acrylamide in food

Chemistry And Safety Of Acrylamide In Food
Author: Mendel Friedman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2006-07-18
Pages: 466
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Interest in the chemistry, biochemistry, and safety of acrylamide is running high. These proceedings contain presentations by experts from eight countries on the chemistry, analysis, metabolism, pharmacology, and toxicology of the compound.

Acrylamide In Food
Author: Halford Nigel G
Publisher: World Scientific
Release Date: 2019-02-20
Pages: 172
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Acrylamide, a chemical described as 'extremely hazardous' and 'probably carcinogenic to humans', was discovered in food in 2002. Its presence in a range of popular foods has become one of the most difficult issues facing not only the food industry but all stakeholders in the food supply chain and its oversight. Acrylamide is not present in raw food but forms from natural precursors during high-temperature (> 120°C) cooking and food processing. Fried, baked, roasted and toasted potato and cereal products, as well as coffee, are the major contributors to dietary exposure.This book comprehensively describes what is known about the toxicology of acrylamide, how it forms in food, the positions taken by food safety authorities and concurrent regulatory issues. It also covers the food industry's response, the mitigation measures adopted and how successful these have been in reducing our exposure to acrylamide. It then describes the genetic and agronomic approaches that have been taken to reduce the acrylamide-forming potential of major crops.Written by internationally-renowned experts in the field, Acrylamide in Food is detailed and informative, while being accessible to specialists and a general readership.

Acrylamide In Food
Author: Vural Gökmen
Publisher: Academic Press
Release Date: 2015-07-31
Pages: 532
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Acrylamide in Food: Analysis, Content and Potential Health Effects provides the recent analytical methodologies for acrylamide detection, up-to-date information about its occurrence in various foods (such as bakery products, fried potato products, coffee, battered products, water, table olives etc.), and its interaction mechanisms and health effects. The book is designed for food scientists, technologists, toxicologists, and food industry workers, providing an invaluable industrial reference book that is also ideal for academic libraries that cover the domains of food production or food science. As the World Health Organization has declared that acrylamide represents a potential health risk, there has been, in recent years, an increase in material on the formation and presence of acrylamide in different foods. This book compiles and synthesizes that information in a single source, thus enabling those in one discipline to become familiar with the concepts and applications in other disciplines of food science. Provides latest information on acrylamide in various foods (bakery products, fried potato products, coffee, battered products, water, table olives, etc.) Explores acrylamide in the food chain in the context of harm, such as acrylamide and cancer, neuropathology of acrylamide, maternal acrylamide and effects on offspring and its toxic effects in tissues Touches on a variety of subjects, including acrylamide, high heated foods, dietary acrylamide, acrylamide formation, N-acetyl-S-(2-carbamoylethyl)-cysteine (AAMA), acrylamide removal, L-asparaginase, and acrylamide determination Presents recent analytical methodologies for acrylamide determination, including liquid chromatographic tandem mass spectrometry and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry

Acrylamide In Food  Is It A Real Threat To Public Health
Author:
Publisher: Am Cncl on Science, Health
Release Date:
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Acrylamide In Food  Analysis  Content And Potential Health Effects
Author:
Publisher:
Release Date:
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Health Implications Of Acrylamide In Food
Author: FAO.
Publisher: World Health Organization
Release Date: 2002-12-28
Pages: 35
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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The FAO/WHO Consultation on Health Implications of Acrylamide in Food has undertaken a preliminary evaluation of new and existing data and research on acrylamide. The Consultation provided a range of recommendations for further information and new studies to better understand the risk to human health posed by acrylamide in food. The Consultation also provided some advice to minimize whatever risk exists including avoiding excessive cooking of food choosing healthy eating investigating possibilities for reducing levels of acrylamide in food and establishing an international network on acrylamide in food. The Consultation reviewed the methods of analysis available to test for acrylamide in foodstuffs and food ingredients and for acrylamide and its metabolites as haemoglobin adducts in blood. Of the limited range and number of foods analysed to date acrylamide levels are highest in potato and cereal-based products subjected to heat processing such as frying grilling or baking. However only a limited range of food types have been tested to date and these belong to the Western diet. The range of foods investigated needs to be extended to include staple foods from different regions and diets. Considered collectively data on the absorption metabolism distribution and excretion of acrylamide suggest that toxicological findings in animals should be assumed to be relevant for extrapolation to humans. The Consultation would encourage transparent and open risk assessment and risk management processes and recognises the importance of involving interested parties (consumer industry retail etc.) in this process.

