advances in semiconductor nanostructures

Advances In Semiconductor Nanostructures
Author: Alexander V. Latyshev
Publisher: Elsevier
Release Date: 2016-11-10
Pages: 552
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Advances in Semiconductor Nanostructures: Growth, Characterization, Properties and Applications focuses on the physical aspects of semiconductor nanostructures, including growth and processing of semiconductor nanostructures by molecular-beam epitaxy, ion-beam implantation/synthesis, pulsed laser action on all types of III–V, IV, and II–VI semiconductors, nanofabrication by bottom-up and top-down approaches, real-time observations using in situ UHV-REM and high-resolution TEM of atomic structure of quantum well, nanowires, quantum dots, and heterostructures and their electrical, optical, magnetic, and spin phenomena. The very comprehensive nature of the book makes it an indispensable source of information for researchers, scientists, and post-graduate students in the field of semiconductor physics, condensed matter physics, and physics of nanostructures, helping them in their daily research. Presents a comprehensive reference on the novel physical phenomena and properties of semiconductor nanostructures Covers recent developments in the field from all over the world Provides an International approach, as chapters are based on results obtained in collaboration with research groups from Russia, Germany, France, England, Japan, Holland, USA, Belgium, China, Israel, Brazil, and former Soviet Union countries

Advances In Research And Applications  Semiconductor Heterostructures And Nanostructures
Author:
Publisher: Academic Press
Release Date: 1991-05-01
Pages: 454
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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The explosion of the science of mesoscopic structures is having a great impact on physics and electrical engineering because of the possible applications of these structures in microelectronic and optoelectronic devices of the future. This volume of Solid State Physics consists of two comprehensive and authoritative articles that discuss most of the physical problems that have so far been identified as being of importance in semiconductor nanostructures. Much of the volume is tutorial in characture--while at the same time time presenting current and vital theoretical and experimental results and a copious reference list--so it will be essential reading to all those taking a part in the research and development of this emerging technology.

Semiconductor Nanostructures For Optoelectronic Applications
Author: Todd D. Steiner
Publisher: Artech House
Release Date: 2004
Pages: 422
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Annotation Tiny structures measurable on the nanometer scale (one-billionth of a meter) are known as nanostructures, and nanotechnology is the emerging application of these nanostructures into useful nanoscale devices. As we enter the 21st century, more and more professional are using nanotechnology to create semiconductors for a variety of applications, including communications, information technology, medical, and transportation devices. Written by today's best researchers of semiconductor nanostructures, this cutting-edge resource provides a snapshot of this exciting and fast-changing field. The book covers the latest advances in nanotechnology and discusses the applications of nanostructures to optoelectronics, photonics, and electronics.

Theory Of Transport Properties Of Semiconductor Nanostructures
Author: Eckehard Schöll
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2013-11-27
Pages: 391
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Recent advances in the fabrication of semiconductors have created almost un limited possibilities to design structures on a nanometre scale with extraordinary electronic and optoelectronic properties. The theoretical understanding of elec trical transport in such nanostructures is of utmost importance for future device applications. This represents a challenging issue of today's basic research since it requires advanced theoretical techniques to cope with the quantum limit of charge transport, ultrafast carrier dynamics and strongly nonlinear high-field ef fects. This book, which appears in the electronic materials series, presents an over view of the theoretical background and recent developments in the theory of electrical transport in semiconductor nanostructures. It contains 11 chapters which are written by experts in their fields. Starting with a tutorial introduction to the subject in Chapter 1, it proceeds to present different approaches to transport theory. The semiclassical Boltzmann transport equation is in the centre of the next three chapters. Hydrodynamic moment equations (Chapter 2), Monte Carlo techniques (Chapter 3) and the cellular au tomaton approach (Chapter 4) are introduced and illustrated with applications to nanometre structures and device simulation. A full quantum-transport theory covering the Kubo formalism and nonequilibrium Green's functions (Chapter 5) as well as the density matrix theory (Chapter 6) is then presented.

