Explores key topics in psychology, showing how they can be critically examined.
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"Stella Cottrell's student-centred approach demystifies critical thinking and breaks down a complex subject into manageable chunks. With clear explanations, relevant examples and plenty of exercises throughout, this book helps students to develop their analytical reasoning skills and apply them to a range of tasks including reading, note-making and writing. This text will turn even the most hesitant student into a proficient critical thinker. This is an ideal companion for students of study skills, humanities, social sciences, business and arts programmes, where assessment includes essay and report writing. It is suitable for students of all levels"--Provided by publisher.
Do you struggle when you are faced with an unexpected problem? Does a sudden struggle send shivers running up your spine? If so, keep reading because this book could be for you. Critical thinking is an important skill in today's society. You need to think critically if you hope to have any interactions that are meaningful to others. You need to think critically if you wish to be successful in your career line. You need to think critically if you need to solve any problems that you face in your general day-to-day living. However, how do you think critically if you do not know where to start? That is where Critical Thinking comes in to help. Critical thinking is a series of abilities and skills that come together to allow you to look at a situation with logic and rationality instead of responding impulsively. When you are able to make a decision with critical thinking, you are making a decision that is well-thought-out, designed to be beneficial, and logical and is going to get you to the results that you need quicker than any other decision would. You are able to make an educated decision based on truly understanding the situation and making an effort to make yourself as informed as possible. Effectively, when you are able to think critically, you are ensuring that you are able to respond to a situation in the best possible manner. You are allowing yourself to think empathetically, open-mindedly, and intelligently, and that is incredibly important. You will find that your decisions serve you well. You will find that those around you will see you as rational and more trustworthy. You will ensure that you are able to make decisions that help your children, and you will be able to lead by example with your own behaviors. In behaving in ways conducive to critical thinking, you can ensure that those around you also want to think critically when they see your own successes. But how do you develop critical thinking, and what skills make up critical thinking to begin with? Those are questions that reading this book will help you answer. Within this book, you will find: A definition of critical thinking and how it is useful in both daily life and practically in other situations A list of the core critical thinking skills What a critical thinker looks like The benefits of being a critical thinker Several obstacles that threaten your ability to think critically and how to overcome them How to prepare the body and mind to become a critical thinker How critical thinking happens, step-by-step How to teach your child to become a critical thinker and why you should prioritize this Several exercises in several different domains designed to boost your own critical thinking abilities AND MORE!! If you have always struggled with your own critical thinking abilities, know that you no longer have to suffer in silence. With just one click, you can take back control and begin to develop your skills. All you have to do is scroll up to the top of the page and click on the BUY NOW button today. In doing so, you will find exactly how to teach yourself to think in all the right ways to make yourself successful!
How the concept of critical thinking emerged, how it has been defined, and how critical thinking skills can be taught. Critical thinking is regularly cited as an essential twenty-first century skill, the key to success in school and work. Given our propensity to believe fake news, draw incorrect conclusions, and make decisions based on emotion rather than reason, it might even be said that critical thinking is vital to the survival of a democratic society. But what, exactly, is critical thinking? In this volume in the MIT Press Essential Knowledge series, Jonathan Haber explains how the concept of critical thinking emerged, how it has been defined, and how critical thinking skills can be taught and assessed. Haber describes the term's origins in such disciplines as philosophy, psychology, and science. He examines the components of critical thinking, including structured thinking, language skills, background knowledge, and information literacy, along with such necessary intellectual traits as intellectual humility, empathy, and open-mindedness. He discusses how research has defined critical thinking, how elements of critical thinking have been taught for centuries, and how educators can teach critical thinking skills now. Haber argues that the most important critical thinking issue today is that not enough people are doing enough of it. Fortunately, critical thinking can be taught, practiced, and evaluated. This book offers a guide for teachers, students, and aspiring critical thinkers everywhere, including advice for educational leaders and policy makers on how to make the teaching and learning of critical thinking an educational priority and practical reality.
This book is a comprehensive introduction to critical thinking skills and the philosophical and factual bases of critical thinking. Contents: DEGREESI ANALYSIS OF REASONING. Short Simple Reasoning; Longer More Complex Discourse. EVALUATION OF REASONING. Basic Concepts of Evaluation; Degrees of Support Reasons Give to Conclusions; Critical Life Decisions: Complete Evaluation of Reasoning; Syllogistic Logic; Reasoning with Statements; Moderate to Fallacious Arguments. EVALUATING UNSUPPORTED BELIEFS. Justification, Paradigms, and Reasoning; Seeing, Reasoning and Scientific Justification; Justification in Law; Philosophical Dialectic and High Justification; Religion and Science; Pseudoscience as Unjustified Statements; The United States and the Global Corporate Economy. Appendices; Index; Bibliography; Exer
It is generally considered that evidence of critical thinking, as expressed through argumentation, is central to successful academic writing at Western universities. However, the concept of critical thinking is complex: its nature is difficult to define and students, especially those coming from 'non-Western' backgrounds, are perceived to have difficulty in implementing a critical dimension in their writing. The present study, based on the use of in-depth interviews with three postgraduate students, presents findings on the students' interpretations of critical thinking, the factors which they perceive to affect the implementation of critical thinking, and the perceptions of their development as critical thinkers. The findings show that the students, despite coming from different traditions of discourse, have a fairly comprehensive understanding of critical thinking and willingly engage with it. The findings also reveal that although cultural background plays a role in influencing their writing styles, the students have the capacity to learn and master a new discourse. The problems they encountered were due to uncertainty in demonstrating an argument, insufficient subject knowledge, and problematic issues surrounding the essay genre, such as authorial voice and assessment demands. Implications for university departments and tutors are that they should review their writing instruction and guidelines so as to make the requirements of argument more explicit and easily understandable, and in the long term, to re-evaluate the norms of the traditional essay form to accommodate a wider spectrum of expression.
Critical thinking is one of the most creative ways to think, interpret and deduce information. Critical thinking makes sure that new, accessible, practical and most importantly innovative solutions backed by reason, logic and facts to a complicated problem are found. Critical thinkers are needed in every aspect of our lives. They have made our lives easier and have provided us with a lot of comfort, ease and convenience. The more critical thinkers we have, the more likely it is get the best of innovations, products, services and polices in the coming future. Critical thinking deals with logic, analyzing, logic and reasoning. Critical thinkers keep in mind all the possible consequences and make efforts constantly to identify, construct and evaluate arguments. They help in detecting inconsistencies. They also show involvement insystematic problem solving. This helps in understanding and creatively involving the importance and relevance of ideas. Critical thinking brings out the reflection of the person’s ideas and beliefs.
Approach analogies as puzzles. To solve them, students need to use cognitive processes and critical-thinking skills. These exercises present word and/or picture relationships in several different ways. The goal is to develop skills in visual imagery, reading comprehension, vocabulary development, reasoning and test-taking.
Critical Thinking is a comprehensive and accessible introduction to the essential skills of good reasoning, written by Canadian authors for Canadian readers. The book includes a thorough treatment of such central topics as deductive and inductive reasoning, logical fallacies, how to recognize and avoid ambiguity, and how to distinguish what is relevant from what is not. Later chapters discuss the application of critical thinking skills to particular topics and tasks, including scientific reasoning, moral reasoning, media analysis, and essay writing. This seventh edition is revised and updated throughout and includes a new chapter on legal reasoning as well as access to a companion website of additional questions and other useful resources.