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Following the much acclaimed success of the first volume ofKey Topics in Conservation Biology, this entirely new secondvolume addresses an innovative array of key topics in contemporaryconservation biology. Written by an internationally renownedteam of authors, Key Topics in Conservation Biology 2 addsto the still topical foundations laid in the first volume(published in 2007) by exploring a further 25 cutting-edge issuesin modern biodiversity conservation, including controversialsubjects such as setting conservation priorities, balancing thefocus on species and ecosystems, and financial mechanisms to valuebiodiversity and pay for its conservation. Other chapters, settingthe framework for conservation, address the sociology andphilosophy of peoples’ relation with Nature and its impact onhealth, and such challenging practical issues as wildlife trade andconflict between people and carnivores. As a new development, thissecond volume of Key Topics includes chapters on major ecosystems,such as forests, islands and both fresh and marine waters, alongwith case studies of the conservation of major taxa: plants,butterflies, birds and mammals. A further selection of topicsconsider how to safeguard the future through monitoring, reserveplanning, corridors and connectivity, together with approaches toreintroduction and re-wilding, along with managing wildlifedisease. A final chapter, by the editors, synthesises thinking onthe relationship between biodiversity conservation and humandevelopment. Each topic is explored by a team of top international experts,assembled to bring their own cross-cutting knowledge to apenetrating synthesis of the issues from both theoretical andpractical perspectives. The interdisciplinary nature of biodiversity conservation isreflected throughout the book. Each essay examines the fundamentalprinciples of the topic, the methodologies involved and, crucially,the human dimension. In this way, Key Topics in ConservationBiology 2, like its sister volume, Key Topics in ConservationBiology, embraces issues from cutting-edge ecological scienceto policy, environmental economics, governance, ethics, and thepractical issues of implementation. Key Topics in Conservation Biology 2 will, like itssister volume, be a valuable resource in universities and colleges,government departments, and conservation agencies. It is aimedparticularly at senior undergraduate and graduate students inconservation biology and wildlife management and wider ecologicaland environmental subjects, and those taking Masters degrees in anyfield relevant to conservation and the environment. Conservationpractitioners, policy-makers, and the wider general public eager tounderstand more about important environmental issues will also findthis book invaluable.
Biology 2 has been developed specifically for the new specifications for Advanced Level Biology and is endorsed by OCR.
Biology and Geology of Coral Reefs, Volume III: Biology 2 covers the major advances made in the biological aspects of coral reef problems. This book discusses the ecology, animal associates, and toxicity of coral reefs. Composed of 11 chapters, the book initially describes the diversity of animals permanently or temporarily associated with living corals despite the formidable nematocyst batteries possessed by corals. The text goes on discussing some specializations of some shrimps and prawns permanently associated with living corals, thus, augmenting the number of biological niches available for colonization. The subsequent chapters deal with the appearance and distribution of coral reefs echinoderms and their biogeography; the role of fishes in the energetic of the coral reef system; the high incidence of toxic fishes in coral reef waters; and the origin, transmission, detection, pharmacology, and chemistry of ciguatoxin. The book also discusses natural and man-induced destruction of coral reef communities and the rate, manner, and extent of recovery of such destruction. It also describes the types of vegetation that grow on the limestone substratum provided by coral islands. Another chapter provides distributional data on the birds of the Great Barrier Reef region and the behavior and evolution of island populations of sea birds. The concluding chapters present the general biology of sea turtles and the factors that influence the number and types of organisms found on coral islands. This book will acquaint readers with some of the exciting developments in coral reef biology and will provide information that will enable them to assess the status of research in different fields.
Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Biology is the definitive go-to reference in the field of evolutionary biology. It provides a fully comprehensive review of the field in an easy to search structure. Under the collective leadership of fifteen distinguished section editors, it is comprised of articles written by leading experts in the field, providing a full review of the current status of each topic. The articles are up-to-date and fully illustrated with in-text references that allow readers to easily access primary literature. While all entries are authoritative and valuable to those with advanced understanding of evolutionary biology, they are also intended to be accessible to both advanced undergraduate and graduate students. Broad topics include the history of evolutionary biology, population genetics, quantitative genetics; speciation, life history evolution, evolution of sex and mating systems, evolutionary biogeography, evolutionary developmental biology, molecular and genome evolution, coevolution, phylogenetic methods, microbial evolution, diversification of plants and fungi, diversification of animals, and applied evolution. Presents fully comprehensive content, allowing easy access to fundamental information and links to primary research Contains concise articles by leading experts in the field that ensures current coverage of each topic Provides ancillary learning tools like tables, illustrations, and multimedia features to assist with the comprehension process
Fred Van Dyke’s new textbook, Conservation Biology: Foundations, Concepts, Applications, 2nd Edition, represents a major new text for anyone interested in conservation. Drawing on his vast experience, Van Dyke’s organizational clarity and readable style make this book an invaluable resource for students in conservation around the globe. Presenting key information and well-selected examples, this student-friendly volume carefully integrates the science of conservation biology with its implications for ethics, law, policy and economics.
The present volume summarizes current research on type 2 diabetes, its etiology, pathogenesis and long-term vascular and neurological consequences, with special emphasis on molecular and biochemical mechanisms. Alterations in insulin secretion are comprehensively treated, focusing on the role of glucokinase as glucose sensor. Moreover, insulin action is analyzed with regard to both nonoxidative glucose utilization and glucose oxidation. Concerning the complications in chronic diabetes, topics covered include the effects of high glucose concentration on cellular and endothelial functions and on the glucose phosphorylation rate in non-insulin-sensitive tissues. Furthermore, the role of oxidative stress and advanced glycation end products as well as the significance of alterations in lipoprotein structure are considered. Finally, the pericyte loss in retinopathy and microalbuminuria as related to cardiovascular risk are discussed. Taken as a whole, the contributions included in this book represent a large body of information that will be of great interest to diabetologists, endocrinologists and internists interested in both the basic and clinical aspects of diabetes and its complications.