Acrylamide In Food Products
Author: Sune Eriksson
Publisher:
Release Date: 2005
Pages: 83
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Acrylamide In Food And Cancer Risk
Author:
Publisher:
Release Date: 2008
Pages: 6
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Mitigation Of Acrylamide In Foods  An African Perspective
Author: Oluwafemi Ayodeji Adebo
Publisher:
Release Date: 2017
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Acrylamide (ACR) is a possible human carcinogen, with neurotoxic properties. It is a heat-generated food toxicant particularly found in carbohydrate-rich foods. Its occurrence is of global concern and constitutes a major challenge to food safety, due to its presence in several thermally processed foods worldwide. Since its discovery, ACR has been recognized as one of the most widely investigated heat-induced food contaminant, and several reports on its formation and occurrence since its discovery have been reported. However, information on the extent of ACR occurrence in foods consumed in different parts of Africa is rather too limited. This is particularly a concern considering that most carbohydrate-based foods, subjected to varying degrees of thermal processing, are consumed as staple diets almost on daily basis in the continent. As such, African populations may be exposed to high levels of ACR daily. Thus, this chapter covers the formation, occurrence and health impact of ACR in foods. It further summarizes previous studies looking at ACR reduction and mitigation strategies, especially those that may be applicable in the continent. Adequate sensitization of the populace about the prevention of ACR as a food contaminant is essential to ensure the safety of heat-processed carbohydrate-rich foods in the continent.

Scientific Opinion On Acrylamide In Food
Author:
Publisher:
Release Date: 2015
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Abstract : EFSA was asked to deliver a scientific opinion on acrylamide (AA) in food. AA has widespread uses as an industrial chemical. It is also formed when certain foods are prepared at temperatures above 120°C and low moisture, especially in foods containing asparagine and reducing sugars. The CONTAM Panel evaluated 43419analytical results from food commodities. AA was found at the highest levels in solid coffee substitutes and coffee, and in potato fried products. Mean and 95th percentile dietary AA exposures across surveys and age groups were estimated at 0.4 to 1.9 μg/kg body weight (b.w.) per day and 0.6 to 3.4 μg/kg b.w. per day, respectively. The main contributor to total dietary exposure was generally the category 'Potato fried products (except potato crisps and snacks)'. Preferences in home‐cooking can have a substantial impact on human dietary AA exposure. Upon oral intake, AA is absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and distributed to all organs. AA is extensively metabolised, mostly by conjugation with glutathione but also by epoxidation to glycidamide (GA). Formation of GA is considered to represent the route underlying the genotoxicity and carcinogenicity of AA. Neurotoxicity, adverse effects on male reproduction, developmental toxicity and carcinogenicity were identified as possible critical endpoints for AA toxicity from experimental animal studies. The data from human studies were inadequate for dose‐response assessment. The CONTAM Panel selected BMDL10 values of 0.43mg/kg b.w. per day for peripheral neuropathy in rats and of 0.17 mg/kg b.w. per day for neoplastic effects in mice. The Panel concluded that the current levels of dietary exposure to AA are not of concern with respect to non‐neoplastic effects. However, although the epidemiological associations have not demonstrated AA to be a human carcinogen, the margins of exposure (MOEs) indicate a concern for neoplastic effects based on animal evidence.

Advances In Deep Fat Frying Of Foods
Author: Servet Gulum Sumnu
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date: 2008-12-17
Pages: 321
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Battered fried foods consistently remain in high demand despite concerns about their health aspects, prompting food processors to develop new methods and alternative oils and batters in the name of healthy, tasty fried foods and high-performance, cost-effective frying oil. With contributions from an international panel of food technology authorities, Advances in Deep-Fat Frying of Foods provides straightforward background on the engineering aspects of deep-fat frying, discusses flavor acquisition during frying, and delineates novel frying technologies employed to make fried foods healthier. With the aid of numerous tables and illustrations, this concise reference examines changes in fried products both at the macroscopic and microscopic levels. It reviews heat and mass transfer and variations found in the physical properties of food during frying. The book discusses information about the rheological properties of batters and the effects of batters on product quality in addition to alternative techniques such as microwave and vacuum frying used to improve the nutritional aspects of fried foods. The text also covers the formation of acrylamide – a potential carcinogen formed during frying – collects existing literature on this newly discovered health risk, and considers how to reduce it. As long as they are in demand, food processors will continue to produce fried foods. Advances in Deep-Fat Frying of Foods demonstrates how to keep up with demand while ideally making fried foods healthier, tastier, and economically more viable.

Safety Evaluation Of Certain Contaminants In Food
Author: Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives. Meeting
Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.
Release Date: 2006
Pages: 778
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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In Pack Processed Foods
Author: P Richardson
Publisher: Elsevier
Release Date: 2008-06-13
Pages: 432
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Recent developments have enabled the production of in-pack processed foods with improved sensory quality as well as new types of heat-preserved products packaged in innovative containers. This book reviews these advances in packaging formats and processing technologies and their application to produce higher quality, safer foods. Opening chapters cover innovative can designs and non-traditional packaging formats, such as retort pouches. The second part of the book reviews the developments in processing and process control technology required by newer types of packaging. Part three addresses the safety of in-pack processed foods, including concerns over pathogens and hazardous compounds in processed foods. The book concludes with chapters on novel methods to optimise the quality of particular types of in-pack processed foods such as fruit and vegetables, meat, poultry and fish products. In-pack processed foods: improving quality is a valuable reference for professionals involved in the manufacture of this important group of food products and those researching in this area. Reviews advances in packaging formats and processing technologies Covers innovative can designs and non-traditional packaging formats Examines the safety of in-pack processed foods, including concerns over pathogens

