computer aided vaccine design

Computer Aided Vaccine Design
Author: Joo Chuan Tong
Publisher: Elsevier
Release Date: 2013-07-31
Pages: 164
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Computational pre-screening of antigens is now routinely applied to the discovery of vaccine candidates. Computer-aided vaccine design is a comprehensive introduction to this exciting field of study. The book is intended to be a textbook for researchers and for courses in bioinformatics, as well as a laboratory reference guide. It is written mainly for biologists who want to understand the current methods of computer-aided vaccine design. The contents are designed to help biologists appreciate the underlying concepts and algorithms used, as well as limitations of the methods and strategies for their use. Chapters include: MHC and T cell responses; Immunoglobulins and B cell responses; Scientific publications and databases; Database design; Computational T cell vaccine design; Computational B cell vaccine design; infectious disease informatics; Vaccine safety and quality assessments; and Vaccine adjuvant informatics. Essential reading for any biologist who wants to understand methods of computer-aided vaccine design Description of available data sources and publicly available software, with detailed analysis of strengths and weaknesses Theoretical concepts and practical examples of database design and development for a virtual screening campaign

Scientific Modeling And Simulations
Author: Sidney Yip
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2010-04-07
Pages: 402
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Although computational modeling and simulation of material deformation was initiated with the study of structurally simple materials and inert environments, there is an increasing demand for predictive simulation of more realistic material structure and physical conditions. In particular, it is recognized that applied mechanical force can plausibly alter chemical reactions inside materials or at material interfaces, though the fundamental reasons for this chemomechanical coupling are studied in a material-speci c manner. Atomistic-level s- ulations can provide insight into the unit processes that facilitate kinetic reactions within complex materials, but the typical nanosecond timescales of such simulations are in contrast to the second-scale to hour-scale timescales of experimentally accessible or technologically relevant timescales. Further, in complex materials these key unit processes are “rare events” due to the high energy barriers associated with those processes. Examples of such rare events include unbinding between two proteins that tether biological cells to extracellular materials [1], unfolding of complex polymers, stiffness and bond breaking in amorphous glass bers and gels [2], and diffusive hops of point defects within crystalline alloys [3].

Computational Immunology
Author: Shyamasree Ghosh
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date: 2020-01-31
Pages: 172
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Computational Immunology: Applications focuses on different mathematical models, statistical tools, techniques, and computational modelling that helps in understanding complex phenomena of the immune system and its biological functions. The book also focuses on the latest developments in computational biology in designing of drugs, targets, biomarkers for early detection and prognosis of a disease. It highlights the applications of computational methods in deciphering the complex processes of the immune system and its role in health and disease. This book discusses the most essential topics, including Next generation sequencing (NGS) and computational immunology Computational modelling and biology of diseases Drug designing Computation and identification of biomarkers Application in organ transplantation Application in disease detection and therapy Computational methods and applications in understanding of the invertebrate immune system S Ghosh is MSc, PhD, PGDHE, PGDBI, is PhD from IICB, CSIR, Kolkata, awarded the prestigious National Scholarship from the Government of India. She has worked and published extensively in glycobiology, sialic acids, immunology, stem cells and nanotechnology. She has authored several publications that include books and encyclopedia chapters in reputed journals and books.

Computer Aided Applications In Pharmaceutical Technology
Author: Jelena Djuris
Publisher: Elsevier
Release Date: 2013-04-10
Pages: 300
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Research and development in the pharmaceutical industry is a time-consuming and expensive process, making it difficult for newly developed drugs to be formulated into commercially available products. Both formulation and process development can be optimized by means of statistically organized experiments, artificial intelligence and other computational methods. Simultaneous development and investigation of pharmaceutical products and processes enables application of quality by design concept that is being promoted by the regulatory authorities worldwide. Computer-aided applications in pharmaceutical technology covers the fundamentals of experimental design application and interpretation in pharmaceutical technology, chemometric methods with emphasis of their application in process control, neural computing (artificial neural networks, fuzzy logic and decision trees, evolutionary computing and genetic algorithms, self-organizing maps), computer-aided biopharmaceutical characterization as well as application of computational fluid dynamics in pharmaceutical technology. All of these techniques are essential tools for successful building of quality into pharmaceutical products and processes from the early stage of their development to selection of the optimal ones. In addition to theoretical aspects of various methods, the book provides numerous examples of their application in the field of pharmaceutical technology. A comprehensive review of the current state of the art on various computer aided applications in pharmaceutical technology Case studies are presented in order to facilitate understanding of various concepts in computer-aided applications

