Cognitive psychology deals with information processing, and includes a variety of thinking processes including perception, attention, memory, knowledge representation, categorization, language, problem-solving, reasoning, and judgement. It is also concerned with the structures and representations involved in cognition. Cognitive psychology has significant applications of all areas of human endeavor. It is also the subject of intensive study when applied to health and aging in the absence of a significant health problem as well as education and human-computer interaction. Other examples are eyewitness memory, autobiographical memory, spatial cognition, skill training, suggestibility, expertise and skilled behavior.
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Cognitive psychology is concerned with several mental processes, including those involved in perception, attention, learning, memory, problem solving, decision making and the use of language. Therefore, it is very extensive and of great relevance to other areas of psychology. This new series presents research on the leading edge of cognitive psychology. Contents: Preface; The Structure and Measurements of Self-Concept for University Students; The Dynamics of Classroom and Cognitive Activity of Students; Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-III: WAIS-IIII): 1-,2-, and 4-Factor Models; Prospective Memory: Why do we Remember to Perform Intended Actions?; Gifted Brain and Twinning: Integrative Review of the Recent Literature; Developing Autobiographical Memory in the Cultural Contexts of Parent-Child Reminiscing; Thought Suppression in Phobia: Success and Strategies; Effects of Training on the Timing of Simple Repetitive Movements; The Influence of Vocal and Instrumental Background Music on the Cognitive Performance of Introverts and Extraverts; Reversal Learning in Concurrent Discriminations in Rats; Index.
This text presents the basic concepts of modern cognitive psychology in a succinct and accessible manner. Empirical results, theoretical developments, and current issues are woven around basic concepts to produce coherent accounts of research areas. Barsalou's primary goal is to equip readers with a conceptual vocabulary that acquaints them with the general approach of cognitive psychology and allows them to follow more technical discussions elsewhere. In meeting this goal, he discusses the traditional work central to modern thinking and reviews current work relevant to cognitive science. Besides focusing on research and theory in cognitive psychology, Barsalou also addresses its fundamental assumptions. Because the cognitive approach to psychology is somewhat subtle, often misunderstood, and sometimes controversial, it is essential for a text on cognitive psychology to address the assumptions that underlie it. Therefore, three of the eleven chapters address the "meta- assumptions" that govern research and theory in cognitive psychology. These meta-chapters provide a deeper understanding of the content areas and a clearer vision of what cognitive psychologists are trying to accomplish. The remaining eight "content" chapters cover the central topics in cognitive psychology. This book will be of value to a variety of audiences. Ideal for researchers in computer science, linguistics, philosophy, anthropology, and neuroscience who wish to acquaint themselves with cognitive psychology, it may also be used as a text for courses in cognitive science and cognitive psychology. Lay readers who wish to learn about the cognitive approach to scientific psychology will also find the volume useful.
Rev. ed. of: Cognitive psychology: a methods companion. c2005.
First published in 1967, this seminal volume by Ulric Neisser was the first attempt at a comprehensive and accessible survey of Cognitive Psychology; as such, it provided the field with its first true textbook. Its chapters are organized so that they began with stimulus information that came 'inward' through the organs of sense, through its many transformations and reconstructions, and finally through to its eventual use in thought and memory. The volume inspired numerous students enter the field of cognitive psychology and some of the today's leading and most respected cognitive psychologists cite Neisser's book as the reason they embarked on their careers.
Thoroughly revised and updated, this work covers the fundamental topics in cognitive psychology such as perception, attention and pattern recognition, memory, language, problem solving and reasoning.
Seminar paper from the year 2016 in the subject Psychology - Cognition, grade: 1, Egerton University, language: English, abstract: This essay will give an overview of the evolution of cognitive psychology. It will discuss the emergence of cognitive psychology and its interdisciplinary perspective. It will also assess the effects of the decline of behaviorism on the discipline of cognitive psychology. Cognitive psychology is one of the core branches of psychology that is concerned with the study of mental processes. It deals with mental processes involving the use of the brain in problem-solving, memory and language. Cognitive psychology attempts to explain the correlation between the biological functions of the brain and the human mind in understanding the ambient environment. As such, it explains how individuals diagnose life issues, understand and solve problems in the day-to-day lives through their mental processes, which plays the principal role of mediating between stimulus from the environment and the response. Ordinarily, human beings exhibit several psychological manifestations. For instance, people possess the thinking ability, which enables them to reason out on diverse aspects of life, and they are also able to remember past events in their lives. They also portray perception on new happenings in life in an attempt to construct a realistic way of reasoning to unravel mysterious phenomena. Moreover, human beings have the ability to learn new skills from their day-to-day experiences and keep the memory of different episodes. From a psychological perspective, these are all the works of cognition. Ideally, cognition refers to thinking, a mental process through which people learn; reason and solve problems. So cognitive psychologists focus on how human beings acquire information from the environment, especially in the form of a stimulus and process it through mental cognitive processes. The processed information is then stored to keep the memory of life events. Cognitive psychology tends to focus on biology more than psychology; thus, it shows a significant lack of the behaviorism aspect of classical psychology.
1 How the Brain Gives Rise to the Mind 2 Perception 3 Attention 4 Representation and Knowledge in Long-Term Memory 5 Encoding and Retrieval from Long-Term Memory 6 Working Memory 7 Executive Processes 8 Emotion and Cognition 9 Decision Making 10 Problem Solving and Reasoning 11 Motor Cognition and Mental Simulation 12 Language.
This handbook is an essential, comprehensive resource for students and academics interested in topics in cognitive psychology, including perceptual issues, attention, memory, knowledge representation, language, emotional influences, judgment, problem solving, and the study of individual differences in cognition.
The papers in this series of five volumes provide a snapshot of current trends in European Cognitive Science. Each of the volumes deals with problems in cognitive science from a different perspective, covering the interacting disciplines of cognitive psychology, logic and linguistics, human?computer interaction, neuroscience and artificial intelligence respectively. Based on the analysis and exposition of the state of the art in their various fields of expertise, the contributors take a prospective look at the basic research problems confronting cognitive science over the next five to ten years. Whilst the authors and editors do consider a wide range of research in their area, they have been encouraged to give their personal view of important directions rather than a bland comprehensive list. Although inevitably controversial, this approach allows a stimulating review of the field, and one which should inspire debate. The highly interdisciplinary nature of cognitive science research means that many issues such as natural language or vision are explored from diverse perspectives in papers representing different disciplines. Each contribution has been written in a way which makes it comprehensible to colleagues from neighbouring disciplines as well as students of cognitive science. It will be particularly useful to graduate students contemplating research projects. The work has been supported and coordinated by the research unit FAST (Forecast and Assessment in Science and Technology) of the EEC Commission in Brussels.