This series is for people--adults and teenagers--who are interested in computer programming because it's fun. The three volumes use the Logo programming language as the vehicle for an exploration of computer science from the perspective of symbolic computation and artificial intelligence. Logo is a dialect of Lisp, a language used in the most advanced research projects in computer science, especially in artificial intelligence. Throughout the series, functional programming techniques (including higher order functions and recursion) are emphasized, but traditional sequential programming is also used when appropriate. In the second edition, the first two volumes have been rearranged so that illustrative case studies appear with the techniques they demonstrate. Volume 1 includes a new chapter about higher order functions, and the recursion chapters have been reorganized for greater clarity. Volume 2 includes a new tutorial chapter about macros, an exclusive capability of Berkeley Logo, and two new projects. Throughout the series, the larger program examples have been rewritten for greater readability by more extensive use of data abstraction. In Volume 3 "Beyond Programming", the reader learns that computer science includes not justprogramming computers, but also more formal ways to think about computing, such as automata theory and discrete mathematics. In contrast to most books on those subjects, this volume presents the ideas in the form of concrete, usable computer programs rather than as abstract proofs. Examples include a program to translate from the declarative Regular Expression formalism into the executable Finite State Machine notation, and a Pascal compiler written in Logo. The Logo programs in these books and the author's free Berkeley Logo interpreter are available via the Internet or on diskette.
computer science logo style symbolic computing
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The Concise Encyclopedia of Computer Science has been adapted from the full Fourth Edition to meet the needs of students, teachers and professional computer users in science and industry. As an ideal desktop reference, it contains shorter versions of 60% of the articles found in the Fourth Edition, putting computer knowledge at your fingertips. Organised to work for you, it has several features that make it an invaluable and accessible reference. These include: Cross references to closely related articles to ensure that you don’t miss relevant information Appendices covering abbreviations and acronyms, notation and units, and a timeline of significant milestones in computing have been included to ensure that you get the most from the book. A comprehensive index containing article titles, names of persons cited, references to sub-categories and important words in general usage, guarantees that you can easily find the information you need. Classification of articles around the following nine main themes allows you to follow a self study regime in a particular area: Hardware Computer Systems Information and Data Software Mathematics of Computing Theory of Computation Methodologies Applications Computing Milieux. Presenting a wide ranging perspective on the key concepts and developments that define the discipline, the Concise Encyclopedia of Computer Science is a valuable reference for all computer users.
Models and simulations are an important first step in developing computer applications to solve real-world problems. However, in order to be truly effective, computer programmers must use formal modeling languages to evaluate these simulations. Formal Languages for Computer Simulation: Transdisciplinary Models and Applications investigates a variety of programming languages used in validating and verifying models in order to assist in their eventual implementation. This book will explore different methods of evaluating and formalizing simulation models, enabling computer and industrial engineers, mathematicians, and students working with computer simulations to thoroughly understand the progression from simulation to product, improving the overall effectiveness of modeling systems.
Computers are playing a fundamental role in enhancing exploratory learning techniques in education. This volume in the NATO Special Programme on Advanced Educational Technology covers the state of the art in the design and use of computer systems for exploratory learning. Contributed chapters treat principles, theory, practice, and examples of some of the best contemporary computer-based learning environments: Logo, Boxer, Microworlds, Cabri-Géomètre, Star Logo, Table Top, Geomland, spreadsheets, Function Machines, and others. Emphasis is on mathematics and science education. Synthetic chapters provide an overview of the current scene in computers and exploratory learning, and analyses from the perspectives of epistemology, learning, and socio-cultural studies.
Two large international conferences on Advances in Engineering Sciences were held in Hong Kong, March 18–20, 2015, under the International MultiConference of Engineers and Computer Scientists (IMECS 2015), and in London, UK, 1–3 July, 2015, under the World Congress on Engineering (WCE 2015) respectively. This volume contains 35 revised and extended research articles written by prominent researchers participating in the conferences. Topics covered include engineering mathematics, computer science, electrical engineering, manufacturing engineering, industrial engineering, and industrial applications. The book offers state-of-the-art advances in engineering sciences and also serves as an excellent reference work for researchers and graduate students working with/on engineering sciences.
This new edition of Mastering Mathematica focuses on using Mathematica as a programming language, because programming in Mathematica is the best way to use the software to its fullest capacity. The book covers functional programming, imperative programming, rewrite programming, and object-oriented programming. It also addresses the use of Mathematica as a symbolic manipulator and a general tool for knowledge representation. * Focus on four different types of programming styles with Mathematica: functional programming, rewrite (or rule-based) programmng, imperative (or procedural) programming, and object-oriented programming, with many examples of each style * Compatible with Mathematica 3.0 and its programming language * Chapters on graphics programming show how to make the most of the considerable graphics capabilities of Mathematica * Includes coverage of programming needed for creation of Mathematica packages that allow a user to extend the language as needed for particular uses * Applications include: * Polya pattern analysis * Critical points of functions * Object-oriented graph theory * Minimal surfaces * Mathematica-Enhanced CD-ROM Enclosed * Complete text in active Mathematica Notebook files, enhanced for v3.0; Allows you to evaluate complex examples without retyping; Extensive use of the v3.0 math typesetting system * Hyperlink index and table of contents * Instant access to any chapter or topic * Index is automatically merged with the main Mathematica help system forming a master index of all the user's Mathematica related information; Quickly see listings on a given topic from The Mathematica Book, Mastering Mathematica, the Guide to Standard Packages, or any other Help Browswer aware books you have installed
There are many problems which current user interfaces either do not handle well or do not address at all. The contributions to this volume concentrate on three main areas: interactive books, computer-aided instruction, and visualization. They range from a description of a framework for authoring and browsing mathematical books and of a tool for the direct manipulation of equations and graphs to the presentation of new techniques, such as the use of chains of recurrences for expediting the visualization of mathematical functions. Students, researchers, and developers involved in the design and implementation of scientific software will be able to draw upon the presented research material here to create ever-more powerful and user-friendly applications.