A PBS Great American Read Top 100 Pick The beloved American classic about a young girl's coming-of-age at the turn of the century. From the moment she entered the world, Francie needed to be made of stern stuff, for the often harsh life of Williamsburg demanded fortitude, precocity, and strength of spirit. Often scorned by neighbors for her family’s erratic and eccentric behavior—such as her father Johnny’s taste for alcohol and Aunt Sissy’s habit of marrying serially without the formality of divorce—no one, least of all Francie, could say that the Nolans’ life lacked drama. By turns overwhelming, sublime, heartbreaking, and uplifting, the Nolans’ daily experiences are tenderly threaded with family connectedness and raw with honesty. Betty Smith has, in the pages of A Tree Grows in Brooklyn, captured the joys of humble Williamsburg life-from “junk day” on Saturdays, when the children of Francie’s neighborhood traded their weekly take for pennies, to the special excitement of holidays, bringing cause for celebration and revelry. Betty Smith has artfully caught this sense of exciting life in a novel of childhood, replete with incredibly rich moments of universal experiences—a truly remarkable achievement for any writer.
a tree grows in brooklyn
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The Nolans lived in the Williamsburg slums of Brooklyn from 1902 until 1919. Their daughter Francie and their son Neely knew more than their fair share of the privations and suffering that were the lot of New York's poor. A Tree Grows in Brooklyn is the story of Francie, an imaginative, alert, resourceful child, and of her family.
The original CliffsNotes study guides offer expert commentary on major themes, plots, characters, literary devices, and historical background. CliffsNotes on Smith's A Tree Grows in Brooklyn, you explore life in early 20th-century Brooklyn as you follow the maturation of Francie Nolan and her family, which includes a hard-drinking father and the economic cost associated with that. But no matter the struggles that Francie encounters on her way to becoming an independent woman, her tenacity in creating the best life for herself that she can is inescapable. Ultimately her determination to succeed is like the tree that grows in the courtyard where Francie grows up, a tree called the Tree of Heaven, which always grows, regardless of whether or not it is watered, and which symbolizes the strength to survive, just as Francie survives. This study guide carefully walks you through Francie's journey by providing summaries and critical analyses of each book of the novel. You'll also explore the life and background of the author, Betty Smith. Other features that help you study include: An overview of the novel A list of characters, including analyses of major characters A character map that graphically illustrates the relationships among the characters Analyses of major themes and symbols A glossary of important terms and phrases from the novel Classic literature or modern-day treasure—you'll understand it all with expert information and insight from CliffsNotes study guides.
A Study Guide for Betty Smith's "A Tree Grows in Brooklyn," excerpted from Gale's acclaimed Novels for Students. This concise study guide includes plot summary; character analysis; author biography; study questions; historical context; suggestions for further reading; and much more. For any literature project, trust Novels for Students for all of your research needs.
Extending to over 1300 pages Irish Writing in the Twentieth Century: A Reader offers a comprehensive and pleasurable introduction to modern Irish literature in a single volume. The Reader contains over 400 pieces including letters, diaries, newspaper and journal articles, songs, poems, critical essays, literary profiles, entire plays and short stories as well as extracts from novels and other longer works. Texts which until now have been out of print or difficult to locate are made easily accessible once more."
The editors and authors of "Teaching Teachers: Building a Quality School of Urban Education" present a description of and vision for the complicated and often misunderstood field of teacher education. This book describes a critical, complex school of education that promotes disciplined scholarship and diverse reforms of educational knowledge to students and to the educational community. This theme of a rigorous teacher education program is taken up throughout the volume as new understandings of professional education are promoted. This book would be beneficial to students, instructors, and administrators.
Julie Woodley understands trauma. From physical and sexual abuse as a child, to abortion, through the murder of a dear friend, to brain injury and cancer, she's experienced more than a lifetime's worth of pain and loss. But by the grace of God she's doing more than surviving, she's thriving. Like a wildflower thrusting itself through a broken sidewalk, God has raised Julie's joy and hope through the layers of loss and into the light of His plan for her. He has transformed her from a broken receiver of grace into a beautiful blossom who radiates the grace she has received into the lives of other hurting people. Trauma victims often feel weighed down by shame, anger, confusion, and pain. They may be so accustomed to getting by that having passion and joy seems a lost hope. In A Wildflower Grows in Brooklyn, they'll encounter a story that will inspire them to imagine a life restored and overflowing with all the good things God intends for them.
Visions of Belonging explores how beloved and still-remembered family stories—A Tree Grows in Brooklyn, I Remember Mama, Gentleman's Agreement, Death of a Salesman, Marty, and A Raisin in the Sun—entered the popular imagination and shaped collective dreams in the postwar years and into the 1950s. These stories helped define widely shared conceptions of who counted as representative Americans and who could be recognized as belonging. The book listens in as white and black authors and directors, readers and viewers reveal divergent, emotionally textured, and politically charged social visions. Their diverse perspectives provide a point of entry into an extraordinary time when the possibilities for social transformation seemed boundless. But changes were also fiercely contested, especially as the war's culture of unity receded in the resurgence of cold war anticommunism, and demands for racial equality were met with intensifying white resistance. Judith E. Smith traces the cultural trajectory of these family stories, as they circulated widely in bestselling paperbacks, hit movies, and popular drama on stage, radio, and television. Visions of Belonging provides unusually close access to a vibrant conversation among white and black Americans about the boundaries between public life and family matters and the meanings of race and ethnicity. Would the new appearance of white working class ethnic characters expand Americans'understanding of democracy? Would these stories challenge the color line? How could these stories simultaneously show that black families belonged to the larger "family" of the nation while also representing the forms of danger and discriminations that excluded them from full citizenship? In the 1940s, war-driven challenges to racial and ethnic borderlines encouraged hesitant trespass against older notions of "normal." But by the end of the 1950s, the cold war cultural atmosphere discouraged probing of racial and social inequality and ultimately turned family stories into a comforting retreat from politics. The book crosses disciplinary boundaries, suggesting a novel method for cultural history by probing the social history of literary, dramatic, and cinematic texts. Smith's innovative use of archival research sets authorial intent next to audience reception to show how both contribute to shaping the contested meanings of American belonging.
In New Deal Modernism Michael Szalay examines the effect that the rise of the welfare state had on American modernism during the 1930s and 1940s and, conversely, what difference modernism made to the New Deal's famed invention of "Big Government." Moving beyond accounts of literary modernism that have been preoccupied with fascism and communism, Szalay situates his study within a liberal culture bent on social security, a culture galvanised by its imagined need for private and public insurance. Because the WPA Federal Arts Project offered a particular kind of insurance - a wage to writers unable to find a market for their work - a salaried class of writers took form, one committed more to producing art than to selling it. This performance-oriented investment in art as process, Szalay claims, was embraced by a diverse group of writers not all of whom were "clients" of the state. It is through this lens that Szalay looks at writers and others - from Jack London, James M. Cain, Gertrude Stein, and Betty Smith to Busby Berkeley, John Dewey, and John Maynard Keynes. Contributing to the great range of the study are a discussion of the role played by Franklin Roosevelt in this rewriting of free-market culture and extended analyses of the work of Ernest Hemingway, Wallace Stevens, John Steinbeck, and Richard Wright. This examination of the evolution of modernism in its interaction with a reformist federal government will be of compelling interest to students of culture and intellectual history.