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Written for students beginning a formal study of chemistry, this volume encompasses many different topics in and approaches to introductory chemistry. Chapters are devoted to topics such as the atom, elements and the periodic table, bonding, equilibrium and kinetics, solutions, acids and bases, and chemical reactions. Several chapters discuss broad areas of chemistry including organic chemistry, biochemistry, environmental chemistry, and industrial chemistry. Illustrations and diagrams help the student understand chemical structures and reactions, and numerous tables present a wealth of reference information. The historical developments of chemical concepts are traced, and biographical information is provided on key individuals responsible for the development of modern chemistry. Appendices include an extensive bibliography, a glossary of over 400 chemical terms, an overview of Nobel laureates in chemistry, and an element reference table. This book will be of use not only to students, but also to anyone seeking an overview of the field. Teachers of all grades can use Basics of Chemistry as a practical general reference.
Mirroring the growth and direction of science for a century, the CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, now in its 92nd edition, continues to be the most accessed and respected scientific reference in the world, used by students and Nobel Laureates. Available in its traditional print format, the Handbook is also available as an innovative interactive product on DVD and online. Among a wealth of enhancements, this edition analyzes, updates, and validates molecular formulas and weights, boiling and melting points, densities, and refractive indexes in the Physical Constants of Organic Compounds Table through comparisons with critically evaluated data from the NIST Thermodynamics Research Center. New Tables: Analytical Chemistry Abbreviations Used In Analytical Chemistry Basic Instrumental Techniques of Analytical Chemistry Correlation Table for Ultraviolet Active Functionalities Detection of Outliers in Measurements Polymer Properties Second Virial Coefficients of Polymer Solutions Updated Tables: Properties of the Elements and Inorganic Compounds Update of the Melting, Boiling, Triple, and Critical Points of the Elements Fluid Properties Major update and expansion of Viscosity of Gases table Major update and expansion of Thermal Conductivity of Gases table Major update of Properties of Cryogenic Fluids Major update of Recommended Data for Vapor-Pressure Calibration Expansion of table on the Viscosity of Liquid Metals Update of Permittivity (Dielectric Constant) of Gases table Added new refrigerant R-1234yf to Thermophysical Properties of Selected Fluids at Saturation table Molecular Structure and Spectroscopy Major update of Atomic Radii of the Elements Update of Bond Dissociation Energies Update of Characteristic Bond Lengths in Free Molecules Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics Update of Electron Affinities Update of Atomic and Molecular Polarizabilities Nuclear and Particle Physics Major update of the Table of the Isotopes Properties of Solids Major update and expansion of the Electron Inelastic Mean Free Paths table Update of table on Semiconducting Properties of Selected Materials Geophysics, Astronomy, and Acoustics Update of the Global Temperature Trend table to include 2010 data Health and Safety Information Major update of Threshold Limits for Airborne Contaminants The Handbook is also available as an eBook.
Mirroring the growth and direction of science for a century, the Handbook, now in its 93rd edition, continues to be the most accessed and respected scientific reference in the world. An authoritative resource consisting tables of data, its usefulness spans every discipline. This edition includes 17 new tables in the Analytical Chemistry section, a major update of the CODATA Recommended Values of the Fundamental Physical Constants and updates to many other tables. The book puts physical formulas and mathematical tables used in labs every day within easy reach. The 93rd edition is the first edition to be available as an eBook.
Providing a fundamental introduction to all aspects of modern plasma chemistry, this book describes mechanisms and kinetics of chemical processes in plasma, plasma statistics, thermodynamics, fluid mechanics and electrodynamics, as well as all major electric discharges applied in plasma chemistry. Fridman considers most of the major applications of plasma chemistry, from electronics to thermal coatings, from treatment of polymers to fuel conversion and hydrogen production and from plasma metallurgy to plasma medicine. It is helpful to engineers, scientists and students interested in plasma physics, plasma chemistry, plasma engineering and combustion, as well as chemical physics, lasers, energy systems and environmental control. The book contains an extensive database on plasma kinetics and thermodynamics and numerical formulas for practical calculations related to specific plasma-chemical processes and applications. Problems and concept questions are provided, helpful in courses related to plasma, lasers, combustion, chemical kinetics, statistics and thermodynamics, and high-temperature and high-energy fluid mechanics.