Hot Carriers In Semiconductor Nanostructures
Author: Jagdeep Shah
Publisher: Elsevier
Release Date: 2012-12-02
Pages: 508
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Nonequilibrium hot charge carriers play a crucial role in the physics and technology of semiconductor nanostructure devices. This book, one of the first on the topic, discusses fundamental aspects of hot carriers in quasi-two-dimensional systems and the impact of these carriers on semiconductor devices. The work will provide scientists and device engineers with an authoritative review of the most exciting recent developments in this rapidly moving field. It should be read by all those who wish to learn the fundamentals of contemporary ultra-small, ultra-fast semiconductor devices. Topics covered include Reduced dimensionality and quantum wells Carrier-phonon interactions and hot phonons Femtosecond optical studies of hot carrier Ballistic transport Submicron and resonant tunneling devices

Semiconductor Nanotechnology
Author: Stephen M. Goodnick
Publisher: Springer
Release Date: 2018-07-26
Pages: 236
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

This book presents research dedicated to solving scientific and technological problems in many areas of electronics, photonics and renewable energy. Energy and information are interconnected and are essential elements for the development of human society. Transmission, processing and storage of information requires energy consumption, while the efficient use and access to new energy sources requires new information (ideas and expertise) and the design of novel systems such as photovoltaic devices, fuel cells and batteries. Semiconductor physics creates the knowledge base for the development of information (computers, cell phones, etc.) and energy (photovoltaic) technologies. The exchange of ideas and expertise between these two technologies is critical and expands beyond semiconductors. Continued progress in information and renewable energy technologies requires miniaturization of devices and reduction of costs, energy and material consumption. The latest generation of electronic devices is now approaching nanometer scale dimensions, new materials are being introduced into electronics manufacturing at an unprecedented rate, and alternative technologies to mainstream CMOS are evolving. Nanotechnology is widely accepted as a source of potential solutions in securing future progress for information and energy technologies. Semiconductor Nanotechnology features chapters that cover the following areas: atomic scale materials design, bio- and molecular electronics, high frequency electronics, fabrication of nanodevices, magnetic materials and spintronics, materials and processes for integrated and subwave optoelectronics, nanoCMOS, new materials for FETs and other devices, nanoelectronics system architecture, nano optics and lasers, non-silicon materials and devices, chemical and biosensors, quantum effects in devices, nano science and technology applications in the development of novel solar energy devices, and fuel cells and batteries.

Optical Generation And Control Of Quantum Coherence In Semiconductor Nanostructures
Author: Gabriela Slavcheva
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2010-06-01
Pages: 338
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

The fundamental concept of quantum coherence plays a central role in quantum physics, cutting across disciplines of quantum optics, atomic and condensed matter physics. Quantum coherence represents a universal property of the quantum s- tems that applies both to light and matter thereby tying together materials and p- nomena. Moreover, the optical coherence can be transferred to the medium through the light-matter interactions. Since the early days of quantum mechanics there has been a desire to control dynamics of quantum systems. The generation and c- trol of quantum coherence in matter by optical means, in particular, represents a viable way to achieve this longstanding goal and semiconductor nanostructures are the most promising candidates for controllable quantum systems. Optical generation and control of coherent light-matter states in semiconductor quantum nanostructures is precisely the scope of the present book. Recently, there has been a great deal of interest in the subject of quantum coh- ence. We are currently witnessing parallel growth of activities in different physical systems that are all built around the central concept of manipulation of quantum coherence. The burgeoning activities in solid-state systems, and semiconductors in particular, have been strongly driven by the unprecedented control of coherence that previously has been demonstrated in quantum optics of atoms and molecules, and is now taking advantage of the remarkable advances in semiconductor fabrication technologies. A recent impetus to exploit the coherent quantum phenomena comes from the emergence of the quantum information paradigm.

