory of a hitherto unsuspected physical property of the universe. By various means, Marshal is lead unknowingly into discovering these properties and more at first hand. During the course of his adventures he meets with treachery, kidnappings and further murders; he travels through parts of the solar system and to remote areas of the earth. He becomes acquainted with events of the past and age-old aspects of human nature: love and hate, envy, greed and revenge. Can he survive the threats of death pitted against him by nature and man? Can he rescue his beloved? Can he prove his innocence? Can he come to terms with the strange physical nature of the universe into which he is thrown? The answers could not be anticipated.

Book Title : The Cosmic Cocktail
Author : Katherine Freese
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release Date : 2014-05-04
Pages : 264
ISBN : 9781400850075
Available Language : English, Spanish, And French
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The ordinary atoms that make up the known universe—from our bodies and the air we breathe to the planets and stars—constitute only 5 percent of all matter and energy in the cosmos. The rest is known as dark matter and dark energy, because their precise identities are unknown. The Cosmic Cocktail is the inside story of the epic quest to solve one of the most compelling enigmas of modern science—what is the universe made of?—told by one of today's foremost pioneers in the study of dark matter. Blending cutting-edge science with her own behind-the-scenes insights as a leading researcher in the field, acclaimed theoretical physicist Katherine Freese recounts the hunt for dark matter, from the discoveries of visionary scientists like Fritz Zwicky—the Swiss astronomer who coined the term "dark matter" in 1933—to the deluge of data today from underground laboratories, satellites in space, and the Large Hadron Collider. Theorists contend that dark matter consists of fundamental particles known as WIMPs, or weakly interacting massive particles. Billions of them pass through our bodies every second without us even realizing it, yet their gravitational pull is capable of whirling stars and gas at breakneck speeds around the centers of galaxies, and bending light from distant bright objects. Freese describes the larger-than-life characters and clashing personalities behind the race to identify these elusive particles. Many cosmologists believe we are on the verge of solving the mystery. The Cosmic Cocktail provides the foundation needed to fully fathom this epochal moment in humankind’s quest to understand the universe.

Book Title : Dark Matter
Author : J. Val Blain
Publisher : Nova Publishers
Release Date : 2006
Pages : 151
ISBN : 1594545499
Available Language : English, Spanish, And French
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It is generally believed that most of the matter in the universe is dark, i.e. cannot be detected from the light which it emits (or fails to emit). Its presence is inferred indirectly from the motions of astronomical objects, specifically stellar, galactic, and galaxy cluster/supercluster observations. It is also required in order to enable gravity to amplify the small fluctuations in the cosmic microwave background enough to form the large-scale structures that we see in the universe today. For each of the stellar, galactic, and galaxy cluster/supercluster observations the basic principle is that if we measure velocities in some region, then there has to be enough mass there for gravity to stop all the objects flying apart. Dark matter has important consequences for the evolution of the universe and the structure within it. According to general relativity, the universe must conform to one of three possible types: open, flat, or closed. The total amount of mass and energy in the universe determines which of the three possibilities applies to the universe. In the case of an open universe, the total mass and energy density (denoted by the Greek letter U) is less than unity. exactly equal to one the universe is flat. This new book details leading-edge research from around the globe.

Book Title : Baryonic Dark Matter
Author : D. Lynden-Bell
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 1990-03-31
Pages : 298
ISBN : 0792306996
Available Language : English, Spanish, And French
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The visible universe is a small perturbation on the material universe. Zwicky and Sinclair Smith in the 1930s gave evidence of invisible mass in the Coma and Virgo Clusters of Galaxies. Better optical data has only served to confound their critics and the X-ray data confirms that the gravitational potentials are many times larger than those predicted on the basis of the observed stars. Dynamical analyses of individual galaxies have found that significant extra mass is needed to explain their rotational velocities. On much larger scales, tens of megaparsecs, there is suggestive evidence that there is even more mass per unit luminosity. What is this non-luminous stuff of which the universe is made'? How much of it is there? Need there be only one kind of stuff? There are three basic possi bili ties:- all of it is ordinary (baryonic) matter, all of it is some other kind of (non-baryonic) matter, or some of it is baryonic and some is non-baryonic.

Book Title : Dark Matter in Astro and Particle Physics
Author : Hans Volker Klapdor-Kleingrothaus
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2002
Pages : 663
ISBN : 354044257X
Available Language : English, Spanish, And French
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The search for Dark Matter in the Universe has established itself as one of the most exciting and central fields of astrophysics, particle physics and cosmology. The lectures and talks in this book emphasize the experimental and theoretical status and future perspectives, stressing in particular the interplay between astro- and particle physics.

Book Title : Dark Matter in Astro and Particle Physics
Author : Germany) Dark 200 (2000 Heidelberg
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2001
Pages : 740
ISBN : 3540417974
Available Language : English, Spanish, And French
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Dark matter in the Universe has become one of the most exciting and central fields of astrophysics, particle physics and cosmology. The lectures and talks in this book emphasize the experimental and theoretical status and perspectives of the ongoing search for dark matter, and the future potential of the field into the next millennium, stressing in particular the interplay between astro- and particle physics.

Book Title : The Dark Matter Problem
Author : Robert H. Sanders
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2010-04-22
Pages :
ISBN : 9781139485739
Available Language : English, Spanish, And French
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Most astronomers and physicists now believe that the matter content of the Universe is dominated by dark matter: hypothetical particles which interact with normal matter primarily through the force of gravity. Though invisible to current direct detection methods, dark matter can explain a variety of astronomical observations. This book describes how this theory has developed over the past 75 years, and why it is now a central feature of extragalactic astronomy and cosmology. Current attempts to directly detect dark matter locally are discussed, together with the implications for particle physics. The author comments on the sociology of these developments, demonstrating how and why scientists work and interact. Modified Newtonian Dynamics (MOND), the leading alternative to this theory, is also presented. This fascinating overview will interest cosmologists, astronomers and particle physicists. Mathematics is kept to a minimum, so the book can be understood by non-specialists.

Book Title : Trends in Dark Matter Research
Author : J. Val Blain
Publisher : Nova Publishers
Release Date : 2005-01-01
Pages : 227
ISBN : 1594542481
Available Language : English, Spanish, And French
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EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

It is generally believed that most of the matter in the universe is dark, i.e. cannot be detected from the light which it emits (or fails to emit). Its presence is inferred indirectly from the motions of astronomical objects, specifically stellar, galactic, and galaxy cluster/supercluster observations. It is also required in order to enable gravity to amplify the small fluctuations in the cosmic microwave background enough to form the large-scale structures that we see in the universe today. For each of the stellar, galactic, and galaxy cluster/supercluster observations the basic principle is that if we measure velocities in some region, then there has to be enough mass there for gravity to stop all the objects flying apart. Dark matter has important consequences for the evolution of the universe and the structure within it. According to general relativity, the universe must conform to one of three possible types: open, flat, or closed. The total amount of mass and energy in the universe determines which of the three possibilities applies to the universe. In the case of an open universe, the total mass and energy density (denoted by the Greek letter Ù) is less than unity. If the universe is closed, Ù is greater than unity. For the case where Ù is exactly equal to one the universe is "flat". This new book details leading-edge research from around the globe.