Proteomics In Foods
Author: Fidel Toldrá
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2012-12-16
Pages: 590
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Food proteomics is one of the most dynamic and fast-developing areas in food science. The goal of this book is to be a reference guide on the principles and the current and future potential applications of proteomics in food science and technology. More specifically, the book will discuss recent developments and the expected trends of the near future in food proteomics. The book will be divided into two parts. The first part (7 chapters) will focus on the basic principles for proteomics, e.g., sample preparation, such as extraction and separation techniques, analytical instrumentation currently in use, and available databases for peptide and protein identification. The second part of the book (26 chapters) will focus on applications in foods. It will deal with quality issues related to post-mortem processes in animal foods and quality traits for all foods in general, as well as the identification of bioactive peptides and proteins, which are very important from the nutritional point of view. Furthermore, consumers are now extremely susceptible to food safety issues, and proteomics can provide reassurance with different safety aspects, such as food authenticity, detection of animal species in the food, and identification of food allergens. All of these issues will be covered in this book. It is also worth noting that both editors are internationally recognized experts in the field of food science, and both have edited numerous food science books and handbooks.

Immunoinformatics
Author: Gregory R. Bock
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2004-03-05
Pages: 272
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

The astounding diversity of the immune system and the complexity of its regulatory pathways makes immunology a combinatorial science. Computational analysis has therefore become an essential element of immunology research and this has led to the creation of the emerging field of immunoinformatics. This book is the first to feature thorough coverage of this new field. Immunoinformatics facilitates the understanding of immune function by modelling the interactions among immunological components. Biological research provides ever deeper insights into the complexity of living organisms while computer science provides an effective means to store and analyse large volumes of complex data. Combining the two fields increases the efficiency of biological research and offers the potential for major advances in the study of biological systems. This book encompasses key developments in immunoinformatics, including immunological databases, sequence analysis, structure modelling, mathematical modelling of the immune system, simulation of laboratory experiments, statistical support for immunological experimentation and immunogenomics. The difficulties in effective application of bioinformatic tools in immunology arise at both ends of the spectrum: most immunologists have only a limited comprehension of sophisticated data analysis and applicability and limitations, while the average computer scientist lacks knowledge of the depth and complexity of biological data. The purpose of this book, therefore, is to present contributions from a multidisciplinary team of biologists and computer scientists to explore the issues related to better understanding of immune function and, in particular, to help apply new computer science methods to immunological research. Related Novartis Foundation symposia: 247 In Silico Simulation of Biological Processes Chair: Denis Noble 252 Generation and effector functions of regulatory lymphocytes Chair: Jean-François Bach

Computer Aided Drug Design
Author: Dev Bukhsh Singh
Publisher: Springer Nature
Release Date: 2020-10-09
Pages: 306
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

This book provides up-to-date information on bioinformatics tools for the discovery and development of new drug molecules. It discusses a range of computational applications, including three-dimensional modeling of protein structures, protein-ligand docking, and molecular dynamics simulation of protein-ligand complexes for identifying desirable drug candidates. It also explores computational approaches for identifying potential drug targets and for pharmacophore modeling. Moreover, it presents structure- and ligand-based drug design tools to optimize known drugs and guide the design of new molecules. The book also describes methods for identifying small-molecule binding pockets in proteins, and summarizes the databases used to explore the essential properties of drugs, drug-like small molecules and their targets. In addition, the book highlights various tools to predict the absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion (ADME) and toxicity (T) of potential drug candidates. Lastly, it reviews in silico tools that can facilitate vaccine design and discusses their limitations.

