Explores key topics in psychology, showing how they can be critically examined.
critical thinking in psychology
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"This book is about critical thinking applied to psychology. In order to do just that, I have to take you on a journey somewhat, into other areas first"--
Are people basically selfish? Can psychotherapists help people recover memories of sexual abuse that they have not recalled for decades? Can the moon cause people to go crazy or commit crimes? What do we actually "know" about the world through our senses? These are but a few of the fascinating questions that are addressed in D. Alan Bensley's engaging new book, Critical Thinking in Psychology: A Unified Schools Approach. With each question illustrating the need for critical thinking, Bensley piques student interest and inspires them to think more effectively and critically about both the common and uncommon. Without telling readers what to think, Bensley helps them learn how to think critically about the issues often raised in psychology. And while obtaining answers to the above questions is important, Bensley shows readers how the process of drawing sound conclusions to these queries is even more important.
Teaching Critical Thinking in Psychology features currentscholarship on effectively teaching critical thinking skills at alllevels of psychology. Offers novel, nontraditional approaches to teaching criticalthinking, including strategies, tactics, diversity issues, servicelearning, and the use of case studies Provides new course delivery formats by which faculty cancreate online course materials to foster critical thinking within adiverse student audience Places specific emphasis on how to both teach and assesscritical thinking in the classroom, as well as issues of widerprogram assessment Discusses ways to use critical thinking in courses ranging fromintroductory level to upper-level, including statistics andresearch methods courses, cognitive psychology, and capstoneofferings
Critical Thinking in Psychology and Everyday Life shows how a scientific, critical thinking approach can be effective in addressing psychological questions, and discusses other questions that straddle the boundary between science and non-science. While scientific, critical thinking can be effective in addressing psychological questions, this textbook is a guide for how to separate fact from speculation and true claims from misconceptions and misinformation. Covering a wide range of topics, this book seeks to engage students in a serious search for answers, using what psychologists and other scientists know about how to think effectively.
Featuring an informal writing style throughout, this unique book uses a question-and-answer format to explore some of the most common questions asked about psychology. Topics feature many everyday examples, and include exercises that encourage readers to think critically and to relate the material to their own lives. The book also features discussion of common misconceptions and impediments to understanding psychology.
I have found that the greatest obstacle to learning critical thinking skills in psychology is the illusion of knowledge. Learners come with life experience, pop beliefs, and smatterings of pseudoscientific information including many myths and misconceptions. For development in thinking to occur, questioning about preexisting knowledge must take place. It is the illusion of certain knowledge that may impede learning. How to gently create doubt about misinformation and open up learners or seekers to empirically based information? A frontal assaut on learners' current beliefs may not be the best approach. It may only further convince the believers in psychics, horoscope, alternate healers, and unbounded self improvement that empirical psychology holds nothing for them. It may have the same discouraging effect on those who are struggling in other ways with the inevitable problems that human beings have. In the war between the forces of organized irrationality and the methods of science, this book holds a unique place. Through a series of ten interconnected narratives or 'fables', it explores the cognitive processes that make us vulnerable to irrationality and provides a world view based on psychological science. The topics of the fables parallel the organization of standard introductory psychology texts. For example, the first five fables deal with critical thinking, sensation and perception, consciousness, learning, and memory. The fables illustrate how illusory correlation, confirmation bias, hindsight bias, mental sets, selective attention and memory as well as other social cognitive processes lead to the adoption and maintenance of common misconceptions. The fables promote comprehension and application of basic psychological principles. Use of these particular fables in learning and teaching has been shown to reduce beliefs in the paranormal. The fables and accompanying discussion and assignment guides provide an actice, engaging, and memorable way to learn.
This innovative text is designed to improve thinking skills through the application of 30 critical thinking principles—Metathoughts. These specialized tools and techniques are useful for approaching all forms of study, inquiry, and problem solving. Levy applies Metathoughts to a diverse array of issues in contemporary clinical, social, and cross-cultural psychology: identifying strengths and weaknesses in various schools of thought, defining and explaining psychological phenomena, evaluating the accuracy and usefulness of research studies, reducing logical flaws and personal biases, and improving the search for creative solutions. The Metathoughts are brought to life with practical examples, clinical vignettes, illustrations, anecdotes, thought-provoking exercises, useful antidotes, and contemporary social problems and issues. Tools of Critical Thinking, 2/E is primarily suited as a core textbook for courses in critical thinking/problem solving, or makes an ideal supplement in a wide variety of undergraduate and graduate psychology courses, including introductory psychology, abnormal psychology (psychopathology), cross-cultural psychology, theories and methods of psychotherapy, research methods and design, theories of personality, clinical practicum, and contemporary problems and issues in psychology. Second Edition features: The application of critical thinking skills to cross-cultural psychology and issues of cultural diversity More than 60 new and updated reference citations related to a wide range of contemporary topics 140 multiple-choice test bank items and 20 short-answer/essay questions Comprehensive PowerPoint CD package as a pedagogical aid to augment lecture presentations Improved glossary of key terms, containing over 300 fully cross-referenced definitions The expanded use of humor, including parodies, cartoon illustrations, and clever satires