Ultrafast Spectroscopy Of Semiconductors And Semiconductor Nanostructures
Author: Jagdeep Shah
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2013-11-21
Pages: 522
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Ultrafast spectroscopy of semiconductors and semiconductor nanostructures is currently one of the most exciting areas of research in condensed-matter physics. Remarkable recent progress in the generation of tunable femtosecond pulses has allowed direct investigation of the most fundamental dynamical processes in semiconductors. This second edition presents the most striking recent advances in the techniques of ultrashort pulse generation and ultrafast spectroscopy; it discusses the physics of relaxation, tunneling and transport dynamics in semiconductors and semiconductor nanostructures following excitation by femtosecond laser pulses.

Advanced Semiconductor Heterostructures
Author: Mitra Dutta
Publisher: World Scientific
Release Date: 2003
Pages: 232
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

This volume provides valuable summaries on many aspects of advanced semiconductor heterostructures and highlights the great variety of semiconductor heterostructures that has emerged since their original conception. As exemplified by the chapters in this book, recent progress on advanced semiconductor heterostructures spans a truly remarkable range of scientific fields with an associated diversity of applications. Some of these applications will undoubtedly revolutionize critically important facets of modern technology. At the heart of these advances is the ability to design and control the properties of semiconductor devices on the nanoscale. As an example, the intersubband lasers discussed in this book have a broad range of previously unobtainable characteristics and associated applications as a result of the nanoscale dimensional control of the underlying semi-conductor heterostructures. As this book illustrates, an astounding variety of heterostructures can be fabricated with current technology; the potentially widespread use of layered quantum dots fabricated with nanoscale precision in biological applications opens up exciting advances in medicine. In addition, many more excellent examples of the remarkable impact being made through the use of semi-conductor heterostructures are given. The summaries in this volume provide timely insights into what we know now about selected areas of advanced semiconductor heterostructures and also provide foundations for further developments. Contents: Novel Heterostructure Devices: Electron-Phonon Wave Interactions in Inter-subband Laser Heterostructures (M Kisin et al.); Quantum Dot Infrared Detectors and Sources (P Bhattacharya et al.);Generation of Terahertz Emission Based on Intersubband Transitions (Q Hu); Midinfrared GaSb-Based Lasers with Type I Heterointerfaces (D V Donetsky et al.); Advances in Quantum Dot Research and Technology: The Path to Applications

Confinamento Di Elettroni E Fotoni In Nanostrutture A Semiconduttori
Author: Benoît Deveaud
Publisher: IOS Press
Release Date: 2003
Pages: 421
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

The purpose of this course was to give an overview of the physics of artificial semiconductor structures confining electrons and photons. It furnishes the background for several applications in particular in the domain of optical devices, lasers, light emitting diodes or photonic crystals. The effects related to the microactivity polaritons, which are mixed electromagnetic radiation-exciton states inside a semiconconductor microactivity are covered. The study of the characteristics of such states shows strong relations with the domain of cavity quantum electrodynamics and thus with the investigation of some fundamental theoretical concepts.

Optics Of Semiconductors And Their Nanostructures
Author: Heinz Kalt
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2013-04-09
Pages: 348
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

In recent years the field of semiconductor optics has been pushed to several extremes. The size of semiconductor structures has shrunk to dimensions of a few nanometers, the semiconductor-light interaction is studied on timescales as fast as a few femtoseconds, and transport properties on a length scale far below the wavelength of light have been revealed. These advances were driven by rapid improvements in both semiconductor and optical technologies and were further facilitated by progress in the theoretical description of optical excitations in semiconductors. This book, written by leading experts in the field, provides an up-to-date introduction to the optics of semiconductors and their nanostructures so as to help the reader understand these exciting new developments. It also discusses recently established applications, such as blue-light emitters, as well as the quest for future applications in areas such as spintronics, quantum information processing, and third-generation solar cells.

Group IV Semiconductor Nanostructures   2006  Volume 958
Author: Leonid Tsybeskov
Publisher: Materials Research Society Sym
Release Date: 2007-03-28
Pages: 311
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

The MRS Symposium Proceeding series is an internationally recognised reference suitable for researchers and practitioners.