Bioinformatics For Vaccinology
Author: Darren R. Flower
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2008-10-13
Pages: 302
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

“... this book was written from start to finish by one extremely dedicated and erudite individual. The author has done an excellent job of covering the many topics that fall under the umbrella of computational biology for vaccine design, demonstrating an admirable command of subject matter in fields as disparate as object-oriented databases and regulation of T cell response. Simply put, it has just the right breadth and depth, and it reads well. In fact, readability is one of its virtues—making the book enticing and useful, all at once...” Human Vaccines, 2010 "... This book has several strong points. Although there are many textbooks that deal with vaccinology, few attempts have been made to bring together descriptions of vaccines in history, basic bioinformatics, various computational solutions and challenges in vaccinology, detailed experimental methodologies, and cutting-edge technologies... This book may well serve as a first line of reference for all biologists and computer scientists..." –Virology Journal, 2009 Vaccines have probably saved more lives and reduced suffering in a greater number of people than any other medical intervention in human history, succeeding in eradicating smallpox and significantly reducing the mortality and incidence of other diseases. However, with the emergence of diseases such as SARS and the threat of biological warfare, vaccination has once again become a topic of major interest in public health. Vaccinology now has at its disposal an array of post-genomic approaches of great power. None has a more persuasive potential impact than the application of computational informatics to vaccine discovery; the recent expansion in genome data and the parallel increase in cheap computing power have placed the bioinformatics exploration of pathogen genomes centre stage for vaccine researchers. This is the first book to address the area of bioinformatics as applied to rational vaccine design, discussing the ways in which bioinformatics can contribute to improved vaccine development by introducing the subject of harnessing the mathematical and computing power inherent in bioinformatics to the study of vaccinology putting it into a historical and societal context, and exploring the scope of its methods and applications. Bioinformatics for Vaccinology is a one-stop introduction to computational vaccinology. It will be of particular interest to bioinformaticians with an interest in immunology, as well as to immunologists, and other biologists who need to understand how advances in theoretical and computational immunobiology can transform their working practices.

Zika Virus Surveillance  Vaccinology  And Anti Zika Drug Discovery
Author: Subhash C. Basak
Publisher:
Release Date: 2019-03-15
Pages: 176
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

The bubonic plague, smallpox, HIV/AIDS, malaria, and influenza are some of the worst epidemics/pandemics that afflicted human beings from antiquity to modern times, killing millions of people. The mosquito-borne human-infecting viruses, rotavirus, and the seasonal influenza regularly affect lives across continents in the millions. Currently, we are facing various disease-inducing organisms of the Flavivirus family the Yellow fever virus (YFV), West Nile virus (WNV), Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), Tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV), Dengue virus (DENV) and Zika virus (ZIKV). Zika virus was first isolated from a febrile rhesus monkey in the Zika forest of Uganda in 1947. It drew out heightened attention following the large number of microcephaly in newborn babies in Latin America in 2015. On 1 February 2016, WHO declared that the association of Zika infection with clusters of microcephaly and other neurological disorders constituted a Public Health Emergency of International Concern. Although the severity and number of ZIKV afflicted cases have gone down lately, the public health community worldwide is keeping a watchful eye on it. ZIKV is an enveloped virus with a positive-sense RNA genome that translates into a single polypeptide, which then gets cleaved into three structural and seven nonstructural viral proteins. As compared to the earlier centuries, we have an expanding repertoire of diverse and fast acting technologies available at our hand to manage and mitigate emerging diseases. Completion of the Human Genome Project has given rise to sequencing methods which can quickly determine the genetic sequence of an alarming pathogen. Following Moores law, the power of computers, essential for data analysis and visualization, has grown substantially with time. The combination of genomic data of pathogens, computational modeling methods, and data driven methodologies can lead to a generic approach of surveillance, mitigation, vaccine design as well as new drug discovery for emerging pathogens. The four pillars of this may consist of: a) Epidemiological approaches for the characterization of carriers of next possible emerging pathogens; b) Fast computational sequence comparison methods for the characterization of emerging pathogens to understand how novel or severe they could be; c) Once the sequences of the pathogen have been determined, computer-aided vaccine design (CAVD) methods can be used to suggest a set of probable vaccine candidates for quick synthesis and testing in the laboratory; and d) Computer-assisted design of novel therapeutics and their laboratory testing as well as repurposing of already existing FDA-approved drugs. A combination of different classes of methods in vivo, in vitro and in silico will be needed to tackle suddenly emerging viruses like the Zika virus. As in many other fields of biomedical research, high throughput and low cost in silico technologies may provide the first line of defense against such emerging pathogens providing decision support systems for the judicious applications of medium throughput in vitro methods and low throughput as well as costly in vivo techniques. An emerging trend in many scientific disciplines is a strong tendency of being transformed into some form of information science. The editors of this book sincerely hope that the four-pronged computer-assisted approach described in this book will help in managing and mitigating emerging infectious diseases like Zika.