Prescription For Dietary Wellness
Author: Phyllis A. Balch CNC
Publisher: Penguin
Release Date: 2003-05-26
Pages: 320
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Like its companion books--the number-one bestselling Prescription for Nutritional Healing and the newer Prescription for Herbal Healing--Prescription for Dietary Wellness offers authoritative information that is research-based and clearly written, making it easy for the reader to quickly find the subjects in which he or she is interested and to incorporate the dietary recommendations into his or her daily life. Updates in this second edition include: phytochemicals and antioxidants foods that boost immunity how to choose the most nutritious foods "standout" healing foods how to design a diet for your individual optimal health, taking into account special dietary needs such as those of women, children, vegetarians, and others food combining diet-based healing techniques such as juicing, fasting, and detoxifying how to avoid potential dietary dangers, including threats to water safety, foodborne diseases, food additives, food irradiation, antibiotics, genetically engineered foods, and undesirable substances such as caffeine, cholesterol, and sugar. While not a cookbook, Prescription for Dietary Wellness also includes a number of easy, wholesome recipes and advice on cooking methods. It is a complete, practical guide to eating for good health.

Good Stories  Bad Science  A Guide For Journalists To The Health Claims Of  Consumer Activist  Groups
Author:
Publisher: Am Cncl on Science, Health
Release Date:
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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S  3128   The National Uniformity For Food Act   Hearing
Author:
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Release Date:
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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Acrylamide And Other Hazardous Compounds In Heat Treated Foods
Author: K Skog
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
Release Date: 2006-10-30
Pages: 536
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

Although the aim of cooking foods is to make them more appetizing and microbiologically safe, it is now known that cooking and food processing at high temperatures generate various kinds of toxic substances, such as heterocyclic amines and acrylamide, via the Maillard reaction. Summarising the latest research in this field, this important collection discusses both the formation of health-hazardous compounds during heat treatment of foods and practical methods to minimise their formation. Part one analyses the formation of hazardous compounds in heat-treated foods such as meat, potatoes, cereal and coffee. Part two discusses the health risks posed by heat-induced toxicants. It includes chapters on bio-monitoring, exposure assessment and risk assessment, as well as chapters on the risks of specific compounds. The final part of the book is concerned with the key area of minimising the formation of harmful compounds in food products. This can be achieved by controlling processing conditions and modifying ingredients, among other methods. With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors with unrivalled academic and industry experience, Acrylamide and other hazardous compounds in heat-treated foods, is invaluable for all those concerned with this crucial safety issue throughout the food industry. Analyses the formation of health hazardous compounds during heat treatment of foods Discusses practical methods to minimise formation Distinguished editors and international team of contributors

The End Of Pain
Author: Jacqueline Lagacé
Publisher: Greystone Books
Release Date: 2014-03-29
Pages: 304
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

For years Jacqueline Lagacé suffered from debilitating chronic arthritis pain in her hands, spine, and knees. Conventional medicine failed to provide any relief, and Lagacé, a medical researcher, began searching for alternatives. That search brought her to the work of Dr. Jean Seignalet, an expert in nutrition therapy, who used targeted nutrition to treat patients suffering from chronic inflammatory diseases. His approach was called the hypotoxic diet, and he achieved an 80 percent success rate with it. By following his dietary regime, Lagacé experienced alleviation of the pain in her hands within ten days and regained the use of her hands in 16 months. Her severe back and knee pain were also greatly reduced. In The End of Pain, Lagacé explores how our bodies are at war with our modern Western diet. She thoroughly investigates the science behind treating inflammatory disease with nutritional therapy and explains why consuming wheat, dairy products, and animal proteins cooked at high temperatures disrupts the balance of intestinal flora and spurs the growth of pathogenic rather than beneficial bacteria, citing recent scientific studies showing how and why these foods are potentially pro-inflammatory. The End of Pain is where relief begins.

Enzymes In Food Technology
Author: Robert J. Whitehurst
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2009-09-03
Pages: 384
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
EBOOK SYNOPSIS:

The second edition of this successful book highlights thewidespread use of enzymes in food processing improvement andinnovation, explaining how they bring advantages. The properties ofdifferent enzymes are linked to the physical and biochemical eventsthat they influence in food materials and products, while these inturn are related to the key organoleptic, sensory and shelf lifequalities of foods. Fully updated to reflect advances made in the field over recentyears, new chapters in the second edition look at the use ofenzymes in the reduction of acrylamide, in fish processing and innon-bread cereal applications such as flour confectionery. Geneticmodification of source organisms (GMO) has been used to improveyields of purer enzymes for some time now but the newer technologyof protein engineering (PE) of enzymes has the potential to producepurer, more targeted products without unwanted side activities, anda chapter is also included on this important new topic. Authorshave been selected not only for their practical working knowledgeof enzymes but also for their infectious enthusiasm for thesubject. The book is aimed at food scientists and technologists,ingredients suppliers, geneticists, analytical chemists and qualityassurance personnel.

Alimentation  Nutrition Et Agriculture
Author:
Publisher:
Release Date: 2002
Pages:
ISBN:
Available Language: English, Spanish, And French
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