Proudly serving the scientific community for over a century, this 96th edition of the CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics is an update of a classic reference, mirroring the growth and direction of science. This venerable work continues to be the most accessed and respected scientific reference in the world. An authoritative resource consisting of tables of data and current international recommendations on nomenclature, symbols, and units, its usefulness spans not only the physical sciences but also related areas of biology, geology, and environmental science. The 96th edition of the Handbook includes 18 new or updated tables along with other updates and expansions. A new series highlighting the achievements of some of the major historical figures in chemistry and physics was initiated with the 94th edition. This series is continued with this edition, which is focused on Lord Kelvin, Michael Faraday, John Dalton, and Robert Boyle. This series, which provides biographical information, a list of major achievements, and notable quotations attributed to each of the renowned chemists and physicists, will be continued in succeeding editions. Each edition will feature two chemists and two physicists. The 96th edition now includes a complimentary eBook with purchase of the print version. This reference puts physical property data and mathematical formulas used in labs and classrooms every day within easy reach. New Tables: Section 1: Basic Constants, Units, and Conversion Factors Descriptive Terms for Solubility Section 8: Analytical Chemistry Stationary Phases for Porous Layer Open Tubular Columns Coolants for Cryotrapping Instability of HPLC Solvents Chlorine-Bromine Combination Isotope Intensities Section 16: Health and Safety Information Materials Compatible with and Resistant to 72 Percent Perchloric Acid Relative Dose Ranges from Ionizing Radiation Updated and Expanded Tables Section 6: Fluid Properties Sublimation Pressure of Solids Vapor Pressure of Fluids at Temperatures Below 300 K Section 7: Biochemistry Structure and Functions of Some Common Drugs Section 9: Molecular Structure and Spectroscopy Bond Dissociation Energies Section 11: Nuclear and Particle Physics Summary Tables of Particle Properties Table of the Isotopes Section 14: Geophysics, Astronomy, and Acoustics Major World Earthquakes Atmospheric Concentration of Carbon Dioxide, 1958-2014 Global Temperature Trend, 1880-2014 Section 15: Practical Laboratory Data Dependence of Boiling Point on Pressure Section 16: Health and Safety Information Threshold Limits for Airborne Contaminants
H F W Taylor was for many years Professor of Inorganic Chemistry at he University of Aberdeen, Scotland. Since 1948, his main research interest has been the chemistry of cement. His early work laid the foundations of our understanding of the structure at the nanometre level of C-S-H, the principal product formed when cement is mixed with water, and the one mainly reponsible for its hardening. Subsequent studies took him into many additional aspects of the chemistry and materials science of cement and concrete. His work has been recognized by Fellowships and by other honours and awards from many scientific societies in the UK, USA and elsewhere. This second edition of Cement chemistry addresses the chemistry and materials science of the principal silicate and aluminate cements used in building and Civil engineering. Emphasis throughout is on the underlying science. The book deals more specifically with the chemistry of Portland cement manufacture and the nature of the resulting product, the processes that occur when this product is mixed with water, the nature of the hardened material, the chemistry of other types of hydraulic cement, and chemical and microstructural aspects of concrete, including processes that affect its durability. Since the first edition of this book was published in 1990, research throughout the world has greatly augmented our knowledge in all of hese areas. The present edition has been updated and revised to take account of these advances. The reader will acquire a solid understanding of the subject and will be better equipped to deal with the problems and pitfalls that can arise in engineering practice as a result of inadequate understanding of the relevant chemistry. It will serve both as an introduction to those entering the subject for the first time and as a guide to the latest developments for those already experienced in the field.
The authors of Advanced Chemistry have referred to original research papers to check facts, and highly original artwork has been devised to ensure accuracy and clarity. This text also includes computer-generated graphics to bring molecular chemistry alive. With full mathematical support within the -maths boxes' and at the end of the book, Advanced Chemistry will inspire and support students.
Organic matter in soils: pools, distribution, transformations, and function; extraction, fractionation, and general chemical composition of soil organic matter; organic forms of soil nitrogen; native fixed ammonium and chemical reactions of organic matter with ammonia and nitrite; organic phosphorus and sulfur compounds; soil carbohydrates; soil lipids; biochemistry of the formation of humic substances; reactive functional groups; structural components of humic and fulvic acids as revealed by degradation methods; characterization of soil organic matter by NMR spectroscopy and analytical pyrolysis; structural basis of humic substances; spectroscopic approaches; colloidal properties of humic substances; electrochemical and ion-exchange properties of humic substances; organic matter reactions involving metal ions in soil; stability constantes of metal complexes with humic substances; clay-organic complexes and formation of stable aggregates; organic matter reactions involving pestices in soil; role of organic matter in pedogenic processes.