Processing And Fabrication Of Advanced Materials
Author: Alan Kin Tak Lau
Publisher: Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release Date: 2011-11-29
Pages: 410
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

The 20th International Symposium on the Processing and Fabrication of Advanced Materials (PFAMXX) was organized by Hong Kong Polytechnic University, during the 15-17th December 2011, in Hong Kong. The main purpose of this interdisciplinary symposium was to bring together state-of-the-art developments regarding all aspects of the processing and fabrication of advanced materials, spanning the entire gamut of metallic, intermetallic, ceramic, ceramic-matrix composites, metal-matrix composites, intermetallic-matrix composites, advanced polymers and polymer-matrix composites; together with surface and high-temperature coatings. The symposium provided an attractive forum for the presentation of the latest advances, in materials processing and fabrication, by researchers and engineers from industry, research laboratories and academia. The proceedings cover the areas of: Advanced Composite Materials (Polymer, Metal and Ceramics); Natural Fibres (Plant- or Animal-Based) Composites; Nanostructural Materials; Properties of Materials; Failure Analysis; Computational Analysis and Simulations; Advanced Manufacturing Processes; Bio-materials and Bio-composites; Materials Characterizations. The result is an excellent and timely overview of the subject.

Semiconductor Nanostructures
Author: Dieter Bimberg
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2008-06-03
Pages: 357
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Reducing the size of a coherently grown semiconductor cluster in all three directions of space to a value below the de Broglie wavelength of a charge carrier leads to complete quantization of the energy levels, density of states, etc. Such “quantum dots” are more similar to giant atoms in a dielectric cage than to classical solids or semiconductors showing a dispersion of energy as a function of wavevector. Their electronic and optical properties depend strongly on their size and shape, i.e. on their geometry. By designing the geometry by controlling the growth of QDs, absolutely novel possibilities for material design leading to novel devices are opened. This multiauthor book written by world-wide recognized leaders of their particular fields and edited by the recipient of the Max-Born Award and Medal 2006 Professor Dieter Bimberg reports on the state of the art of the growing of quantum dots, the theory of self-organised growth, the theory of electronic and excitonic states, optical properties and transport in a variety of materials. It covers the subject from the early work beginning of the 1990s up to 2006. The topics addressed in the book are the focus of research in all leading semiconductor and optoelectronic device laboratories of the world.

Advances In Solid State Physics
Author: Bernhard Kramer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2003-09-22
Pages: 912
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Volume 43 of Advances in Solid State Physics contains the written versions of most of the plenary and invited lectures of the Spring Meeting of the Condensed Matter Physics section of the Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft held from March 24 to 28, 2003 in Dresden, Germany. Many of the topical talks given at the numerous and very lively symposia are also included. They covered an extremely interesting selection of timely subjects. Thus the book truly reflects the status of the field of solid state physics in 2003, and explains its attractiveness, not only in Germany but also internationally.

Inelastic Light Scattering Of Semiconductor Nanostructures
Author: Christian Schüller
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2006-09-14
Pages: 180
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

The field of semiconductor nanostructures is of enormous and still-growing research interest. On one hand, they are already realized in mass products such as high-electron-mobility field-effect transistors and quantum-well lasers. On the other hand, they allow, in specially tailored systems, the investigation of fundamental properties such as many-particle interactions of electrons in reduced dimensions. This book bridges the gap between general semiconductor textbooks and research articles.

Semiconductor Nanostructures For Optoelectronic Devices
Author: Gyu-Chul Yi
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2012-01-13
Pages: 338
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

This book presents the fabrication of optoelectronic nanodevices. The structures considered are nanowires, nanorods, hybrid semiconductor nanostructures, wide bandgap nanostructures for visible light emitters and graphene. The device applications of these structures are broadly explained. The book deals also with the characterization of semiconductor nanostructures. It appeals to researchers and graduate students.