Annual Report
Author: India. Department of Scientific & Industrial Research
Publisher:
Release Date: 2005
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Computer Aided Drug Design  The Hcv Family Example
Author: Dimitrios Vlachakis
Publisher: Lulu.com
Release Date: 2011-06-01
Pages: 224
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Hepatitis C and Dengue viruses belong to the family of Flaviviridae. Viruses in this family are enveloped, have positive-sense RNA and are responsible for a variety of life threatening diseases. Hepatitis C virus is the major etiological agent of post-transfusion hepatitis worldwide. An estimated 3 % of the world's population is infected with HCV according to the World Health Organization. Infection with HCV will most regularly result in chronic hepatitis, which leads to liver cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma and liver failure. Dengue is currently the most important viral disease transmitted by mosquitoes afflicting humans the world context. Clinical symptoms range from mild fevers to a severe haemorrhagic disease. To date neither specific antiviral treatments exist nor are there any vaccines available for both infections. Thus there is an urgent need for new therapies.

Annual Report   Council Of Scientific And Industrial Research
Author: Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (India)
Publisher:
Release Date: 2004
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Post Genomic Approaches In Drug And Vaccine Development
Author: Kishore R. Sakharkar
Publisher: River Publishers
Release Date: 2015-04-11
Pages: 450
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Over the past decade, genome sequencing projects and the associated efforts have facilitated the discovery of several novel disease targets and the approval of several innovative drugs. To further exploit this data for human health and disease, there is a need to understand the genome data itself in detail, discover novel targets, understand their role in physiological pathways and associated diseases, with the aim to translate these discoveries to clinical and preventive medicine. It is equally important to understand the labors and limitations in integrating clinical phenotypes with genomic, transcriptomic, proteomic and metabolomic approaches. This book focuses on some key advances in the field. Technical topics discussed in the book include: Drug discoveryTarget identification and prioritizationHypothesis driven multi-target drug designGenomics in vaccine developmentGene regulatory networks Vaccine design and developmentPrediction of drug side effects in silico

Supercomputer Research In Chemistry And Chemical Engineering
Author: Klavs F. Jensen
Publisher: Amer Chemical Society
Release Date: 1987
Pages: 436
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Annual Report
Author:
Publisher:
Release Date: 2004
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Science   Culture
Author:
Publisher:
Release Date: 2005
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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The Trade Marks Journal
Author:
Publisher:
Release Date: 2000-01-05
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Proceedings
Author:
Publisher:
Release Date: 1999
Pages: 1240
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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India  A Reference Annual
Author: India. Ministry of Information and Broadcasting
Publisher:
Release Date: 2006
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Vaccinology
Author: Gregg N. Milligan
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2014-12-04
Pages: 400
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Vaccinology: An Essential Guide outlines in a clear,practical format the entire vaccine development process, fromconceptualization and basic immunological principles through toclinical testing and licensing of vaccines. With anoutstanding introduction to the history and practice ofvaccinology, it also guides the reader through the basic sciencerelating to host immune responses to pathogens. Covering the safety, regulatory, ethical, and economicand geographical issues that drive vaccine development and trials,it also presents vaccine delivery strategies, novel vaccineplatforms (including experimental vaccines and pathogens), antigendevelopment and selection, vaccine modelling, and the developmentof vaccines against emerging pathogens and agents of bioterror.There are also sections devoted to veterinary vaccines andassociated regulatory processes. Vaccinology: An Essential Guide is a perfect tool fordesigned for undergraduate and graduate microbiologists andimmunologists, as well as residents, fellows and trainees ofinfectious disease and vaccinology. It is also suitable for allthose involved in designing and conducting clinical vaccine trials,and is the ideal companion to the larger reference bookVaccinology: Principles and Practice.