Non Equilibrium Dynamics Of Semiconductors And Nanostructures
Author: Kong-Thon Tsen
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date: 2018-10-03
Pages: 272
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

The advent of the femto-second laser has enabled us to observe phenomena at the atomic timescale. One area to reap enormous benefits from this ability is ultrafast dynamics. Collecting the works of leading experts from around the globe, Non-Equilibrium Dynamics of Semiconductors and Nanostructures surveys recent developments in a variety of areas in ultrafast dynamics. In eight authoritative chapters illustrated by more than 150 figures, this book spans a broad range of new techniques and advances. It begins with a review of spin dynamics in a high-mobility two-dimensional electron gas, followed by the generation, propagation, and nonlinear properties of high-amplitude, ultrashort strain solitons in solids. The discussion then turns to nonlinear optical properties of nanoscale artificial dielectrics, optical properties of GaN self-assembled quantum dots, and optical studies of carrier dynamics and non-equilibrium optical phonons in nitride-based semiconductors. Rounding out the presentation, the book examines ultrafast non-equilibrium electron dynamics in metal nanoparticles, monochromatic acoustic phonons in GaAs, and electromagnetically induced transparency in semiconductor quantum wells. With its pedagogical approach and practical, up-to-date coverage, Non-Equilibrium Dynamics of Semiconductors and Nanostructures allows you to easily put the material into practice, whether you are a seasoned researcher or new to the field.

Optical Phenomena In Semiconductor Structures Of Reduced Dimensions
Author: David Lockwood, Dr
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 1993
Pages: 454
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Remarkable advances in semiconductor growth and processing technologies continue to have a profound impact on condensed-matter physics and to stimulate the invention of novel optoelectronic effects. Intensive research on the behaviours of free carriers has been carried out in the two-dimensional systems of semiconductor heterostructures and in the one and zero-dimensional systems of nanostructures created by the state-of-the-art fabrication methods.

Handbook Of Crystal Growth
Author: Tatau Nishinaga
Publisher: Elsevier
Release Date: 2014-11-04
Pages: 1214
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Volume IA Handbook of Crystal Growth, 2nd Edition (Fundamentals: Thermodynamics and Kinetics) Volume IA addresses the present status of crystal growth science, and provides scientific tools for the following volumes: Volume II (Bulk Crystal Growth) and III (Thin Film Growth and Epitaxy). Volume IA highlights thermodynamics and kinetics. After historical introduction of the crystal growth, phase equilibria, defect thermodynamics, stoichiometry, and shape of crystal and structure of melt are described. Then, the most fundamental and basic aspects of crystal growth are presented, along with the theories of nucleation and growth kinetics. In addition, the simulations of crystal growth by Monte Carlo, ab initio-based approach and colloidal assembly are thoroughly investigated. Volume IB Handbook of Crystal Growth, 2nd Edition (Fundamentals: Transport and Stability) Volume IB discusses pattern formation, a typical problem in crystal growth. In addition, an introduction to morphological stability is given and the phase-field model is explained with comparison to experiments. The field of nanocrystal growth is rapidly expanding and here the growth from vapor is presented as an example. For the advancement of life science, the crystal growth of protein and other biological molecules is indispensable and biological crystallization in nature gives many hints for their crystal growth. Another subject discussed is pharmaceutical crystal growth. To understand the crystal growth, in situ observation is extremely powerful. The observation techniques are demonstrated. Volume IA Explores phase equilibria, defect thermodynamics of Si, stoichiometry of oxides and atomistic structure of melt and alloys Explains basic ideas to understand crystal growth, equilibrium shape of crystal, rough-smooth transition of step and surface, nucleation and growth mechanisms Focuses on simulation of crystal growth by classical Monte Carlo, ab-initio based quantum mechanical approach, kinetic Monte Carlo and phase field model. Controlled colloidal assembly is presented as an experimental model for crystal growth. Volume IIB Describes morphological stability theory and phase-field model and comparison to experiments of dendritic growth Presents nanocrystal growth in vapor as well as protein crystal growth and biological crystallization Interprets mass production of pharmaceutical crystals to be understood as ordinary crystal growth and explains crystallization of chiral molecules Demonstrates in situ observation of crystal growth in vapor, solution and melt on the ground and in space